• Title/Summary/Keyword: Community

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The community Sense in the Community and Social Capital (지역사회 개발과 사회자본과의 관계-지역공동체를 중심-)

  • 김남선
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • 2001.06a
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    • pp.5-46
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    • 2001
  • The community sense in the community is the important objectives and methods of Community Development. Community Development has been done effectively through improving the community sense in the community. It is necessary to find out what should lead th community sense in the community. It is community organizations that ate making the community sense in the community, and the community organization is more active by social capital. And the community organization is improving social capital. Therefore the relationship between community organization and social capital is very significant, and the more social capital is high by community organization, the more the community sense in the community is high. Therefore if the community organization is more active, the community sense and social capital in the community are more high. It needs to investigate what variables to affect the community organizations more active. The variables affecting the community organization are community subsystems that are administrative, economic, education, culture, family and religious in the community level. It needs to study in detail how the subsystems are affecting the community organizations.

Factors of Community Capacity Influencing Rural Community Satisfaction - Moderating Effects of Community Attachment - (농촌 지역사회 주민역량이 지역사회 만족에 미치는 영향 - 지역사회 애착도의 조절효과 -)

  • Kim, Doo-Soon;Kim, Sung-Rok;Park, Duk-Byeong
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.279-293
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    • 2017
  • Community attachment is an important variable for affecting community satisfaction. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community satisfaction on rural community capacity. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects of the community attachment between community capacity and community satisfaction. Data were collected from 289 residents of rural villages through questionnaires. Results of a factor analysis yielded four dimensions of community capacity which are learning opportunity and technique, leadership, grasping problem, and community attitude. Results show that learning opportunity and community attitude among four dimensions of community capacities have significance for community satisfaction. And community attachment among community capacity factors has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that community attitude has an interactional effects with moderator. It was suggested that community attachment should be considered in rural community development policy.

The Riparian Vegetation of Close-to-Nature River${\cdot}$Streams in Korea

  • Kim, Chul;Yang, Hyo-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.234-241
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    • 2007
  • The present study was undertaken to classify and describe the riparian vegetation of the 6 river${\cdot}$stream of Korea Peninsula. As a result the vegetation was divided into nineteen communities. The vegetation units obtained in the present study were as follow: A: Salix koreensis community, B: Salix gracilistyla community, C: Robinia pseudo-acacia community, D: Amorpha fluticosa community, E: Brousonnetia papyrifera community, F: Phyllostachys bambusoides community, G: Rubus corchorifolius community, H: Phramities japonica community, I: Phramites communis community, J: Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, K: Miscanthus sinesis var. purpurascens community, L: Artemisia princeps var. orientalis community, M: Humulus japonicus community, N: Zoysia japonica community, O: Inperata cylindrica var. koenigii community, P: Agropyron tsukushiense var. transiens community, Q: Juncos effusus var. decipiens community, R: Rumex crispus community, S: Persicaria hydropiper community. The vegetation characteristics of riversides was recovered in the surveyed results according to river${\cdot}$stream basin, in other words, 10 communities in the upper river${\cdot}$stream riparian, 15 communities in the middle river${\cdot}$stream riparian, 10 communities in the down river${\cdot}$stream riparian. The Phragmites japonica community in the upper and Phragmites communis community in the down was analyzed by common community of the 6 river${\cdot}$stream riparian, respectively, but none in the middle. The standing profile of vegetation across 6 river${\cdot}$stream was seen stepwise Phragmites japonica community, Salix gracilistyla community, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens community, shrub community by natural waterway in the upper, Salix gracilistyla community, Phragmites communis community, Rumex crispus community, Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Humulus japonicus community in the middle, Phragmites communis community in the down. The differences of distributional featurs of vegetation emerged from the riparian of the 6 river${\cdot}$stream, but don't from the 6 river${\cdot}$stream.

Characteristics of Community Participation According to Types of Sense of Community - Case of Pyeongtaek in Gyeonggi Province - (농촌지역사회 공동체의식 유형별 지역사회활동 참여 특성분석)

  • Lim, Kwang-Myeong
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.237-248
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    • 2017
  • A rural community has distinct regional characteristics. It preserves the traditionality relatively and its residents live long in the community. Therefore, a rural community forms the sense of community which differs from that of the city and the participation factors affecting the sense of community also may appear differently. This study aims to examine the characteristics of community participation according to types of sense of community by using a segmentation approach. Through a self-administered survey, data was collected from 130 rural community residents in Pyeongtaek. As for the sense of community of rural community residents, two segments which are high level of sense of community and low level of sense of community were deduced. According to the types of sense of community, the difference of each segmentation was analyzed :Socio-demographic characteristics and community participation activities. The findings significantly will be used to make the way to build up the sense of community in rural.

Changes of Riparian Vegetation in Relation to Disturbance of Musim-Chon Stream, Cheongju (청주 무심천의 교란에 따른 식생분포의 변화)

  • 강상준;곽애경
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.21 no.5_1
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    • pp.435-448
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    • 1998
  • The phytosociological investigation was carried out at 32 sites of the riparian vegetation in Musim-Chon stream passed through Choengju-City, Chungcheongbuk-Province by Braun-Blanquet's method from August to October, 1997. The flora of vascular plants in this survey was 202 species. The riparian vegetation was classified into 25 communities as follows. The submerged hydrophytes are Potomogeton malaianus var. latifolius community, Potomogeton crispus community, Myriophyllum verticillatum community-Hydrilla verticillata community and Ceratophyllum demersum community. The floating-leaved hydrophyte is Trapa japonica community. The emerged hydrophytes are Phragmites communis community, Perzicaria thunbergii community, Phragmites japonica community, Oenanthe javanica community, Zizania latifolia community and Persicaria hydropiper community. The herbaceous vegetation of floodplain are Artemisia montana community, Humulus japonicus community, Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Erigeron anmus community, Impatiens balsamina community, Bidens frondosa community, Setaria viridis community, Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior community and Eragrostis ferruginea community. The woody vegetation of floodplain are Robinia pseudo-acacia community, Stephanandra incisa community and Clematis apiifolia community. The species diversity was low in the upper and down stream, while the diversity was high in the mid stream situated at the center of Choengju-City because of frequent disturbance by citizens. These results suggested that distribution of communities and species diversity was closely related to the disturbance.

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The role and responsibility of community health practitioner based on the rural community development and the reform of health care system (농어촌 개발과 의료보장 개혁에 따른 보건진료원의 책임)

  • Kim, Hwa-Joong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted by community survey of 215 community health practitiner's posts and literature review of official documents. The result was as follows ; 1. The role and responsibility of community health practitioner's post must be studied by the community health practitioner and the community health leader, and on the basement of community health needs, community development plan, and reforom of health care system. 2. Comprehensive health care of community is very important role and responsibility of community health practitioners. However, it was supervised by the senior community health practitioner in provincial government. 3. The community health practitioner must be trained by formal inservice educational program focused on comprehensive health care. 4. The community health practitoner must be the health guider and health leader as the member of community.

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Community Capacity Building and Community Health Nursing (지역사회역량구축과 지역사회간호)

  • Ahn, Yang-Heui
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.102-109
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    • 2007
  • This paper discusses the merits of the community capacity and capacity building concepts, the strategies used for building community capacity and their implications for community health nursing. Community capacity is defined as the interaction of the human capital, organizational resources, and social capital existing within a given community that can be used to improve or maintain the health of the community. Community capacity building is one approach to promoting community health. This approach takes a comprehensive, dynamic, and multidimensional view of community needs and circumstances and places an emphasis on asset development, collaboration among community organizations, and community participation. The major strategies for community capacity building involve activities such as facilitating the development of an asset-based approach to community, developing leadership, establishing partnership, organization development, utilizing community resources, and developing public relations. The implications of community capacity for community health nursing are addressed in terms of the need for community health education and practicum, long-term commitment, partnerships, and a paradigm shift. The author suggests that the concept of community capacity building may be useful for improving the health of both the entire community and its individual residents.

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The Evolution of Community Nutrition in the U.S.

  • Gillespie, Ardyth M.H.
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.195-208
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    • 2003
  • Drawing from journal articles, community nutrition textbooks, government documents, national conference reports, the author's own work in community programming, and discussions with practicing Community Nutritionists, this article illuminates the scope and character of community nutrition in the United States. It traces the roots of community nutrition in home economics, nutrition, education, communication, social and behavioral sciences, and describes the evolution of theory. And finally it suggests issues to be addressed by community nutrition researchers and practitioners through collaborations that integrate perspectives within community nutrition and strategically cross disciplinary boundaries. These include: 1) theory development and application in research and practice within philosophically consistent perspectives; 2) methodological development (qualitative and quantitative) drawing from the social and behavioral sciences that apply to community nutrition; 3) taking a long view of community nutrition and recognizing that change requires integrated efforts over long periods of time; 4) engaging community stakeholders in research as well as program planning and 5) engaging with community nutritionists from other countries for cross-cultural research and conceptualization. This journal and the Korean Society for Community Nutrition, as the only journal and society expressly devoted to community nutrition, would be the best context for such collaborations.

Factors Influencing Community Participation: Moderating Effects on Length of Residency (농촌지역주민 공동체의식의 지역사회참여 영향요인 - 거주기간의 조절효과 -)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Lim, Kwang-Myeong;Ahn, Jae-Moon
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.135-148
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    • 2018
  • Sense of community and length of residence are important variables influencing community participation. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community participation on sense of community. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects on the length of residency between sense of community and community participation. Data were collected from 130 usable questionnaires among residents of rural villages. Results of a factor analysis yielded three dimensions of sense of community which are solidarity, belonging, and emotional intimacy. Results show that all of factors among three dimensions of sense of community have significance for community participation. And length of residency has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that length of residence has an negative interactional effects with moderator. It means that even though higher belonging, less community participation if people live in longer their community. It was suggested that sense of community and length of residency should be considered in rural community development policy.

A Study of Community Solidarity-An Exploration for Effective Community Practice (지역사회결속력(Community Solidarity)에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee;Hong, Hyun-Mee-La
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.48
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    • pp.42-81
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    • 2002
  • This paper examines the level of community solidarity in an administrative district in Seoul, Korea. This paper focuses on the following questions: what is the level of community solidarity in the district? and what are the major predictors of community solidarity?. Using the data from the 2000 community survey about residents' needs conducted by the welfare administration office of the district, this paper attempts to answer the above research questions. In analyzing the effect of community solidarity, this paper focuses on the following four predictor categories: individual characteristics; community related characteristics such as degree of marginalization; community participation, and community problems. Results are as follows: (1) the average of community solidarity is 3.1, using 5 points scale; and (2) the variables such as marginalization and community problem have a negative effect on the level of community solidarity; and (3) community participation has a positive effect on the level of community solidarity. Through the empirical analysis. this paper provides valuable knowledge about the level of community solidarity and effects of community participation, marginalization, and community problem on community solidarity. Finally, this paper discusses implications for effective community practice on the basis of the exploratory findings about community solidarity in Korea.

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