• Title, Summary, Keyword: Copper

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The Algal Phosphorus Uptake and Growth by Copper and Methylglyoxal (구리와 Methylglyoxal에 의한 조류의 성장 및 인 흡수)

  • 이기태;이기성
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 1999
  • Effects of various concentrations of copper in solid fibrous form and methylglyoxal (MG) on phosphorus uptake and growth change of green algae Scenedesmus obliquus were studied. There was significant differences among cultures treated with various concentrations of copper and MG in growth of algae with parameters of cell numbers, photosynthetic rate and cellular morphology, and phosphorus uptake by cell. When the copper in media is treated with 25 mg or 50 mg per 100 ml of Bristol solution, the mean cell number of algae was 15.642${\times}$10$\^$6/ cells$.$ml$\^$-1/ and 12.986${\times}$10$\^$6/ cells$.$ml$\^$-1/, respectively, while those of algae in culture without copper was 18.486${\times}$10$\^$6/ cells$.$ml$\^$-1/. The mean cell area of 2450 ${\mu}$m$^2$, 1894 ${\mu}$m$^2$and 1697 ${\mu}$m$^2$in basic media, basic media with 25 mg of copper and basic media with 50 mg of copper was showed the inhibitory effect of copper on algal growth. The algal growth was stimulated by MG when the culture was treated with 25 mg of copper or without copper, while it was inhibited when the culture was treated with 50 mg of copper. It was considered that there was significant interaction between copper and MG on algal growth. The phosphorus concentration in algal medium treated with 25 mg or 50 mg of copper was 29.435 ppm and 26.224 ppm, respectively, while those of algae in culture without copper was 52.8 ppm, which shows that the application of copper in algal medium can prevent the availability of phosphorus to algal cell.

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Zinc and Copper Intake with Food Analysis and Levels of Zinc and Copper in Serum, Hair and Urine of Female College Students (도시 여대생에 있어 식품분석에 의한 아연, 구리섭취량과 혈액, 머리카락, 소변의 아연, 구리 함량에 관한 연구)

  • 손숙미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.705-712
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the zinc and copper nutritional status of 102 college women by measuring zinc and copper intake, hematological parameters of zinc and copper, hair zinc and urinary excretion of zinc and copper. The mean zinc intake was 5.5mg(45.8% RDA) with food analysis and 4.5mg(37.8% RDA) with computation from food composition table. The copper intake with food analysis was 2.3mg and 1.2mg with computation. Mean serum zinc concentration was 77.02ug/dl and the proportion of subjects with zinc deficiency estimated by serum zinc(<70ug/dl)was 23.0%. Mean serum copper concentration was 121.80ug/dl and 4.1% of subjects showed serum copper less than 70ug/dl, The mean ceruloplasmin concentration was 22.63mg/dl and the proportion of subjects whose ceruloplasmin was lower than 18-40mg/dl was 6.6%. The mean hair zinc of subjects was 143.8ppm and the mean hair copper was 11.2ppm. The mean urinary excretion of zinc was 0.43mg/day and the proportion of subjects with marginal deficiency estimated by urinary zinc excretion( <0.3mg/day) was 23.3%. The mean urinary copper excretion was 0.044mg/day which was within the normal range(0.01-0.06mg/day). Assessing by zinc content in hair, urine and serum, 22.9-23.3% of college women had bordeline zinc deficiency or zinc deficiency. Whereas 4.1-6.6% of college women was assessed copper deficiency estimated by serum copper and ceruloplasmin.

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Toxicity Effects of Copper on the Physiological Responses of Anabaena flos-aquae (Cyanophyceae) (구리독성이 Anabaena flos-aquae의 생리적 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Ji-Won;Choi, Eun-Joo;Rhie, Ki-Tae
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2008
  • Effects of various concentrations of copper on growth change of blue-greenalgae Anabaena flos-aquae were studied. There was significant differences among cultures treated with various concentrations of copper in growth of algae with parameters of cell numbers, specific growth rate (SGR) and chlorophyll contents. Algal growth and SGR were inhibited on by effect of various concentrations of copper more than without copper (ANOVA, F=34.69 p<0.001, F=114.89, p<0.001). The SGRs of various concentrations of copper in media were higher than without copper on 8 days after copper treated. The mean of chlorophyll contents was 1.978 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$ and 1.648 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$, respectively, while those of algae in culture without copper was 3.179 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$ (ANOVA, F=153.74, p<0.001). The cellular morphology was different between media of which copper treated and without copper. The colony of algae in media which copper treated was shorter than without copper. Effects of various concentrations of copper on growth change of blue-green-algae Anabaena flos-aquae occured variety changes of parameters of cell numbers, specific growth rate (SGR), chlorophyll contents and cellular morphology on growth of algae.

Characteristic of Flotation for Recovery of Copper from Copper Slag in Kazakhstan (카자흐스탄 구리제련소 슬래그 내 구리회수를 위한 선별 특성)

  • Park, Jayhyun;Choi, Uikyu;Choe, Hongil;Shin, Shunghan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2015
  • Almost all copper slags contain a considerable amount of Cu (0.5 - 3.7%) close to or even higher than copper ores. A number of methods for metal recovery from copper slag were reported These methods can be classified into three categories, flotation, leaching and roasting. Sulfide flotation method for the recovery of copper from Kazahstan copper furnace slag is discussed in this investigation. 50% of copper from the slag was recovered by sulfide flotation at pH 4. meanwhile 67% of copper from the slag was recovered at pH 11. Higher copper recovery result at pH 11 rather than that at pH 4 was caused by the fact that copper sulfides were floated in particle size fraction over $100{\mu}m$ in concentrates at pH 11. When the slag were ground below $74{\mu}m$by ball milling, the recovery of copper by floation in slag improved to 78 - 83% because of copper liberation effect.

Formation of copper films from copper formate by laser-induced pyrolytic decomposition (Copper formate의 레이저 유도 열 분해에 의한 Cu 박막의 제조)

  • Kim, Jae-Kwon;Park, Se-Ki;Lee, Cheon
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1444-1446
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    • 1998
  • Direct writing of copper lines has been achieved by pyrolytic decomposition of copper formate films using a focused argon ion laser beam($\lambda$ =514.5nm) on a glass. The thickness and linewidth of the deposited copper films were considered as a function of laser power and scan speed. As the result from AES, there are no other elements except for copper after decomposition in the atmospheric ambient.

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Fabrication of copper thin foils with 36 microns by cold rolling (냉간 압연 공정에 의한 두께 $36{\mu}m$ 동극박 제조 공정 해석)

  • Lee, S.H.;Kim, B.M.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.413-416
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    • 2007
  • In general, by means of the electrodepositing technique, a copper foil sample was prepared with a high purity and a high density. But the mechanical properties of the electrodepositing copper foil was lower than it's the rolling copper foil. However, the production of copper foil with approximately 36 microns thick in rolling process was very difficult. This paper describes the outline of the high accuracy cold rolling in 6 high mill which was developed for the purpose of rolling very thin accurate gauge copper foil(36 micron thick), and give several rolling characteristic of 600 mm wide copper foil. a) Large strain can be accumulated pass by pass in industrial multi-pass rolling processing to overcome large critical strain for thickness accuracy through optimization of rolling schedule. b) Also, permissible tension for rolling 0.45 $\sim$ 0.036 mm thick copper strip stably in accordance with the each pass work had been established by FEM simulation results. c) During the plate rolling process, considerable values of the forces of material pressure on the tool occur. These pressures cause the elastic deformation of the roll, thus changing the shape of the deformation region. A numerical simulation of roll deflection during cold rolling is presented in the paper. d) The proposed pass schedule can roll very thin copper foil of 36 micron thickness to a tolerance of ${\pm}1$ microns. The validity of simulated results was verified into rolling experiments on the copper foil.

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Effect of Copper ion on Xanthine Oxidase Activity and Type Conversion (Xanthine oxidase 활성 및 형전환에 미치는 구리이온의 영향)

  • Huh, Keun;Lee, Sang-Il;Park, Jeen-Woo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 1994
  • Copper intoxication and disturbance of copper metabolism induced various oxygen-derived free radicals related damages. The effect of copper ion on xanthine oxidase activity and type conversion of the enzyme which is concerned to generation of reactive oxygen species, was investigated, It was observed that xanthine oxidase activity was increased by addition of copper ion in the reaction mixture in proportional to the concentration of the metal ion until $60\;{\mu}M$, while the enzyme activity was inhibited in higher concentration of copper treatment. On the other hand, xanthine dehydrogenase activity was inhibited by copper ion addition with concentration dependently. Preincubation of enzyme source with $30\;{\mu}M$ of copper ion, which concentration marked increased the xanthine oxidase activity, unchanged the enzyme activity and type conversion compare to control in vitro system. It was also observed that copper induced xanthine oxidase activity and the enzyme type conversion was protected by dithiothreitol and penicillamine. These results indicate that the increment of the type conversion of xanthine oxidase necessarilly need the presence of copper ion in enzyme assay system.

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Surface Modification of Silica Spheres for Copper Removal

  • Kim, Byoung-Ju;Park, Eun-Hye;Kang, Kwang-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.317-320
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    • 2016
  • Efficient copper removal from water was achieved by using surface modified silica spheres with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) using base catalyst. The surface modification of silica spheres was performed by hydrolysis and condensation reactions of the MPTMS. The characteristic infrared absorption peaks at 2929, 1454, and 1343 cm−1 represent the −CH2 stretching vibration, asymmetric deformation, and deformation, respectively. The absorption peaks at 2580 and 693 cm−1 corresponding the −SH stretching vibration and the C-S stretching vibration indicate the incorporation of MPTMS to the surface of silica spheres. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) image of the surface modified silica sphere (SMSS) shows nano-particles of MPTMS on the surface of silica spheres. High concentration of copper solution (1000 ppm) was used to test the copper removal efficiency and uptake capacity. The FESEM image of SMSS treated with the copper solution shows large number of copper lumps on the surface of SMSS. The copper concentration drastically decreased with increasing the amount of SMSS. The residual copper concentrations were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The copper removal efficiency and uptake capacity with 1000 ppm of copper solution were 99.99 % and 125 mg/g, respectively.

Recovery of Nickel and Copper from Scraped Nickel Condensers

  • Liang, Ruilu;Kikuchi, Eiji;Kawabe, Yoshishige;Sakamoto, Hiroshi;Fujita, Toyohisa
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.188-192
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    • 2001
  • Magnetic separation and sulphidization-flotation for recovery of nickel and copper from two types of scraped condenser wastes, containing 8- l4% nickel and 2-4% copper, were studied. The effects of magnetic field intensities, classification, and grinding on the recovery of nickel and copper were investigated. According to the characteristics of nickel and copper in the scraps, classification-magnetic separation, different magnetic field intensities, and stages-grinding-cleaning of rough concentrate were investigated. The nickel concentrates containing 38-65% nickel with 84-97% recoveries and the copper concentrates containing 25-43% nickel with 35-60% recoveries were obtained by classification-magnetic separation. In addition, copper concentrates containing 26-45% copper with 76-88% recoveries were obtained by sulphidization-flotation from magnetic tailings and middling products.

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