• Title, Summary, Keyword: Contingent Workers

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Restricted Use of Contingent Workers and the Factors of Shift from Contingent to Standard Workers in Brazil (브라질 비정규노동의 제한적 활용과 정규직화 요인)

  • Jeong, Heung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.213-260
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    • 2013
  • This study pays attention to the restricted use and the possibility of standard position of contingent workers in Brazil. The labor market of Brazil has been developed by formal and informal labor sector, and informal sector includes various precarious workers as well as contingent workers. According to Brazilian Statistics Department, not contingent workers but informal labor focused in this paper have been slowly decreased since year 2000. In this context, this study investigated on the reasons of decreasing contingent employment in Brazil. The results demonstrate that decreased informal employment and instead increased standard workers could not be interpreted by recent the Braizil's economic boom. Along with literature review, the author conducted the case study regarding employment of contingent workers at six large foreign companies in Sao Paulo. The results of this show that the use of contingent employment was prohibited in regular daily works by the labor law and thus firms employed contingent workers in only temporary positions. Further, firms often promise standard positions for contingent workers when temporary employment contract was terminated since there is little or no exist of the differences of wage between standard and contingent worker in terms of 'same work same wage' and 'minimum wage'. In here, labor unions play a key role in employment change from contingent position to standard job. Consequently, decreasing of contingent workers and stepping stone to regular jobs seems to be triggered by both legal regulation on contingent employment and strong unions. This institutional perspective may extend the theoretical view on the use of contingent workers, and the author discuss that Brazil's case could provide practical implications to Korean labor policy.

Determinants of Contingent Workers' Ratio in Public Health Centers (보건소 비정규직 고용 비율에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Su-Jin
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.114-125
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study investigates the determinants of contingent workers' ratio in public health centers. Since the economic crisis in 1997, there have been many studies on contingent workers in Korea. But, previous studies have been not conducted focusing on public health center. Methods : This study used 253 public health centers, installed and operated since December 31, 2008. in Korea as units of analysis. To examine the determinants of contingent workers' ratio, this study uses Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results : The following appeared as significant variable affecting contingent workers' ratio in public health centers; degree of the local government's financial independence(p<0.001), rate of increase/decrease in ages 65 and over(p<0.001), rate of increase/decrease in basic livelihood security recipients(p<0.01) and rate of increase/decrease in registered disabled persons(p<0.01). In contrast, internal organizational environment characteristics related variables were not statistically significant. Conclusions : Contingent workers' ratio in public health center is significantly affected by financial vulnerability of the local government and increase in demand of health care services.

Determinants of Contingent Employment in Korean Department Stores (국내 대형소매유통업체에서의 비정규직 고용의 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Won In-Sung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.7
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    • pp.265-292
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    • 2001
  • This paper examines what determines the use of contingent workers in Korean Department Stores. Drawing on internal labor market, transaction cost & agency, and bureaucracy theories, I hypothesize that four factors affect the use of contingent workers: job characteristics, HRM, occupation, and organizational characteristics. Data from a sample of employers surveyed by the author in 1997 were used to test the hypotheses, and analyses showed the following results. First, consistent with job-based perspective, we find that such job characteristics as firm-specific skill and the level of skill significantly affect the use of contingent workers. But job standardization and outcome measurability have no effects of its use. Second, also we find significant effects on the use of contingent workers of such HRM as scrutiny on employee selection and promotion system. The promotion system has expected effect on its use, but scrutiny on employee selection has opposite effect. Third, we find that occupation significantly affects the use of contingent workers, especially the extent of use of contingent workers of sales service is as five hundred times as that of managerial occupation. Fourth, also consistent with organizational-based perspective, we find that the firm's size significantly has positive effects, and affiliate company and labor union have negative effects. That is, the larger firm's size is, the more possibility of use of contingent workers exists, and the possibilities of its use reduce in case of affiliate company and in front of labor union. Finally, we discuss the implications and limits of theses findings.

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Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment According to Employment Types : Focusing on the Moderating Effect of Employment Types (고용형태별 직무만족과 조직몰입의 관계 : 고용형태의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Chan-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.206-216
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment according to employment types. As a result of this study, firstly, while there is a significant difference in the job itself satisfaction between regular and contingent workers, there is no significant difference in the organizational commitment between regular and contingent workers. Concretely, a job itself satisfaction degree is higher in contingent workers rather than in regular ones, and the level of organizational commitment is no difference between regular and contingent workers. Secondly, there is no moderating effect according to employment types in job satisfaction influencing on organizational commitment. In addition, there is a partially difference in the job satisfaction factor having influence on regular and contingent workers' organizational commitment. That is, it is confirmed that the satisfaction of job itself in regular workers has influence on organizational commitment positively, and the satisfaction of job itself, promotion, and supervisor in contingent workers has influence on organizational commitment positively.

Research on Non-Union Representation for Contingent Worker's Representation Mechanism : Focusing on CSO's Representation Mechanism in Civil Society (비정규 노동자 이해대표 기제로서 비노조 이해대표에 관한 연구 : 시민사회진영 내 CSO를 통한 이해대변 기제를 중심으로)

  • Sohn, Jeong-soon
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.61-94
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    • 2018
  • While the unionization of contingent workers is at a standstill, the newly emerging peripheral workers' representation mechanism is CSO(Civil Society Organization). Unlike trade union's representation based on coercive collective bargaining and agreements CSO represents the interests of marginal workers through counseling, advocacy, public relations, and education. In the case of Korea, since the 2000s, labor CSOs, called "contingent centers", have started to spread. As a result of the survey, contingent centers which are contracted out by local governments show the possibility that the representation activities are restricted, because most of their resources are covered from the local government. This is because CSOs have limitations due to a dilemma in the process of representing funders and the represented. Nevertheless, the contingent workers' CSO in Korea shows the possibility of supplementing and supporting the role of trade unions' representation. In this regard, through the solidarity of trade unions and CSOs, it will be possible to expand the representation of unorganized and contingent workers in Korean society.

Comparison between Regular Workers and Contingent Workers of Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction in Hotel Industry (호텔기업의 정규직과 비정규직 직원의 조직몰입과 직무만족의 차이 분석)

  • Han, Jin-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.503-513
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed at the employment types of the hotel employee into regular workers and contingent workers, and examine the difference between the two on their job involvements and satisfaction. The results are summarized as follows: First, the job involvement of the regular workers is significantly higher than of contingent workers in terms of organized issue in work place. Second, the job satisfaction is compared with two group, regular workers have positive effects on the education and training opportunities than contingent workers. Third, organizational commitment have a good influence on contingent workers than contingent workers according to the job satisfaction. Therefore, the executives in hotel industry make better employment environment with long-range policy and appropriate compensation on their abilities without any distinction of the employment types in hotel industry.

A Study on the Contingent Worker's Handwritings and Documentation of Labor (비정규노동 수기와 노동의 기록화)

  • Kwak, Kun Hong
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.64
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    • pp.5-25
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    • 2020
  • The archives should not document the absence of labor records, but document the traces of workers' lives. In other words, it is the responsibility of the archive to reproduce the acts and sufferings of contingent workers with records, and to reveal the oppressive structure of capitalism based on them. Records representing the lives of contingent workers, such as labor manuals, should be at the core of records that symbolize the present, and archives should be documented. The archives should discard the illusion of neutrality.

Wage Differentials by Types of Employment Arrangements (정규근로와 비정규근로의 임금격차)

  • Ahn, Joyup
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.67-96
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    • 2001
  • The recent economic crisis started at the end of 1997 has brought about changes in labor market practices. One of them is rapid increase in the ratio of workers with alternative employment arrangement, so-called contingent workers. This type of arrangement, unlike traditional employment arrangement, makes employers properly adjust employment to business cycles and it also makes it possible for employees to solve time and spatial constraints related to labor supply. However, recent experience has revealed its negative characteristics such as lower wage rate, deficient fringe benefits, insufficient job security. Using the data from the first and the second wave of the Korea Labor and Income Panel Survey, this study focuses on change in the tendency of being contingent workers and decomposition of the wage differentials among regular and contingent workers by estimating the switching regression model. Results show that the recent crisis significantly contributed to probabilities of being contingent workers, especially for women, the young, the older, and the lowly educated. Decomposition shows that one quarter or one third of 35% of wage differentials are due to the price effect that the same productive characteristics are differently paid by the types of employment arrangements.

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Characteristics of Work Impact on Contingent Worker's Happiness (비정규직 임금노동자의 행복에 영향을 미치는 일의 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Hyosun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.643-651
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to explore which factor influences on the happiness of full-time contingent worker at workplace. The study used the data of 12th Korean Education Employment Panel(KEEP), and occupied hierarchical multiple regression analysis to examine which factor affected their happiness in particular focused on job satisfaction and work characteristics of them. The results of the study showed firstly, work satisfaction and communication in workplace impacted on employees' happiness. Secondly non-regular worker's own education and skill affected on happiness, and also clearly communication and work satisfaction impact on their happiness as well as regular workers. Finally the research recommended that organization should analyze job related knowledge and skill their contingent employees hold before allocating them and help their happiness in order to organization's productivity and value creation.

Study on the Factors Working Environment and Health Effects of Contingent Workers Youth (비정규직 청년의 근무환경과 건강영향의 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kilyong;Kim, Hohyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.170-180
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: While the proportion of the non-regular workers youth increases in labor market, the differential conditions of temporary employee are increased. Methods: Research objects were 4,322 youth (from 15 to 29) among members of workers who responded to 2014 PSWCI panel report. Statistical analyses were performed using the SAS version 9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). Data were analyzed using frequency test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression. Results: According to results of analysis, youth had differences in youth temporary workers, working conditions, classification of occupation, working period, and health conditions based on work-time conditions. Conclusions: Youth workers, policies on working hours will need to take steps toward reducing working hours and improve a health promoting hierarchy for work environment.