• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Development

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A Comparative Study on Community Attachment between Rural and Urban Communities in Korea (농촌과 도시지역 주민간 지역사회 친밀도 비교 연구)

  • Park, Kyong-Cheol;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study were to compare the community attachment between rural and urban communities, and suggest directions for community development plans of rural and urban communities in Korea. The data for this study were collected from two communities(n=285), one from Gochang representing rural community, located in Jeonbuk province(n=142), and the other from Suwon city representing urban community located in Gyunggi province(n=143), utilizing questionnaire. The major finding of this study were as follows; 1) Community attachment was significantly higher in community than in urban community, and the linear development model was more appropriate to explain the results of the study. 2) Community attachment appeared to be significantly related to social bonds, community participation, social trust, community economical activities, and social and cultural environment. 3)In general, determinants such as number of acquaintances, price of cultural heritages of residence, trust for local government, good traffic environment, job satisfaction, etc. explained 55.5% in rural and urban communities.

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A Study on the Balance of Regional Development and Policy Tasks for Rural community Development (지역균형 발전과 농촌 지역사회개발정책)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.233-246
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    • 1996
  • Reviewing the meaning aid task of balance of regional development, this papa examines the causes of the underdevelopment of rural areas in relation to the urbanization process, probes the concept, principle and necessity of rural community development, and suggests the policy tasks for rural community development in the perspective of regionally balanced development. Since 1960's, Korea has pursued a growth-oriented economic policy. The focus on the aggregated growth, however, has resulted bo invite some regional disparity problems. In the process of development, regional disparity problems were quite a large rural areas compared with urban areas relatively. The under-development of rural areas is deeply correlated with the overcrowding (or overconcentration) phenomena of urban(or metropolitan) areas. The urban-biased policy is the primary cause of the deepening regional imbalance structure between urban and rural areas. The inter-regions equitable and well-balanced development is one of the national policy issues by which the government is confronted, since the issue is closely related with national quality of life. Main three policy tasks for rural community development were 'the new paradigm of development policy' , 'local-oriented policy' and 'human-oriented policy'.

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Rural Community Development and Policy Challenges in South Korea (한국 농촌지역개발과 정책과제)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Yoon, Yoo-Shik;Lee, Min-Soo
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.600-617
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    • 2008
  • Current rural development polices in Korea consist of three programs, namely: integrated rural community development, rural tourism development, and community based industry development. Within these areas, national and local policies have often concentrated on trying to encourage ‘bottom-up’ development revolving around the commodification of cultural or amenity resources. In important ways, the three categories of rural development programs are more of a community development program than an economic development program. In Korea, it is true to say that governmental decisionmaking is slowly being influenced in terms of community, self-reliance and self-help, which are gradually creeping into the discussion on rural development. I suggest that the planning process itself had to include broad public participation and partnership and bottom-up approaches, not merely the product of a planning office or consulting firm.

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A study on the Social Consciousness Education Approach to Rural Community Development movement (농촌지역사회개발 운동의 사회의식화 교육적 접근)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 1997
  • This paper reviews the concept and limits of rural community development, examines the relation between consciousness education and movement, and suggests the model of social consciousness education to rural community movement. Since consciousness education is closely related to social movement methodologically, organizational and systematic community development movements for re-structuring the urban-oreiented policies and education which back up them be followed as natural consequence. Based upon the results of this study, the new paradigm is suggested. As shown in the model, new understanding of urban-rural continuum theory, new roles and concept of social consciousness education should be emphasized to solve the contemporary rural community problems. The organizational community development movement for the rural-oriented policy should be an essential process, and peoples' re-orientation, such as 'breaking stereotype', 'assumming a critical thinking toward social reality' etc., is the indispensible background of successful movement.

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A Review on Current Studies on Community Attachment and Its Related Variables (지역사회 친밀도의 최근 연구와 관련변인 고찰)

  • Park, Kyong-Cheol;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to review the current studies on community attachment and its related variables to suggest directions for community attachment studies in Korea. Specific objectives of the study were to search the current studies on community attachment, to search for the significant variables related to community attachment, and to draw implications for community development in Korea. The major findings of the study were as follows; 1) Current studies on community attachment used individual characteristic variables such as length of residence in the community, age, size of population and density as major independent variables. 2) Studies on community attachment used community participation, social and cultural environment as major dependent variables, however, both independent variables and dependent variables were used interchangeably in many cases. 3) Recent studied on community attachment employed community economic and cultural variables, however, studies on community attachment in Korea was relatively limited in terms of quantity as well as quality. 4) Further research on community attachment should be conducted by utilizing various independent and dependent variables in various communities to increase the community attachment in rural and urban communities to further strengthen community development in Korea.

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Vegetation Structure of Hyeonchang Wetland and its Watershed in Nakdong-gang (낙동강 현창늪과 주변 분수계의 식생 구조)

  • Oh, Kyung-hwan;Son, Sung-Gon;Lee, Pal-Hong;Kim, Cheol-Soo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2003
  • Vegetation structure was investigated in the Hyeonchang wetland and its watershed around the Nakdong-gang, Changryeong-county, Gyeongsangnamdo, Korea. from May to August, 2001. The vegetation type of the Hyeonchang wetland was classified into 12 communities based on the actual vegetation map: Phragmites communis community, Zizania latifolia community, Phragmites communis - Persicaria perfoliata community, Salix koreensis community, Persicaria perfoliata - Phragmites communis community, Spirodela polyrhiza community, Persicaria perfoliata community, Cyperus amuricus community, Cyperus amuricus-EchinochJoa crus-galli var. frumentacea community, Phragmites communis-Zizania latifolia community, EchinochJoa crus-galli var. frumentacea community, and Persicaria maackiana community. Among them, Phragmites communis community was the largest (4.3 ha, 24%). The dominant vegetation type were Phragmites communis community, Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea-Persicaria maackiana community, and Cyperus amuricus subcommunity based on the phytosociological method. The vegetation type of the Hyeonchang wetland watershed was classified into five communities based on the actual vegetation map: Pinus densilflora community, Pinus rigida community, Pinus densiflora-Quercus acutissima community, Pinus densiflora-Larix gmelini var. principis-ruprechtii community, and Populus tomentiglandulosa community. Among them, Distribution area of Pinus densiflora community was largest (399.3 ha, 61.8%). And the degree of green naturality of the Pinus densiflora community was 7 and 8 degree.

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Keeping A Community Sustainable: Development of Affordable Housing for the Elderly in Nonmetropolitan Areas

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Architectural research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2010
  • Affordable housing has been a critical issue in the face of global economy and notably formulated a crucial agenda of the housing policy. While each local government seriously considers many approaches to providing affordable housing, a unique and innovative way to address it at a community level is fully uncovered, particularly nonmetropolitan areas where resources for economic development are limited and vulnerable. The purpose of this study is to examine the mechanism of the provision of affordable housing for the elderly in nonmetropolitan areas. In doing so, this research investigates the housing development and delineates it as one viable solution that stimulates local communities. The affordable housing development, as a viable option to spur local development and vibrate community, is closely reviewed, and the factors to make it feasible are drawn. The findings indicate that it is widely recognized that keeping the elderly in the community positively contributes to maintaining a sustainable community. In fact, the idea of affordable housing development for middle-class elderly people is brought by one inspired long-time resident, and it is expedited by the consensus and cohesion of local community. The development stimulates local businesses in relation to housing, and all homes sold by the elderly moving in the new housing are available for young families. Also, the presence of affordable housing for the elderly who are able to independently live is extended to a picture of aging-in-place at a broader level.

Strategies for Developing the Coastal Community-Based Resort Activating the Community Economy - Focused on the East Coastal Community in Kangwon-do - (지역경제 활성화를 위한 해안마을단위 리조트 개발방향 -강원 동해안 해안마을을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Sam-neung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.8-21
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to work out the strategies for developing the east coastal community-base resort activating the community economy. The results of this study were as follows; presented village unit resort development that secure unique community activity to seashore village inhabitants and offer natural rest space and recreation space to user for the idealest development direction. And presented space composition direction so that can develop nature rest ball such as nature walk road that introduce concept of "The street" in this resort development. Also, through belt style development, proposed resources between the seashore village that must share reciprocity.

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Rural Resident′s Community Life Satisfaction and Consciousness of Rural Community (농촌주민의 지역사회 만족도와 지역공동체 의식)

  • Cho Young Sook;Hwang Dae Yong;Park Eun Shik;Ko Jeong Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.113-125
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the evaluation of the rural resident's on their community at view of community life satisfaction. The specific purposes of this study were to identify the degrees of community life satisfaction, consciousness of rural community according to the individual variables. The data were gathered from 1,870 rural residents by the structured interview in the 187 communities sampled by multi-staged cluster stratified sampling method in November, 2003. The major findings of this study were as follows; first, the degree of the rural residents'community life satisfaction was generally low, especially the rural residents were dissatisfied with the opportunities of leisure and education environment in their communities, and by half were satisfied with housing environment. Second, as consciousness of rural community, the degree of rural resident's joining at community meeting was high, and openness to the outside residents' was high. third, the most important factor for consciousness of rural community were community organization, good neighbor. As result of this study, the following conclusion and recommend can be drawn. First, the level of rural resident's community life satisfaction is overall low. Especially it is needed policy efforts and priority investment for advancing satisfaction on leisure and education environment in rural community. Second, to foster rural resident's community consciousness, community orgaruzatlon Is first of all supported and activated. Through viability of these community organization, rural resident's participation in community welfare will be enhanced

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Vegetation Structure of Hwapo Wetland in Nakdong-gang (낙동강 화포습지의 식생 구조)

  • Oh, Kyung-hwan;Son, Sung-Gon;Lee, Pal-Hong;Kim, Cheol-Soo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2003
  • Vegetation structure was investigated in the Hwapo wetland around the Nakdong-gang, Gimhae-city, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea from May to August, 2001. The vegetation type was classified into 18 communities based on the actual vegetation map: Phragmites communis community, Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Salix nipponica community, Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea community, Zizania latiofolia community, Cyperus amuricus community, Spirodela polyrhiza community, Trapa japonica community, Phragmites communis-Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Salix nipponiaz-Misaznthus sacchariflorus community, Cyperus amuricus-Acorus calamus var. angustatus community, Salvinia natans community, Hydrilla verticillata-Spirodela polyrhiza community, Persiazria maackiana community, Trapa japonica-Salvinia natans community, Hydrilla verticillata community, Potamogeton crispus community, and Populus deltoides community. Among them, Phragmites communis community was the largest (34.9 ha, 29.53%). The dominant vegetation type was Persiazria hydropiper - Persicaria maackiana community based on the phytosociological method, and it was classified into four subcommunities: Phalaris arundinacea-Salix nipponica subcommunity, Miscanthus sacchariflorus subcommunity, Phragmites communis subcommunity, and Spirodela polyrhiza subcommunity, and Acorus calamus var. angustatus group belongs to Miscanthus sacchariflorus subcommunity.

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