• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conservation

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Conservation Philosophy and Principles for Traditional East Asian Architecture (동아시아 전통건축의 보전철학과 원리)

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2009
  • The modern philosophy of historic conservation focuses on the permanence of the material aspects of monuments as historic evidence of the artistic achievement of the past. However, so strongly are European attitudes to architecture and its conservation embedded in modern conservation, that it has skewed all conservation thinking towards the concept of the European-type monument which emphasizes visual beauty through its material substance. Thus, some basic ideas of modern conservation seem ill-suited to East Asian architecture which is conceived in a different spirit from its European counterpart. The purposes of the paper are to discuss the need for approaches which are different from the modern Western view of conservation for East Asian architectural heritage, and to make suggestions for developing conservation principles more suited to the unique values and aesthetic sense of East Asian culture and architecture. Conservation principles in the East Asian societies are determined in relation to the spiritual and naturalistic sensibilities of East Asian culture and architecture.

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Conservation Philosophy and Ethics, Its Key Concepts and Challenges (문화재 보존철학과 보존윤리의 필요성과 과제)

  • Lee, Su Jeong
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.227-233
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    • 2018
  • Philosophical discussion and ethical approach have been crucial aspects in the rational decision-making of heritage conservation. This study analyses why and how they play an important role in determining the quality of conservation practice. It highlights the key concepts of conservation philosophy and ethics, as well as their relationship, in order to establish a constructive platform through which researchers may understand the role and importance of conservation philosophy and ethics. In conclusion, this study provides a set of recommendation for the government, academic experts, and conservators which will allow them to become actively involved in improving the quality of philosophical and ethical knowledge in the field of conservation.

Material Analysis and Conservation Treatment for Mother-of-Pearl Floor Mirror at Daejojeon Hall of Changdeokgung Palace, Korea

  • Park, Su Zin;Hwang, In Sun;Yoon, Eun young;Lee, Jang Jon;Song, Ji Ae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2019
  • In this study, a scientific survey on the material of the mother-of-pearl floor mirror was conducted and conservation treatment processes were introduced. The survey results showed that the mother-of-pearl floor mirror in Daejojeon Hall of Changdeokgung is made of Dalbergia spp., and repair work seems to be done later with shorea spp. FT-IR analysis results showed that the varnishing is similar to the spectrum of lacquer. The metal wheels and metal line decorations set with mother-of-pearl were found to be made of brass based on XRF analysis, and the ingredient ratio showed that these were made in modern times. Foreign materials were stuck on the surface of the mother-of-pearl floor mirror before conservation treatment, which was in a structurally unstable condition owing to some missing submaterials. Conservation treatment was conducted on the damaged area to restore the mirror to its original appearance by using the same species of wood determined from the data obtained through the scientific survey.

Research on present statue of conservation materials in the stone cultural heritage - Focus on adhesive, filler, repellent, consolidant materials - (석조문화재 보존처리제의 현황 조사 - '접착충전제와 발수·강화제'를 중심으로-)

  • Song, Chi-Young;Han, Min-Su;Lee, Jang-Jon;Jun, Byung-Kyu
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.163-182
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    • 2008
  • Precise scientific-diagnosis for preserving stone cultural properties has been well-advanced, but research on proper methods for conservation, restoration and repair is still in early stage. Accordingly it is quite difficult to establish conservation treatment methods compatible to unique characteristics and environments of each cultural property. We tried to select most compatible conservation materials through thorough assessment of conservation materials in current use. This research is focused on conservation and restoration materials except cleaner, which are used as adhesive, filler, repellent and consolidant. Conservation treatments for stone cultural properties were first tested in 1960's and have been carried out by various methods under relevant organizations and conservation treatment companies since. We investigated present status of conservation materials being used for cultural properties. Based on these data, we will look through types and properties of the conservation materials to figure out existing problems. Among many kinds of resins, the ratio of conservation materials used in cultural properties is very low. Therefore, new conservation materials equipped with proved long-term stability should be developed as soon as possible.

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Barriers to Environmental Conservation Practice of Secondary School Students in Korea (중등학교 학생들의 환경보전활동의 장애요인에 관한 연구)

  • 김대희;양순례;송영만
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.391-409
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    • 1999
  • From the students' point of view, this study was carried out to find out barriers to environmental conservation practice of secondary school students. According to the questionare and interview with secondary school students on barriers to environmental conservation practice at home, school, society and fellow-relation conditions and in personal psychology, the following findings were resulted. The major barriers to environmental conservation practice are (1) not doing environmental conservation practice of parents, friends and neighborhood, (2) having no interest in environment and environmental problems, (3) dirty and laboriousness of environmental conservation practice, (4) lack of environmental equipments, (5) the shortage of chance and time for environmental conversation practice, (6) lack of the inducement for environmental conservaton from school, (7) little effects of individual environmental practice, (8) a busy life, (9) shortage of the voluntary courage to practice for environmental conservation, (10) lack of compensation on the environmental conservation practice, (11) anti-environmental behavior among friends, (12) urging on edcation of parents. Those barriers related with home, school, society and fellow-relation anti-environmental conditions hold back environmental conservation practice of secondary school students. Those barriers are divided into three closely correlated tipes, (1) unpleasant traits of environmental conservation practice such as cleaning, recycling were linked with personal psychology, (2) lack of the social interest and practice for environmental conservation were linked with personal psychology, (3) the social atmosphere to urge on education was linked with students' busy life and the shortage of chance and time for environmental conversation practice. According to the results, attractive environmental education programs, home environmental education, cooperative environmental conservation programs, and inducements for environmental conservation are reguired of secondary school students to promote environmental conservation practice.

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Material and Deterioration Characteristic Analysis for Inscribed Stones of Naksan Mountain Area of the Hanyangdoseong(Seoul City Wall), Korea

  • Lee, Myeong Seong;Kim, Yuri;Choie, Myoungju;Yoo, Ji Hyun;Ahn, Yu Bin
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.60-72
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    • 2020
  • The Inscribed stones of Hanyangdoseong has been weathered for a long time because of external environment and living organisms. To establish a long-term conservation-management strategy for the inscription stones, the material characteristics of the inscription stones of Naksan Mountain Area were identified, and its deterioration state was diagnosed. Consequently, it was confirmed that the Inscription stones of Naksan Mountain Area mainly comprised coarse-to medium-grained pinkish granite and biotite granite, and, in part, comprised reddish granite, quartz porphyry, and aplite. Presently, the Inscription stones of Naksan Mountain Area, Hanyangdoseong, is undergoing a considerable decrease in physical properties because of physical, chemical, and biological weathering. Moreover, it has been confirmed that the type of damage, such as blistering, soiling, and dicolouration, on the surface shows a significantly high deterioration rate, and that conservation treatment might be required in future. In addition, because the possibility of damage recurrence is high even after the treatment, the conservation state must be regularly monitored.

Consumers' Energy Conservation Behavior and Response to the Energy Conservation Policies (소비자의 에너지절약행동 및 에너지정책에 대한 호응도)

  • 여정성
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.227-240
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to identify (1) consumers' energy conservation attitude and behavior and (2) response to the energy conservation policies. For this purpose 1,200 male and female consumers who residents of 6 cities (Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Kwangju. Taejoen, and Inchon) were surveyed through the standardized questionnares. The major findings were as follows; (1) The level of energy conservation attitude was relatively high and differed significantly according to sex, age, and education, (2) The level of energy conservation behavior was differed significantly according to sex, age, and education. (3) The energy conservation policies which provide consumers with energy saving information and education were more preferred. (4) There energy conservation attitude had the strongest effect on the energy conservation behavior.

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The Conservation of Historic Environment: Comparative Analysis of Conservation Charters and Principles (역사환경의 보전: 보전헌장과 원리의 비교분석)

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2010
  • It has been criticized that the Venice Charter of 1964 characterizes so much of Western value of architecture and its conservation, despite its significant contribution towards an international conservation approach. Since the 1970s some countries have drawn up their own conservation guidelines to supplement the limitations of the Venice Charter. When we review critically those documents, we find a change in the Western dogma of heritage. Although the Burra Charter of 1979(last version in 1999) and the China Principles of 2002 accept the general philosophy and concepts of the Venice Charter but make responses to special local needs. The Burra Charter has redressed a current Western bias which has permeated global conservation practices, responding to the Australian context. The China Principles also meet special national needs but in accordance with recent international practices. For this reason, the Burra Charter and the China Principles are regarded as well established in national conservation practices but also as representing each country's contribution to contemporary international conservation practices.

Factors Influencing Health Conservation among Elders (노인의 건강보존정도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Oh, Won-Oak;Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.134-143
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of health conservation for elders in Korea. Method: Random sampling method was used and data from 113 elders were used for final analysis. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include Health Conservation Scale, Purpose in Life Test and Self-efficacy Scale. Results: Health conservation of the elders was in the middle range. The elders of this study had few goals towards meaning in life, and were in an existential vacuum state. There was a positive correlation between health conservation, meaning in life and self-efficacy. The significant factors influencing health conservation of elders were meaning in life, education level and gender. These 3 factors explained 30.6% of health conservation of elders. Conclusions: The results indicate that health conservation is an important link with meaning in life in elders. There should be a comprehensive study in the future for in-depth understanding of health conservation of elders.

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Values and Pro-Environmental Behaviors of Homemakers (주부의 가치와 친환경적 행동)

  • 장혜연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1997
  • Recently, much of attention has been given to the role of values in pro-environmental behaviors. The reasons are that most of environmental pollution comes from the home-living and polluting behavior is motivated by the undesirable value pursuing self-interests. This study is designed to investigate the effect of values on environmental behaviors. The results of this study are as following: Homemakers' value structure had 'self-transcendence·conservation' value, 'self-enhancement·conservation' value and 'openness-to-change' value as value factors. And the homemakers thought of self-transcendence·conservation value as "most important" and self-enhancement·conservation value as "not important". Consequently, homemakers had a tendency to do more pro-environmental behaviors when they perceived self-transcendence·conservation value as "more important value", while they did less when they regarded self-enhancement·conservation value as "more important". Therefor self-transcendence·whereas self-enhancement·conservation value is a negative predictor. Especially, self-transcendence·conservation value had more influence on pro-environmental behaviors than self-enhancement·conservation value.

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