• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conrad discontinuity

Search Result 13, Processing Time 0.028 seconds

Crustal Structure Beneath Korea Seismic Stations (Inchon, Wonju and Pohang) Using Receiver function (수신함수에 의한 한국 지진관측소(인천, 원주 포항) 하부의 지각구조 연구)

  • Kim, So-Gu;Lee, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
    • /
    • v.4 no.4
    • /
    • pp.43-54
    • /
    • 2004
  • The broadband receiver functions are developed from teleseismic P waveforms recorded at Wonju(KSRS), Inchon(IRIS), and Pohang(PHN), and are analyzed to examine the crustal structure beneath these stations. The teleseismic receiver functions are inverted in the time domain of the vertical P wave velocity structures beneath the stations. Clear P-to-S converted phases from the Moho interface are observed in teleseismic seismograms recorded at these stations. The crustal velocity structures beneath the stations are estimated by using the receiver function inversion method(Ammon et al., 1990). The general features of inversion results are as follows: (1) For the Inchon station, the Conrad discontinuity exists at 17.5 Km(SW) deep and the Moho discontinuity exists at 29.5 Km(NW) and 30.5 Km(SE, SW) deep. (2) The shallow crustal structure beneath Wonju station may be covered with a sedimentary rock of a 3 Km thickness. The average Moho depth is assumed about 33.0 Km, and the Conrad discontinuity may exist at 17.0 Km(NE) and 21.0 Km(NW) deep. (3) For Pohang station, the thickness of shallow sedimentary layer is a 3.0 Km in the direction of NE and NW. The Moho depth is 28.0 Km in the direction of the NE and NW. The Conrad discontinuity can be estimated to be existed at 21.0 Km deep for the NE and NW directions.

Crustal Structure Study and Characteristics of Moho Discontinuities beneath the Seoul and Inchon Stations using Teleseismic Receiver Functions (원격 수신함수를 이용한 서울과 인천 관측소 하부의 지각 속도구조와 Moho 불연속면 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Seoung Kyu;Kim, So Gu
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.339-347
    • /
    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to find P-wave crustal velocity structure and the Moho characteristics beneath Seoul (SEO) and Inchon (INCN) stations using broadband teleseismic records. The use of broadband receiver function analysis is increasing to estimate the fine-scale velocity structure of the lithosphere. The broadband receiver functions are developed from teleseismic events of P waveforms recorded at Seoul (SEO) and Inchon (INCN) stations, and are analyzed to examine the crustal structure beneath the stations. The teleseismic receiver functions are inverted in the time domain of the vertical P wave velocity structures beneath the stations. The crustal velocity structures beneath the stations are estimated using the receiver function inversion method (Ammon et al., 1990). The general features of inversion results are as follows: (1) For the Seoul station, the Conrad and Moho discontinuities exist at 22 km and 30 km depth in the south ($BAZ=180^{\circ}$) direction. (2) For the Inchon station, the Conrad discontinuity exists at 22 km depth in the direction of SE ($BAZ=145^{\circ}$) and the Moho discontinuity exists at 30~34 km depth with a 4 km thick, which consists of a laminated velocity transition layers with thickness, whereas a crust-mantle boundary beneath the Seoul station consists of a more sharp boundary compared with the Moho shape of INCN station.

  • PDF

Characteristics of the Yeongwol Earthquake based on the phase analysis (파형분석에의한 영월지진의 특성)

  • 김우한
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.67-76
    • /
    • 1997
  • The seismic records of the main shock and two after shocks of the Yeongwol Earthquake are studied based on the phsase analysis. The travel time curves with 12 different possible phases are constructed to analysis the phases of the records. which were provided by KIGAM seismic network. The results of phase analysis show that 1) The main shock (Ms=4.5) shows clear Pn phase but two after shocks (Ms=4 and Ms=2.5) do not show Pn phase. 2) The Pg or PmP phases look as first arrival phase in the after shock records whose edicental distance is smaller or larger than 150 km. 3) It is very difficult to identity the phases related to the Conrad discontinuity even if the Conrad discontiuity arrival exists. 4) The record of GRE station located outside of the Kueongsan Basin shows different arrival time of Pn phase, P-S duration time and frequency compared with those of the other stations located within the Kyeongsan Basin.

  • PDF

Comments on Seismicity and Crustal Structure of the Korean Peninsula (한반도의 지진활동과 지각구조)

  • Lee, Kie-Hwa
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.256-267
    • /
    • 2010
  • Earthquakes in the Korean Peninsula occur along the faults formed and boundaries between major geological units ruptured due to violent tectonic activities during the Mesozoic. E-W and/or ENE-SSW compressive stress regime resulting from collisions between the Eurasian plate and neighbouring the Indian plate, the Pacific plate and the Philippine plate trigger Korean earthquakes of thrust faulting with predominant strike-slip components along the mostly NNE-SSW trending active faults. Seismicity of the Korean peninsula has been moderate to low during the past 20 centuries except for the period from the 15th to the 18th centuries of exceptionally high seismicity, showing the typical irregularity of intraplate seismicity. The structure of the Korean peninsula is rather homogeneous without the Conrad discontinuity sharply dividing the upper and lower crust. Lateral heterogeneities exist in the crust. The crust with an average thickness of about 33 km is thicker in the mountainous region than the plain due to the Airy-type isostatic equilibrium maintained in the peninsula. Crustal P-wave velocity with average of about 6.3 km/sec increases gradually from the near surface to the Moho. The upper mantle P-wave (Pn) velocity is about 7.8 km/sec.

Discussions on the September 2016 Gyeongju Earthquakes (2016년 9월 경주지진 소고(小考))

  • Lee, Kiehwa
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.185-192
    • /
    • 2017
  • A sequence of earthquakes with the main shock $M_L$ 5.8 occurred on September 12 2016 in the Gyeongju area. The main shock was the largest earthquakes in the southern part of the Korean peninsula since the instrumental seismic observation began in the peninsula in 1905 and clearly demonstrated that the Yangsan fault is seismically active. The mean focal depth of the foreshock, main shock, and aftershock of the Gyeongju earthquakes estimated by the crustal model of single layer of the Korean peninsula without the Conrad discontinuity turns out to be 12.9 km, which is 2.8 km lower than that estimated based on the IASP91 reference model with the Conrad discontinuity. The distribution of the historical and instrumental earthquakes in the Gyeongju area indicates that the Yangsan fault system comprising the main Yangsan fault and its subsidiary faults is a large fracture zone. The epicenters of the Gyeongju earthquakes show that a few faults of the Yangsan fault system are involved in the release of the strain energy accumulated in the area. That the major earthquakes of Gyeongju earthquakes occurred not on the surface but below 10 km depth suggests the necessity of the study of the distribution of deep active faults of the Yangsan fault system. The magnitude of maximum earthquake of the Gyeongju area estimated based on the earthquake data of the area turns out to be 7.3. The recurrence intervals of the earthquakes over magnitudes 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0 based on the earthquake data since 1978, which is the most complete data in the peninsula, are estimated as 80, 670, and 5,900 years, respectively. The September 2016 Gyeongju earthquakes are basically intraplate earthquakes not related to the Great East Japan earthquake of March 11 2011 which is interplate earthquake.

Gravity Survey on the Subsurface Structure between Waekwan-Pohang in Kyoungsang Basin (중력탐사(重力探査)에 의(依)한 경상층군내(慶尙層群內) 왜관(倭館)-포항간(浦項間)의 지하구조(地下構造) 연구(硏究))

  • Min, Kyung Duck;Chung, Chong Dae
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.321-329
    • /
    • 1985
  • The gravity measurement has been conducted at 113 stations with an interval of about 1km along the national road of about 120km running from Busangdong to Pohang through Waekwan, Daegu, Youngchun and Aankang. The subsurface geology and structure along the survey line is interpreted from Bouguer anomaly by applying Fourier method and Talwani method for two dimensional body. The mean depth of Moho discontinuity is 31.4km, and the depth decreases very slowly from inner continent toward east coast. The depth of Conrad discontinuity increases from 11km at the east coastal area to 17km at the inner continental area, and especially increases rapidly in the area between Waekwan to Busangdong. The depth of basement of Kyoungsang Basin inereases from near Waekwan toward Daegu upto about 4. 8km, and increases rapidly to reach the maximum depth of about 8.5km at 8km east of Daegu. But it starts to decrease from the place of 10km west of Youngchun, and is about 7.2km at Youngchun and about 6km at 6km east of Youngchun. The depth starts to increase smoothly beyond this point, and is 7km at 15km east of Youngchun. From this point, the depth starts to decrease again, and is about 3.8km at Ankang. The depth of basement of Pohang Basin is 500m at Pohang and about 650m at 5km west of Pohang. A massive granite body which is considered to be a part of Palgongsan Granite exposed at the depth of 1. 5km at 9km west of Youngchun. Another massive granite body is situated underneath the Pohang Basin at depth of 1.5 to 2km, and sedimentary rocks of Kyoungsang Group and volcanic rocks are distributed between Pohang Basin and this granite body. Finally, Yangsan Fault is identified at about 2.5km east of Ankang.

  • PDF

A Study on the Crustal Structure of South Korea by using Seismic Waves (지진파(地震波)를 이용(利用)한 남한(南韓)의 지각구조(地殼構造) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Sang Jo;Kim, So Gu
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-61
    • /
    • 1983
  • By using local earthquake data, the Korean crust model and travel-time tables were determined. The upper crustal earthquakes (Hongsung event and Ssanggyesa event) were considered as auxiliary information, and the lower crustal earthquakes (Uljin event and Pohang event) played an important role in determining model parameters. The possible existence of Low Velocity Layer (LVL) in the upper mantle was suggested by discrepancy in the arrival times of Sariwon earthquake which occurred below Moho discontinuity. Computer program for the determination of the model parameters was developed in order to screened out the optimum parameters by comparing the travel times of observed data with theoretical ones. We found that the discontinuities of Conrad, Moho, and upper and lower boundaries of LVL have their depth of 15, 32, 55 and 75 Km, respectively. The velocities of P-and S-wave in the layers between those discontinities were found to be (1) 5.98, 3.40 Km/sec (2) 6.38, 3.79 Km/sec (3) 7.95, 4.58 Km/sec (4) unknown (5) 8.73, 5.05 Km/sec, respectively from the top layer. Travel-time tables were also computed for the inter-local earthquakes which have their direct wave paths above the LVL.

  • PDF

Gravity Measurement and Interpretation of the Subsurface Structure of the Kyongsang Basin between Masan-Busan Area (중력탐사(重力探査)에 의(依)한 마산(馬山)-부산간(釜山間)의 지하구조(地下構造) 연구(硏究))

  • Min, Kyung Duck;Kim, Jeong Woo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.203-209
    • /
    • 1987
  • The gravity measurement has been conducted at 69 points with an interval of about 1km along the national road between Masan and Busan through Kimhae to study on the subsurface geology and structure of Kyongsang basin. The Bouguer gravity anomalies were obtained from the observed gravity values, and interpreted by means of the Fourier-series method and Talwani method for 2-dimensional body. The depth of Conrad discontinuity is about 14.8km at the west end of survey line, and increases smoothly to about 13.6km at the east end. But it is uplifted by about 500m between Yangsan and Dongnae faults. The depth of the basement of Kyongsang basin is about 4.8km at the west end. It decreases gradually passing Masan, and reaches the maximum depth of 5.6km at the 15km east of Masan. Hereafter, it starts to increase to 4.3km at the east end. It is also uplifted by about 500m between Yangsan and Dongnae faults. The Bulgugsa granites which cause two low Bouguer gravity anomaly zones are distributed in the vicinity of Masan at depth of about 3.5km and Kimhae area at depth of about 5.3km. Diorite, granodiorite, aplite, and felsite are distributed with various depth of about 1~1.7km, and Jusasan andesitic rocks, except porphyritic one located at the west of Kimhae, are distributed with depth of about 1km. Three fracture zones associated with faults are located at the places where v-shaped Bouguer gravity anomalies are appeared.

  • PDF

Gravity Survey of the Subsurface Geology and Geologic Structure between Samcheog and Taebaek Area (중력탐사에 의한 삼척-태백간의 지하지질 및 지질구조 연구)

  • Min, Kyung Duck;Cho, Kwang Eun
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.79-88
    • /
    • 1995
  • The gravity measurment has been carried out at 48 gravity stations with intervals of 1.0~1.5 km along the survey line between Samcheog, Gosari and Taebaek to study subsurface geology and geologic structure in the northeastern part of the Ockchon zone. The Bouguer gravity anomaly values were obtained from the measured gravity values through the gravity corrections. The subsurface geology and geologic structure were interpreted quantitatively by means of the Fourier series method and Talwani method for 2.5 dimensional body. In the study area, the depth of Conrad discontinuity is about 10 km at Samcheog, northeastern end of the survey line, and it is increased rapidly to about 12.5 km at Miro, 15 km at Gosari and 15.5 km at Dongjeom, southwestern end of the survey line, respectively. The depth of the basement of the Ockchon zone exposed at Samcheog is increased smoothly to about 2 km at 5 km from Samcheog along the survey line, and is exposed again in the area between Singiry and Gosari. Beyond Gosari its depth is increased to about 1.7 km, and displaced 2.3 km downward by Osipcheon fault near Dogyeri and 0.5 km by Baeksan thrust near Cheolam, respectively. Many V-shaped low Bouguer gravity anomalies resulted from the fracture zone associated with faults imply the existence of Osipcheon fault and several inferred faults. The low Bouguer gravity anomaly zone between Tongdong and Dongjeom is caused by Jurassic gneissose granite. A local high Bouguer gravity anomaly at 35 km along the survey line from Samcheog is interpreted by the effect of iron deposit of high density existed at subsurface. The thickness of Great Limestone Group varies from 0.5 km to 1.4 km, that of Pyeongan Supergroup from 0.4 km to 0.9 km, and that of Yangdeog Group is about 0.3 km. The thickness of Jurassic gneissose granite varies from 1.5 to 3.0 km.

  • PDF

Gravity Survey of the Tertiary Basin in the Southern Part of Korean Peninsula (한반도 동남부에 분포하는 제3기 퇴적분지에 대한 중력탐사)

  • Min, Kyung Duck;Bang, Sung Soo;Hyun, Yong Ho
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.167-177
    • /
    • 1992
  • The gravity measurement has been conducted at 53 and 34 stations with an interval of 1~1.5 km along the national roads of about 47 km and 34 km running from Duksungri to Yangpori and from Angangri to Byungpori, Kyungsangbookdo, respectively. The subsurface geology and geologic structure of Tertiary Pohang and Janggi basins along two survey lines are interpreted quantitatively by applying Fourier series and Talwani methods for Bouguer gravity anomaly. The depths of Conrad discontinuity vary from 11.8 to 12.5 km and 11.5 to 13.2 km along the survey lines between Duksungri and Yangpori, and Angangri and Byungpori, respectively. The depths of pre-Cambrian Gneiss complex underneath Kyungsang Supergroup vary from 3.8 to 4.2 km and 3.8 to 4.6 km along the survey lines between Duksungri and Yangpori, and Angangri and Byungpori, respectively. Massive granite bodies which are not exposed along the survey line between Duksungri and Yangpori are distributed on a large scale at the subsurface between Duksungri and Ochun, and Daegokri and Yangpori. Along the survey line between Angangri and Byungpori, it is exposed at Angangri, and extends underneath Chungrimdong, Pohang city. Andesite is distributed on a small scale underneath Pohang city and Ochun. The thicknesses of Tertiary Yonil and Janggi Groups are 0.2~0.9 km and 0.1~0.5 km, respectively. The Tuffaceous rocks which are the lowest formation of Tertiary sedimentary rocks are distributed with the thickness of 0.2 km at the surface and between Kyungsang Supergroup and Yonil or Janggi Groups. The Yonil and Janggi Groups are in fault contact by a fault running through Ochun and Chungrimdong, Pohang city. Two other faults are newly found near Heunghae-eup and Hyungsan river.

  • PDF