• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conservation

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A Study on Energy Conservation behaviors of Consumers and Related factors (소비자의 에너지 소비 절약 행동 및 관련요인에 관한 연구 -서울시의 주부를 중심으 로-)

  • 백경미;이기춘
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 1987
  • The objectives of this study were; (1)to determine if socio-demographic variables influence energy conservation attitude, energy conservation knowledge, energy conservation behavior of consumer, (2) to determine if energy conservation attitude and energy conservation knowledge influence energy conservation behavior of consumer, (3) to examine the causal relationships among variables which influence energy conservation behavior of consumer. The model for this study included following variables; (1) socio-demographic variables, which are the independent variables; (2) energy conservation behavior of consumer, which is a dependent variable; (3) energy conservation attitude of consumer, which is an intervening variable ;(4) energy conservation knowledge of consumer, which is an intervening variable. The data used in this study included 502 homemakers living in Seoul. Statistics used for data analysis were ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation and Path Analysis. The major findings were follows; (1) Energy conservation attitude and energy conservation behavior difference significantly according to the level of family income among socio-demographic variables such a age, educational level and family income. Energy conservation knowledge differenced significantly educational level, and family income. Energy conservation knowledge difference significantly educational level. (2) Energy conservation behavior differed significantly according to energy conservation attitude and energy conservation knowledge. (3) Energy conservation attitude and energy conservation knowledge had positive effects on energy conservation behavior directly and indirectly. (4) Family income had negative effects on energy conservation behavior directly and indirectly through energy conservation attitude. Education had positive effect on energy conservation behavior indirectly through energy conservation knowledge.

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State of the Arts of the Conservation Science of Stone Monuments and Our Tasks (석조문화재 보존과학의 세계적 연구동향과 우리의 과제)

  • KIM, Soo-Jin
    • 한국문화재보존과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2004
  • World state of the arts of the conservation of stone monuments is reviewed and the modern conservation program based on conservation science is proposed for the scientific conservation of stone monuments in Korea. The conservation program suggests that the site environment diagnosis, decay diagnosis, petrophysical property analysis, and conservation experiment should always be carefully studied before conservation treatment. It is an up-to-date widely accepted concept in the world of stone conservation science. Our urgent national tasks that should be accomplished for the scientific conservation of stone monuments in Korea are proposed in the following: 1) The stone monument conservation projects should be planned in accordance with 'Conservation Concept of Stone Cultural Properties' and executed in accordance with the proposed 'Conservation Program for Stone Cultural Property' based on conservation science. 2) It is proposed that 'National Institute of Conservation Science for Cultural Properties' be established for systematic conservation research on the tangible cultural properties. 3) The conservation projects of stone monuments should be executed under the control of stone conservation specialist for their quality control. 4) Special national budget should be prepared for quick development of researches on conservation science in Korea.

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Transition and characteristics of International Conservation Standards for Cultural Heritage - with focus on conservation targets, issues and approach - (문화유산 보존을 위한 국제원칙의 경향과 특성 - 보존대상, 보존쟁점, 보존방식의 변화를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hwa-Yeon;Park, So-Hyun
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of the cultural heritage conservation standards those have been developed throughout the century to reveal the evolution of the conservation. The analysis targets are prepared principles in response to the risks posed by armed conflicts, improper modifications, risks caused by urban planning and development, and the risk posed by environmental impacts. The study analyzed how conservation targets, issues, and conservation methods have changed. The analysis showed that the results of changed trend of conservation, first, the segmentation and diversification of the conservation targets, second, the integrated approaches, third, risk perception changes due to indirect effects from direct risk factors, forth, changes of conservation from safeguard to sustainable development.

A Study about the Effect of Energy Public Advertisement on the Energy conservation Consciousness and Behavior (에너지 절약광고가 에너지 절약의식과 행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 최남숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study were to investigate; The contact of housewives with governmental public advertisement about the energy conservation, general tendency about the energy conservation consciousness and behavior. For these purposed, a survey was conducted using questionnaires. Data analysis were conducted from 367 housewives with children in Seoul. Used statistical method were Frequency Distribution, percentile, Mean, one Way Anova, t-test, F-test, Pearson's Correlation, Multiple regression Analysis and Path Analysis. Major findings are as follows. 1) Level of public advertisement contact was low. In contrast to , level of energy conservation consciousness, consciousness change, and behavior was adequately high. 2) Statistically significant difference were found in advertisement contact according to the husband's age , Energy conservation consciousness change according to husband's occupation, and energy conservation behavior according to family life cycle. 3) Energy conservation consciousness changes were increased by advertisement contact. Energy conservation behaviors were increased by conservation consciousness and the degree of conservation consciousness change. 4) Governmental public advertisement about the energy conservation has both direct and indirect effect on the energy conservation behavior. From these finds, the following suggestions are made. Governmental effort about the energy conservation advertisement is needed to be activated. And the implications for the future study was need to incorporate the psychological variables in energy conservation study.

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The Concept and the Method of Conservation for the Traditional Korean Settlements - Based on the Case Study in Korea and China - (한국 전통마을의 보전 개념과 방법론 연구 - 한국.중국 전통마을의 사례연구를 바탕으로 -)

  • Lee, Ju-Ock;Han, Pil-Won
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.147-168
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study is to establish the method of conservation for traditional Korean settlements, based on the field surveys on the representative traditional settlements in Korea and China. The method is approached from grasping the conservation mechanism in which non-physical aspects deeply influence physical ones. The study has analyzed the characteristics and problems in the current methods of conservation for the traditional settlements, through comparing conservation practices at the World Heritage-class settlements such as Yangdong, Hahoi, and Oeam villages in Korea and Xidi-cun, Hong-cun, and Dangjia-cun in China. As a consequence of the study, the conservation method for the traditional Korean settlements is established as follows; Firstly, the conservation targets are classified into 4 types in terms of the relations of elements; individual, correspondent, sequential, and network elements. Secondly, the conservation strategies include the structuralizations of targets, by means of sequencing and networking. Thirdly, the conservation programs are made in consideration of the sustenance, transformation, replacement, and extinction of traditional use patterns.

Concept and Theoretical Issues of Conservation of Cultural Heritage (문화유산(文化遺産) 보존(保存)의 개념(槪念)과 보존(保存) 이론(理論))

  • Kang, Dai-Ill
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.19
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 2006
  • Koreans began to undertake the conservation of their art and architectural artifacts approximately fifty years ago after modern concept of conservation were introduced by japanese during the Japanese Colonial Period(1910-1945). But still the modern concept of conservation is not clear to many Korean conservators because they have been concerned about conservation techniques to recover the original from of the remains be destroyed. Also, Korean conservation practice has neglected the philosophical issues and ethics of conservation. So, in this article, I described various terms referring to 'conservation' which have been used in western countries, Japan, China, and Korea, and compared their similarities and differences to have more clear idea on the modern concept of conservation. In the next chapter, I summarized several theoretical issues which had been discussed among western conservators over the centuries. Specially, I described closely the modern issues and ethics which have been presented in the twentieth century. As many conservation projects in Korea have resulted unsatisfactorily or been suspended altogether, because lacking a coherent theoretical dialogue on conservation and discussing an ethical issues of conservation. Therefore, I believe that more vigorous dialogue on these issues in Korea may lead conservators to consider their tasks in a more productive light, and the Korean artifacts may preserve well.

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General Review on the Scientific Conservation of Buried Cultural Properties (매장문화재의 과학적 보존 개요)

  • Kim, You Sun
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 1997
  • General aspects of the scientific conservation of buried cultural properties were reviewed. Thus, instrumental survey of buried cultural properties, scientific conservation of excavated artifacts, (especially. the first aid treatments of the excavated artifacts at the excavation site) and scientific conservation of the excavated remains (conservation at the site or at transition sites) were treated in outline.

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The Development of Attitudes to Historic Conservation - From Eurocentrism to Cultural Diversity -

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • Architectural research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the development of attitudes to historic conservation from the turn of the nineteenth century when certain theoretical opinions on the protection of buildings began to be developed, through the time when the Venice Charter was established, to recent international trends in historic conservation. This paper also explores the contribution of these attitudes and ideas towards an international approach for historic conservation. This paper demonstrates that the Venice Charter is the acme of progress in the European stance towards restoration, reflecting European values of architecture and its conservation, and thus it is not sufficiently 'universal' to be unequivocally applied in non-Western countries. Secondly, recent international trends in historic conservation subvert the notions of Western cultural hegemony which have permeated global conservation practices, and accept the diversity of value criteria for heritage and its conservation in different cultural context. Thirdly, this paper argues that the conservation approaches in Asian societies need to move further into the retention and extension of the spirit and naturalistic sensibilities inherent in the architecture. Historic conservation is an expression of different cultural values attached to heritage resources by different societies. For conservation program to be effective, conservation should take place within a socio-cultural context.

A Case Study on the Application of 'Conservation First Development Later' Principle for the Development Projects in Jeju Area (제주도 개발사업의 '선보전 후개발' 원칙 적용 사례분석)

  • Cho, Eun-Il;Hu, Chul-Goo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2014
  • Jeju Special Self-Governing Province has the natural assets resulting in UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, World Heritage Listed and World Geopark Certification, so the principle of 'Conservation First Development Later' has been set up for the vision of environmental policy to preserve these assets. This case study has been carried out to investigate the realization of the principle of 'Conservation First Development Later' for the development projects performed environmental impact assessment from 1994 to 2012 in Jeju Province, using geographic information systems(GIS). The Jeju Province has its own ordinance to consult and operate an environmental impact assessment(EIA) system. In particular, the conservation area, such as, Absolute/Relative Conservation Area and Underground Water, Ecosystem and View Conservation Zone, has been assigned and managed specially to conserve the natural environment. The 179 projects has been performed EIA for last 18 years in Jeju Province, and then the Absolute Conservation Area has been included in 22 projects and the Relative Conservation Area has been included in 34 projects. However, the 2 projects only have included the Absolute Conservation Area for 7 years after 2005. This result suggests that the application of the principle for the Absolute Conservation Area is strengthened gradually. On the other hand, the 17 projects and the 24 projects have included the Underground Water Conservation Zone assigned grade 1 and 2, respectively, and the number has been increasing after 2004. The results show that it needs to strengthen the application of the principle for this Zone. And the Ecosystem Conservation Zone assigned grade 1 and 2 have been included in 1 project and 9 projects, respectively. It is considered from this result that the principle is realized successfully for the Ecosystem Conservation Zone. In addition, it could be known that the principle is applied well for the View Conservation Zone, in this study.

Conservation Philosophy and Principles for Traditional East Asian Architecture (동아시아 전통건축의 보전철학과 원리)

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2009
  • The modern philosophy of historic conservation focuses on the permanence of the material aspects of monuments as historic evidence of the artistic achievement of the past. However, so strongly are European attitudes to architecture and its conservation embedded in modern conservation, that it has skewed all conservation thinking towards the concept of the European-type monument which emphasizes visual beauty through its material substance. Thus, some basic ideas of modern conservation seem ill-suited to East Asian architecture which is conceived in a different spirit from its European counterpart. The purposes of the paper are to discuss the need for approaches which are different from the modern Western view of conservation for East Asian architectural heritage, and to make suggestions for developing conservation principles more suited to the unique values and aesthetic sense of East Asian culture and architecture. Conservation principles in the East Asian societies are determined in relation to the spiritual and naturalistic sensibilities of East Asian culture and architecture.

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