• Title, Summary, Keyword: Common

Search Result 29,912, Processing Time 0.07 seconds

Anatomic Variation of the Common Palmar Digital Nerves and Arteries

  • Tian, Dong;Fu, Maoyong
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
    • /
    • v.57 no.3
    • /
    • pp.219-220
    • /
    • 2015
  • Variations in the course and distribution of common palmar digital nerves and arteries are rare. A classic common palmar digital nerves and arteries are defined as concomitant. During routine dissection classes to undergraduate medical students we observed formation of each common palmar digital nerve divided into 2 or 3 branches and formed a ring enclosing the corresponding common palmar digital artery. Knowledge of the anatomical variations of the common palmar digital nerves and arteries is crucial for safe and successful hand surgery.

Interactivity of Neural Representations for Perceiving Shared Social Memory

  • Ahn, Jeesung;Kim, Hye-young;Park, Jonghyun;Han, Sanghoon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.29-48
    • /
    • 2018
  • Although the concept of "common sense" is often taken for granted, judging whether behavior or knowledge is common sense requires a complex series of mental processes. Additionally, different perceptions of common sense can lead to social conflicts. Thus, it is important to understand how we perceive common sense and make relevant judgments. The present study investigated the dynamics of neural representations underlying judgments of what common sense is. During functional magnetic resonance imaging, participants indicated the extent to which they thought that a given sentence corresponded to common sense under the given perspective. We incorporated two different decision contexts involving different cultural perspectives to account for social variability of the judgments, an important feature of common sense judgments apart from logical true/false judgments. Our findings demonstrated that common sense versus non-common sense perceptions involve the amygdala and a brain network for episodic memory recollection, including the hippocampus, angular gyrus, posterior cingulate cortex, and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, suggesting integrated affective, mnemonic, and social functioning in common sense processing. Furthermore, functional connectivity multivariate pattern analysis revealed that interactivity among the amygdala, angular gyrus, and parahippocampal cortex reflected representational features of common sense perception and not those of non-common sense perception. Our study demonstrated that the social memory network is exclusively involved in processing common sense and not non-common sense. These results suggest that intergroup exclusion and misunderstanding can be reduced by experiencing and encoding long-term social memories about behavioral norms and knowledge that act as common sense of the outgroup.

Linguistic Modeling for Multilingual Machine Translation based on Common Transfer (공통변환 기반 다국어 자동번역을 위한 언어학적 모델링)

  • Choi, Sungkwon;Kim, Younggil
    • Language and Information
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-97
    • /
    • 2014
  • Multilingual machine translation means the machine translation that is for more than two languages. Common transfer means the transfer in which we can reuse the transfer rules among similar languages according to linguistic typology. Therefore, the multilingual machine translation based on common transfer is the multilingual machine translation that can share the transfer rules among languages with similar linguistic typology. This paper describes the linguistic modeling for multilingual machine translation based on common transfer under development. This linguistic modeling consists of the linguistic devices such as 1) multilingual common Part-of-Speech set, 2) multilingual common transfer format, 3) multilingual common transfer chunking, and 4) multilingual common transfer rules based on linguistic typology. Validity of this linguistic modeling for multilingual machine translation is shown in the simulation. The multilingual machine translation system based on common transfer including Korean, English, Chinese, Spanish, and French will be developed till 2018.

  • PDF

Participation in Common Activities and Satisfaction with Common Space - In a Tentative Framework of Housing Adjustment for Swedish Cohousing Residents - (공동활동참여도와 공동생활공간만족도의 효과 - 스웨덴 코하우징 거주자의 잠정적 주거조절 틀 속에서 -)

  • Choi, Jungshin;Cho, Jaesoon;Suh, Kueesook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.125-133
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to find the role of participation in common activities and satisfaction with common space in a tentative housing adjustment framework for Swedish cohousing residents, applying the housing adjustment behavior model of Morris and Winter (1978, 1996). The data used for this research were a subset of data Choi and Paulsson (2011) surveyed from 12 Swedish cohousing units. Number of 216 cases whose age was 40 and over were selected and analyzed with Pearson correlations and hierarchical linear regressions by SPSS. The regression analyses included four main concepts as endogenous variables, which were participation in common activities, satisfaction with common space, overall life satisfaction, and intention to move out. The results showed that participation in common activities raised satisfaction with common space and overall life satisfaction but reduced intention to move out. Meanwhile, satisfaction with common space diminished intention to move out but did not impact overall life satisfaction. When overall life satisfaction was added to the final regression model, the direct impacts of security reasons, participation in common activities, and satisfaction with common space on intention to move out disappeared. It may be concluded that participation in common activities and satisfaction with common space acted as intervening variables in the tentative cohousing adjustment framework. Even though this study leaves further research on specifying the framework, it may be noteworthy as a first attempt that explains the flow of main concepts. This study may broaden the possibility of empirical studies to develop an analytical path model of housing adjustment for cohousing residents.

A Study on the Curriculum of the Common Science subject - the background for newly formed subject and the focus of the side of integrated science - (공통과학 교육과정의 연구 - 통합과학적 측면의 과목 신설 배경을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Kyu-Suk
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.198-209
    • /
    • 1993
  • This paper was made for the purpose of research for newly formed of Common Science subject and setting up for Common Science subject's place. For this purpose, I 1) reviewed the bacground of curriculum revision and newly formed Common Science subject. 2)reviewed the change of the current of science education and the study of Common Science subject in Korea. 3) examined Common Science subject as integrated science The results were as follow: l.Newly formed of Common Science subject motivated by current of science education in the wordwide, direction of the 6th curriculum in Korea and the actual condition of integrated science in foreign country. 2.1t emphasize on learning of inquiry method than system of knowlege,introduction to material connected with real life and science and technology in society in the Common Science subject. In principle,the level of concept in Common Science subject keep within level of Science subject in middle school. 3.Common Science subject is characterized by integrated science. And Common Science subject have to become more integrated science in the textbook and the teaching-learning as well as in curriculum.

  • PDF

Characteristics by the Behaviour and Habits of the Common Octopus (Octopus minor) (낙지 (Octopus minor)의 습성 및 행동 특성)

  • CHANG Duk Jong;KIM Dae An
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.735-742
    • /
    • 2003
  • In order to develop a logical method for using selective fishing gear, the behaviour and habits of the aquatic animals must be investigated. However, until now, little national research has been carried out to investigate the behaviour and habits of the common octopus (Octopus minor). The purpose of this study henceforth, is to compile necessary behavioral data to develop fishing gear to catch the common octopus. Behaviour and habits of the common octopus were observed while breeding in a water tank from February to May, 2003. The feeding habits of common octopus are more vigorous at night than in the daytime. The common octopus feeds on 1-4 bait crabs per day and consume each crab in 40-50 min. The sensory organs of the common octopus are more influenced by the sense of touch and smell, than by vision. Using live bait is more effective and advantageous than using dead bait, as the common octopus responded more to live bait. The hiding habits of the common octopus were very intensive, as they hid around all the shelters that were provided in this study. They demonstrated territorial behavior and struggled to maintain their sphere of influence. In addition, out of the various colors for shelters and bait supplied, the common octopus preferred light colors.

A Study on 17th and 18th Century Common People's Costumes in France (17~18세기 프랑스 서민복식 연구)

  • Kim, Yang-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.36 no.9
    • /
    • pp.901-915
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study comparatively analyzes the characteristics, changes, and differences in class-based costume typology according to a concept of $17^{th}$ and $18^{th}$ century common people in France. The methods and contents are as follow. First, the scope of common people is grasped according to the historical background and a concept of $17^{th}$ and $18^{th}$ century common people in France. Second, through considering a prior research on analyzing the data of ancient documents on the economy of clothing, it classifies common people into bourgeoisie, urban common people, rural common people, and the destitute. It then examines diachronic evolution, and class-based synchronic difference in the consumption of $17^{th}$ and $18^{th}$ century common people's costumes in France. Third, it analyzes the appearance frequency by period according to type of common people's costumes, which were shown in pictorial materials with 283 sheets of engravings and 54 pieces of paintings; in addition, it reconstructs the succession and expansion in typology. It grasps differences and changes in morphology by class, space, and period of typology for common people's costumes. Common people's consumption of costumes was understood to have grown in qualitative aspects as well as a rise in the whole clothing demand. A class-based structure formed and indicated that a fashion cycle existed. As a result of analyzing common people's clothes (shown in pictorial materials of the $17^{th}$ and $18^{th}$ century) 41 items were grasped by gender and according to costume kind. Typology in common people's costumes (classified into bourgeoisie, urban common people, rural common people, and the destitute) showed a change by period. A change in typical costume typology was accepted more by the bourgeoisie than by urban and rural common people, and was accepted more by rural communities than by urban populations. Thus, a difference was formed through an expansion with a temporal difference that depended on class and space.

Suppression of high frequency leakage current in PWM Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Drives using Active Common Mode Voltage Damper (능동형 커먼 모드 전압 감쇄기를 통한 유도 전동기의 고주파 누설전류 억제)

  • 홍순일
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.186-190
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper propose a "Active common-mode voltage damper circuit" that capable of a suppression of a common-mode voltage produced in the PWM VSI. The four level half-bridge PWM inverter circuit and common-mode transformer are incorporated into the "Active common-mode voltage damper" the design method of which is presented Effect of "Active common-mode voltage damper" in this paper verifies a propriety and effectiveness in 2.2[kW] induction motor drive using IGBT inverter. Experimental results show that "common-mode voltage damper" makes contributions to reducing a high frequency leakage current and common-mode voltage.leakage current and common-mode voltage.

  • PDF

The suppression of high frequency leakage current using a new active Common Mode Voltage Damper (새로운 능동형 커먼 모드 전압 감쇄기를 이용한 고주파 누설전류 억제)

  • Gu Jeong-Hoi;Bin Jae-Goo;Park Sung-Jun;Kim Cheul-U
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.151-154
    • /
    • 2001
  • This paper propose a new active common-mode voltage damper circuit that is capable of suppressing a common-mode voltage produced in the PWM VSI. The new active common mode voltage damper is consisted of a half-bridge inverter and a common mode transformer with a blocking capacitor. Principle of the active common mode damper is as follow; by applying the compensation voltage which has the same amplitude and opposite polarity to the PWM inverter system. So, common mode voltage and high frequency leakage current can be reduced. Simulated and experimental results show that common-mode voltage damper makes contributions to reducing a high frequency leakage current and common-mode voltage.

  • PDF