• Title/Summary/Keyword: Coloration

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A Study In the Preference of Tone on Tone Coloration in Traditional Korean Dress (한복의 톤 온 톤 배색에 대한 선호도 연구)

  • Kang Kyung-Ja;Paeng Suk-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.54 no.8
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this research was to compare the preference of tone on tone coloration of traditional Korean dress by Korean and American women college students. The respondents were asked to evaluate 48 stimuli of the traditional Korean skirt and jacket with different tone of color. It could be supposed that the different evaluation were caused by their different cultural backgrounds. The results of research can be summarized as follows. As to the red colors, Korean students preferred vivid and light tone coloration, and disliked dull and dark tone coloration, the same tone coloration. but American students preferred usually the same tone coloration and preferred coloration of 4 tone skirts and vivid jacket, dull and dark tone coloration. As to the yellow colors, Korean students preferred dull and dark tone coloration and disliked the same tone coloration. American students preferred vivid and light tone coloration and disliked dull tone coloration as dull jacket and skirt. As to the green colors, Korean students preferred dull and dark tone coloration and disliked the same tone coloration. American students preferred dull and dark tone coloration and preferred the same tone coloration.

The Harmony Range and the Disharmony Range According to Types of Coloration in Men's Shirts and Neckties (셔츠와 넥타이의 배색방법에 따른 조화 영역과 부조화 영역)

  • Lim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.57 no.5 s.114
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    • pp.183-195
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the harmony range and the disharmony range by evaluating the degrees of harmony in terms of types of coloration in men's shirts and neckties. In addition, the study aimed to examine perceptional differences between male and female towards degrees of harmony affected by types of coloration; tone on tone coloration(64), tone in tone coloration(96), contrast coloration(128), achromatic-chromatic coloration(96), and achromatic-achromatic coloration(16). The 4,032 male and 4,032 female college students, were participated in this study. The results are as follows. For five types of coloration, the harmony range and disharmony range were identified. Tone on tone and achromatic-chromatic coloration had a more wide range than tone in tone and contrast coloration from both male and female students. The male students had a more wide range of harmony on all coloration.

A Study on Coloration Trend of Hanbok in 2000's - Focused on Types of Coloration and Hanbok - (2000년대 한복에 나타난 배색 경향에 관한 연구 - 배색의 유형과 한복의 종류를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Young-Hae;Kang, Soon-Che
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.57 no.4 s.113
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    • pp.45-60
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    • 2007
  • Characteristics of Hanbok's traditional coloration have been carried on, based on social/cultural background of the past. Today, Hanbok is classified as traditional Hanbok, improved Hanbok, living Hanbok. Their designs, materials and colorations show significant differences. In this study, first, we have categorized and arranged the coloration trend of the women's Hanbok according to the types of coloration since 2000s. Secondly, Hanbok is classified as traditional Hanbok, improved Hanbok, and living Hanbok. And then examining their coloration trend and coloration characteristics of different types of Hanbok, so we can find the purpose far increasing understanding of various color beauty and coloration of today's Hanbok. The findings of this research are summarized as follows; 1. Traditional Hanbok coloration is influenced by the modern rotor and tone, and is apt to show the trend of emphasizing individuality. 2. Hanbok coloration of middle period in 2000's has become to use high value and chroma, giving more bright and luxurious impression then the early period. 3. For this study, we have categorized the total of 277 women's Hanboks by their coloration trends, through studying traditional Hanbok catalogues that enclosed vividly colored pure silk samples. As a result, it shows the order of contrary coloration(149), tone on tone coloration(56), similar coloration(23), monochrome coloration(20), tone in tone coloration(17), and 화학섬유chrome coloration(12). 4. Traditional, improved and living Hanbok show differences not only in their designs or materials but also in colorations. Using of traditional coloration is applied to traditional Hanbok and improved Hanbok in that order, and mostly the value and chroma of living Hanbok colorations are low, which emphasizes easiness to move and practicality.

The Comparative Study of the Harmony of Coloration according to Transformation of Color Area-Ratio in Traditional Korean Dress of Korean and American Students - On the similarity and contrast coloration - (치마$\cdot$저고리의 색상 면적비 변화에 따른 한$\cdot$미 여대생의 조화감 비교 연구 - 유사배색과 대비배색을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang Kyung-Ja;Moon Ju-young;Lim Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2005
  • In this research, in order to find out the effect of the area ratio in the harmonic sense assessment of the coloration of Korean clothes, the coloration of a Korean jacket and a skirt was compounded with a similar coloration and a contrast coloration. The respondents were asked to evaluate 16 stimuli of the traditional Korean skirt and jacket with the coloration of the Korean jacket/ skirt, the skirt/ Korean jacket was separately compounded to be 4 tones such as vivid, light, dull, dark. The subjects were 44 female undergraduate students. The results of each can be summerized as follows. As to similar coloration, the korean yellow jacket and red skirt, Korean students feel vivid and dull tone was harmonious, and American students feel vivid, light, and dark tone were harmonious coloration. In inversed case, red korean jacket and yellow skirt, both countries' students recognized that the vivid tone was harmonious. Korean students gave higher points to korean traditional dress in similar coloration such as yellow korean jacket which was small area and red skirt which was large area coloration than inversed color area ratio which red korean jacket and yellow skirt. As to contrast coloration, the korean green jacket and red skirt, Korean students feel vivid tone was harmonious, and American students feel vivid, dark tone were harmonious coloration. In inversed case, red korean jacket and green skirt were recognized that any tone was not harmonious for both countries' students. Both countries of student showed the culture gap. Compared with American students, Korean students were familiar with korean dress's traditional coloration, as a result familiar coloration was recognized harmonious coloration.

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A Study in the Perception of the Harmony of Coloration in Traditional Korean Dress of Korean and American Students (Part IV) - On the Contrast Coloration - (한복배색의 조화감에 대한 한${\cdot}$미 여대생의 지각 반응 연구 (제4보) - 콘트라스트 배색을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang Kyung-Ja;Jeong Su-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.825-836
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the harmony of contrast coloration of the traditional Korean dress as the subject of the study for women's college students in Korea and America. The sense of harmonious coloration for 64 colorations was evaluated based on a yellow and a green Korean jackets, to be contrast colorization, by combining four different tones, vivid, light, dull, and dark tones in a purple and a blue skirt with a yellow jacket, a red and a purple skirt with a green jacket. We tried to make sure of the cultural difference by the distinction in the perception of women's college students. in Korea and America. The result of the study is as follows. In the contrast coloration of a yellow jacket with a purple and a blue skirt, Korean women students, generally, perceived that the coloration that skirt is more dark than jacket, dull and dark tone is harmonious. On the other hand, American women students perceived harmonious skirt tone is various depending on the jacket tones. In the coloration of a green jacket and a red skirt, the women students of two countries are in common that the coloration of a vivid skirt with a vivid, a dull, and a dark jacket are harmonious. However, Korean women students indicated that a light jacket with a dark tone skirt as a harmonious coloration. American women students evaluated that various tones of coloration as a harmonious coloration. In the coloration of a green jacket and a purple skirt, Korean women students perceived that the coloration is incompatible coloration. American women students perceived the coloration is congruous in the coloration of a dull and a dark tone jacket and skirt. In the response of the perception for 64 contrast coloration, Korean students evaluated 14 sets and American students judged 28 sets as harmonized colors. Therefore, it drew the conclusion that Korean students had the sense of harmonious coloration of more narrow range than American students. There was a difference between two cultures in the standard far contrast coloration.

The Characteristics of Blue Color Combination Shown in Men's Fashion (남성 패션에 나타난 청색의 배색 특성)

  • Jang, Jung-Im;Cho, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Yeon-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.309-319
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    • 2009
  • This study's goal is to analyze the color characteristics of Blue used in men's fashion for design developing process. First, we researched the previous studies and examined documents about color characteristics of Blue in general as well as coloration in fashion design and men's fashion. We composed color samples by collecting two-color coloration used in men's fashion collection for 5 years from 2004 S/S to 2008 F/W through a specialized fashion information web-sites. We limited the colors from Blue Green(BG) to Purple Blue(PB). Second, we analyzed the characteristics of hue combination and tone combination. A total of 351 pictures were collected and RGB and HV/C value were converted with Munsell Conversion program(ver.8.0.1). Color data has been sorted to 10 hues and 12 PCCS tones. From this, we were able to figure out that similar/same hue coloration was used more than contrary hue coloration and similar/same tone coloration was used more than contrary tone coloration for Blue. We've limited Blue coloration characteristics of men's fashion to two-color coloration for an analysis; the succeeding study will need to examine on the characteristics of multi-coloration and detailed Blue coloration image by various garments.

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Classification of Apple Coloration Using Image Processing System (영상처리(映像處理) 장치(裝置)를 이용(利用)한 사과의 색택(色澤) 판정(判定))

  • Noh, S.H.;Ryu, K.H.;Kim, S.M.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.272-280
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    • 1991
  • The aims of this study were to investigate the feasivility of analyzing a few sorting factors such as size, coloration and defect of apples with a monochrome image processing system and to find apparent properties which could be effectively used for apple sorting. The results are summarized as follows. 1. A computer program was made to analyze the projection area, coloration and defect of an apple with a monochrome image processing system. 2. The algorithm developed to compute the projedtion area of an apple was between on the proportional relation between a given reference area and the corresponding number of pixels, and the computing time was 0.74 to 0.82 second depending on the size of apple. 3. The coloration of an apple was expressed as the ratio of the gray value of a reference color to that of a given bounded area of the stem end surface (defined as coloration index), and the computing time was about 3.0 seconds with this algorithm. 4. Defect of an apple could be isolated by lowpass filtering and image subtraction but it took about 20 seconds in computing time. 5. The coloration of the Fuji apple could be classified into 3 to 4 groups by the coloration index and also, it was found that the correlation coefficient between the indices and sugar contents was 0.74. 6. The coloration index obtained from a given bounded area of the stem end side of the Fuji apple could represent the coloration of total surface with a correlation coefficient of 0.922.

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Harmony Perception according to Contrast Coloration of Shirt and Necktie by Male and Female (셔츠와 넥타이의 컨트라스트 배색에 대한 남녀의 조화감 지각)

  • Lim, Ji-Young;Kang, Kyung-Ja
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.838-851
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the harmony evaluation and the effects used clues on harmony perception in terms of 128 contrast coloration of male shirt and necktie by male and female students. The results are as follows. Among 128 contrast coloration stimuli, female students evaluated 42 set, male students 50 set, so proved that male's range of harmony more extensive than that of female. It is significant difference between female and male on shirt-necktie coloration; vivid red shirt-vivid green tie, dull red shirt-dark blue tie, light red shirt-dull blue tie, dark red shirt-light blue tie, light green shirt-vivid violet tie, light green shirt-light red tie, light green shirt-dull red tie. Especially, in contrast coloration, it was evaluated as harmonized coloration by both male and female as tie was dark tone on the whole.

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Coloration Conditions of Clay Minerals on Cotton Fabrics and Analysis of Components (면포에 대한 점토광물의 착색조건과 착색성분 분석)

  • Jung, Jong Sun;Song, Kyung Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.665-674
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    • 2014
  • An analysis of the components of clay mineral before and after coloration (XRF) showed that the elements involved in coloration are Fe, Cr, and Ni. Fe accounts for 65% of coloring components on dyed fabric; in addition, Cr and Ni also affect coloring. The optimal coloration condition was to repeat the process of immersing the cotton fabric in $80^{\circ}C$ slurry of 8g of clay mineral to 1g cotton for 60 minutes, dry it for 24 hours and rinse three times. Especially, as the repetition of coloration increased, the $(K/S)_{440}$ value of sample A increased from 1.0 to 2.5, and sample B increased from 1.0 to 1.6. The effect of the repeated process on coloration was significant; consequently, the rinsing and drying process were important to decrease the coloration level. It also showed excellent results in regard to color fastness to washing, light, rubbing, perspiration, and antibiotic effect.

A Comparative of the Harmany of Tone on Tone Coloration according to Transformation of Color Area-Ratio in Shirt and Necktie (셔츠와 넥타이의 톤 온 톤 배색 면적비 변화에 따른 조화감 비교)

  • Lim, Ji-Young
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.138-144
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this research was to compare the harmony of tone on tone coloration according to transformation of color area-ratio in shirt and necktie. The respondents were asked to evaluate 48 stimuli of the shirt and necktie with the coloration of the shirt/necktie, the necktie/shirt was separately compounded to be 4 tones such as vivid, light, dull, dark. The subjects were 288 female undergraduate students. The data was analyzed by using SPSS program. Analysis methods were ANOVA, LSD test and t-test. The results of each can be summerized as follows. As to the red, combination of v-lt made a difference in the harmony of coloration according to the transformation of color area-ratio. As to the blue, combination of v-lt, v-dk, lt-d made a difference in the harmony of coloration according to the transformation of color area-ratio. As to the purple, v-lt, v-d was evaluated as harmonized coloration regardless of area-ratio by both male and female students. As to the green, v-lt, lt-d was evaluated as harmonized coloration regardless of area-ratio by both male and female students.