• Title, Summary, Keyword: Convergence

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Directions of Convergence Technology Education related to New Industry Field through Analysis of Industrial Needs (산업체 요구분석을 통한 신산업 융합기술교육의 방향)

  • Jin, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2019
  • Convergence education, which is operated by many engineering colleges, is mainly led by government-led projects. Convergence majors are established in consideration of the research field of the university professors rather than systematically analyzing the needs of the industry. The purpose of this study is to present the directions of convergence technology education related to new industry fields by analyzing industry needs. Participants were 299 industrial workers in various fields. Instrument consisted of three parts: necessity for convergence education, demand for convergence new technology education from industry perspective, and opinions about undergraduate convergence education. As a result, it was found that the level of awareness of industry needs for fusion technology education was high, and it was confirmed that there is a high demand for IoT convergence, bio-health, advanced new material, and renewable energy fields among convergence technology fields. In addition, the results of the industry demand for convergence new technology education were presented. The suggestions for expectations, problems, and improvements in undergraduate education were presented and implications for convergence technology education were discussed based on the results of the study.

COMPLETE CONVERGENCE AND COMPLETE MOMENT CONVERGENCE THEOREMS FOR WEIGHTED SUMS OF ARRAYS OF ROWWISE EXTENDED NEGATIVELY DEPENDENT RANDOM VARIABLES

  • Huang, Haiwu;Zhang, Qingxia
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.1007-1025
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    • 2019
  • In the present work, the complete convergence and complete moment convergence properties for arrays of rowwise extended negatively dependent (END) random variables are investigated. Some sharp theorems on these strong convergence for weighted sums of END cases are established. These main results not only generalize the known corresponding ones of Cai [2], Wang et al. [17] and Shen [14], but also improve them, respectively.

Educational Effects of an Instructional Model for Engineering-Centered Convergence Project (공학중심의 융합프로젝트 교수학습모형의 교육적 효과)

  • Choi, Ji Eun;Jin, Sung-Hee;Kim, Hale
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.3-13
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to propose a teaching and learning model that can effectively manage convergence education, which is one of the concerns of university education, at the level of course. The pre-collaborative instructional design stage is to prepare the operation of the convergence project course. It shares the common goal and establishes a team of relevant professors to set up the actual convergence project topic and establishes cooperation relationships with industry or community as needed. In the convergence project activity, students will be able to understand the learning objectives, learning activities, evaluation methods, and explain the subject of the convergence project by proceeding with the whole orientation. Students organize teams of interest and conduct learning and design activities on convergence technologies and present their results. In the educational improvement activities, professors will share the lesson process and results and discuss improvements through the improvement seminar. As a result of analyzing the effectiveness of the proposed convergence project based teaching and learning model, the convergence project experience has improved the cooperative self - efficacy for the learners and the results were confirmed that students perceived to achieve the expected learning goal and satisfied with their experience.

A Study on the Characteristics of Fashion Paradigm According to Changing Convergence Culture (융합화 문화변화에 따른 패션 패러다임 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to delve into the features of paradigm in conjunction with changing convergence culture in the 21st century's knowledge-based society, the influence of convergence paradigm on fashion, and changes in convergence culture. After identifying the features of the paradigm of knowledge-based society in association with changing convergence culture, the characteristics of fashion paradigm were examined in con=junction with the characteristics of the paradigm, and the convergence phenomena of modern fashion were investigated to figure out fashion trends. The findings of the study were as follows: According to the features of ubiquitous technology based on the theories of Mark Weiser and other futurologists, the characteristics of changing convergence culture in knowledge-based society could be classified into invisibility, relationship and materialized virtuality. When relevant theories were reviewed, invisibility, relationship and materialized virtuality are identified as the unique features of the paradigm of changing convergence culture in knowledge-based society. But those characteristics aren't separate concepts. Instead, they are being connected and fused together, thanks to universalized digital technology and ubiquitous technology. Changing convergence culture has brought a change to fashion paradigm as well. There is a type of design that lets all the characteristics stand out, and another design fuses just some of them together conceptually or formally. That is, fashion paradigm is marked by a combination of invisibility, relationship and an embodiment of virtual reality to be in line with changes in convergence culture.

Impact of Cooperative R&D Projects on ICT-Based Technology Convergence

  • Lee, Heongu;Kim, Pang Ryong;Zo, Hangjung
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.467-479
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    • 2017
  • This study examines how the characteristics of cooperative research and development (R&D) projects in the public domain impact information and communication technology (ICT) convergence. Based on the analysis of 416 cooperative R&D projects under the ICT-based industry convergence R&D program in Korea, the study finds that the characteristics of cooperative R&D projects significantly impact ICT convergence. Moreover, the participation of public research institutes and universities is critical for ICT convergence compared with that of firms. However, in firm-to-firm cooperation, the participation of small and medium enterprises contributes to cross-sectional convergence, while the participation of large firms leads to overall and longitudinal convergence. R&D inputs such as the number of partners and government subsidies exhibit an inverted U-shaped relationship (negative quadratic effect) with technology convergence. Project duration and homogeneous partners are also critical factors for ICT convergence. The results indicate several implications and guidelines on how to effectively organize cooperative R&D projects to facilitate technology convergence.

Quantitative Tests for Income Level Convergence in Asian Countries

  • Tejero, Wilma Milo;Hwang, Jinyoung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2019
  • Asian countries have been striving for economic integration for decades. This effort may lead to the convergence of income level through externalities across countries. This paper investigates whether the convergence phenomenon holds for income levels in Asian countries for the periods between 1975-2015 applying the traditional methodology of ${\sigma}-$ and ${\beta}-convergence$. Although the absolute ${\beta}-convergence$ of income levels in Asian and ASEAN+3 countries do hold, ${\sigma}-convergence$ and conditional ${\beta}-convergence$ of income level generally do not exist. This suggests that the benefits of economic integration in Asian countries were not yet realized to be significant. A plausible explanation is that the economies of Asian countries are largely based on low trade openness and a high level of informal economy.

Light Effects on the Bias Stability of Transparent ZnO Thin Film Transistors

  • Shin, Jae-Heon;Lee, Ji-Su;Hwang, Chi-Sun;KoPark, Sang-Hee;Cheong, Woo-Seok;Ryu, Min-Ki;Byun, Chun-Won;Lee, Jeong-Ik;Chu, Hye-Yong
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.62-64
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    • 2009
  • We report on the bias stability characteristics of transparent ZnO thin film transistors (TFTs) under visible light illumination. The transfer curve shows virtually no change under positive gate bias stress with light illumination, while it shows dramatic negative shifts under negative gate bias stress. The major mechanism of the bias stability under visible illumination of our ZnO TFTs is thought to be the charge trapping of photo-generated holes at the gate insulator and/or insulator/channel interface.