• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Community Development

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지속가능한 지역사회개발의 개념과 접근과제 (Issues in the Concepts and Approaches of Sustainable Community Development)

  • 고순철
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.147-160
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    • 2002
  • Although the philosophy of sustainable community development does not give the cure-all solutions for the major problems faced in the communities, it is theoretically and practically recognized as a newly emerging paradigm toward community development theoretically and practically. However, more specific tasks and issues of sustainable community development remain unchallenged and descriptive statements. The main objective of this study was to find out the extensive community development practices through the review of current works in the area of sustainable community development indicator, local agenda 21 and the relative issues. The recommendations of this study were the following; 1) The sustainable community development indicators available in the community level should be selected. Also, how to integrate the objective condition and subjective perception in community development practices, and how to weigh the indicator item should be solved in order to compare and measure the implementation of community development works. 2) In relation to local agenda 21, how to secure the implementation mechanism is more important than the developing the local agenda 21. 3) The policies aimed to raise the resident's awareness, formation of community field, create community social capitals, and define strategies to the selective community development programs should be considered to make the philosophy of sustainable community development active in the field level.

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농촌 지역사회개발의 학습단계와 주민역량강화 -자립형 농촌공동체 만들기 사업을 중심으로- (Learning Phase and Capacity Building in the Rural Community Development - Focusing on the Independent Rural Community Creation Project -)

  • 김경희;오대민;정충섭
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2017
  • The community development program is a project to design to develop rural areas and to enhance the situation of rural community. Participation in community development is the key to promoting efficiency for community development. The purpose of this study was to discuss the result of application of learning phase for capacity building of community development. This study examined cases from rural area, using examples from eight communities that have been able to get people's participation. These examples suggest that the learning phases for rural communities include five important factors: sharing the perception, setting a goal, goal refinement, empowerment, vision setting. After completing the rural community development program, the result of each steps were analyzed. The result of this study contributes to knowledge about phase for capacity building in the community development and suggests ways to increase of effectiveness of rural development program and promote participation based on an understanding of a rural community development context.

지역사회개발론에 근거한 평생학습도시 사업 개선 방안 탐색 (A Study on the Methods of Improving the Lifelong Learning City Project Based on the Community Development Theory)

  • 양흥권
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.245-265
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    • 2008
  • The Lifelong Learning City Project has made quantitative expansion as well as qualitative growth since 2001 but the project has been criticized by academic scholars and field practitioners. The Lifelong Learning City Project is a national policy project which has been promoted by the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development and should be required to make production profits proportional to the amount of public finance. The Lifelong Learning City Project is a community development project intended to promote growth and progress by supporting the community in lifelong learning endeavors. Therefore, the community development theory could offer guidelines to the Lifelong Learning City Project. Based on this assumption, this study intends to investigate the Lifelong Learning City Project at the national, city, and county levels using the community development theory. The improvement methods of the Lifelong Learning City Project are role allotment between national and wide level projects supporting organizations, and the establishment of a system and a long term project policy. In addition, the project is to have a more systematic performance. It is to enhance opportunities for community members' participation, and practice in planning, performance of learning, and the proper performance in regard to the community conditions and specificity. The most important goal of the Lifelong Learning City Project is to support the empowerment of community members by making opportunity planning, practicing and sharing lifelong learning more accessible.

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지역사회개발과 사회교육을 위한 개발커뮤니케이션 접근 (Development Communication Approaches to Community Development and Adult Education)

  • 전은경;김성수
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.359-376
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    • 2000
  • The purposes of this exploratory study were to interrelate the scholastic discipline of the ‘development communication’ into ‘community development’ and ‘adult education’ in terms of interests, views and theoretical backgrounds of these fields of social sciences; and to draw some implications for developing scholastic interactions among these fields to pursue common social changes of human society. Development communications provide opportunities to set goals, to decide contents, and to utilize communication media in developmental efforts. Contemporary trends of development communication, community development and adult education are concerned with indigenous, two-way, bottom-up and people-centered communication from exogenous, one-way, top-down and institution-centered communication of the past. Multidisciplinary approaches to communication concepts and methodology may increase the potentials of community development and adult education in terms of efficiency and effectiveness. Some of the development communication approaches such as traditional and folk media approach. new media or ICT(information & communication technology) approach, participatory communication for development approach, communication support development approach and mass media approach may be applicable for community development and adult education. Better understanding on development communication approaches will be needed for the adult educators as well as community development practitioners.

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농촌 지역사회 주민역량이 지역사회 만족에 미치는 영향 - 지역사회 애착도의 조절효과 - (Factors of Community Capacity Influencing Rural Community Satisfaction - Moderating Effects of Community Attachment -)

  • 김두순;김성록;박덕병
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.279-293
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    • 2017
  • Community attachment is an important variable for affecting community satisfaction. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community satisfaction on rural community capacity. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects of the community attachment between community capacity and community satisfaction. Data were collected from 289 residents of rural villages through questionnaires. Results of a factor analysis yielded four dimensions of community capacity which are learning opportunity and technique, leadership, grasping problem, and community attitude. Results show that learning opportunity and community attitude among four dimensions of community capacities have significance for community satisfaction. And community attachment among community capacity factors has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that community attitude has an interactional effects with moderator. It was suggested that community attachment should be considered in rural community development policy.

미국 지방자치단체의 지역사회 경제개발 정책변화가 우리 나라 지역사회 경제개발에 주는 정책적 함의 (Community Economic Development Policy of the USA Local Governments and its Implication to Korean Local Community Economic Development)

  • 이성
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.377-390
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper was to draw implications for community economic development policies of Korean local governments by investigating the community economic development policies of the USA local governments. Those policies can be segmented to first wave(1950s-1970s), second wave(1980s), and third wave(1990s) of development policy. First two policies entailed some expense to community residents by providing low tax rates, tax abatement, tax reliefs, industrial revenue bonds, and direct state loans for potential companies. These policies brought ‘clawback’ and ‘drawbacks’ to the local residents. The third wave of community economic development policy includes capital market programs(predominantly government-financed loan programs and government support for predominantly privately financed loan or equity programs), providing information and education for small business in the communities, supporting small business by providing high technology and research, and export assistance-providing information/training opportunity how to export, sending trade missions, and export financing. Local government authorities in Korea should learn the community economic development policies administrated by the USA local governments so that they can avoid the potential try-and-errors in establishing, planning, and administrating their economic development policies.

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농촌지도, 농촌사회교육과 지역사회개발 (Agricultural Extension, Rural Adult Education and Community Development)

  • 정지웅
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.385-392
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    • 1997
  • This paper attempted to describe the relationships among agricultural extension, rural adult education and community development, which has developed as a disciplinary major (ag. extension in 1971, rural adult education in 1990 and community development in 1997) at the College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University. Reviewing the related literatures and observing the practical rural development in the Republic of Korea, conclusion was made in such a way that agricultural extension - rural adult education - community development be natural series of disciplinary development process as well as practical development in industrializing and urbanizing country like the Republic of Korea.

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농촌관광 마을주민 지역사회애착심 영향요인 분석 (Determinants Affecting Residents' Community Attachment in Rural Tourism Development)

  • 박덕병
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.247-262
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    • 2009
  • A concept of community attachment was applied to investigate the residents' support for tourism development. This study aims to identify the factors influencing conflict management and community attachment on community resident in rural tourism villages. On-site survey with self-administered questionnaires was conducted for 348 residents in the rural tourism communities. Two distinct segments were identified by factor-clustering methods: functional-affective community attachment(80.72%) and anti-community attachment(19.28%). The characteristics of community residents with each type of community attachment were determined using a Bionomial Logistic Regression model. The most important determinants of positive community attachment were the degree of tourism business involvement, sex, and education. Therefore, some government supportive programs are needed to improve community attachment for the people who are under educated and females. In addition, the functional aspects of community attachment should be considered for rural tourism development.

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농촌지역주민 공동체의식의 지역사회참여 영향요인 - 거주기간의 조절효과 - (Factors Influencing Community Participation: Moderating Effects on Length of Residency)

  • 박덕병;임광명;안재문
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.135-148
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    • 2018
  • Sense of community and length of residence are important variables influencing community participation. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community participation on sense of community. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects on the length of residency between sense of community and community participation. Data were collected from 130 usable questionnaires among residents of rural villages. Results of a factor analysis yielded three dimensions of sense of community which are solidarity, belonging, and emotional intimacy. Results show that all of factors among three dimensions of sense of community have significance for community participation. And length of residency has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that length of residence has an negative interactional effects with moderator. It means that even though higher belonging, less community participation if people live in longer their community. It was suggested that sense of community and length of residency should be considered in rural community development policy.

오오타 지구의 부흥·활성 협의회와 마을 자치회의 연계를 통한 지역 가꾸기 계획안 책정 방법이 지속적인 지역 가꾸기에 미친 효과 -일본 츄에츠 지진 피해지역 니가타 현, 나가오카 시, 지역부흥디자인책정지원사업 사례- (Effect that The way Making Community Development Plan by Rehabilitation Promotion Council and Village Together in Ota-District Affected Continuous Community Development -The Case of Revitalization Community Development Making Plan, which is Chuetu Earthquake Affected Area, in Nagaoka-city, Niigata-Prefecture, Japan-)

  • 김두환
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.89-106
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    • 2013
  • In this study, the effectiveness of the method for the promotion council to make rehabilitation community development plan with rural villages to continue community development is investigated in Ota-district, which is affected by chuetu earthquake. Initially, Ota-district made the acting contents of the plan based on the village's request, which is considered resident life and problems in village. Next, Ota-district made the vision of plan based on the acting contents. This plan procedure has been effective to compliment the village community facilities and running on village event, in addition to setting the village's community to continue to manage community facilities and event. As a result, this way has helped good management of village event using the facilities and interchanging among residents. Also, the use of acting contents by request of the promotion council and village's community, while respecting both, has been effective in that the promotion council assists the village event after the rehabilitation community development plan is finished.