• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cortisol

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Relationship Analysis of Speech Communication between Salivary Cortisol Levels and Personal Characteristics Using the Smartphone Linked Stress Measurement(SLSM)

  • Choi, Seoyeon;Hwang, Yoosun;Shin, Joonchul;Yang, Jung-Sik;Jung, Hyo-Il
    • BioChip Journal
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2017
  • Salivary cortisol is frequently used as a biomarker of stress. However, no study has used salivary cortisol to evaluate stress levels related to personal characteristics with a paper-based lateral flow assay (LFA) strip and a smartphone holder, and a smartphone at the same time during simulated speech communication. In this paper, we investigated variations in levels of salivary cortisol, communication apprehension, and the effects of self-efficacy via the Smartphone Linked Stress Measurement (SLSM) that we have recently reported. Saliva samples were collected by 48 participants (30 male and 18 female) at three moments: immediately before public speaking (basal measurement), immediately after public speaking (speech measurement), and forty minutes after taking a rest (relaxed measurement). Results from the questionnaire showed that salivary cortisol levels, communication apprehension, and self-efficacy were significantly correlated. Also, anxiety about speaking can raise their stress levels during their speeches, as reflected in their increased cortisol levels. Therefore, this study establishes the effects of self-efficacy on communication apprehension and salivary cortisol.

The Effect of Occupational Noise Exposure on Serum Cortisol Concentration of Night-shift Industrial Workers: A Field Study

  • Zare, Sajad;Baneshi, Mohammad R.;Hemmatjo, Rasoul;Ahmadi, Saeid;Omidvar, Mohsen;Dehaghi, Behzad F.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 2019
  • Background: In both developed and developing countries, noise is regarded as the most common occupational hazard in various industries. The present study aimed to examine the effect of sound pressure level (SPL) on serum cortisol concentration in three different times during the night shift. Methods: This case-control study was conducted among 75 workers of an industrial and mining firm in 2017. The participants were assigned to one of the three groups (one control and two case groups), with an equal number of workers (25 participants) in each group. Following the ISO 9612 standard, dosimetry was adopted to evaluate equivalent SPL using a TES-1345 dosimeter. The influence of SPL on serum cortisol concentration was measured during the night shift. The serum cortisol concentration was measured using a radioimmunoassay (RIA) test in the laboratory. Repeated measure analysis of variance and linear mixed models were used with ${\alpha}=0.05$. Results: The results indicated a downward trend in the serum cortisol concentration of the three groups during the night shift. Both SPL and exposure time significantly affected cortisol concentration (p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001). Conversely, age and body mass index had no significant influence on cortisol concentration (p = 0.360, p = 0.62). Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, increasing SPL will lead to enhancement of serum cortisol concentration. Given that cortisol concentration varies while workers are exposed to different SPLs, this hormone can be used as a biomarker to study the effect of noise-induced stress.

The Effects of Tryptophan and Tyrosine-Enriched Diet on the Serum Cortisol, Glucose and Free Fatty Acid Levels of Stressed Rats (Tryptophan 및 Tyrosine 보강 식이가 Stress로 인한 혈청 Cortisol, Glucose 및 Free Fatty Acid의 농도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 최정희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 1990
  • We made S.D male rats eat 3.6% tryptophan(trp) or tyrosine(thr)-enriched diet for 4 days and measured the trp or tyr use in serum of stressed rats as well as cortisol, glucose and free fatty acid(ffa) changes in serum. When control group had received stress treatment, their tyr level has dropped significantly but no changes in trp level and their cortisol, glucose, ffa levels in serum were increased significantly all together. Trp-enrichment alone can't change serum cortisol and ffa levels but trp pools in serum and brain enlarged by dietary enrichment. Trp-enriched group's serum glucose concentration was significantly lower than control-dieted group. When trp-enriched group received stress treatment, their responses to stress were different from control-dieted group. Serum trp concentration of trp-enriched-with-stress group has dropped significantly and cortisol level was increased significantly but not as much as control-dieted-with-stress group. Glucose and ffa levels of trp-enriched-with-stress group did not increase at all. Tyr-enriched group has also larger serum pool of tyr and lowest basal cortisol level in all three diet group. tyr-enriched group's and ffa levels were in normal range and those responses to stress were same pattern with control diet group. Most importantly in tyr-enriched-with-stress group, only slight but not significant increase of cortisol level was shown.

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Changes in Serum Cortisol Concentration Due to Boarding Stress in Dogs (위탁견에서 스트레스에 의한 혈중 Cortisol의 농도 변화)

  • Lee, Sang-Kil;Song, In-Soo;Park, Soo-Kyoung;Hong, Yong-Geun;Kang, Chung-Boo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2010
  • Among the dogs boarding at an animal hospital, 10 dogs each were selected as a free boarding group and a kennel boarding group. Each group was further divided into 5 puppies and 5 mature dogs to examine the changes in their serum cortisol concentrations during boarding (5 days). We collected blood at day 8 and then analyzed the blood corpuscles, ran a biochemical serum test, and an additional urine test before boarding to check their health status. After collecting the dog's blood at 9:00 am, 3:00 pm, and 9:00 pm, we analyzed the cortisol concentration by the radioimmunoassay (RIA) method. The daily serum cortisol concentration at 9:00 am, 3:00 pm, and 9:00 pm, had a circadian rhythm during both the free and kennel boarding periods in both puppies and adults. Furthermore, the average daily serum cortisol concentration was significantly increased during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd day after free boarding in the puppy group (P < 0.01). In adults from the free boarding group, the serum cortisol concentration dramatically increased on the 1st day (P < 0.01), as well as on the 2nd and 3rd day (P < 0.05). Interestingly, the average daily serum cortisol concentration was significantly increased on the 1st day after kennel boarding as well as during the entire period of kennel boarding in the puppy group (P < 0.05). In the adult kennel boarding group, serum cortisol concentration was significantly increased during the whole kennel boarding period (P < 0.01). An interesting result was that circadian rhythmicity in the sum of the daily serum cortisol concentrations was present in the free boarding group, but not in the kennel boarding group in both puppies and adults. In summary, cortisol was released depending on the degree of stress in free and kennel boarded dogs. Taken together, these results suggest that cortisol, a stress hormone, should be maintained at physiological concentrations in a circadian rhythm when the animals are hospitalized.

Cortisol and Catecholamine in Internal Spermatic Vein: Are They Toxic Materials Responsible for Impairment of the Spermatogenesis in Varicocele? (정계정맥류환자에서 내정계정맥의 Cortisol, Catecholamine은 정자형성장애와 관련이 있는가?)

  • Cho, Myong-Kwan;Kim, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Se-Chul
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.237-240
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    • 1991
  • Cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine concentration in the antecubital and internal spermatic vein were measured and compared each other in 22 varicocele patients to investigate a possible toxic role of these materials to cause impairment of the spermatogensis. The results were as follow. 1) There were no significant differences of cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations between in the internal spermatic vein and in the peripheral vein, 2) Also in 6 patients who showed the abnormal findings on semen analysis and 7 patients who showed the impaired spermatogenesis on testicular biopsy, no significant differences of cortisol epinephrine and norepinephrine concentration were found between in the peripheral vein and in the internal spermatic vein. Therefore, cortisol, epinephrine and norephrine are not regarded as toxic materials responsible for the impairment of spermatogenesis in varicocele.

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Ju vitro Effect of Cortisol on the Proliferation of Canine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (Jn vitro에서 cortisol이 개 말초혈액 단핵구세포의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 나기정;양만표
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.230-234
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    • 1997
  • In vitro effect of cortisol on the proliferation of canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) was examined. The MNC was isolated from peripheral blood by a gradient centrifugation with Picoll-Hypaque. The cell proliferation assayed using a noneradioactive 5-Bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) kit. The MNC proliferated well in response to either phrtobeRagg$]$utinin-p (PHA-P) or culture supernatant from MNC stimulated with PHA-p. However, these proliferative responses of MNC were not affected by addition of coitisol of 1 to 1,OOfl ng/ml. The addition of cortisol in MNC culture with either PHA-P or corture supernatBnt from MNC stimulated with PHA-P far 4 days wag not also influenced on the viabilities of cultured MNC. In conclusions it was able to assay the cell proliferation with BrdU instead of radioactive isotope e.g. tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR). These results suggested that cortisol does not at least influence on MNC proliferation in vitro.

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Fleece Phenotype Influences Susceptibility to Cortisol-induced Follicle Shutdown in Merino Sheep

  • Ansari-Renani, H.R.;Hynd, P.I.;Aghajanzadeh, A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1761-1769
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    • 2007
  • This experiment was conducted to determine the extent to which susceptibility to cortisol-induced follicle shutdown is influenced by fleece phentotype. Twenty Finewool (10 sheep low fibre diameter, low coefficient of fibre diameter-LL and 10 low fibre diameter, high coefficient of variation of fibre diameter-LH) and twenty Strongwool (10 low fibre diameter, low coefficient of variation of fibre diameter-HL and 10 high fibre diameter and high coefficient of variation of fibre diameter-HH) sheep of 9 months of age were individually penned in an animal house and were injected intramuscularly with an aqueous suspension of hydrocortisone acetate at a rate of 1.42 mg/kg body weight for a period of two weeks. Fibre diameter was measured from clipped tattooed patch wool samples. Follicle activity was measured by histological changes in skin biopsies taken weekly. Blood samples were collected at two-week intervals and plasma cortisol measured. Increased plasma cortisol concentration significantly (p<0.05) reduced clean wool production and mean fibre diameter dropped to its lowest level four weeks after commencement and two weeks after the cessation of cortisol injection. Elevation of plasma cortisol concentration significantly (p<0.0001) increased the percentage of inactive follicles two weeks after injection started. High fibre diameter groups (Strongwool sheep; i.e. HL+HH) had significantly (p<0.0001) higher percentage of follicle shutdown than low fibre diameter groups (Finewool sheep; i.e. LL+LH). Average percentage of shutdown follicles for Finewool (LL+LH) and Strongwool (HL+HH) Merino sheep was $9.8{\pm}0.9$ and $13.5{\pm}0.9$ respectively. Shutdown of primary follicles was more pronounced in Finewool than Strongwool sheep. There was no significant effect of coefficient of variation of fibre diameter on propensity to follicle shutdown induced by exogenous cortisol. It is concluded that elevation in plasma cortisol concentration is inhibitory to the normal activity of follicles in Strongwool sheep but that variation in fibre diameter has little or no effect.

Serum cortisol concentrations on the normal condition in Korean native goats by ELISA (ELISA에 의한 국내 재래종 산양의 정상상태에서의 혈중 cortisol 농도)

  • Cho, Kyu-woan;Hur, Ju-hyeong;Lee, Eun-sug;Kang, Chung-boo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.711-717
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    • 1993
  • This study was performed to examine the charges of serum cortisol concentrations on the normal conditions in Korean native goats by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The Korean native goats were 4 to 30 months old and weighted 6.0 to 28kg. The goats were allowed ad libitum access to water and food. To minimize the stress with handing and blood sampling, animals were adapted for 2 weeks before the experiment. After adaptation, intravenouse catheter was inserted left intact a jugular vein of 6 goats and blood samples were done 2~3 days later. Experimental animals were divided into 2 groups which was non-catheterized and catheterized group in order to examine the effect for changes of serum concentration and circadian rhythm of cortisol. The results were obtained as follows ; The sensitivity of serum cortisol concentration was $20pg/m{\ell}$. The intra-assay and inter-assay coefficient of variation were below 2.5% and 5%, respectively. Serum concentration of cortisol was more higher in noo-catheterized group$(32.84{\pm}16.78ng/m{\ell})$ than catheterized group$(23.20{\pm}10.29ng/m{\ell})$. The difference according to months old in serum concentration of cortisol was the more higber on 4~6 than 7~12 and lowest over 12 months old. A circadian rhythm in the serum concentration of cortisol in Korean native goats was not found significantly with 2 hours sampling intervals.

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Usefulness of Serum Cortisol in Assessment for the Severity of Community-Acquired Pneumonia (지역사회 획득 폐렴환자의 중증도 평가에서 혈청 코티졸의 유용성)

  • Yoon, Kyung-Hwa;Kim, Yeon-Jae;Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Eun-Young;Bae, Myoung-Nam;Bae, Sang-Mook;Kim, Min-Su;Park, Hun-Pyo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.69 no.6
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    • pp.450-455
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    • 2010
  • Background: High cortisol levels are frequently observed in patients with severe infections are of prognostic value in sepsis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum cortisol in assessment for the severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Methods: This study analyzed the results of 52 CAP subjects admitted in Changwon Fatima Hospital between July 2008 to May 2010. Total serum cortisol, infection markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and CURB (Confusion, Uremia, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure)-65 were examined retrospectively. Results: In clinically unstable subjects on admission day 4, baseline serum cortisol, CURB-65, and CRP were elevated significantly compared to those of stable subjects. Area under curve (AUC) of cortisol, CRP, and CURB-65 from ROC curves were 0.847, 0.783, and 0.724 respectively. In the subjects with serum cortisol ${\geq}22.82{\mu}g/dL$, CRP, PCT, CURB-65 score, and mortality were significantly elevated. Conclusion: These findings suggest that measurement of serum cortisol in early stage may provide helpful information in the assessment of CAP severity.

Method of Saliva Collection for Salivary Cortisol Measurement (타액 코티졸 측정을 위한 타액 수집 방법 조사)

  • Choi, Sanho;Lee, Ilsuk;Song, Inja;Kwon, O Jong;Park, Keeeon;Hong, Haejin;Sung, Kang-Keyng;Lee, Sangkwan
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2014
  • Most of salivary cortisol are an unbound free form reflecting physiological function later. Thus, it is used frequently to evaluate the HPA-Axis and physiological function. Although the needs of salivary cortisol measurement in Korean Medicine is higher and higher, there are not many studies, because the reliability of salivary cortisol measurement is not high. To make the reliability high and encourage to use it in Korean Medicine, the goal of this study is to suggest the standard method of saliva collecting for cortisol measurement through the review of previous studies using salivary cortisol and to encourage to use it in clinical fields in Korean Medicine. The results are as followed; First, salivary cortisol has many benefits, i. e. easy collecting, non-invasive collecting, and reflecting the physiological function. Second, the collecting time and method are kept sternly, because the methods of saliva collecting vary depending on the goal of study. Third, the specific tools for saliva collecting are recommended to prevent contamination. In conclusion, if the standard methods of saliva collecting is kept to measure salivary cortisol, it would be very useful in many fields of Korean Medicine.