• Title/Summary/Keyword: Coping strategy

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Development of a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and Examination of Urban Low Income Housewives' Coping Strategy (도시 저소득층 주부의 스트레스에 대한 대처전략척도 개발과 대처행동 조사)

  • 정문자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and to examine coping characteristics of Korean housewives form urban low-income families using this Scale. Two hundred and forty mothers were either interviewed or filled out this Coping Strategy Scale and Demograpic Information Questionnaire. The Coping Strategy Scale consisted of 14 items under 4 dimensions of problem-solving, support-seeking, emotion-regulation/explosion, and abandonment. Item analysis and construct validation were found acceptable. The alpha coefficient of the Scale was 73. The results showed that the mothers used problem-solving most as a coping strategy, followed by supportseeking and emotion-regulation/explosion. Abandonment coping strategy was used least frequently. The demographic variables of mother's and their husbands' age, duration of marriage, income and expenditure per moth were significantly related to mothers' coping strategies.

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Mediation Effect of a Positive Stress Coping Strategy in the Relationship between Clinical Practice Stress and Clinical Practice Satisfaction (임상실습 스트레스와 실습 만족도의 관계에 미치는 적극적 스트레스 대처의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Jeon, Seon-Yeong;Kim, Yun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.193-204
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify the mediation effect of a positive stress coping strategy between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction in nursing students. Methods : In this study, data was collected from 248 nursing students at K University in South Korea from October of 2015 to November of 2015. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 Statistics Program. Results : Clinical practice stress and a positive stress coping strategy were significant predictors of clinical practice satisfaction (${\beta}$=.442, p<.001). The explanatory power of the measure of clinical practice satisfaction was increased to 29.3% (p<.001) with solely clinical practice stress, and it reached 44.2% (p<.001) when a positive stress coping strategy was reflected. The results of this study confirmed that a positive stress coping strategy has a mediation effect on clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction levels. Conclusions : It is necessary to develop a program to take advantage of positive stress coping skills so that nursing college students can smoothly overcome stress during their clinical training and thus improve their clinical practice experience.

A Study on the Determining Factors of Work Stress Coping Strategies of Dental Hygienists (치위생사의 직무스트레스 대처전략 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Young Suk
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2002
  • By extracting the variables related to the work stress generated from dental hygiene, identifying their relationships, this study aims to contribute to academic progress on work stress. The test results of this study are as follows for each hypothesis: 1. Among the work stress sensing factors, role ambiguity showed correlation to the active coping strategy and the passive coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the evasive reation. However, the physical resource environmental factor showed correlation to the active coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the other reation. 2. The passive coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the role ambiguity, B type, work ambiguity, physical resource environmental factor by about 18.7%. 3. The active coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the social support, role ambiguity, work place of health center factor by about 18.9%. 4. The evasive reaction, among the work stress coping strategies, was influenced by only the 36 years old over factor by approximately 4.2%. 5. It was found in all work stress sensing factors that the group with lower social support had a more degree of experiencing stress than the group with higher social support. In case of the behavior pattern, the type A experienced more stress than the type B only in role ambiguity. 6. It was found that the group with the higher social support tended to choose more active coping strategy than the lower social support. In case of behavior pattern, the type B coped more actively than type A in the passive coping strategy.

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Sociopsychological factors associated with depressive symptoms among some urban middle-aged men and women: focused on social support and stress coping strategy (대도시 일부 중년 남녀의 우울증상과 관련된 사회심리적 요인: 사회적 지지와 스트레스 대처방식을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Seo-Heui;Park, Kyoung Ok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the associations with social support, stress coping strategy and depression among some urban middle-aged men and women. Methods: Considering the regional distribution 4 districts of Seoul were conveniently selected for this study and a total of 329 middle-aged men and women participated in the self-administered survey. The survey questionaries included social support, stress coping strategy, depression and general characteristics. Results: Avoidance and problem solving strategies were significant independent variables to the men's depression scores, but social support was not significant. However middle aged female's social support more explained the variance of the depression scores than the problem solving strategy. Conclusions: Significant sociopsychological factors that affected middle-aged depression were different by sex and according to the results, stress coping strategy for men and social support for woman were significant factors on depression control in urban middle-aged population.

Differences of Career Stress Coping Strategy and Commitment to Career Choice among the Career Types for College Students (대학생의 진로유형별 진로스트레스 대처방식 및 진로결정몰입의 차이)

  • HWANG, Ji-Young;KO, Mi-Na
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.1041-1052
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze group differences of Commitment to career choice and Career stress coping strategy by the Career decision and Career preparation behavior for College Students. Through the results of this study we wanted to look for discriminatory implications for the counseling intervention. The data of 720 college students were collected for the study. The distinction of four types was revealed by the results from Crosstabs and One-way ANOVA. The frequency of upper grades indicated ideal type. But the immature type was fourth grade. There were significant differences in accordance with the two-dimensional typology of Commitment to career choice and Career stress coping strategy by One-way ANOVA. Discussion focused on effective intervention strategies in career counseling based on group differences by the Career decision and Career Preparation Behavior.

coping Strategy and Crisis of Mid-life Couples (중년기 부부의 가족 스트레스에 대한 대처양식과 위기감)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.203-216
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    • 1991
  • Coping strategy and mid-life crisis were examined in a sample of 325 mid-life couples ranging in age 40∼59. Each participant was administered stressful life event scale, coping strategy scale, family cohesion scale and mid-life crisis scale. The results were as follows: 1. There is no significant differences between husbands and wives in the experiences of stressful life event, but the perceived stress level of wives significantly higher than the husband's. 2. Husbands seem to use problem solving strategy and wives seem to use restrain strategy more often. 3. Wives appear significantly higher mid-life crisis than husbands. Especially family cohesion and passive coping strategy have turned out to be significant on the mid life crisis of couples. Besides these predictors, experiences of stressful life event and perceived stress level are significant predictors for husband's mid-life crisis. As for wive's mid-life crisis, coping stratigies are significant predictors.

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An Application of Ecological Family Welfare Model on Stress Coping Strategy and Psychological Wellbeing (생태학적 가정복지 모형의 적용으로 스트레스 대처전략과 심리적 복지 분석)

  • 전효정
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate university freshmen' stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing to appling ecological family life welfare model. Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological perspective, “ecological family welfare model”, which includes person(individual attributes), context(family backgrounds), process(mechanism of development), and time (the specific period), was suggested as a new research paradigm for family welfare life research. The questionnaire study was done for 171 freshmen of an university in Pusan. The results show the suggested research model was significant and effective to explain the mechanism of stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing. Individual attributes(i. e., attachment style) and family context have an impact on family cohesion and adaptability which in turn affect stress coping strategies which then affect individual psychological wellbeing.

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Predictors of On-Line Game Addiction of Junior-High School Students (중학생의 온라인게임 중독 위험 예측변인 분석)

  • Boo, Jung-Min;Kweon, Soon-Yong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.390-399
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify variables dichotomizing adolescents into online game addiction-latency group and non-addiction group. Based on ecologic theory, individual system(self-esteem, self-control, depression, stress-coping strategy), family system(parental support), and social system(teachers' support and peer-group support) were suggest for variables affecting online game addiction of adolescents. 612 adolescents were tested for game addiction, self-esteem, self-control, depression, stress-coping strategy, and social supports from parents, teachers, and peer group. Independent t-tests showed between-group differences in self-esteem, self-control, depression, aggressive, and negative-avoiding stress-coping strategies, parental support, and peer-group support. Binary logistic regression analyses revealed that aggressive stress-coping strategy of social system and peer-group support of social system had significant influences on the division of the groups.

The Study of Pain, Depression and Quality of Life According to the Coping Strategy in Chronic Arthritis Patients (만성 관절염 환자의 대응양상에 따른 통증, 우울 및 삶의 질)

  • Yang, Hae-Ju;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.213-221
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of in the level of pain, depression, and quality of life by coping strategy in the chronic arthritis patients. Method: These data were collected by means of a self-reported questionnaire from 90 chronic arthritis patients undergoing treatment at a university hospital in Daegu city from June 10, 2000 to July 15, 2000. The instruments of study were coping strategy scale by Jeon(1985), pain scale by Lee and Song(1987), depression scale by Radloff(1977) and quality of life scale by Cho(1987). Data analysis was done by SPSS Win 10.0 program and Pearson correlation, t-test, Cronbach's-${\alpha}$ were used. Result: The results of this study were as follows: 1. The item mean score of pain for chronic arthritis patient was 6.54. The item mean score of depression for chronic arthritis patient was 2.18. The item mean score of quality of life for chronic arthritis patient was 5.69. 2. The chronic arthritis patients with problem-focused coping experienced pain higher than those with emotion-focused coping(t=o.400, p=o.o45). The chronic arthritis patients with emotion-focused coping experienced depression higher than those with problem-focused coping(t=-2.564, p=0.012). The chronic arthritis patients with problem-focused coping experienced quality of life higher than emotion-focused coping(t=-1.682, p=0.046). Conclusion: In conclusion this study showed that any coping strategy can control the arthritis patient's problem. Therfore, The development of a coping strategy to reduce pain and depression and improve the quality of life in the chronic arthritis patient will be needed.

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The Relationships between Job Stressor, Coping Strategies, and Stress Responses of Manufacturing Workers (제조업 근로자의 직무스트레스 요인과 대처전략, 스트레스 반응간의 관계)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Yun, Soon-Nyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.387-399
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationships of job stressor. coping strategies. and stress responses of manufactoring workers. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires from 262 of the manufacturing workers in a local electronic company from July to August. 1999. For data analysis. Cronbach's a. Factor Analysis. Descriptive statistics. ANOVA. and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS/PC+ 7.5 version program were used. The results were as follows: 1. Regard to the stress responses and coping strategies by sociodemographic variables. 'the overall stress responses' showed significant differences by sex. age. marrital state. The use of 'control coping strategy' showed significant differences by sex and the type of work. The use of 'avoid coping strategy' showed significant differences by sex. age. married state. year of career. and income. 2. The average scores of 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. 'the physical environmental factor'. and 'the role and leadership factor' were 2.66. 2.59. 2.59 in order. The average scores for 'the avoid coping strategy' and 'the control coping strategy' were 3.03. 2.97. The average scores for 'the overall. psychosoical. and physical stress responses' were 2.18. 2.18. 2.23. 3. The 'control coping strategy' was negatively related to 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. 'the role and leadership factor'. 'the psychosocial stress responses'. and 'the overall responses'. 'The control coping strategy' was positively related to all of 'the job stressors'. 'the physical stress responses', and' the overall stress responses'. 'The physical environment factor' was positively related to all of 'the stress reponses'. 'the role and leadership factor'. and 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. According to the results of this study, the suggestions were as follows: 1. The coping strategies of manufacturing workers in the specific job stress situation should be considered to future studies. 2. In order to applying the stress management program in the workplace. The organizational intervention focused on 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making' will be needed. 3. To support and use of 'control coping strategy' of the workers. the organizational efforts should be required.

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