• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cortisol

Search Result 689, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Effect of Transportation at High Ambient Temperatures on Physiological Responses, Carcass and Meat Quality Characteristics in Two Age Groups of Omani Sheep

  • Kadim, I.T.;Mahgoub, O.;AlKindi, A.Y.;Al-Marzooqi, W.;Al-Saqri, N.M.;Almaney, M.;Mahmoud, I.Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.424-431
    • /
    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to determine the effects of short road transportation in an open truck during hot season on live weight shrink, physiological responses, and carcass and meat quality of Omani sheep at 6 and 12 months of age. Thirty-six male sheep, 18 of each age group, were used. Age groups were assigned randomly to transported and not-transported groups. The transported group was transported to the slaughterhouse the day of slaughter in an open truck covering a distance of approximately 100 km. The average temperature during transportation was $37^{\circ}C$. The not-transported group was kept in a lairage of a commercial slaughterhouse with ad libitum feed and water for 48 h prior to slaughter. Blood samples were collected from sheep before loading and prior to slaughter via jugular venipuncture to assess their physiological response to transport in relation to hormonal levels. Animals were weighed just before loading onto a truck and after transport to assess shrinkage. Muscle ultimate pH, expressed juice, cooking loss percentage, WB-shear force value, sarcomere length and colour L*, a*, b* were measured on samples from longissimus dorsi, biceps femoris and semitendinosus muscles collected at 24 h postmortem at $1-3^{\circ}C$. Live weight shrinkage losses were 1.09 and 1.52 kg for 6 and 12 month transported sheep, respectively. The transported sheep had significantly (p<0.05) higher cortisol, adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine concentration levels prior to slaughter at both ages than the not-transported sheep. Transportation significantly influenced meat quality characteristics of three muscles. Muscle ultimate pH and shear force values were significantly higher, while CIE L*, a*, b*, expressed juice and cooking loss were lower in transported than not-transported sheep. Age had a significant effect on meat quality characteristics of Omani sheep. These results indicated that short-term pre-slaughter transport at high ambient temperatures can cause noticeable changes in physiological and muscle metabolism responses in sheep.

The Effects of Dietary $MgSO_4$ Supplement on Serum Stress Hormones Concentrations and Pork Quality in Late Finishing Pigs (출하 전 마그네슘 단기급여가 돼지의 혈중 스트레스 관련 호르몬 함량 및 육질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seong Pil-Nam;Lee Jong-Eun;Cho In-Chul
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-70
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of MgSO₄ supplement on meat quality and serum stress hormones concentrations in late finishing pigs. Sixty castrated Landrace pigs (average weight±S.D., 106.5±8.9 kg) were assigned to a control diet (without MgSO₄ supplement) and diet with MgSO₄(10 g/kg diet) supplemented. Pigs had free access to diets and water during five-day feeding period. At the end of feeding experiment, pigs were fasted for 16 hours and transported to commercial slaughter plant (30-minute transportation distance). After 2-hour lairage time, pigs were slaughtered, and blood samples were collected at bleeding procedure of slaughter. Pigs fed the diet with MgSO₄ supplement had higher (p<0.05) serum magnesium concentrations than those in pigs fed a control diet. Serum adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol concentrations determined at slaughter were not significantly different between dietary groups. Carcass temperature, pH at 24h post- slaughter, drip loss and color characteristics were not influenced (p>0.05) by short-term supplement of MgSO₄. Pigs fed the diet supplemented with MgSO₄ diet had lower PSE incidence (23.3%) compared to pigs fed the control diet (33%). These results indicate that short-term supplement of dietary MgSO₄ in late finishing pigs may not be beneficial in improving pork quality, and further study needs to assess feeding regime of magnesium supplement.

Influence of Corn Processing and Rumen Undegradable Protein Levels on Performance of Holstein Cows during the Transitional Period (옥수수 가공형태와 RUP 수준이 전환기 젖소의 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, H.S.;Lee, J.S.;Kim, Y.G.;Lee, W.S.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.47 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1001-1008
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study examined the effect of corn processing with varying rumen undegradable protein (RUP) on feed intake, milk yield, its composition and, blood characteristics in Holstein cows during the transitional period (21 days pre partum to 21 days post partum). Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to four diets (five cows/diet), ground corn with 30 % RUP (GCR30), ground corn with 40 % RUP (GCR40), flaked corn with 30 % RUP (FCR30), and flaked corn with 40 % RUP (FCR40). The processed corn with varying RUP was fed in total mixed rations (TMR) to cows. Dry matter intake (DMI) was higher with 40 % RUP diet than with 30 % RUP diet, resulting in higher protein and energy intake by cows during pre and post partum (p<0.05). However, it was not affected by corn processing during pre and post partum. Similarly milk yield was higher with 40 % RUP diet than with 30 % RUP diet. and milk yield was affected by corn processing at RUP 30 % level. Corn processing did not affected the milk fat and protein contents in dairy cows. The concentration of blood non esterified fatty acid (NEFA) were effected by RUP level with flaked corn, however, it was non-significant with RUP levels when given with ground corn. It is concluded that increasing RUP from 30 % to 40 % in iso-nitrogenous diet could increase milk yield in dairy cows during the transitional phase.

Hypoadrenocortical Crisis-like Transient Hyponatremia and Hyperkalemia in a Near-Term Pregnant Dog (분만 직전의 개에서 급성 부신겉질저하증과 유사한 일과성 저나트륨혈증 및 고칼륨혈증 일례)

  • Kang Ji-houn;Kim Min-jun;Cho Min-haeng;Chang Dong-woo;Kang Hyun-gu;Kim Ill-hwa;Na Ki-jeong;Yang Mhan-pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.450-452
    • /
    • 2005
  • A 3-year-old, 43kg, pregnant Great Pyrenese was examined for clinical signs of acute weakness and anorexia for 4 days. The dog was in lateral recumbency at referral. The rectal temperature was within reference range, and the respiratory and heart rates were 36 breaths/min and 58 beats/min, respectively. The abdomen was distended, and several puppies were palpated. The mean fetal head diameter was 2.8cm in the ultrasonographic examination. The initial complete blood count and serum biochemical examinations revealed mild dehydration, mud hyperglycemia, hypochloremia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and low sodium-potassium ratio. Serum BUN and total cholesterol values were slightly high. Hypoadrenocortical crisis was suspected on the basis of signs of acute collapse, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. Adrenal gland function was evaluated by an ACTH stimulation test. The baseline cortisol concentration was $18.6{\mu}g/dl$ and the concentration at 1 hour after administration of tetracosactrin (ACTH, Synacthen) was $8{\mu}g/dl$. The dog was treated for the correction of assumed hypoadrenocortical crisis and substantial hyperkalemia. In addition to rapid infusion with saline solution, other medications administered intravenously included sodium bicarbonate and cimetidine hydrochloride. The dog was monitored with repeated serum electrolyte examination. After clinical stabilization, cesarean section was performed. All of 13 puppies were delivered, and the dog recovered from anesthesia without complications. The values of postpartum blood tests returned to normal or within reference range. The dog remained healthily.

Effect of Slaughter Weight on the Blood Profile and Pork Qualities of Japan Berkshire (일본버크셔의 도살체중이 혈액성상과 돈육품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Jae-Ryong;Hur Tae-Young;Seo Kook-Hyun;Nam Ki-Yun;Lee Jin-Woo;Lee Jeong-Ill;Kwack Suk-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.409-414
    • /
    • 2005
  • The effects of slaughter weight on blood profile and pork qualities of japan berkshires were investigated A total 72 pigs were divided into 3 groups$(125\~130,\;105\~110\;or\;95\~104\;kg)$. At each slaughter weight pigs were conventionally slaughtered and then chilled overnight The carcass characteristics (carcass weight backfat thickness and grades) were determined on those carcass, the muscle longissimus dorsi was removed from each left side at 5th to 13th rib and meat qualities were evaluated. Blood profile including cortisol, creatine phos-phokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose and phosphorus was not significantly (p>0.05) different among all slaughter weight, However, the calcium contents of pigs at $95\~104\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) higher than the other weights. The carcass weight and backfat thickness of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were higher than those of $105\~110\;or\;95\~104\;kg$. The carcass grade of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the other weight. The moisture contents of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ were significantly lower than the other weights, but crude protein contents were significantly (p<0.05) higher, Cooking loss and shear lone values of pigs slaughtered at $95\~104\;kg$ were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the other weight. CIE $a^*\;and\;b^*$ values of pigs slaughtered at $105\~110\;kg$ were significantly higher than the other weights. These results imply that the carcass characteristics (carcass weight and backfat thickness) could be affected by slaughter weight the cooking loss and shear force values of pigs slaughtered at $125\~130\;kg$ resulted in higher than those of $105\~110kg\;or\;95\~104\;kg$.

A Case of Long-Term Management of Insulinoma in a Maltese Dog (말티즈 개에서 인슐린종의 장기간 관리 증례)

  • Park, So-Young;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Kang, Ji-Houn;Chang, Dongwoo;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.363-365
    • /
    • 2013
  • A 15-year-old, spayed female Maltese dog weighing 2.80 kg was referred with seizure of unknown origin. At presentation, serum biochemistry showed marked hypoglycemia (46 mg/dL; reference interval [RI], 65-118 mg/dL). There were, however, no abnormalities on electrolytes, complete blood counts, urinalysis, survey radiographs, and abdominal ultrasonography. In the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test, pre-ACTH and post-ACTH cortisol concentrations were within normal reference ranges. Serum insulin level was normal and fructosamine level was slightly lower than reference ranges. The clinical signs, including seizure and collapse caused by hypoglycemia, were gradually resolved with oral administration of prednisolone (PDS) twice daily. Forty five weeks later, serum biochemistry revealed hypoglycemia with markedly increased insulin level. On abdominal ultrasonography, increased heterogenous echogenecity with hypoechoic lesion was found within pancreatic parenchyma. Based on these findings, the dog was presumptively diagnosed to insulinoma. Hypoglycemic seizure was resolved with higher dose of PDS (1 mg/kg, q12h). At 688 days after first presentation, the patient was still alive without recurrence of hypoglycemic seizure. This case describes long-term management with PDS monotherapy in a Maltese dog with insulinoma.

Inhibitory Effect of Fractionated Trapa Japonica Extracts on UVB-induced Skin Photoaging (능실 추출물 및 그 분획물의 피부 광노화 억제 효능)

  • Nam, Jin-Ju;Lee, Kyung-Eun;Park, Ji-Eun;Moon, Seong-Joon;Youm, Jong-Kyung
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.321-330
    • /
    • 2014
  • Ultraviolet B (UVB) is a primary environmental factor that induces adverse effects on skin such as photoaging, skin burn and cancer. UVB also increases the expression of $11{\beta}$-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 ($11{\beta}-HSD1$), which converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol in response to a variety of stressors in target tissues. Thus, we have screened new herbal extracts that suppress $11{\beta}-HSD1$ expression induced by UVB in human dermal fibroblasts. We also investigated whether Trapa japonica (TJ) extract and its fractions inhibit UVB-induced photoaging in Hs68 cells and 3D skin model. Results showed that TJ extract inhibited the increase of $11{\beta}-HSD1$ expression in UVB-exposed Hs68 cells significantly. TJ extract and its fractions not only inhibited $11{\beta}-HSD1$ expression, but also suppressed the increase of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, 3, 9) and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, 8) in UVB-irritated Hs68 cells. TJ extract also inhibited MMP-1 expression in UVB-irritated 3D skin model. In addition, TJ extract recovered UVB-induced decreases of epidermal thickness and PCNA-positive cells in 3D skin model. Taken together, these results suggest that TJ extract and its fractions inhibit UVB-induced skin photoaging by interfering with $11{\beta}-HSD1$ and MMPs.

Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Down-Regulates Hair Growth-Related Cytokines in Cultured Human Dermal Papilla Cells (사람 모유두세포에서 코르티코트로핀분비인자에 의한 모발성장관련사이토카인의 발현 조절)

  • Lee, Eun Young;Jeon, Ji Hye;Lee, Min Ho;Lee, Sunghou;Kim, Young Ho;Kang, Sangjin
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.413-421
    • /
    • 2014
  • Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is involved in the stress response and there is increasing evidence that stress influences skin disease such as hair loss. In cultured human hair follicles, CRF inhibits hair shaft elongation, induces premature regression and promotes the apoptosis of hair matrix keratinocytes. We investigated whether CRF influences the dermal papilla cells (DPC) that play pivotal roles in hair growth and cycling. Human DPCs were treated with CRF, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol, key stress hormones along the hypothalamic-pituitary -adrenal (HPA) axis for 1-24 h. Interestingly, CRF modulated the expression of cytokines related to hair growth (KGF, Wnt5a, $TGF{\beta}-2$, Nexin) and increased cAMP production in cultured DPCs. CRF receptors were down-regulated by negative feedback systems. Pretreatment of CRF receptor antagonists or protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor prevented the CRF-induced modulation. Since the CRF induces proopiomelanocortin (POMC) expression through the cAMP/PKA pathway, we analyzed POMC mRNA. CRF stimulated POMC expression in cultured human DPCs, yet we were unable to detect ACTH levels by western blot. These results indicate that CRF operates within DPCs through CRF receptors along the classical CRF signaling pathway and CRF receptor antagonists could serve as potential therapeutic and cosmetic agents for stress-induced hair loss.

색소 과다 침착만으로 조기 발견한 소아 부신백질이영양증 1례

  • Park, Seon-Hyeong;Hong, Yong-Hui
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.195-199
    • /
    • 2014
  • The X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a peroxisomal disease by defects of ABCD1 gene on chromosome Xq28 leading to accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA), progressive demyelination and adrenal insufficiency. A 4-year-old boy was visited hospital with the chief compliant of hyperpigmentation beginning at 2-years old. Serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol concentration were compatible with adrenal insufficiency. The elevated plasmatic concentration of VLCFA and genotype analysis with sequencing of ABCD1 gene established the diagnosis of X-ALD. Brain MRI showed no abnormal high signal intensity on the white matter. Steroid replacement was started with good response. He initiated Lorenzo's oil with restriction of VLCFA by reducing the intake of fatty foods. The author highlight the importance of suspecting of X-ALD in the etiology of primary adrenal insufficiency as the first sign of the disease.

An Analysis of the Healing Effects of Forest Therapy and Horticultural Therapy (숲치유와 원예치료의 치유효과 분석)

  • Park, Sun-A;Jeong, Moon-Sun;Lee, Myungwoo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.43-51
    • /
    • 2015
  • Stresses from desolate urban environments cause illnesses and worsen health conditions of urban residents, while natural environments have a positive influence on human. Natural healing programs such as forest therapy and horticultural therapy can be differentiated by the characteristic of activity space. However, previous studies of healing programs have focused on either forest therapy or horticulture therapy and there is a limit to comprehending the effects of adopting and connecting various healing programs. This study compares and analyzes the physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy and horticultural therapy to identify the effects and differences by types of healing programs. The before and after effects of horticultural therapy and forest therapy are measured by experiment and survey for 5 days with 5 subjects in each program. For physiological reaction, blood pressure, pulse, and cortisol levels are measured and the profile of moods states(POMS) is used to measure psychological reaction. Collected data are analyzed with the analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Paired-Sample T-test in SPSS 18.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1) forest therapy and horticultural therapy show positive effects in physiological and physiological aspects, 2) forest therapy is more effective than horticultural therapy in physiological relaxation and stress mitigation, 3) horticultural therapy has a tendency to alleviate depression more effectively than forest therapy. In conclusion, this study contributes to providing fundamental information for the development of healing programs and design guidelines for healing spaces through identifying the characteristics of each healing program.