• Title, Summary, Keyword: Corporate performance

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The Literature Study of the Relationship of Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Performance (기업의 사회적 책임과 기업성과의 관계에 관한 문헌연구)

  • Park, Seung Koo;Lee, Jae Yeon;Park, Seung Bae
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2011
  • Since the mid-1990s, the corporate social responsibility(adhere CSR) has risen as an important issue in Korean company. We have classified 3 effects of CSR activities on corporate performance. That is, this study investigates the relationship between CSR and corporate performance, which are financial performance, marketing performance, human resource and organization performance. Previous literatures discuss how CSR activities influence on corporate performance. But they have not reached at a clear conclusion and the issue is still debate. The relationship between CSR and corporate performance is actually more complicated, so this study is to review literature of various perspective. In this study, CSR management tool proposed for effective and efficiency CSR management by literature review. A right measure is fundamental factor for effective and efficiency CSR management. This study provide fundamental tip for CSR measure using of principles of ISO 26000.

Public Existence Responsibility, Corporate Identity, and Corporate Value Creation in Corporate Social Responsibility (기업의 사회적 책임(CSR)에 있어서 공적 존재로서 책임과 기업의 정체성, 기업의 가치실현에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Shin;Lee, Young-Ill
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.59-72
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - This study expands the corporate social responsibility (CSR) model and concepts by adding to it the concepts of corporate identity and public existence responsibility. Then, this study examines the structural relationship between corporate identity and public existence responsibility. This study contributes to expanding CSR to give customers a different perspective from previous studies in that it specifically measures corporate public existence responsibility, corporate identity, and corporate value creation and investigates the structural relationship. Research design, data, and methodology - This study addresses specific research questions. First, it asks whether non-financial performance is a component of CSR; second, it asks if the improvement in the corporate image should be treated as its corporate identity; and third, it tries to expand CSR concepts from corporate citizenship and public market awareness to public existence responsibility. The research hypothesis is formulated to confirm the relationships among CSR, corporate value creation, corporate identity, and public existence responsibility. Result - This study confirms that CSR has a positive correlation with corporate value creation and that CSR has a relatively positive correlation with corporate identity and public existence responsibility. Additionally, it confirms a positive correlation between corporate identity and public existence responsibility. However, corporate identity and public existence responsibility do not have an effect on corporate value creation. However, the influence of public existence responsibility confirmed the influence of corporate value creation through corporate identity as a mediating variable. Conclusion - This study argues that CSR produces more general performance including both financial and non-financial performance. It also confirms that the goals and performance of CSR can substitute for corporate value creation from general performance. It further confirms that public existence responsibility includes market public awareness, corporate images, and corporate associations. It suggests that corporations should see themselves as having public existence responsibility. Further, they should devise strategies to build corporate identities that associate with corporate goals and visions. Finally, this study contributes to the expansion of perspectives on CSR theoretical concepts and goals of performance of the corporation throughout the corporate value creation process.

The Relations between Safety Matters, Corporate Image and Performance in Logistics Company

  • KIM, Young-Min;KIM, Jin-Hwan
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to suggest strategic implications about empirical analysis with mediation effects of corporate image in terms of that relations between logistics culture safety, safety compliance and logistics performance of logistics companies. Research design, data and methodology: The structure and method of this research is organized with, first establishing hypothesis and research model based on previous study related to safety culture, safety compliance, corporate image, logistics safety and logistics performance, which has been carried out survey questionnaire to those who got involved in logistics businesses. Results: It is well justified that safety culture and safety compliance have significantly influenced to logistics performance as well as corporate images that is also revealed to have positive impact to logistics performance. With results verifying into mediation effects of corporate image, it is found that corporate image has partial mediation effects between logistics safety culture and logistics performance, and corporate image has full mediation effects between logistics safety compliance and logistics performance. Conclusions: In conclusion, it is strongly asked to make an aggressive efforts to safety compliance with necessity for spread of safety culture in level of enterprise. Planning the strategy and its implementation is required to secure safety in logistics process because both logistics performance and corporate image has positive influences by logistics safety.

Alignment between Corporate Strategy and Competitive Advantage of IT and Its Impact on Corporate Performance: 1997 vs. 2004 (기업 전략과 정보기술의 활용을 통한 경쟁적 우위와의 조화가 기업 성과에 미치는 영향: 1997년과 2004년 비교연구)

  • Sung, Tae-Kyung
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.123-145
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    • 2004
  • This paper empirically and longitudinally examines relationships among corporate strategy, competitive advantage of information technology (CAIT), and organizational performance. This research replicates the research done in 1997 and compares the results to observe any noticeable changes. Research results confirm that information technology provides several traits of strategic advantages such as efficiency, threat, functionality, preemptiveness, and synergy and significantly contributes to corporate performance both in 1997 and 2004. The findings reinforce the accepted belief that alignment between corporate strategy and CAIT is critical for firms to attain sustainable competitive advantage, subsequently enhances corporate performance and competitive position against rivals, potential entrants, substitutes, suppliers, and buyers. Research results of 2004 show stronger relationships among corporate strategy, competitive advantage of information technology, and organizational performance than research results of 1997.

A Study on Relation between Corporate Governance and Business Performance using Social Network Analysis (사회연결망 분석기법을 활용한 기업지배구조와 기업성과 연구)

  • Park, Byung-Sun;Kwahk, Kee-Young;Kim, Sun-Woong;Choi, Heung-Sik
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.167-184
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    • 2012
  • Business diversification is inevitable to survive under the current competitive business environments. The advent of new businesses makes corporate governance more complicated through corporate combinations. Recent introduction of new accounting standard, International Financial Reporting Standards(IFRS), accelerates the need for corporate governance analysis. This study analyses the complex corporate governance system and its relation to the business performance using social network analysis. Corporate inter-governance networks can be visualized easily in a social network diagram. 552 corporate governance data are empirically analysed in the Korean stock market. The changes in In-Degree between networks are positively related with the changes in corporate sales volume. We can find the same results using operating profits as corporate performance proxy. The results show that social network analysis technique can be applied to investments in the stock markets.

A Global Perspective on Green Sustainability, Corporate Reputation, and Technological Strength for Firm Performance Across Countries

  • Lee, Jooh
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2012
  • This study is an attempt to explore the nature and characteristics of strategic impact of green strategy by environmental capital, corporate reputation, and technology strengths on the firm's performance across countries. The main question addressed in this paper relates to how corporate sustainability, corporate reputation, technology strength, and capabilities influence the firm's economic performance with respect to diverse dimensions of performance measures including sustained growth through the leading firms across countries in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia-Pacific countries. Particularly, this study attempts to empirically explore the directions and magnitudes of the operational links between new emerging strategic core competencies (e.g., sustainability green strategy by environmental focus for more sustainable path, corporate reputation by corporate social responsibility and image enhancement, and technology strengths to develop a new product and market) and the firm's economic performance with respect to diverse dimensions of performance such as accounting (ROE and EOA) - and market-based performance (Market value and Tobin's q). Considering all possible limitations that might exist with regard to selected samples and methods, this study demonstrates that environmental sustainability, corporate reputation, technological capabilities and competencies through R&D intensity and patent are most likely to be significantly associated with most market-based performance measures, but the strategic significance of other variables such as capital intensity, leverage, and administrative cost efficiency on performance tends to be different depending on which performance measure is used across different countries with diverse economic and business contexts.

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The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Image and Corporate Performance (기업의 사회적 책임활동이 기업 이미지 형성과 기업 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 공유가치창출 인지정도에 따른 차이비교)

  • Lee, Don-Gon;Lee, Myung-Jin
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - Recently, although corporate social responsibility activities have been increasing in size, they do not have to achieve qualitative improvements and can be passive and cost consuming. Therefore, companies should make quantitative as well as qualitative improvements in their efforts in corporate social responsibility activities. In this study, the classification of social responsibility activities in a variety of studies was analyzed through a more specific path than in previous studies. Corporate behavior image, social behavior image, and corporate contributions image were analyzed through a more detailed analysis of performance. This study suggests that more detailed and concentrated social responsibility activities be pursued by forming companies. Research design, data, and methodology - The purpose of study is to gauge the corporate need for a more intensive, specific area of CSR activities. For this purpose, the sample of consumers that were targeted for CSR activities, recognized as 261 persons, have been investigated. Through a theoretical discussion on previous research, nine hypotheses were established on corporate image, the influence of corporate performance on CSR, and the CSV regulation effect. In order to test the hypothesis, a survey was conducted on 261 male and female consumers who were targeted for CSR, being persons in their 20s to 40s. PASW Statistics 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 were used for statistical analysis. Results - Corporate behavior image was formed through legal responsibility activities and economic responsibility activities. In addition to economic responsibilities, ethical responsibilities and environmental responsibilities were confirmed to have influence on social behavior image. Corporate social responsibility and philanthropic responsibility were confirmed to have influence on economic contribution image. Corporate image has positive effects on brand attitude, corporate reputation, and corporate competition. In addition, when CSV awareness is high, consumers perceive corporate image only through economic responsibility. However, when CSV awareness is low, economic responsibility as well as legal responsibility through charitable activities form the corporate image that influences the brand attitude and corporate reputation, as well as corporate competitiveness. It would appear that the area of corporate social responsibility needs more intensive management for corporate image and corporate competitive advantage. Conclusion - First, the findings of this study show that each CSR activity has a different effect on corporate image and thus, the corporate image influences corporate performance in distinct ways, depending on the CSR activity. This implies that reactive strategies should be tailored to the required image. Second, there is a difference in CSV awareness between groups. When the CSV awareness is low, we can confirm that legal responsibility activities have an especially significant effect on corporate image, implying that corporations should pursue their economic objectives within legal regulations and need to invest significant time and effort for this. This study has limited generalization potential because the result of the model fit has insufficient reference value. In future research, we need to approach various dimensions of corporate performance.

The Effects of Creating Shared Value on Corporate Performance

  • Park, Jong-Chul;Mool, Prashant;Na, June-Hee;Lee, Chang-Gon
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - This study highlights the inter-dependence between business and society. Various business strategies like Corporate Philanthropy and CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) are introduced to establish better relationship between business and society. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - This study presents a research model clarifying the role of Creating Shared Value (CSV) and its influence on overall corporate performance. Further, we reveal the mediating role of corporate trust generated by various mechanisms of economic and social values, leading to enhanced corporate performance. Results - The proposed research model addresses five different proposals indicating that, by incorporating CSV approaches, organizations can create both business and social values. These values help positively influence corporate trust, ultimately facilitating improvements in overall corporate performance. Conclusions - CSV is currently in its early stage; it is difficult to gather meaningful data to measure its performance. However, this study seeks to connect CSV with other important factors such as corporate trust. The proposed model can be a starting point for a more empirical and formal conceptualization of CSV along with other important links.

Alignment between Information Technology Use and Corporate Strategy and Its Impact on Corporate Performance (정보기술의 활용과 기업 전략간의 조화가 기업 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Sung, Tae-Kyung
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.65-86
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    • 1998
  • This paper empirically examines relationships among corporate strategy, competitive advantage of information technology(CAIT), and organizational performance. Effects of information technology on the linkage between corporate strategy and performance is investigated and CAIT measures suggested by Sethi and King(1994) as well as Sung(1997) are tested for verification. Research results confirm that information technology provides several traits of strategic advantages such as efficiency, threat, functionality, preemptiveness, and synergy and significantly contributes to corporate performance. CAIT measures developed by Sethi and King show strong reliability and validity, Generally, service industry firms show more strong relationship among CAT strategy, and performance than manufacturing industry firms. The findings reinforce the accepted belief that alignment between corporate strategy and CAT is critical for firms to attain sustainable competitive advantage, subsequently enhances corporate performance and competitive position against rivals, potential entrants, substitutes, suppliers, and buyers.

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A Study of Bi-lateral and Autoregressive Relationship of Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance - Panel Data Analysis on Top 1,000 corporations in Korea - (기업사회공헌과 재무성과의 쌍방향적 관계 및 자기상관관계에 관한 연구 : 국내 1000대 기업을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Chul Hee;Kim, Chang Woo;Choi, Jung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.205-232
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the bilateral and autoregressive relationships of corporate social performance and corporate financial performance by using dynamic panel model based on fixed effect analysis method. To satisfy this study purpose, 6 years data (2008-2013) of top 1,000 corporations in Korea was collected and finally 430 corporations were used for dynamic panel analysis. The main results were as follows. First, the preceding financial performance explains the following corporate social performance in positive direction. Second, the preceding corporate social performance does not explain the following financial performance. Third, the preceding corporate social performance explains the following corporate social performance in positive direction. Fourth, the preceding financial performance explains the following financial performance in positive direction. This result shows that slack resources theory is supported and good management theory is not supported. In addition, there is a significant relationship between the preceding corporate social performance and the following corporate social performance. Lastly, this study broadens and deepens previous understanding on corporate social philanthropy and discusses theoretical meanings and implications for future study.