• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conservation

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A Study on the Design Guidelines for the Spatial Planing of Conservation Area in Museums (박물관 보존과학계 영역의 공간계획 지표에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sung-Wook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 2011
  • In general, collections in museum are kept in storage according to a preservation and administration program in long or short term, after conservators' conservation treatment. Museum activities related to conservation science are common to do before and after exhibitions. That is, the museum collections include a flow mechanism, which circulate a space in where conservation science related activity is carried on centering around its storage. The purpose of this study is to suggest the design guidelines of a conservation area in a museum. The results of this study as follows. First, to program space planning, conservation area of museum is divided into 4 kinds of zone. Second, space for relics unloading in basically includes 'unloading room', 'control room', 'worker room', 'unpacking room', and 'unloading tools storage' and considers to install 'outdoor arrangement space', etc. In case of space for making relics collections, 'arrangement room' and 'temporary storage' are separately planned in order to arrange and temporarily store relics taken in. Conservation analysis space should be divided into 2 kinds of zone, 'conservation analysis lab' for analysis of collection characters and 'restoration lab' for conservation treatment in the bigger museum. In case of large-scale museum, conservation treatment space is basically classified with characters of museum collections. And it considers installing 'waterlogged wood lab', 'painting clothes treatment lab', 'storage of treated relics' etc. Third, for 'the spaces for analysis treatment', must consider activity contents and sizes of the department for scientific conservation every museum, can classify in detail required space, and must review the space for relics settlement in construction.

A Study on the Conservation of Excavated Features (발굴유구의 보존방법과 적용)

  • An, Jin Hwan
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.26-47
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    • 2010
  • When the term conservation is used with regard to excavated features, it means not only conservation but also restoration. Restoring the features here does not imply restoring their original form but restoring their form at the moment of excavation. That means, the conservation of excavated features includes the concept of both reparation and restoration. The way of conserving excavated features can be largely categorized into on-site conservation and transfer conservation. On-site conservation means to conserve excavated features as they were at the excavation site. It can be further categorized into soil-covered on-site conservation, in which excavated features are covered with soil to prevent them from being damaged, and exposed on-site conservation in which the features were conserved as they were exposed. Transfer conservation is operated on the premise that excavated features are transferred to another place. It can be further categorized into original form transfer, transcribing transfer, reproduction transfer, and dismantlement transfer. Original form transfer refers to the method of moving the original forms of excavated features to another place. Transcribing transfer refers to moving some of the surfaces of excavated features to another place. Reproduction transfer refers to restoring the forms of excavated features in another place after copying the forms of excavated features at the excavation site. Dismantlement transfer refers to the method of restoring excavated features in a place other than the excavation site in the reverse order of dismantlement after dismantling the features at the excavation site. The most fundamental issue regarding conserving excavated features is the conservation of their original forms. However, the conservation of excavated features tends to be decided depending on a variety of conditions such as society, economy, culture, and local situations. In order to conserve excavated features more effectively, more detailed and specialized conservation methods should be created. Furthermore, continuing research is needed to find the most effective way of conserving them through exchange with other neighboring academic fields and scientific technology.

In vitro Conservation of Coleus forskohlii- an Endangered Medicinal Plant

  • Rajasekharan P.E.;Ambika S.R.;Ganeshan S.
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2005
  • Protocols for in vitro conservation was developed for Coleus forskohlii. Plants maintained both in field served as explant source. Shoot tips and single node cuttings were used to optimize protocols for in vitro multiplication. MS basal medium supplemented with $0.54\;{\mu}M$ naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and $8.87\;{\mu}M$ benzy-ladenine (BA) induced multiple shoots in shoot tips and nodes. Shoot multiplication was amplified with a gradual decrease of BA concentration, leading to its final omission after 4 months. Concomitant rooting on multiplication media enabled successful establishment extra vitrum. For in vitro conservation studies, experiments were carried out with 2-3 week maintained in vitro plants under standard and reduced culture conditions (SCC, RCC). In vitro plants could be successfully conserved in full strength MS medium (FMS) under SCC for 6 months without subculture with full potential to regenerate, producing viable shoots and nodes. The root production remained unaffected due to conservation, showing high rooting activity in mannitol and low temperature treatments. Preset low temperature (15 and $10^{\circ}C$) and reduction in media constituents does not appear to favour conservation, although the former accomplished conservation levels equal to (FMS) under SCC.

Things To Be Considered for a New Conservation Laboratory (보존처리실 신설시 고려 사항)

  • Ahn, Byongchan
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2002
  • Although a conservation laboratory is a kind of hospital for cultural assets, it is often planned on the standard of ordinary offices. In this study, things and conditions to be considered for a new conservation laboratory were discussed and suggested briefly, for the sections of architecture, electricity and lightning, air condition, fire protection, machinery and tools. As methods of creating a workspace adequate to conservation work, the method of dividing workspace on the basis of workstand and the method of placing machinery and tools on the basis of water supply and sewage systems were explained., Because a conservation laboratory varies in its duties and functions, it seems difficult that all the standards and conditions suggested in this study be fulfilled in every case. But understanding general standards and conditions and choosing ones adequate to special functions of each laboratory will be helpful to planning a new conservation laboratory.

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Conservation Concept Among Rural Children in Korea (우리나라 농촌아동(農村兒童)의 발달단계별(發達段階別) 보존(保存)개념)

  • Cho, Bok Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.2
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    • pp.41-53
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    • 1981
  • The purpose of this study was to find out conservation concept acquisition in children of pre-operational and concrete periods. The data in this study were obtained through experimental methods with 62 children(28 males and 34 females) of 3-11 ages in Korean rural areas. The Piagetian instruments devised by Gelman were used for the study ; length, liquid, quantity, mass, and volume conservation tasks. Percentile and $x^2$-test were applied for the statistical analysis of data: and the results of the experiment are as follows: 1) Most children aged 3-9 years did not appear to understand that the length of sticks stayed the same regardless of position. 2) In liquid quantity conservation, children centered their attentions on one aspect ; juice level or number of container. Their conservation concept was developed correlating with ages. 3) In the experiment of mass conservation by using play dough, only 7.1% of children of pre-operational period and 47.1% of concrete period affirmed that the amounts of play dough were same after changed shape. 4) In volume task, 29.4% children aged 7 to 11 years admitted to conservation. 5) It is found that girls acquired length conservation earlier than boys, while there was no significant difference between boys and girls in other conservation tasks.

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A study on the attitude affecting the preventive behavior for hearing conservation (청력보존을 위한 예방 행위에 영향을 미치는 태도 분석)

  • Rhee, Kyung-Yong;Yi, Kwan-Hyung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.371-384
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate attitude factor related to hearing conservation and to find attitude affecting the preventive behavior for hearing conservation. The research method used in this study was self-administered questionnaire. Samples of the study were composed of 353 workers exposed noise selected randomly in 10 ship-building manufacturing companies. Authors extracted following 9 factors related hearing conservation from 26 attitude propositions prepared from previous study results and health belief model; (1) general perceived susceptibility, (2) relative perceived susceptibility compared with colleagues, (3) concern to the personal protective devices, (4) perceived severity and concern to the hearing capacity, (5) concern to the hearing and noise assessment, (6) concern to the control noise and hearing conservation, (7) group pressure and reason of wearing protective devices, (8) apathy of hearing loss from noise, (9) knowledge about hearing conservation. Attitude factors affecting the preventive health behavior were general perceived susceptibility, concern to the noise control and hearing conservation, and concern to the personal protective devices in the case of wearing personal protective devices. But in the case of avoiding noise exposure as preventive health behavior, perceived severity and concern to the hearing capacity was a significant attitude factor with knowledge about hearing conservation.

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Quantitative Evaluation for Effectiveness of Consolidation Treatment by Using the Chemical of Ethyl Silicate Series for the Sandstone in Yeongyang (영양 사암을 대상으로 한 에틸실리케이트 계열 처리제의 강화효과 평가)

  • Lee, Jang-Jon;Han, Min-Su;Song, Chi-Young;Jun, Byung-Kyu;Do, Min-Hwan
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2009
  • Stone cultural heritages in Korea have a severe damages from chemical and biological weathering because most of them have been situated in outdoors without any suitable protection systems, and this in turn causes deformation and structural damage. To counteract these problems and increase durability, various kinds of conservation materials are used in the conservation and restoration treatments. However until now there are not many practical and technological experiments on this subject. This paper attempts quantitative evaluation of effectiveness about chemical of ethylsilicate based resin for sandstone in Yeongyang-gun. It takes a long time to evaluate durability and side effect after conservation materials treatment. So we use artificial weathering through freezing§ thawing experimental method. As a result of this experiment, porosity and absorptance increased, and elastic wave speed, elastic modules, unconfined compression strength and tensile strength decreased more than before. This study plans to make a scientific method study about weathering factor and mechanism, and to deduce correlation between artificial weathering and natural weathering.

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Investigation on the Organizational Structure for Overseas Conservation Centers - Focused on the Italian Conservation Centers - (해외 문화재보존기관 운영현황 -이탈리아 문화재보존기관을 중심으로-)

  • Yi, Hyeon-Ju;Yu, Jae-Eun;Seo, Min-Seok
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.239-254
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    • 2008
  • In this division, regarding the establishment of operation system of Conservation Science Center, we have tried to find out research trends and advanced operation system of Italian conservation centers, which play an active part in the field of restoration of cultural properties internationally. And the results will be utilized for the establishment of Conservation Science Center. Italy is a country having a long history of restoring cultural properties. In this field, it is largely divided into research & development institutes. And restoration institute and they are operated under system in which research & development institute implement research projects for restoring cultural properties and restoration specialists take receive the results and utilize them. They have different business processing system compared to Conservation Science Center which will implement research-development and restoration(conservation treatment) concurrently. Each institute, carrying out differentiated and specialized research projects per region, maintains smooth cooperative relationship with national institutes, neighboring universities and even afflated schools through horizontal-mutual collaboration joint research, and sharing of equipments, in the field of cooperation between national institutes, cooperation with neighboring universities, and connection to belonging schools. There institutes show us a good example which can be utilized in the future organizational structure of Conservation Science Center. It is expected that their operation system and possessed technologies such as utilization of human resources pool and cooperation with relevant fields can be used usefully in the management and operation of Conservation Science Center.

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Conservation of Dermaptra in Youngnam Region I. Choosing Priority Area by Taxonomic Root Weighting and Dsitribution Analysis

  • Yun, Il-Byong-Yoon;Moon, Tae-Young-Moon
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.305-311
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    • 1997
  • Dermaptera was investigated, examined and reviewed in taxonomy and for distribution in Youngnam region. Based on the data, the local species groups were measured to choose priority-conservation-area by taxonomic root weighting and distribution analysis at 232 geographical conservation units. Eleven species belonging to 4 families and 8 genera were recorded mounting up to 68.75% of species diversity known in Korea. Found remarkably were the rare and endangered Challia fletcheri Burr at Sobaek Mountain National Park, and unusually Anisolabis maritima (Bonelli) in Taegu, Euborellia pallipes (Shiraki) at Island Geoje and E. plebeja (Dohrn) at Hwanho near Pohang. The highest species diversity was found at the temple Huibang area at Sobaek Mountain National Park with 8 species, which was measured also as the primary priority-conservation-area with 83.41 % of accumulated taxonomic root weighting indices in percentage. Geoje and Hwanho both measured as 12.18% of accumulated taxonomic root weighting index in percentage and complimentary to Sobaek Mountain National Park but supporting 5 and 3 species, respectively. The priority goes to the geographical conservation unit supporting higher species richness between two geographical conservation units in comparison. By the rule, the second priority-conservation-area should be Geoje and the third Hwanho. It is, thus, demonstrated how 11 species can be all conserved by choosing 3 priority-conservation-areas out of 232 geographical conservation units to maintain maximum species in minimum areas.

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Scale Development on Health Conservation of the Institutionalized Elderly (시설 노인의 건강보존에 관한 도구 개발)

  • Sung, Ki-Wol
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a health conservation scale with high validity and reliability for institutionalized elderly. Method: The process of development of this scale was as follows. A conceptual framework composed of 4 phases of health conservation of institutionalized elderly was identified based on the literature review with elderlies and discussions with experts in health conservation. A total of 75 items, on a 4-point scale were developed. Through reliability testing and factor analysis, 57 preliminary items were selected. By means of internal consistency of the 57 items, 18 items whose inner-items correlation coefficient was below .40 were deleted. Through factor analysis, 2 items whose factor loading was below .40 were deleted. Finally 37 items remained. To verity the 37 items, factor analysis, reliability testing, and correlation was done. Data were collected from 207 institutionalized elderly subjects in Daegu, Kyungpook, Busan, and KyungNam Province from August. 2003 to February. 2004. Result: In the result of factor analysis of the 37 items, 4 factors were extracted. These factors were labeled as ‘personal integrity’, ‘conservation of energy', ‘structural integrity’, and ‘social integrity'. These factors included 4 phases of health conservation. Cronbach's Alpha of 37 the items was .9424 and the correlation coefficient of HPLP was .723. Conclusion: The researchers recommend the following: An explorative study on the variables related to health conservation is needed for criterion validity of this scale. Studies on health conservation of different age groups, and subjects are needed for verification.