• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cost of Equity Capital

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The Effects of Earnings Management and Audit Quality on Cost of Equity Capital: Empirical Evidence from Indonesia

  • INDARTI, Maria Goreti Kentris;WIDIATMOKO, Jacobus
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.769-776
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    • 2021
  • The focus of this study is to investigate the effect of earnings management and audit quality on the cost of equity capital and also examines whether audit quality acts as a moderating variable for the effect of earnings management on the cost of equity capital. The population in this study are companies from the consumer goods industry sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) during the 2016-2018 period. This sector was chosen because it is a sector that is able to survive in conditions of economic decline, so it becomes a good investment opportunity in the future. The sample selection was carried out using purposive sampling technique. By using the Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) technique, the results show that earnings management has a positive effect on the cost of equity capital. Conversely, companies with good audit quality will bear lower cost of equity capital. The moderating hypothesis test results show that audit quality moderates the effect of earnings management on the cost of equity capital. This means that, even though the company carries out earnings management, investors have more confidence in the results of audits conducted by qualified auditors so that the cost of equity capital is low.

Financial Disclosure and the Cost of Equity Capital: The Empirical Test of the Largest Listed Companies of Kazakhstan

  • Baimukhamedova, Aizhan;Baimukhamedova, Gulzada;Luchaninova, Albina
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.5-17
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    • 2017
  • This study extends research into whether disclosure of corporate and financial information is associated with firms' costs of equity capital. This study sets out to examine empirically the determinants of corporate disclosure in the annual reports of 37 largest and most liquid firms listed on Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE) in Kazakhstan. It also reports the results of the association between company-specific characteristics and disclosure of the sample companies. Based on the analysis of existing empirical research, the disclosure index has been constructed and regression analysis of the influence of the disclosure index on the cost of equity capital has been conducted. The obtained results show that the received findings correlate with foreign empirical studies, and the disclosure index in this sample has a negative impact on the cost of equity capital. Using cost of equity capital estimates derived from capital asset pricing model, we find that firms with higher levels of financial transparency are associated with significantly lower costs of equity capital. Economic theory assumes that by increasing the level of corporate reporting, firms not only increase their stock market liquidity, but also decrease the investors' estimation risk, arising from uncertainty about future returns and payout distributions. The results show that firms on the Kazakhstan market can reduce their cost of equity capital by increasing the level of their voluntary corporate disclosures.

Global Financial Crisis and the Monitoring Role of Foreign Investors (글로벌 금융위기와 외국인투자자의 감시자 역할)

  • Rhee, Chang Seop;Chun, Hong-min;Soh, Seung Bum
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze whether the influence of foreign investors from the monitoring role in Korean capital market is observed differently in accordance with the global financial crisis situation. We collected a total of 2,919 firm data from 2003 to 2015 and performed the empirical tests between foreign investor ownership and firms' cost of equity capital separately according to the situation of the global financial crisis. From the empirical results, foreign investors in general were playing a positive function in the Korean capital market by effectively performing the monitoring role for companies. However, we observed that their monitoring role is not effectively performed when the risk level of capital market is maximized, such as during the global financial crisis. The study suggested that the influence of foreign investors may vary depending on the level of risk in the capital market, which is expected to contribute to the market participants and academia.

The Matching Principle, Discretionary Accrual and Cost of Capital (수익비용대응, 재량적 발생액 및 자기자본비용)

  • Lee, Kyu-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.483-488
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    • 2019
  • This study first examines whether the high matching principle reduces the cost of equity, and then examines the effect on discretionary accruals and capital cost. According to previous studies, the higher the response to revenue cost, the higher the earnings quality. The higher the quality of earnings, the lower the information risk, and the lower the information risk, the lower the capital cost of enterprise. Discretionary accruals can play two roles in opposing each other. One is that managers use the discretionary accruals to provide private information about the future of the corporation to the market, thus enhancing the usefulness of the earnings. The other is that managers can use the discretionary accruals opportunistically to distort earnings and provide misinformed information to investors, thus reducing the usefulness of earnings. The results of this study represents that the higher the responding to the revenue cost, the less the cost of equity. In the case of firms with high revenue response, we examine whether discretionary accruals reduce the cost of equity capital. As a result of the study, the higher the responding to the revenue cost, the lower the cost of equity capital. Companies with higher matching principle have been shown to reduce their capital costs by using discretionary accruals.

Do Earnings Manipulations Matter Differently in Different Markets of China? Cost of Capital Consequences

  • Sohn, Byungcherl Charlie;Shim, Hoshik
    • Asia Pacific Journal of Business Review
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-34
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    • 2019
  • This study investigates whether and how a firm's cost of equity capital is influenced by the extent of a firm's real earnings management (REM). Using a large sample of Hong Kong and Chinese firms over the 9-year period 2009-2017, we find that our implied cost of equity estimates are positively associated with both the extent of REM and the extent of accrual-based earnings management (AEM), but the positive association is stronger for REM than for AEM. We also provide evidence suggesting that the effect of AEM and REM on the cost of equity is more pronounced for Hong Kong firms than Chinese firms, and within Chinese firms, it is less pronounced for the state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Collectively, our results suggest that while both REM and AEM exacerbate the quality of earnings used by outside investors, REM does so to a greater extent than AEM, and thus the market demands a higher risk premium for REM activities than for AEM activities and that this cost of capital-increase effect is more prominent in a developed market like Hong Kong and mitigated by state ownership in China because of investors' expectations for a lower level of detriments to firm fundamentals by REM due to government's protection in a less developed market like China.

The Critical Analysis of the Bloomberg Estimation of the Cost of Equity Capital for Korean Firms (블룸버그(Bloomberg)를 이용한 한국기업의 자기자본비용 추정에 대한 타당성 분석)

  • Park, Kyung-Do;Ahn, Seoung-Pil
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.29-47
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    • 2018
  • This paper examines the relationship between diversification and financial performance of community credit unions in Korea from 2011 to 2017. To do so, I employ fixed-effects panel analyses using credit union level panel data collected from the National Credit Union Federation of Korea. This study finds evidence that business diversification is likely to lower the ratio of troubled loans, which means improving asset quality of credit unions. However, the relationship between diversification and asset quality is not linear but nonlinear, which means over-diversification would have negative effects on asset quality. Next, diversification tends to increase profitability. Specifically, although diversification results in a rise in expenditures, an increase in profits made by diversification outweighs the rise in expenditures, which contributes to profitability. Put together, diversification would be a good business strategy to improve both profitability and asset quality. Given a result that fast loan growth deteriorates asset quality, credit unions' managers might adopt the diversification strategy to enhance asset quality, and not to pursue their own objectives motivated by moral hazards.

New Method to Calculate Cost of Capital for Telecommunication Market (통신시장의 투자보수율 산정 개선방안)

  • Kim, Chang-Soo;Chon, Mi-Lim
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2012
  • Cost of capital is one of the key factors of accounting regulation policy for telecommunication market. This paper aims at investigating efficient policy improvements concerning accounting regulation for telecommunication market focused on cost of capital calculation methods and its application. At First, cost of capital estimating method should be improved. In estimating the cost of equity capital, it is necessary to use benchmark method for Equity risk premium. It will reduce analytical errors caused by a rapid economic change and inflation. It is also more desirable to use debt premium adding method for the cost of debt capital. Optimal capital structure method may be considered a better way to estimates capital structure. Secondly, cost of capital estimating process also has to be reformed. Telecommunication industry changes rapidly so it does not reflect fast environmental changes. Therefore, cost of capital should be calculated every year. Cost of capital should be calculated by individual companies. There is information asymmetry between regulators and regulatees. Because of that cost of capital calculating process takes long time and cost a lot. To solve this problem, regulator should legislate on cost of capital calculation and then regulating companies report the calculating result. Lastly, major telecommunication companies are all listed now and it is possible to calculating it separately. We must continuously improve the estimating method and application of cost of capital and due to the fast growing of telecommunication industry. The process of determining the calculating method must be discussed and best method chosen.