• Title, Summary, Keyword: Competitive Advantage

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A theoretical study on Determinants of National Competitive Advantage (산업의 국제경쟁력 결정요인에 관한 이론적 관찰)

  • 이학헌;민성규
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 1995
  • What is the national competitive power\ulcorner What are the determinants of national competitive advantage\ulcorner In order to find these problems, this study was initiated theoretically through the international trade theory and international managerial strategic theory. The flow of studies, in connection with these competitive advantage, come into industries competitive advantage from national competitive advantage. It is understood that the flow of studies is based on the change of paradigm about the international industry environment. Today, the international industry environment has been changed into vigorous situation with the new trade system such as globalization, UR negotiation, WTO system instead of GATT. Among these environments, all enterprises in any industries should try to enhance their benefit, income profits and develop their management strategy, because it is essential for them to keep and make a profit in order to be competitive against all other rivaling enterprises. According to researchers and the ages of history, the concept and determinants of competitive advantage have been dissimiliar as followings. 1) Theory of absolute advantage : Absolute Product Cost. 2) Theory of comparative advantage : Comparative Product Cost. 3) Theory of reciprocal demand : the Reciprocal Demand Structure. 4) Theory of Hechsher-Ohlin : Factor Endowment. 5) Paradox of Leontief : the Quality of Factor Endowment. 6) Theory of technological gap : R & D. 7) Technological gap model : The Technological Gap. 8) Theory of the product life cycle : Product Life Cycle. 9) Christensen's study : Firm's character & manager's character. 10) Monopolistic Advantage Theories : Monopolistic Advantage 11) Electic theory : Ownership, location and internalization specific advantages. 12) Theory of value chain : Cost advantage, Differentiation, Focus. However all these theories have the limit of illustration regarding today's competitive situation, the Porter's theory shows well the determinants of competitive advantage with competitive strategy. Therefore, the analysis of the competitive advantage for maritime industry should be studied by the determinants of competitive advantage of nations

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Competitive Advantage Achievement through Customer Relationship Management Dimensions

  • ALQERSHI, Nagwan;ISMAIL, Abdussalaam I.;ABUALREJAL, Hussein;SALAHUDIN, Shahrul N.
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This paper aims to examine the interaction effect of customers relationship management (CRM) on the competitive advantage (CA) of small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs) in Yemen. Research design, data and methodology: This study applied a quantitative approach in dealing with the interaction effect of CRM dimensions and SMEs' competitive advantage in Yemen. The research uses a sample of 247 manufacturing SMEs surveyed in Yemen. Results: The results indicate that only three dimensions of CRM, namely (TCM), (KM) and (CRMO), have a significant effect on SMEs' competitive advantage, but not that between (KCF) and SMEs' competitive advantage. Conclusions: The findings of this study offer important insights for owners and managers of SMEs, researchers and policymakers to further understand the effects of CRM on SMEs' competitive advantage. SMEs should also be encouraged to develop their CRM to improve their competitive advantage. Lastly, this study makes several contributions to the literature, the first of which is the provision of evidence concerning the major role of CRM as a dependent variable and competitive advantage as an independent variable. The second contribution pertains to its pioneering status in examining the direct relationship between CRM dimensions and the competitive advantage of SMEs in a Middle Eastern country.

A Study on the Information Technology and Competition Strategy - Focused on Continuous Competitive Advantage - (정보기술(IT)과 경쟁전략에 관한 연구 -지속적 경쟁우위와의 관련을 중심으로-)

  • Lim, Sang-Hyeok
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.15-31
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    • 2006
  • There is no overdoing of enforcement of the importance of strategical mind which indicates future direction when management environment around organizations are variously changing. This document describers preceding and comparison research about competition strategy, competitive advantage and IT centered on organizations' common issue "Guarantee of Continuous Competitive Advantage" and researched various factors to determined if Information Technology is functioning properly through the cases of excellent organizations operating continuous competitive advantage Continuous competitive advantage's source is evaluating positively about resource based view which is described by innovation of business process. However, reality of operating continuous competitive advantage with difficult imitation of business process' "Time" "Complexity" is insufficient. Confirm how continuous competitive advantage is operated in reality by accepting easy application of "Simple Concise" business process. Confirm existence of information technology capability creating difficult imitation is functioning as a source of continuous competitive advantage, not Information Technology resource supporting business process.

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Socio-Economic Factors and Rural Competitive Advantage: The Moderating Role of Economic Literacy

  • RUSTANTONO, Hendra;SOETJIPTO, Budi Eko;WAHJOEDI, Wahjoedi;SUNARYANTO, Sunaryanto
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.151-159
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to determine the factors influencing the community behavior in improving competitive rural tourism as well as understanding the role of economic literacy in mediating socio-economic indicators and rural competitive advantage. This research followed an explanatory research to examine the relationship between variables including socio-economic variables and rural tourism competitive advantage. The data was gathered by conducting observations and interviews with tourism businesses, stakeholders, and the local village government, and related agencies as respondents. Furthermore, the data were analyzed following inductive and descriptive statistics. The findings indicated that, from all variables used, solely the environmental impact variable did not affect economic literacy and the competitive advantage of rural tourism. The moderating variables showed that the economic literacy mediates the economic impact on rural tourism competitive advantage. In addition, socio-cultural impacts on rural competitive advantage tourism, and the stakeholder involvement affects rural competitive advantage tourism. However, economic literacy failed in mediating between environmental impacts on rural competitive advantage tourism. This is due to the increasing understanding of the economy of the community around the tourist attractions it will increase the business around the tourist attractions that have an impact on environmental damage around the tourist attractions.

A Study on the Competitive Advantage of the First Mover and Evaluation in Korean Mobile Communication Market: Focused on Competitive forces model of Porter (이동통신 시장 포화상태에 따른 평가와 경쟁우위 확보에 관한 연구: Porter의 경쟁세력모델을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Eun-Jae;Shim, Wan-Seop
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.35-54
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    • 2005
  • The rapid growth of wide Korean Mobile Communication Market in recent years. in order for Korean Mobile Communication Market to be Successful, it must have a Competitive Advantage. But as of yet, there virtually no such strategies. Hitting upon this situation, this study intends to discover the Competitive Advantage in Korean Mobile Communication Market The Purpose of this paper Investigates Competitive Advantage that Evaluation in Korean Mobile Communication Market. Especially, we Focused on Competitive forces model of Porter. Consequently, the study results show that Competitive Advantage like M-commerce, CS and high technology product in Korean Mobile Communication Market.

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An Exploratory Study on the Relationship between Firm Capabilities, Competitive Strategies and Competitive Advantage of Mobile Telecommunication Services (이동통신서비스의 기업능력, 경쟁전략 및 경쟁우위의 영향관계에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim Moon-Koo;Park Jong-Hyun;Park Myeong-Cheol
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.235-252
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    • 2004
  • Recently domestic mobile carriers have been engaged in heated battles for survival as the market is now rapidly approaching its maturity phase. and the launch of 3G service combined with the introduction of mobile number portability is dramatically reshaping the market landscape. The mobile carriers may have to create and maintain their competitive advantage based on their core capabilities and differentiated strategies. which will lead continuous survival and profits of the firm. This paper investigated competitiveness factors among mobile carriers. and analyzed the relationships of firm capabilities. competitive strategies and competitive advantage. We found that core capabilities and competitive strategies affecting competitive advantage are different from each carrier. Finally. we discussed strategic implications for carriers to increase their competitiveness.

The Effects of Dynamic Capabilities, Entrepreneurial Creativity and Ambidextrous Innovation on Firm's Competitiveness

  • SIJABAT, Eduard Alfian Syamsya;NIMRAN, Umar;UTAMI, Hamidah Nayati;PRASETYA, Arik
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.711-721
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    • 2021
  • A firm's competitive advantage generating from empowering its dynamic capabilities is very important for established companies and new business ventures in facing intense competition and in responding to unanticipated environmental changes. This study aims to investigate the relationship between dynamic capabilities of a new business venture and its competitive advantage and the effect of entrepreneurial creativity and ambidextrous innovation mediation on the relationship between dynamic capabilities and the competitive advantage of a new business venture. Data was collected using an online survey from 143 new Indonesian shipping agency companies that spread over two-thirds of Indonesia's territory and was analyzed using structural equations modeling (SEM). The results showed that the dynamic capabilities of new business ventures are positively associated with competitive advantage but not significantly. This result indicates that empowering a new business venture's dynamic capability is not sufficient to generate a competitive advantage. However, a new business venture's dynamic capability is significantly and positively associated with the competitive advantage when mediated by entrepreneurial creativity and ambidextrous innovation. The findings of this study suggest that the competitive advantage of a new business venture can be gained from empowering a firm's dynamic capabilities through mediating entrepreneurial creativity and ambidextrous innovation in facing intense competition and in responding to unanticipated environmental changes.

The Effect of Organization Culture and Leadership on Competitive Advantage in Food Service Companies (외식기업 문화와 리더십이 경쟁 우위에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Taek-Yong;Heo, Jun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.415-426
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    • 2008
  • In order to cope with the severe business environment and possess the competitive advantage in the food service industry, the effect of organization culture and leadership on competitive advantage in food service companies was investigated. The friendly culture was regarded as important in relation between corporate culture and leadership. And the tendency to participate was shown to be highly correlated to leadership. Leadership and competitive advantage were influenced by the tendency to participate, differentiation and competence. The corporate culture and competitive advantage were affected by the friendly culture, differentiation and competence. Especially, the organization culture was more important than leadership. Therefore, it is necessary to execute the tendency to participate, differentiate products, service and management, and attract customers. And the maintenance of competitive power is required to develop a new product, evaluate customer satisfaction, and improve decision making, problem solving and crisis management.

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Identifying the Relationship between Total Quality Management and Sustainable Competitive Advantage from the Construction Industry Perspective

  • Hwang, Bon-Gang;Huh, Young-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.199-207
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    • 2008
  • While it Is well-known that Total duality Management (TQM) can generate and sustain competitive advantage, its process and components have not been clearly identified for the construction industry. This paper aims first to enhance the understanding of TQM Content and Process. Then, drawing various seminal works on TQM and an application of market-based and resource-based theory, a consolidated model identifying the relationship among TQM principles and gaining a sustainable competitive advantage is proposed. Finally, the influence of TQM on sustainable competitive advantage of construction organizations is discussed, thereby interpreting the proposed model. Recognition of TQM's influence will be a starting point, enabling the construction industry to sustain their competitive advantage in the highly competitive global construction market.

Ambidextrous Innovation in Mediating Entrepreneurial Creativity on Firm Performance and Competitive Advantage

  • SIJABAT, Eduard Alfian Syamsya;NIMRAN, Umar;UTAMI, Hamidah Nayati;PRASETYA, Arik
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.11
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    • pp.737-746
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    • 2020
  • A new business venture faces intense competition in a dynamic environment. To survive, new business ventures and established companies both need to generate creativity and significant new ventures to be highly competitive and have high levels of performance. In this study, we examined new business ventures that determined their competitiveness and performance generated from entrepreneurial creativity and mediated by ambidextrous innovation. This research used survey data collected from 143 Indonesian's new business shipping agencies, which was collected using an online survey and analyzed through structural equation modeling. The results showed that entrepreneurial creativity in new business ventures is positively associated with competitive advantage but not significant to create a competitive advantage. In contrast, entrepreneurial creativity is positively associated with firm performance. This result indicates that efforts to generate entrepreneurial creativity are not sufficient to create a competitive advantage despite having a significant influence on firm performance. However, entrepreneurial creativity is significantly and positively associated with firm performance and competitive advantage when mediated by ambidextrous innovation. The findings of this study suggest that the competitive advantage of a new business venture in facing intense competition in a dynamic environment condition can be overcome by generating strategic action in the form of entrepreneurial creativity and ambidextrous innovation.