• Title, Summary, Keyword: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy

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Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Results in Patients with Anal Cancer (항문암의 동시 화학 방사선 요법 치료결과)

  • Chung, Weon-Kuu;Kim, Soo-Kon;Lee, Chang-Geol;Seong, Jin-Sil;Kim, Gwi-Eon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 1994
  • Among the 63 patients with histopathologically proven primary squamous cell anal cancer who were managed in Presbyterian Medical Center and Yonsei University Cancer from Jan. 1971 to Dec. 1991, 34 patients, who were managed with surgery alone(abdominoperineal resection) or post-operative radiotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were analysed. With mean follow up time of 81.3 months, 30 Patients(88$ \% $) were followed up from 17 to 243 months. In methods, 10 patients were treated with surgery alone. 9 Patients were treated with combined surgery and postoperative radiotherapy(50$\∼$60 Gy in 28$\∼$30 fractions). 15 patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Chemotherapy (Mitomycin C 15 mg/squ, bolus injection day 1;5-FU, 750 mg/squ, 24hr infusion, day 1 to 5) and radiotherapy started the same day. A dose of 30 Gy was given to the tumor and to the pelvis including inguinal nodes, in 15 fractions. After 2 weeks a boost of radiotherapy(20 Gy) to the ano-perineal area and second cycle of chemotherapy completed the treatment. The overall 5-year survival rate was 56.2$ \% $. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy group was 70$ \% $ and surgery alone group was 16.7$ \% $. According to the cox proportional harzard model, there was significant difference between survival with concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgery alone(p=0.0129), but post-operative radiotherapy was 64.8$ \% $, which was not stastically significant(p=0.1412). In concurrent chemoradiotherapy group, the anal funtion Preservation rate was 87$ \% $ and the severe complication rate(grade 3 stenosis and incontinence) was 13.3$ \% $. In conclusion, we conclude that the concurrent chemoradiotherapy may be effective treatment modality in patients with anal cancer.

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Comparison of Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Adjuvant Chemotherapy Versus Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Alone in Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: a Meta-analysis of 793 Patients from 5 Randomized Controlled Trials

  • Liang, Zhong-Guo;Zhu, Xiao-Dong;Zhou, Zhi-Rui;Qu, Song;Du, You-Qin;Jiang, Yan-Ming
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5747-5752
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy compared with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone in the treatment of locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: The search strategy included Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet Web, Chinese Biomedical Database and Wanfang Database. We also searched reference lists of articles and the volumes of abstracts of scientific meetings. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma were included. Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.1.0. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system (GRADE) was used to rate the level of evidence. Results: Five studies were included. Risk ratios of 1.02 (95%CI 0.89-1.15), 0.93 (95%CI 0.72-1.21), 1.07 (95%CI 0.87-1.32), 0.95 (95%CI 0.80-1.13) were observed for 3 years overall survival, 5 years failure-free survival, 5 years locoregional failure-free survival and 5 years distant metastasis failure-free survival. There were no treatment-related deaths in both groups of five studies. Hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity were the most significant for patients during adjuvant chemotherapy. The level of evidence was low. Conclusion: Compared with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone, concurrent chemotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve prognosis. More toxicity was found during adjuvant chemotherapy.

Values of Three Different Preoperative Regimens in Comprehensive Treatment For Young Patients with Stage Ib2 Cervical Cancer

  • Zhao, Yi-Bing;Wang, Jin-Hua;Chen, Xiao-Xiang;Wu, Yu-Zhong;Wu, Qiang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1487-1489
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and intracavity brachytherapy in comprehensive treatment for young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer. Methods: One hundred and twelve young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer were enrolled retrospectively in our hospital from January 2003 to June 2005. They were categorized into three groups according to preoperative regimens, including the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (Group 1, n=38), the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Group 2, n=49), and the intracavity brachytherapy group (Group 3, n=25). Radical hysterectomy was performed following these regimens. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given according to pelvic lymph node metastasis, deep cervical stromal invasion, intravascular cancer emboli, histological grading, vaginal stump and positive surgical margin. Results: The cancer disappearance and superficial muscle invasion rates were statistically significantly better in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group than in the other two groups (P<0.01). No statistically significant difference was noted in the deep muscle invasion rate, surgical time and intraoperative blood loss among three groups, but significantly more postoperative complications occurred in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group. The 2-year pelvic recurrence was statistically significantly lower in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group compared to other two groups, while the 5-year survival was higher. Conclusion: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is efficacious for young patients with stage Ib2 cervical cancer.

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (비인강암의 동시 항암화학방사선치료)

  • Chung, Eun-Ji;Kim, Yong-Tai;Hong, Hyun-Jun;Hong, Won-Pyo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 2008
  • Purpose:This is a retrospective study to evaluate the results of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Material and Methods:From Mar 2000 to June 2005, 18 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma completed planned concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Stages were I in 1 patients, II in 2 patients, III in 7 patients and IV in 8 patients. Pathologic type was squamous cell carcinoma(WHO type 1) in 2 patients, non-keratinizing type(WHO type 2) in 8 patients and undifferetiated carcinoma(WHO type 3) in 8 patients. The follow up period ranged from 30 months to 95 months with a median of 56 months. Follow up was possible in all patients. Results:Response to concurrent chemoradiation therapy was a complete response in all patients. Patterns of failure were as follows:local recurrence in only one patient(5.6%) and distant metastases in three patients with N3 diseases(16.7%). The overall 5 year survival rates were 88.5%, the 5 year disease free survival rate was 77% and these were very good results. There were no significant differences in the local control and survival rates between the clinical stages and pathologic types. Conclusion:The outcome of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy was very good, even though most of the patients(15/18=83.3%) were in stage III and IV diseases. We concluded that concurrrent chemoradiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma showed the good local control and survival rates without significant complications. In the patients with N3 disease, we have to consider the more effective and strong chemotherapeutic regimens to prevent distant metastases.

Early Result of Surgical Resection after Pre-Operative Concurrent chemoradiotherapy for N2-Positive Stage IIIA NSCLC (N2 종격동 림프절 전이가 있는 제 III A 병기 비소세포폐암에 있어 수술전 동시화학방사선요법 후 폐적출술의 조기 성적)

  • 차대원;김진국;심영목;김관민;박근칠;안용찬
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.662-668
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    • 2000
  • Background: Many recent results of clinical trials show that pre-operative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgical resection could increase the survival of N2 positive stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. This study was performed to assess the feasibility, toxicity, and affect rates of concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgical resection in N2 positive stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. Material and Method: Thirty-one patients who underwent preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy for N2 positive stage IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer from May 1997 to April 1999 were entered into the study. Mean age was 61 yrs(43∼70 yrs), There were 24 men and 7 women. The confirmation of N2 disease were achieved through mediastinoscopic biopsy(24) and CT scans(7). Induction was achieved by two cycles of cisplatin and etoposide(EP) plus concurrent chest radiotherapy to 45 Gy. Resections were done at 3 weeks after the complection of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Resections were performed in 23 patients, excluding 5 refusals and 3 distant metastasis. Result: All patients were compled the thoracic radiotherapy except one who had distant metastasis. Twenty three patients were completed the planned 2 cycles of EP chemotherapy, and 8 patients were received only 1 cycle for severe side effects(6), refusal(1), and distant metastasis(1). There was one postoperative mortality, and the cause of death was ARDS. Three patients who had neutropenic fever and one patient who had radiation pneumonitis were required admission and treatment. Esophagitis was the most common acute side effect, but relatively well-tolerated in most patients. The complection rate of concurrent chemoradiotherapy was 74%, resection rate was 71%, pathologic complete remission rate was 13.6%, and pathologic down-staging rate was 68%. Conclusion: Morbidity related to each treatment was acceptable and many of the patients have benefited down staging of its disease. Further prospective, preferably randomized, clinical trials of larger scale may be warranted to confirm the actual benefit of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgical resection in N2-positive stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer.

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Definitive Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Cervical Cancer - a University of Malaya Medical Centre Experience

  • Zamaniah, W.I. Wan;Mastura, M.Y.;Phua, C.E.;Adlinda, A.;Marniza, S.;Rozita, A.M.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8987-8992
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    • 2014
  • Background: The efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer is well established. We aimed to investigate the long-term efficacy of definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer in the University of Malaya Medical Centre. Materials and Methods: A cohort of 60 patients with FIGO stage IB2-IVA cervical cancer who were treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin followed by intracavitary brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) boost between November 2001 and May 2008 were analysed. Patients were initially treated with weekly intravenous cisplatin ($40mg/m^2$) concurrent with daily EBRT to pelvis of 45-50Gy followed by low dose rate brachytherapy or EBRT boost to tumour. Local control rate, progression free survival, overall survival and treatment related toxicities graded by the RTOG criteria were evaluated. Results: The mean age was 56. At the median follow-up of 72 months, the estimated 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) (median PFS 39 months) and the 5-year overall survival (OS) (median OS 51 months) were 48% and 50% respectively. The 5-year local control rate was 67.3%. Grade 3-4 late gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity occurred in 9.3% of patients. Conclusions: The 5-year PFS and the 5-year OS in this cohort were lower than in other institutions. More advanced stage at presentation, longer overall treatment time (OTT) of more than fifty-six days and lower total dose to point A were the potential factors contributing to a lower survival.

Gemcitabine-based Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Versus Chemotherapy Alone in Patients with Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

  • Wang, Bu-Hai;Cao, Wen-Miao;Yu, Jie;Wang, Xiao-Lei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2129-2132
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To explore improved treatment by retrospectively comparing survival time of gemcitabine-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (GemRT) versus chemotherapy (Gem) alone in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Methods: From January 2005 to June 2010, 56 patients with LAPC from Subei People's Hospital were treated either with Gem (n=21) or GemRT (n=35). Gem consisted of 4-6 cycles gemcitabine alone (1000 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, 15, 28-day a cycle). GemRT consisted of 50.4Gy/28F radiotherapy with concurrent 2 cycles of gemcitabine (1000 $mg/m^2$ on days of radiation 1, 8, 15, 21-day a cycle). Radiation was delivered to the gross tumor volume plus 1-1.5 cm by use of a three-dimensional conformal technique. The follow-up time was calculated from the time of diagnosis to the date of death or last contact. Kaplan-Meier methodology wes used to evaluate survival. Results: Patient characteristics were not significantly different between treatment groups. The disease control rate and the objective response rate of GemRT versus Gem was 97.1% vs 71.4%, 74.3% vs 38.1%. The overall survival (OS) was significantly better for GemRT compared to Gem (median 13 months versus 8 months; 51.4% versus 14.3% at 1 year, respectively). Conclusion: Radiation therapy at 50.4Gy with 2 concurrent cycles of gemcitabine results in favorable rates of OS. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy should be the first choice for patients with LAPC.

Intramural esophageal dissection after endoscopy: A case report in a hypopharyngeal cancer patient treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy

  • Park, Jae Hwi;Jeong, Sun Young;Song, Hyun Joo;Kim, Miok;Ko, Su Yeon
    • The Journal of Medicine and Life Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.21-24
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    • 2020
  • Intramural esophageal dissection is a rare disorder characterized by a separation of the mucosa and/or submucosa from deeper muscular layers of the esophagus, with or without perforation. Iatrogenic instrumentation such as endoscopy is one of the major causes of IED. We report a case of IED after endoscopy in a patient with hypopharyngeal cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and suggest that a history of chemoradiotherapy can be a risk factor of IED on endoscopy. In this case, chest computed tomography scans show not only typical esophageal double lumen but also eccentric esophageal wall thickening and abnormally thin the other side esophageal wall, and this CT finding may also be important to diagnose IED.

Concurrent Cisplatin and Radiotherapy in Refractory Patients to Induction Chemotherapy and Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer (유도항암요법에 반응치 않는 환자와 재발한 두경부암환자에서 Cisplatin과 방사선 동시치료)

  • Kim Hoon-Kyo;Kang Jin-Hyoung;Lee Kyung-Sik;Kim Dong-Jip;Chang Hong-Suk;Yoon Sei-Chul;Cho Seung-Ho;Sub Byung-Do
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.21-24
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    • 1992
  • In patients with locally advanced head and neck cancers who do not respond to induction chemotherapy and who have locoregional recurrence after local treatment subsequent radiotherapy alone does not have any additative effect. The theoretical rationale and promising clinical response of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with the head and neck cancers have been recently conducted Ten patients(9 stage IV, q stage III) were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy(radiotherapy start from day 1 of chemotherapy; cisplatin $100mg/m^2$ intravenously every 3 weeks for $3{\sim}4$ cycles on day 1.22 and 43..). Four patients achieved complete response(CR) and overall response rate was 80% (8/10). The major toxicities we re leukopenia (90%), nausea/vomiting(80%), stomatitis(80%) and peripheral neuropathy(30%). Most of these side effects were mild to moderate and reversible.

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Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Versus Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy with or without Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Meta-analysis of 1,096 Patients from 11 Randomized Controlled Trials

  • Liang, Zhong-Guo;Zhu, Xiao-Dong;Tan, Ai-Hua;Jiang, Yan-Ming;Qu, Song;Su, Fang;Xu, Guo-Zeng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.515-521
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (the treatment group) versus concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without adjuvant chemotherapy (the control group) for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: The search strategy included Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet Web, Chinese Biomedical Database and Wanfang Database. We also searched reference lists of articles and the volumes of abstracts of scientific meetings. All randomized controlled trials were included for a meta-analysis performed with RevMan 5.1.0. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system (GRADE) was used to rate the level of evidence. Results: Eleven studies were included. Risk ratios of 0.99 (95%CI 0.72-1.36), 0.37 (95%CI 0.20-0.69), 1.08 (95%CI 0.84-1.38), 0.98 (95%CI 0.75-1.27) were observed for 3 years overall survival, 3 years progression-free survival, 2 years loco-regional failure-free survival and 2 years distant metastasis failure-free survival. There were no treatment-related deaths in either group in the 11 studies. Risk ratios of 1.90 (95%CI 1.24-2.92), 2.67 (95%CI 0.64-11.1), 1.04 (95%CI 0.79-1.37), 0.98 (95%CI 0.27-3.52) were found for grade 3-4 leukopenia, grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia, grade 3-4 mucous membrane, and grade 3-4 hepatic hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity, the most significant toxicities for patients. Conclusion: Compared with the control group, induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy was well tolerated but could not significantly improve prognosis in terms of overall survival, loco-regional failure-free survival or distant metastasis failure-free survival.