• Title, Summary, Keyword: Corporate performance

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Evaluation of Program Effectiveness via Path Analysis : Focused on Plant Engineering Program (경로분석을 이용한 사업의 효과성 분석 : 플랜트엔지니어링사업을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Heung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2017
  • When evaluating effectiveness of a R&D program, there is a tendency to simply compare the performances of the beneficiaries before and after the program or to compare the differences in the performances of the beneficiaries and the non-beneficiaries before-after the program. However, these ways of evaluating effectiveness of a program have some problems because they can not differentiate between complement effect, which facilitates corporate R&D investment, and substitute effect, which, literally, substitutes corporate R&D investment. Therefore, these problems could bring about wrong policies concerning R&D programs. In this paper, a new approach using path analysis is suggested as a means to overcome these problems and it is utilized, as an application, to evaluate the effectiveness of Plant Engineering Program conducted by Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Korea. First, the direct impact of government R&D investment on corporate R&D investment is analyzed, through which it is identified which of crowding-in effect (complement effect) and crowding-out effect (substitute effect) is dominant. Next, the direct effect of government R&D investment on corporate performance and the direct effect of corporate R&D investment on corporate performance is analyzed respectively. Finally, by combining the two previous analysis, the total effect of government R&D investment on corporate performance is identified. As a result, it turns out that, in Plant Engineering Program, crowding-in effect is more dominant than crowding-out effect and that Plant Engineering Program has definitely positive effect on the beneficiary in terms of corporate performance indirectly and directly.

A Study of the Agency Theory on Owership Structure Affecting corporate performance (소유구조와 경영성과에 관한 대리이론 연구)

  • 김형준;황동섭
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.19 no.37
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 1996
  • The objectives of this study are to analyze, based upon agency theory, empirically the relevance between ownership structure and corporate performance. In this study, samples are 285 firms listed in Korea stock exchage from 1990 to 1994. The results of this empirical test are summarized as follows : Insider-equity ratio of firm in Korea has been positively correlated with performance of corporate. This study intended to present the desirable implecations for seperation of ownership and management.

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The Effect of Supply Chain Search and Application Strategies on Corporate Operational Performance: Focused on the Mediating Effect of Organizational Capability (공급사슬탐색 및 활용전략이 기업운영성과에 미치는 영향 연구: 조직역량의 매개적 효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seol-Bin;Kim, Chae-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.423-433
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the effects of supply chain search and application strategies on organizational capability and corporate operational performance. To achieve this aim, a survey was administered to middle managers of 298 small- and medium-sized venture companies in Busan, South Korea. Empirical analysis showed that supply chain search and application strategies have a positive effect on organizational capability and corporate operational performance. In addition, organizational capability is positively mediated by supply chain search and application strategies in terms of the mediating effect of corporate operational performance. Consequently, search and application as supply chain strategies are facilitating factors as mediators that improve corporate performance through the concentration of organizational capability. Findings suggest that the search and application of supply chain strategies need to act as accelerating variables that improve organizational performance, and supply chain strategies need to be applied in small- and medium-sized manufacturing businesses.

Evaluation and Implementation Strategy Analysis on Information Infrastructure of Small and Medium Firms (중소기업 정보인프라 진단 및 구축전략분석)

  • Sung, Tae-Kyung;Chu, Seok-Jin;Kim, Joong-Han;Kim, Jae-Kyeong
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.75-100
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    • 1998
  • The paper empirically examines relationships among information infrastructure, competitive advantage of information technology, and corporate performance of small and medium manufacturing firms. Effects of competitive advantage of information technology on the linkage between information infrastructure and corporate performance are investigated. The fact that SME's (Small and Mediem-sized Enterprises) are having difficulties in building their own information infrastructure due to the limitation of capital investment, technology, and manpower is the main motive for the study. Research results confirm that information technology provides several traits of strategic advantages such as efficiency, threat, functionality, preemptiveness, and synergy and significantly contributes to corporate performance. But linkage between information infrastructure and competitive advantage of information technology is proved to be weak and this result suggests that systematic and effective information strategy or planning is required to deliver expected advantages of information technology from information infrastructure investments. Also control effect of competitive advantage of information technology on information infrastructure-corporate performance linkage is not strongly recognized.

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Research on the Effects of Knowledge Management Capabilities and Knowledge Sharing Mechanisms on New Product Development Performance in Taiwan's High-tech Industries

  • Liu, Pang-Lo;Tsai, Chih-Hung
    • The Asian Journal on Quality
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.69-87
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    • 2007
  • High-tech industries in Taiwan exist in an environment with diverse product requirements and intense cost reduction and information integration stress. They must develop new operational directions to increase industry competitiveness. Therefore, Taiwan's high-tech industries must continue R&D and creativity, establish knowledge sharing mechanisms and improve new product development (NPD) performance. This research analyzed and explored the influences of knowledge management (KM) and knowledge sharing mechanisms introduced by Taiwan's high-tech industries on new product development performance. The relationship between knowledge management capabilities and NPD performance is studied. This research considers the intervening industry and corporate position variables. Taiwan's high-tech industries have gradually entered the era of IT region integration and application with competitive advantage creation based upon core techniques. The in-depth study of knowledge management and knowledge sharing introduced by the high-tech industry revealed double meanings in academic and practical applications. The research results showed the following: (1) the stronger the knowledge management capabilities of Taiwan's high-tech industries, the more significant the NPD performance. (2) The better the knowledge sharing mechanism in Taiwan's high-tech industries, the more significant the NPD performance. (3) Corporate scale is not necessarily the critical factor in NPD success and the influence of corporate scale on NPD performance did not show significant differences. (4) The stronger the degree of leading corporate techniques, the more significant the NPD performance.

Comparative Assessment of Corporate Philanthropy by the IPA Method: Service and Manufacturing Industries (IPA기법을 활용한 기업의 사회공헌활동 비교 평가: 서비스업 및 제조업을 중심으로)

  • Ko, Jeong-Yong;Park, Hyeon-Suk
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - In today's globalized and modern business environment, corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities are considered to be essential for the sustainable development of enterprises. In addition, the corporate philanthropy that is related to CSR practices, as well as their being capable of reducing the anti-corporate sentiment of people have facilitated a qualitative forward leap into the quantitative growth phase. This study aims to undertake a comparative evaluation of corporate philanthropy through the Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) method focusing on service and manufacturing industries, and to eventually determine a differentiated approach that is needed for corporate philanthropy. Research design, data, and methodology - The survey responses were collected through online research on specialized companies from consumers nationwide who were aged from 20 to 60 and who are aware of corporate philanthropy. A total of 408 sheets of questionnaire survey were used. Frequency analysis was undertaken in this study. The interviewees had demographic characteristics of gender: 206 males (50.5%) and 202 females (49.5%). They also had demographic characteristics of age: 82 people were over 20 (20.1%), 96 over 30 (23.5%), 105 over 40 (25.7%), and 125 over 50 (30.7%) years of age. The distribution of interviewees' residences is as follows: 154 persons (37.7%) in the Special City, 102 persons (25.0%) in the Metropolitan City, and 152 persons (37.3%) in the Provincial Region. The interviewees have been working for the following companies: 34 persons (8.3%) in LG Display, 80 (19.6%) in KT&G, 49 (12.0%) in Amore Pacific, 42 (10.3%) in KIA Motors, 47 (11.5%) in SBS, 52 (12.8%) in Shinhan Bank, 86 (21.1%) in Asiana Airlines, and 18 (4.4%) in Hyundai Department Store. We applied the paired t-test for the IPA analysis. PASW Statistics 18 was used for statistical analysis. Results - The results of IPA analysis indicated that the importance and performance degrees in both manufacturing and service industries were significantly different. Major empirical results showed that, in consumer, social, economic, philanthropic, and environmental dimensions, in the sub-factors of philanthropy activities in both manufacturing and service industries, the importance degree was found to be higher than performance degree. Further, the average difference between importance degree and performance degree by the sub-factors of philanthropy activities. On the other hand, the average difference of environmental dimension was found to be highest in both service and manufacturing industries. Thus, while consumers consider the philanthropy activities of the environmental dimension as most important, actual companies treat performance of philanthropy activities of the environmental dimension insufficiently or negligibly to some degree. Conclusions - The differentiated approach method that is required for corporate philanthropy may be proposed to uplift corporate accomplishments by analyzing the IPA of the attributes of the sub-factors of corporate philanthropy. This is, to an extent, insufficient in the existing studies related to the use of the IPA technique, and it shows the items that are to be conducted intensively.

Top-executives Compensation: The Role of Corporate Ownership Structure in Japan

  • Mazumder, Mohammed Mehadi Masud
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2017
  • This paper explores the impact of corporate control, measured by ownership structure, on top-executives' compensation in Japan. According to agency theory, the pay-performance link is expected to be affected by the firm's ownership structure. Using a sample of 4,411 firm-year observations (401 firms for the 11-years period from 2001 to 2011) for Japanese non-financial firms publicly traded on the first section and second section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), this study demonstrates that institutional ownership (both financial and corporate) is negatively related to the level of executives' compensation. Such finding is in line with efficient monitoring hypothesis which claims that the presence of institutional shareholders provides direct monitoring over managers, limits managerial self-dealing and curves the increase in top-executives pay. On the other hand, the results also show that managerial ownership is positively related to their compensation which supports managerial power theory hypothesis, i.e. management-controlled firms are more likely to extract more compensation from the business than other firms. Overall, this study confirms that corporate control has significant impact on cash compensation paid to Japanese top-executives after controlling the conventional pay-performance relationship.

32'-diagonal Gated CNT Cathode

  • Lee, Chun-Gyoo;Lee, Sang-Jo;Lee, Sang-Jin;Chi, Eung-Joon;Lee, Jin-Seok;Yun, Tae-Il;Lee, Byung-Gon;Han, Ho-Su;Ahn, Sang-Hyuck;Jung, Kyu-Won;Kim, Hun-Yeong;Yun, Bok-Chun;Park, Sung-Man;Choi, Jong-Sik;Oh, Tae-Sik;Kang, Sung-Kee;Kim, Jong-Min
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.303-304
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    • 2002
  • 32"-diagonal gated carbon nanotube(CNT) cathodes named under-gate cathodes for large-size display applications have been fabricated and characterized. The emission uniformity looks fine, even without the resistive layer. The emission performance has been improved by scaling down the cathode electrode dimension.

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The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Image : Large versus Small and Medium Sized Company (기업의 사회적 책임활동이 기업이미지에 미치는 영향 : 대기업과 중소기업의 비교)

  • Park, Sang-June;Jang, Hwa-Young;Lee, Yeong-Ran
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.15-32
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    • 2012
  • Previous studies have examined the relationship between corporate social responsibility and corporate's business performance (especially, consumers' corporate evaluation). According to them, the corporate social responsibility influences the consumers' corporate evaluation. A small and medium sized company as well as a large company is asked to conduct socially responsible actions, however, it is not easy to find a study that focuses on whether the effect of the corporate social responsibility on the consumers' corporate evaluation is different by the size of company. In this paper, we classified the corporate social responsibility into the four dimensions (economic responsibility, legal responsibility, ethical responsibility, philanthropic responsibility), and investigate the differences between a small and medium sized company and a large company in the effects of the four dimensions on the consumers' corporate evaluation. We showed that the each dimension of the corporate social responsibility had an positive effect on the corporate image regardless of the size of company. In addition, we demonstrated that the effects of the four dimensions on the company image were different by the size of company; The legal responsibility and ethical responsibility are more influential to the corporate image of a large company than to that of a small and medium sized company, however, the effects of economic responsibility and philanthropic responsibility are not different by the size of company.

The Mediating Effect of Corporate Reputation between the Organizational Slack and Corporate Performance in Venture SMEs (벤처중소기업의 조직여유와 기업성과간의 관계에서 기업명성의 매개효과 연구)

  • Bae, Hoyoung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2015
  • This research is to analyze the mediating effect of corporate reputation between the organizational slack and corporate performance in venture SMEs. That is, after controlling the firm size, firm age, social capital, environmental uncertainty, we test three hypothesis. First, we test the hypothesis that organizational slack has a positive effect on corporate reputation. Second, we test the hypothesis that corporate reputation has a positive effect on corporate performance. Third, we test the positive mediating role of corporate reputation between organizational slack and corporate performance. For this research, we administered the questionnaire surveys, and got the 250 effective data(companies) of korean venture SMEs. We use SPSS 18.0, and analysis the validity, reliability, correlation and multiple regression analysis of research model. As a result, we can find the three meaningful results. First, organizational slack, especially not absorbed slack but unabsorbed slack, has positive effect on the corporate reputation. Second, corporate reputation has positive effect on corporate performance. Third, corporate reputation has mediating effect between organizational slack, especially not absorbed slack but unabsorbed slack, and corporate performance. Although this research has some limitations of generalization because of the limited size of samples, we has meaning information related to the venture companies in the academic and business field.

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