• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Copper

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카자흐스탄 제스카즈간 동광상의 성인 고찰 (Discussion on Genesis of the Zhezkazgan Copper Deposit in Kazhkstan)

  • 문건주
    • 자원환경지질
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.379-393
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    • 1997
  • Geology of the Zbezkazgan copper deposit in Kazhkstan is mainly composed of Permian and Carboniferous sedimenary rocks in which copper minerals are mainly contained in grey sandstone of Carboniferous age. There are 28 layers of copper ore bodies in Zbezkazgan suite. Thickness of the ore bodies ranges from one to 35 meters, grade of the crude ore ranges from 2 to 5 wt % Cu and the extension of the orebodies is 5 to 7 km. Microscopic study on specimens from the Zbezkazgan ore deposit has exposed clues to understand the origin of this deposit. Alternatively deposited grey sandstone and red sandstone are mainly composed of quartz and feldspar grains. A big difference between the grey sandstone and the red sandstone is in grain size, the former is larger than the latter. Chalcocites as main copper minerals have cemented through grain boundary. It is assumed that quartz, feldspar and copper were derived from granitoid in which copper mineralization had taken place before exposing to weathering. The chalcocites were precipitated by a sudden change of geochemical condition (Eh, pH, temperature, etc.) of fluid which had carried quartz, feldspars, copper ions and sulphate during formation of grey sandstones. The copper ions and sulphate were stable in fluid during sedimentation of oxidation environment, however, the copper ions were no more stable at the reduced environment and changed to stable forms to precipitate copper minerals by reaction of copper ions and hydrogen sulfides. This chemical precipitation of copper minerals in the sandstone attributes to the assumption of hydrothermal origin on this sedimentary origined deposit.

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2중 원형동관의 2축압축 변형특성에 관한 연구 (Biaxial Compressive Deformation Characteristics of Double Round Copper Pipes)

  • 유종근;원시태
    • 소성가공
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2014
  • The deformation characteristics of a double round copper pipe and a single round copper pipe under biaxial compression were studied using a horizontal compression die. The change in punch load and in deformation behavior was measured during the experiments using various compressive deformation rates in the range of 10mm/min. ~ 450mm/min. The maximum punch load for both the double round copper pipe and the single round copper pipe decreased with increasing compressive deformation rate. The maximum punch load for the single round copper pipe was twice that of the double round copper pipe. After a 4.0mm stroke, the deformed shape of the single round copper pipe remained rectangular. However the outer tube of double round copper pipe remained rectangular while the inner tube was clover shaped. The stress and strain distributions in the double round copper pipe and the single round copper pipe show clear differences. The results of numerical simulations using Deform-2D are in good agreement with experimental results.

저품위 동광석의 세균침출에 관한 연구 5 (A Study on Bacterial Leaching of Low-Grade Copper Mineral(V))

  • 민봉희;박원구;이강순
    • 한국미생물학회지
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 1974
  • It was convinced that with a relatively small capital investment and with a low operating cost, appreciable amounts of cement copper could be produced from low-grade minerals by the application of a bacterial leaching method. For the recovery of cement copper from the impure pregnant solution, direct precipitation of copper with tin plates by a bacterial leaching method was feasible. The results obtained were as follows: 1)In order to remove the cement copper from the reducing metal, aeration and agitation method were more effective and economic than shaking method. 2)The rate of copper recovery from the pregnant solution was accerelated according to increasing quantities of reducing metal. However, the excess of reducing metal reduced the grade of cement copper. 3)Among the comparative experiments of copper recovery at each reaction temperature of $10^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$, and $30^{\circ}C$, the recovery rate of copper at $30^{\circ}C$from the pregnant solution was highest. 4)Direct cementation method on iron-containing metal was an excellent method for the recovery of cement copper in bacterial leaching.

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쥐에서 비스테로이드성 항염증제의 투여후 항염효과와 혈청 및 조직내 구리함량변화에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Antiinflammatory Effects and the Change of Copper Content after Administration of Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs in Rats)

  • 허인회;임철빈
    • 약학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 1982
  • This paper presents anti-inflammatory effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and their copper complexes, and the change of content of copper in serum, liver, brain and edema foot induced by 1% carrageenan in rats, and also investigation of stomach hemorrhage. The results were as follows. 1. The content of copper decreased in liver and brain, however, the concentration of copper significantly increased in serum and edema site after carrageenan injection in rats. 2. The content of copper in serum and edema site was decreased after administration of anti-inflammatory drugs. 3. Edema inhibition rate of aspirin was, higher than that of copper (II) aspirinate, but edema inhibition rate of copper complex of naproxen was markedly higher than that of naproxen. 4. Hemorrhage of stomach of copper salicylate was higher than that of sodium salicylate, but hemorrhage of stomach of sodium naproxen was higher than that of copper naproxen.

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Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Spectroscopic Characterization of a Copper(II) Complex Coordinated by 2,2'-Dipyridylstearylamine

  • 오영희;김지영;박영자
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.379-382
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    • 2001
  • A new ligand containing the long aliphatic hydrocarbon chain, dipyridylstearylamine (dps) and its copper(Ⅱ) complex, Cu(dps)(NO3)2 have been prepared. The copper complex was characterized structurally and spectroscopically. The XRD crystal structure of the copper complex reveals that copper is octahedrally coordinated by dps and two nitrato ligands. The nitrato groups ligate asymmetrically to the copper. Crystal data are P1bar, a=8.249(2), b=10.416(3), $c=20.915(4)\AA$, $\alpha=86.54(2)$, $\beta=84.026(2)$, $\gamma=72.32(2)^{\circ}$, V=1702.7(7) $\AA3$ , Z=2, ${\lambda}$(Mo $K\alpha)=0.71073\AA$, $\mu=0.689$ mm-1 , T=293(2) K, R=0.0560 for 3529 reflections. The dps and the copper complex are stable in the air and the copper complex exhibits features of typical of other copper(Ⅱ) complexes containing dipyridylamine-based ligand.

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Non-sintering Preparation of Copper (II) Oxide Powder for Electroplating via 2-step Chemical Reaction

  • Lee, Seung Bum;Jung, Rae Yoon;Kim, Sunhoe
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.146-154
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    • 2017
  • In this study, copper (II) oxide was prepared for use in a copper electroplating solution. Copper chloride powder and copper (II) oxide are widely used as raw materials for electroplating. Copper (II) oxide was synthesized in this study using a two-step chemical reaction. Herein, we developed a method for the preparation of copper (II) oxide without the use of sintering. In the first step, copper carbonate was prepared without sintering, and then copper (II) oxide was synthesized without sintering using sodium hydroxide. The optimum amount of sodium hydroxide used for this process was 120 g and the optimum reaction temperature was $120^{\circ}C$ regardless of the starting material.

활성슬러지공정에서 구리의 거동에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Cu2+ Behavior in Activated Sludge Process)

  • 박진도;이학성
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1119-1127
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    • 2010
  • The behavior of copper throughout the whole process of wastewater treatment plant that uses the activated sludge process to treat the wastewater of petrochemical industry that contains low concentration of copper was investigated. Total inflow rate of wastewater that flows into the aeration tank was $697\;m^3$/day with 0.369 mg/L of copper concentration, that is, total copper influx was 257.2 g/day. The ranges of copper concentrations of the influent to the aeration tank and effluent from the one were 0.315 ~ 0.398 mg/L and 0.159 ~ 0.192 mg/L, respectively. The average removal rate of copper in the aeration tank was 50.8 %. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) of copper by microbes in the aeration tank was 3,320. The accumulated removal rate of copper throughout the activated sludge process was 71.3%, showing a high removal ratio by physical and chemical reactions in addition to biosorption by microbes. The concentration of copper in the solid dehydrated by filter press ranged from 74.8 mg/kg to 77.2 mg/kg and the concentration of copper by elution test of waste was 2.690 ~ 2.920 mg/L. It was judged that the copper concentration in dehydrated solid by bioconcentration could be managed with the control of that in the influent.

Effect of Zincate Treatment of As-Cast AZ91 Mg Alloy on Electrodeposition of Copper in a Copper Pyrophosphate Bath

  • Nguyen, Van Phuong;Park, Min-Sik;Yim, Chang Dong;You, Bong Sun;Moon, Sungmo
    • 한국표면공학회지
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.401-407
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    • 2016
  • In this work, effect of zincate treatment of AZ91 Mg alloy on the following electrodeposition of copper was examined in a non-cyanide bath containing pyrophosphate ions in view of surface morphology and adhesion of the electrodeposited copper layer. Without zincate treatment, the electrodeposited copper layer showed very porous structure and poor adhesion. On the other hand, the copper layer electrodeposited on the zincate-treated surface showed dense structure and good adhesion. The dissolution rate of AZ91 Mg alloy after the zincate treatment appeared to decrease about 40 times in the copper pyrophosphate bath, as compared to that of the surface without zincate treatment. The porous morphology and poor adhesion of a copper layer on the AZ91 Mg alloy surface without zincate treatment were attributed to small number of nucleation sites of copper because of rapid dissolution of the magnesium substrate in the pyrophosphate bath. Based on the experimental results, it is concluded that the zincate treatment to form a conducting and protecting layer on the AZ91 Mg alloy surface is essential for successful electrodeposition of a copper layer on AZ91 Mg alloy with good adhesion and dense structure in the copper pyrophosphate bath.

초등과학에서 미량화학(SSC)을 이용한 황산구리 결정 만들기의 새로운 방법 (New Methods of Producing Copper Sulfate Crystals Using Small-Scale Chemistry(SSC) in Elementary School Science)

  • 한상준;김성규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.981-992
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    • 2008
  • This study examined how to produce new methods of copper (II) sulfate crystallization by using a small-scale chemistry tool such as small-scale reaction surface and petri dish. The making of copper(II) sulfate is included in the 5th grade elementary science textbooks. Various copper(II) compounds were reacted with a 2 M sulfuric acid solution. The result of this study is as follows: Seven small amounts of copper(II) compounds were reacted with a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature to make a copper(II) sulfate crystal of triclinic shape. Using the petri dish method, a copper(II) sulfate crystal could be identified within one hour of reacting copper(II) hydroxide, copper(II) carbonate, copper(II) nitrate, copper(II) perchlorate, cupric(II) formate from a few drops of 2 M sulfuric acid solution at room temperature. When using the lap top method for copper(II) perchlorate, cupric formate, a proper crystal could be identified within one hour as well. SSC methods were used for the first time to make a copper sulfate crystal via chemical reaction. We can make a copper(II) sulfate crystal using a simple method which is easier, safer and saves time in class. And since a small quantity of chemicals are being used in SSC chemical methods, waste is greatly reduced. This lessens the amount of environmental problems caused by the experiment. This can be helpful in preserving nature. In addition the cost of chemical and laboratory equipment is greatly reduced because it uses material that we find in our daily lives. There will be continued study of small-scale methods such as improvement of new programs, study and training of teachers, and securing SSC tools. I would like to suggest such as SSC methods are applicable in elementary School Science. I would like it to become a wide spread program.

APPLICATION OF COLD SPRAY COATING TECHNIQUE TO AN UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL COPPER CANISTER AND ITS CORROSION PROPERTIES

  • Lee, Min-Soo;Choi, Heui-Joo;Choi, Jong-Won;Kim, Hyung-Jun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.557-566
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    • 2011
  • A cold spray coating (CSC) of copper was studied for its application to a high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal canister. Several copper coatings of 10 mm thick were fabricated using two kinds of copper powders with different oxygen contents, and SS 304 and nodular cast iron were used as their base metal substrates. The fabricated CSC coppers showed a high tensile strength but were brittle in comparison with conventional non-coating copper, hereinafter defined to as "commercial copper". The corrosion behavior of CSC coppers was evaluated by comparison with commercial coppers, such as extruded and forged coppers. The polarization test results showed that the corrosion potential of the CSC coppers was closely related to its purity; low-purity (i.e., high oxygen content) copper exhibited a lower corrosion potential, and high-purity copper exhibited a relatively high corrosion potential. The corrosion rate converted from the measured corrosion current was not, however, dependent on its purity: CSC copper showed a little higher rate than that of commercial copper. Immersion tests in aqueous HCl solution showed that CSC coppers were more susceptible to corrosion, i.e., they had a higher corrosion rate. However, the difference was not significant between commercial copper and high-purity CSC copper. The decrease of corrosion was observed in a humid air test presumably due to the formation of a protective passive film. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that CSC application of copper could be a useful option for fabricating a copper HLW disposal canister.