• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Involvement

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The Effect of Child Rearing Behavior and Child Rearing Involvement on Children's Stress (아동의 스트레스에 대한 어머니, 아버지의 양육행동 및 양육참여도 영향분석)

  • Jang, Young-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of child rearing behavior and child rearing involvement on elementary school children's stress. The subjects were 201 children selected from 2 elementary schools and their parents. Data was collected using the children's stress index, the child rearing behavior questionnaire, and the child rearing involvement questionnaire, and was statistically analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA (Duncan test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were some significant differences in children's stress according to the child's gender, grade, and scholastic achievement. Correlation analysis indicated that the child's stress and the mother's child rearing behavior had significant correlation, especially the warmth acceptance behavior of the mother indicated negative high correlation. Also, the child's stress and father's child rearing behavior had significant correlation, especially the rejection restriction behavior of the father indicated positive high correlation. Correlation analysis indicated that the child's stress and the mother's child rearing involvement had significant correlation, especially the family activities involvement of the mother indicated negative high correlation. As well, the child's stress and the father's child rearing involvement had significant correlation, especially the day to day guidance involvement of the father indicated negative high correlation. It was also found that rejection restriction behavior of the father, permissiveness non-intervention behavior of the father, day to day guidance involvement of the father, family activities involvement of the father, and warmth acceptance behavior of the mother were all significant predictors of the elementary school child's stress.

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Effects of Paternal Parenting Behaviors, Child-Rearing Involvement, and Father-Child Communication Perceived by Children on Their Leadership (아버지의 양육행동, 양육참여도, 아동이 지각한 아버지-자녀 간 의사소통이 아동의 리더십에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Young Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.617-632
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effects of paternal parenting behaviors, child-rearing involvement, and father-child communication perceived by children on their leadership. A total of 197 children selected from three elementary schools and their fathers participated in this study. Data were collected using a parenting behavior index, a child-rearing involvement inventory, a father-child communication inventory, and a children's leadership index and statistically analyzed using the t-test, a one-way ANOVA ($Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test), and a multiple regression analysis. The results show significant differences in children's leadership according to the father's education level, family income, the father's warmth/acceptance, the father's family activity involvement, and open/problematic communication between the father and the child. The child's age, the father's education level, family income, the father's warmth/acceptance, open communication, and problematic communication were significant predictors of the child's leadership. These results suggest that a child's leadership may be strengthened if the father is warmer and more accepting and has open communication with the child.

A Study of Consumer Characteristics and Climate-friendly Food Consumption Behavior Classified by Food-Related Lifestyle (식품관련 라이프 스타일에 따른 소비자유형별 특성과 기후친화적 식품소비행동 분석)

  • Park, Myungeun;You, Soye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.351-369
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    • 2016
  • Individual lifestyle and eating habits have changed rapidly due to the evolution of society. Especially, climate change caused by industrialization has influenced society, with the result that today's consumers perceive sustainability to be an important value. The purposes of this study were to segment consumers on the basis of their food-related lifestyle and to explore climate-friendly food consumption behavior by considering factors such as moral intensity, propensity for disgust with meat as well as consumer characteristics. The results of this study were as follows: first, consumers were segmented into three groups(high involvement, low involvement, convenience oriented). Consumers in the high involvement group presented a higher level of moral intensity and climate-friendly food consumption behavior than the other groups. Furthermore, factors influencing the selection of climate-friendly food were found to differ according to the type of consumer. Consumers in the high involvement group were found to be significantly influenced by age, concentration of effect, the morality of eating meat and meat texture, while consumers in the low involvement were found to be significantly influenced by social consensus and the morality of eating meat. Finally, consumers in the convenience oriented group for food life were found to be significantly influenced by age, harm perception, and the morality of eating meat.

Disaster Handling through Volunteering and Charitable Donation: The Roles of South Korean Telethon, Involvement, and Collective-Efficacy

  • Jin, Bumsub
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.203-216
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    • 2014
  • This study examined whether South Koreans' philanthropic behaviors were related to the factors of two theoretical frameworks. From the involvement perspective, the study argued that three types of involvement with a telethon may be linked to volunteering and charitable donation behaviors. At the collective level, collective-efficacy may also be related to such behaviors. The study asked 279 South Koreans to respond to a Web survey that used convenience sampling. Results found that after controlling for demographics and past volunteer experiences, cognitive and behavioral involvement and collective-efficacy were positively related to volunteering behaviors, but affective involvement was not related. Moreover, only behavioral involvement and collective-efficacy were positively related to charitable donation. These results suggest that researchers and practitioners for volunteering resources need to use effective programs and contents for such behaviors in order to enhance involvement and level of collective-efficacy among community members in times of disaster.

An Impact Analysis of Rural Residents' competence in Expansion of Participation of Rural Development Projects (농촌주민의 역량이 농촌개발의 참여확대에 미치는 영향분석)

  • Koh, Jin Young;Kim, Jee Yong;Yang, Min ho;Kim, Myung Il;Kim, Ki Sung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2018
  • This study is aims to voluntary participation in rural development projects, voluntary participation by analyzing the individual competence factors, how the what and how much influence affect the continued involvement and participation as a concept of strengthening community capacity the plan for it to present. The results of survey, through factor analysis and reliability analysis for extracting the components of individual competence areas and life satisfaction, self acting capacity, was extracted with recognized competence, was the factor analysis and reliability analysis for ongoing involvement and participation. Personal competence was a multiple regression analysis, the participation of three elements as independent variables as dependent variables to evaluate the impact of continuing involvement, and the resulting Regional and life satisfaction (${\beta}=0.301$) have the greatest impact It showed. In addition, regional analysis and life satisfaction (${\beta}=0.247$) on the impact of enlargement on the individual capabilities showed the highest participation. The elements of local life satisfaction and personal competencies exerts the greatest influence on the continued involvement and participation in the study was obtained. It based on the results in rural development for the voluntary participation and participation of the population should be considered with a plan to enhance the regional and life satisfaction, "the software business, which is carried out in rural areas developed for them by local residents the measures to increase life satisfaction will be provided.

Learning-related Skills and Academic Abilities of Young Children: The Moderating Effects of Their Mothers' Involvement (저소득.일반가정 유아의 학습관련 기술과 초기학습능력: 어머니 교육참여의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Young-Hee;Park, Ji-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the effects of young children's learning-related skills and the maternal involvement on academic abilities. The sample consisted of 310 children from 7 child-care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. All variables were measured by the teachers and the mothers of surveyed children. The instrument included the Korean Child Development Inventory(K-CDI) for 4 to 6-year olds and Preschool Learning Behavior Scale(McDermott et al 2000) and the questionnaire on mother's involvement about their children's education. The collected data was analyzed by t-test and hierarchical regression using the SPSS Program. The findings are as follows. First, regardless of the family income level, verbal comprehension and numerical abilities were positively associated with their learning-related skills of young children. Second, the interaction effect of learning-related skills and the mothers' involvement on verbal comprehension of young children in the low-income families was observed. However, no interaction effect was seen in terms of learning-related skills and the maternal involvement on verbal comprehension and numerical abilities of young children in the high-income families. These findings highlight the importance of learning-related skills and their mothers' involvement during the preschool period for the low-income family in improving the early academic achievement.

Preferences for Retirement Communities and Consumer Involvement (실버타운선호도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 - 관여도를 중심으로 -)

  • So Youn-Kyung;Hur Sun-Koo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the impacts of consumers' demographic characteristics on their involvement in retired communities, under the assumption that consumers' involvement in retired communities would be a preceding factor of the consumers' preferences for retired communities. One of the major findings of this study was that there were statistically significant differences in the involvement in retired communities by several demographic variables such as age, gender, level of education, income, total family asset, consumer values, and pursuit of happiness. Second, such involvement was strongly correlated with consumer preferences. Third, the community management styles, such as sales and rental conditions, significantly influenced consumers' level of preference. The results from this study could provide useful information not only for understanding the residents of retired communities, buffer enhancing the welfare of residents of retired communities.

Future Residents' Opinions about Architectural Features and Development Strategies for the University-Based Retirement Community (대학 연계형 은퇴주거단지의 건축적 특성과 개발전략에 대한 잠재 수요자의 의견 분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Hee;Kim, Suk-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2015
  • This study emphasizes a new senior housing type which can provide individual housing units and common facilities for retirees, particularly who will be retired from universities. It is called a university-based retirement community. This study conducted a questionnaire survey to investigate future residents' needs for architectural environments that included housing types, common facility features, and proximity, and also development methods in response to the university involvement levels. The survey questionnaire was administered in one national university in Korea. A total of 214 responses were valid for statistical analyses. Major findings are as follows: Over 65% of the respondents were willing to live in the university-based retirement community. Regarding the location of the community, they responded the community would not need to be located on campus. Preferred common facilities in the UBRC were indoor fitness centers, the shuttle bus stops connecting to the adjacent areas, and bath and sauna facilities. The respondents emphasized university's contribution toward offering educational programs for UBRC residents. Lastly, their responses to the university role and involvement in the development and construction process were identified. This study results are expected to provide essential information for facilitating the Korean model of university-based retirement communities in the future.

Satisfaction of Elementary Students Eating School Lunch; Association with Level of Involvement in School Lunch Service (초등학생의 학교급식 관여도와 만족도의 관계분석)

  • Yoon Jihyun;Choo Yun Jeong;Chung Sang-Jin;Ryu Si Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.668-676
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the students' levels of involvement in school lunch service and their satisfaction levels with the service. A survey was conducted with $5^{th}\;and\;6^{th}$ grade elementary students eating school lunches. Out of 1,680 questionnaires distributed to the students from 14 schools, 1,254 complete questionnaires $(74.6\%)$ were analyzed. The questionnaire included two 5-point multi-item scales for measuring levels of involvement in and satisfaction with school lunch service, respectively. A factor analysis grouped 20 items measuring school lunch satisfaction into three factors: 'food satisfaction', 'nutrition & sanitation satisfaction', and 'service & environment satisfaction'. As a result of multiple regression analyses controlling the influence of such variables as students' grades, gender, school location, years and places of eating school lunches, students' levels of involvement in school lunch service was proven to be positively associated with levels of school lunch satisfaction overall, as well as satisfaction levels in regard to 'food', 'nutrition & sanitation', and 'service & environment', respectively. It was suggested that efforts such as nutrition education to increase students' levels of involvement in school lunches could be a useful strategy to improve students' satisfaction with school lunch service.

Impact of Community Attachment and Resident's Support on Destination Sustainability: Evidence from Spiritual and Community Destination in Vietnam

  • THAN, Trong Thuy;KIEU, Thi Phuong Hoa;PHAM, Thi Anh Duong;HOANG, Thi Cam Van;TRAN, Thi Hau;NGUYEN, Huu Doan;DAO, Trung Kien
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.361-369
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    • 2020
  • This study investigates the influence of community involvement on the destination sustainability for community destinations and spiritual destinations in Vietnam. Community involvement is measured by two constructs, which are community attachment and residents' support. A structural questionnaire consisting of 41 observation variables measured on a 5-point Likert scale was used to survey households who live in a spiritual destination in An Giang province and three community destinations in Lang Son province with the help of local tour guides and Youth Union. 168 out of 200 responses collected were valid for multivariate data analysis. The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) reveal three main findings. Firstly, community attachment has a direct effect on both perceived benefits and destination sustainability. Secondly, while residents' support has a direct effect on perceived benefits, it indirectly affects destination sustainability. Finally, community destinations have a higher level of sustainability than the spiritual destination. Based on those findings, this study proposed three suggestions for local authorities, policymakers, and residents to improve the sustainable development of their local tourism destinations, including (1) diversifying local tourism products, (2) encouraging the community participation in tourism development programs, and (3) increasing in the expected benefits in local tourism development policies.