• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cortisol

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Preschooler's Internal Representation Profile Types and Diurnal Cortisol Regulation Pattern at Home (유아 내적 표상 유형과 가정에서의 코티솔 패턴 변화)

  • Min, Hyun Suk;Moon, Young Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.153-171
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    • 2015
  • The purposes of this study were to explore the relations of preschoolers' narrative representation profile types to diurnal cortisol regulation pattern at home. Fourteen story stems from the MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB, Bretherton, et al., 1990) were administered to 40 preschoolers(22 boys, 18 girls, aged 5) recruited from 8 kindergartens in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. And also, their saliva cortisol was collected. The children's responses were aggregated into 5 dimensions, based on content themes and performance scores, which included emotions expressed and narrative coherence using the MacArthur Narrative Coding System(Robinson, et al., 2004). Data were analyzed by means of cluster analysis. Five response profiles emerged over the course of this research: Prosocial, Anxiety, Dyregulated aggression, Restricted, and Avoidance profiles. Cortisol at home showed decrease diurnal cortisol regulation patterns, however it showed a difference according to narrative response profiles. Restricted, Prosocial, and Avoidance profiles showed decrease diurnal cortisol regulation patterns. Anxiety profiles showed flat pattern, and Dyregulated aggression profile showed rising diurnal cortisol regulation pattern. These results show the preschoolers' internal representation may affect the diurnal cortisol reaction in daytime.

Urinary Cortisol Levels in Japanese Shorthorn Cattle before and after the Start of a Grazing Season

  • Higashiyama, Y.;Narita, H.;Nashiki, M.;Higashiyama, M.;Kanno, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.1430-1434
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    • 2005
  • We conducted two experiments to assess the effect of transfer from housing to grazing on stress hormone secretion in cattle using urine samples. In a preliminary experiment, urine samples were collected following an adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) challenge, and cortisol levels in urine were compared with the levels in plasma. In a second experiment, urinary cortisol was measured before and after the start of a grazing season in 6 Japanese Shorthorn cows, all of which had experienced grazing before. In experiment 1, urinary cortisol showed a pattern of changes similar to that of plasma with a 0.5-h temporal lag time, and the peak levels were 4 to 10 times higher than the basal levels. In experiment 2, the urinary cortisol levels in cows did not change after the cows were let out to pasture, with no decreases in body weight. This study suggests that the transfer from housing to grazing did not affect physiological responses to cause high excretion of urinary cortisol in grazing-experienced cattle using a non-invasive sampling method.

Urinary Catecholamine and Cortisol Responses of Japanese Shorthorn Cows to Social Isolation

  • Higashiyama, Yumi;Nashiki, M.;Narita, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1437-1440
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate the use of urinary catecholamines to monitor changes in the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and to determine the relationship of urinary cortisol and catecholamines in Japanese Shorthorn cows in response to social isolation. One cow was isolated from its group, which consisted of 14 cows (457 to 756 kg BW, 2 to 12 years old), for three days. The isolated cow was in contact with the other cows visually only at meal times. This isolation was repeated for 6 cows. Spontaneously voided urine samples were collected from the experimental animals once a day, before the treatment and on days 1, 2, and 3. Urinary cortisol and adrenaline levels were significantly increased compared with pre-isolation levels on the first day, and then declined to the basal levels during the next two days. Urinary noradrenaline levels changed in the same way as cortisol and adrenaline levels, but the difference was not significant. Urinary cortisol levels tended to be correlated with those of urinary adrenaline, but not noradrenaline. This study suggests that the urinary adrenaline levels can be a non-invasive indicator of stress and that the change of urinary adrenaline is similar to that of urinary cortisol.

The Effect of Cortisol on Proliferative Properties of Flounder (Paralychthys Olivaceus) B Lymphocytes

  • Choi, Sang-Hoon;Oh, Chan-Ho
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2003
  • Flounder B lymphocytes isolated from different tissues were studied in terms of cell proliferation, apoptosis and the effects of cortisol on these processes. B lymphocytes, isolated from the flounder head kidney and spleen, were characterized by higher proliferation and lower intracellular calcium ($Ca^2$) response to lgcrosslinking compared with peripheral blood B lymphocytes. Cortisol induced high levels of apoptosis (150% of control levels) in peripheral blood B lymphocytes, in combination with a stimulatory LPS signal. Head kidney and to a lesser extent spleen B lymphocytes, although less sensitive than their equivalent in peripheral blood, underwent cortisol-induced apoptosis irrespective of extra stimulation up to 142% of control levels. Also proliferation with and without LPS stimulation was suppressed by cortisol (compared to plasma values measured during stress conditions) that is effective in inducing a significant increase in apoptosis in all three populations of B-cells, suggesting that cortisol may be important for immunoregulation in both stressed and non-stressed conditions. This implies possible severe impact of stress on lymphocyte development and activity, Different sensitivity of B-cells to the corticosteroid, with respect to developmental stage and activity, may prevent excessive and long lasting depletion of B-lymphocytes.

Relationship between Physiological Response and Salivary Cortisol Level to Life Stress (생활 스트레스에 대한 인간의 생리적 반응과 타액 코티졸과의 관계)

  • Park, Sei-Kwon;Kim, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2007
  • The physiological and biochemical responses of healthy men and women to life stress were measured in order to temperature, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and galvanic skin response (GSR) were selected as physiological stress indices and salivary cortisol level was used as a biochemical stres biomarker. Twenty six (male 14 and female 13) colege students were participated in the experiment. Female showed the significant higher value of salivary cortisol level (p<0.01), diastolic BP (p<0.01), and HR (p<0.01) than male. The difference of skin temperature between forehead and fingertip correlated significantly with salivary cortisol level (p<0.01). The LF(low frequency)/HF(high frequency) ratio of HRV also correlated significantly with salivary cortisol level (p<0.01). However, BP, HR and GSR corelated insignificantly with salivary cortisol level. We suggest that LF/HF ratio of HRV and skin temperature may be good indices for the assessment of life stress, and may apply to measure the stress level of individual in real time.

Technical and clinical aspects of cortisol as a biochemical marker of chronic stress

  • Lee, Do Yup;Kim, Eosu;Choi, Man Ho
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2015
  • Stress is now recognized as a universal premorbid factor associated with many risk factors of various chronic diseases. Acute stress may induce an individual's adaptive response to environmental demands. However, chronic, excessive stress causes cumulative negative impacts on health outcomes through "allostatic load". Thus, monitoring the quantified levels of long-term stress mediators would provide a timely opportunity for prevention or earlier intervention of stressrelated chronic illnesses. Although either acute or chronic stress could be quantified through measurement of changes in physiological parameters such as heart rate, blood pressure, and levels of various metabolic hormones, it is still elusive to interpret whether the changes in circulating levels of stress mediators such as cortisol can reflect the acute, chronic, or diurnal variations. Both serum and salivary cortisol levels reveal acute changes at a single point in time, but the overall long-term systemic cortisol exposure is difficult to evaluate due to circadian variations and its protein-binding capacity. Scalp hair has a fairy predictable growth rate of approximately 1 cm/month, and the most 1 cm segment approximates the last month's cortisol production as the mean value. The analysis of cortisol in hair is a highly promising technique for the retrospective assessment of chronic stress. [BMB Reports 2015; 48(4): 209-216]

The Effects Caused by Lavender and Rosemary for Salivary Cortisol, Stress Levels and Mood Alteration

  • Lee, Aeran;Cho, Hongbum
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.18-27
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    • 2013
  • This study is being conducted in order to confirm the effects of inhaling method for aromatherapy on cortisol which is a stress hormone by the saliva test method. An attempt is being made to dertermine if there are any differences between the effect of lavender and rosemary when concidering their effects on the cortisolsl. The test shows a statistically significant decrease in the cortisol levesl(Table 4), and as far as the comparison of the effects between lavender(N=10) and rosemary(N=10) is concerned, the lavender group show a p-value of .005 which means that there are no statistical significances; while the rosemary group show p-values of .081 meaning that there is a decrease in cortisol levels, which is statistically significant(Table 5). It has been proven that the saliva test method is a practical and scientific method when confirming the effects of aromatherapy and also a convenient method for both of the test coordinator and the subjects. Results of all 20 subjects showed similar results obtained by means of conventional blood tests. However, the rosemary group shows statistically significant decrease in cortisol level compared to the lavender group, thus proving that the test method for studying the effect of aromatherapy on stress is valid. Further studies should be conducted in order to investigate the differences in the effects of the cortisol level at different concentrations of the aroma.

Analysis of Affecting Factors for Cortisol Level in Cord Blood (제대혈 Cortisol 농도에 영향을 미치는 인자에 대한 연구)

  • Lim, Hyun Jung;Song, Chang Hun;Kim, Eun Young;Park, Sang Kee
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.183-187
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : Long-term stress to the fetus causes alterations in adrenal steroidogenesis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of cord blood cortisol with stress during delivery. Methods : Cord blood samples were collected from 58 neonates at once to labor. Cortisol was measured by RIA method(DPC, USA). Cortisol level according to gestational age(<34, 34-37, >38 wks) and method of delivery(Cesarean section vs. vaginal delivery), Apgar score and uterine contraction, were compared to know stress during labor. Results : Cortisol of cord blood had considerable differences between each group, according to gestational age(P<0.001). It was statistically higher in the cases of vaginal delivery than cessarian delivery(P<0.001). The concentration of cortisol was significantly higher according to duration of labor (P<0.05). There was a significant relationship between cortisol level and uterine contraction(P<0.05). The concentration of cortisol was significantly low when Apgar score at 1 min was low(P<0.05). Conclusion : Cord cortisol has close association with stress during labor. And so do with post birth prognosis of neonate.

Circadian Rhythm of Urinary Free Cortisol in Brain Injuryed Patients (뇌손상 환자의 요중 Free Cortisol의 Circadian Rhythm)

  • Min, Soon
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2001
  • 뇌손상이라고 하는 과도한 stress를 받았을 때 free cortisol의 분비되는 양과 urinary free cortisol의 circadian 리듬에 어떻게 영향을 주는지 확인하기 위하여 시도하였다. 연구대상은 대조군은 건강한 젊은 여성 6명과 실험군응 CT상 뇌에 손상을 받은 4명의 여성으로 30대 환자이었다. 담당의사와 중환자실 관리책임자의 동의하에서 시도되었으며, 실험기간은 2000년 7월 1일에서 7월 10일까지였다. 대조군과 실험군의 뇨를 채취하여 뇨중 free cortisol 농도의 circadian rhythm을 알아보기 위해 채뇨 후 분석하였다. 채뇨는 뇌손상을 받고 응급실을 통해 신경외과 중환자실에 입원한 지 5시간 이내에 해당된 환자로 24시간 유지되는 foley catherization 상태하에서 12:00부터 3일동안 72시간을 2시간 간격으로 채뇨하였고, 대조군은 오전 12시부터 24시간 동안 2시간 간격으로 채뇨하였다. 측정방법으로는 cortisol의 정량은 solid-phase radioimmuoassay 방법을 이용하였으며, 분석재료는 Coat-A-Count(R) Cortisol kit(DPC, U.S.A.)을 사용하여 DPC사의 측정방법을 따랐다. 연구대상자의 free cortisol의 총량은 대조군에서는 $42.8{\mu}g$이었고, 실험군은 1일에 $991.2{\mu}g$, 2일에 $809{\mu}g$, 3일에 $544.2{\mu}g$으로 대조군과 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타내(p<.05), 실험군에서 현저하게 증가된 양상을 보였고, 시간이 지나면서 점점 감소하는 경향을 나타냈다. 시간별로 t-검정으로 분석한 결과로는 모든 시간대에서 대조군과 실험군의 평균치는 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타냈다. Free cortisol의 circadian에서는 대조군에서는 정상인의 cortisol의 circadian의 경우와 같은 리듬을 보였으나, 손상을 받은 실험군의 경우 분비량은 현저하게 증가했음을 보여주었다. 최고치가 제1일에 18:00과 다음날 10:00에 나타나 최고치가 2회 나타났으며, 제2일에도 제1일과 마찬가지로 18:00에 나타났고, 제3일에는 24:00에 나타나 제1일보다 제2일에는 최고치가 한 번 나타난 리듬을 보여주었고, 분비량은 2일에 감소하였다. 제3일에는 최고치가 8시간 지연된 나타난 리듬의 변화를 보여주었다. 최저치는 제1일, 제2일, 제3일 모두 24:00에 나타난 리듬을 보여주었다. 이상의 결과에서 실험군인 뇌손상 환자군에서는 뇌손상이 과도한 stress로 작용하여 환자의 free cortisol 분비량과 circadian 리듬에도 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 그러므로 뇌손상환자를 간호하는 간호사는 스트레스상태인 것을 인지하여 환자 개개인에 필요한 간호를 해야 할 것으로 사료된다.

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Determination of Appropriate Sampling Time for Job Stress Assessment: the Salivary Chromogranin A and Cortisol in Adult Females

  • Hong, Ran-Hi;Yang, Yun-Jung;Kim, Sang-Yon;Lee, Won-Young;Hong, Yeon-Pyo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to determine the appropriate sampling time of the salivary stress markers, chromogranin A (CgA) and cortisol as objective indices of job stress assessment in adult females. Methods : The subjects were 20${\sim}$39-year-old women (13 office workers, 11 sales-service workers, and 11 college students) who were eligible for the study and free of acute and chronic medical conditions. Salivary CgA and cortisol levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Saliva samples were collected (2 $m{\ell}$ each) at 7:00, 8:00, 10:30, 12:00, 17:30, and 22:30 on a typical day. Salivary CgA and cortisol levels, according to sampling time, were compared among the three groups using general linear model. The full version of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale (KOSS), which includes socioeconomic characteristics, health behavior, workrelated characteristics, and BMI, was used to access the subjects' job stress. Multiple regression analysis of the job stressors identified by the KOSS was performed on salivary CgA and cortisol levels. Results : The salivary CgA level peaked at 7:00 (time of awakening), then decreased and were maintained at a low level throughout the day, and increased slightly at 17:30. The salivary cortisol level increased steeply within the 1st hour after awakening, followed by a gradual decrease by 12:00, and was then maintained at a low level throughout the day. The salivary cortisol levels of subjects who worked ${\leq}$5 days per week and graduated from the university were significantly lower at 8:00 (p=0.006). The salivary cortisol levels of non-smokers were significantly lower at 7:00 p=0.040) and 8:00 (p=0.003) compared to smokers. There were no significant differences in salivary CgA and cortisol levels at 10:30 and 12:00 in general characteristics. The regression coefficients on salivary CgA level were significant with interpersonal conflict at 17:30 and job insecurity at 22:30. Regression coefficients on salivary cortisol level were significant with organizational system and total job stressors at 17:30. Conclusions : We suggest that the appropriate sampling times for the salivary stress markers, CgA and cortisol, are at 7:00 (time of awakening), 8:00 (1 hour after awakening), 17:30 (early evening), and 22:30 (before sleep).