• 제목, 요약, 키워드: College Students

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Eating Behavior and Physical Activity among College Students: A Descriptive Approach to the Gender Difference

  • Joung, Hyun-Woo;Ahn, Joo;Kim, Hak-Seon
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2014
  • The current study examined college students' overall eating behavior and physical activity, highlighting differences between male and female students attending a public university in the southwestern United States. Research findings indicated that many college students did not eat enough fruits, fruit juices, and green salad. Furthermore, the results of Chi-square analysis showed that there were significant differences in consumption amounts of green salad, hamburgers/hot dogs/sausage, and French fries/potato chips between male and female students. Study findings showed that when students were asked about attributes of food/restaurant choice, female students were more concerned about nutritional aspects when they chose the foods compared with male students. In terms of physical activity levels among college students, male students were more likely to participate in sports activities and weight training. On the other hand, female students were more inclined to walking or bicycling.

인터넷 Web 강의를 수강하는 남녀 대학생에서의 체중조절 경험, 섭식장애 및 식이섭취 실태에 관한 연구 (A Study on Weight-Control Experience, Eating Disorder and Nutrient Intake of College Students Attending Web Class via the Internet)

  • 이정희;김진숙;이미영;정선희;장경자
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.604-616
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    • 2001
  • This study was to investigate weight-control experience disorder and nutrient intake of college student attending web class via the internet. The subject were 1200 college students(392 male, 808 female) attending web class concerned with nutrition and weight control. This cross-sectional survey was conducted by self-administered questionnaire and data were analyzed by Students t-test and $\chi$$^2$-test. Nutrient intake collected from 3 day-recalls were analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program. Mean height, weight and RBW(relative body weight) of the male college students were 174.7 cm, 68.0 kg and 101.2%, respectively. Mean height, weight and RBW of the female college students were 162.3% cm, 52.7% kg and 95.3% respectively. Among the male college students, low weight were 1.0%, underweight were 12.8%, overweight were 12.5%, obese were 6.9% by RBW standard. Among the female college students, low weight were 5.1%, underweight 30.2%, overweight were 5.2%, obese were 1.5% by RBW standard. Percentages of weight control experience were 21.7% and 67.0% in the male and female college students, respectively. According to RBW, 22.4% of the weight control experience group were low weight or underweight in the female college students but none of weight control experience group were low weight or underweight in the male college students. Percentage of eating disorder were 6.8%(2.8%, male, 8.7% female) in the college students. Among the female college students, most nutrient intakes were significantly lower in the weight-control experienced group compared to the weight-control nonexperienced group. Among the male college students, there was a tendency that the intake of nutrients, except carbohydrate, calcium and vitamin A was higher in the eating disorder group compared to the non-eating disorder group. However, among the female college students, there was a tendency that the intake of nutrients, except calcium and thiamin was lower in the eating disorder group compared to the non-eating disorder group. Therefore, nutrition education via the internet is required for college students to know proper weight loss methods, desirable eating habits and eating disorder problem well.

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융복합시대 우리나라 지방대학생의 경제적·일상적 좌절에 관한 연구 -지방대학생 & 서울소재 대학생 비교를 중심으로- (Study on the Money-relating Frustration among Local College Students in Convergence Era: Comparison between Local College Students and Seoul-located College Students)

  • 유지영
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2016
  • 청년 및 대학생의 현실과 미래는 고실업, 저취업, 불안정고용으로 특징지워져 그들의 삶은 불안하며 위태롭다. 특히 지방대학생은 우리나라 청년들이 겪는 문제 외에도 지방대학생으로써 좌절과 차별을 동시에 경험한다. 본 연구는 지방대학생들의 일상적 경제적 좌절을 서울소재 대학생과의 비교를 통해 실증적으로 분석하고 문제의 중요성을 드러내는 데에 목적이 있다. 연구방법으로는 일상적 좌절에 관한 문항을 항목화한 후, 지방대학생 약 400명, 서울 소재 대학생 약 250명을 설문조사하였고, 두 집단의 응답의 결과를 카이자승법을 이용해 통계적으로 유의미한 차이인지 규명하였다. 분석 결과 지방대학생들이 서울소재 대학생에 비해서 상대적으로 일상적 경제적 좌절을 더 심하게 겪는다는 것을 확인하였다. 이에 대한 정책제안으로 본 연구는 프랑스 등 외국에서 이미 시행중인 청년수당 정책이 지방대학생의 경제적 좌절을 해결하기 위한 빠른 대안 중 하나일 수 있음을 제안하였다.

간호대학생의 성별에 따른 성정체성, 성평등의식과 자아존중감 (Gender Identity, Gender Equality, and Self Esteem of Nursing College Students)

  • 김은주;김근면;최경원;김상숙;임지영
    • 가정간호학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.60-68
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences between gender identity, gender equality, and self-esteem among nursing college students. Methods: The subjects were nursing college students who were selected from 4 different nursing colleges. We measured gender identity, gender equality, and self-esteem using verified measurement tools. Data were analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistical methods. Results: Gender equality among nursing college students showed a significant difference between male students and female students. Male students had higher gender equality scores than female students on all 4 types of gender equality. Conclusion: Male nursing college students that there are differences in gender equality, especially in the areas of education and employment. Based on these results, we suggest that future work should focus on developing a curriculum to increase awareness of gender equality among under graduate students, and thereby build an organizational culture of mutual respect for gender equality among clinical nurses.

A Study on Dietary Intake and Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use by Korean College Students Attending Web Class

  • Cheong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Jin-Sook;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2001
  • The Purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary intake of nutrients and the use of vitamin and mineral supplements by Korean college students attending Web class and the socioeconomic, dietary and health-related factors involved. The subjects were 137 male and 115 female students amending a health and nutrition-related Web class at a cycler university. This cross-sectional survey was conducted by self-administered questionnaire and the data were analyzed by SAS and SPSS PC package programs. Nutrient intake data collected using three-day recall method were analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program. Average intake by male students of most nutrients except energy, vitamin B$_2$ and calcium and intake by female students of those except energy, vitamin $B_2$, calcium and iron was higher than Korean RDA. Nutrient intake of male students was significantly influenced by the mother s job, skipping meals, exercise, vitamin and mineral supplement use, flood supplement use and self-evaluated anemia. Skipping meals and flood supplement use significantly influenced the nutrient intake of female students. A total of 47.4% of male students and 53.9% of female students were vitamin and mineral supplement users. In female students, socioeconomic characteristics such as the father s education level and household income were significantly different between vitamin and mineral supplement users and non-users. In both male and female students, there were significant differences in cross analysis between vitamin and mineral supplement use and flood supplement use. As for the self-reported health status of male and female students, vitamin and mineral supplement users perceived their health status to be worse compared to non-users. Therefore, nutrition education via the Internet is necessary in order to encourage college students to practice optimal nutrition strategies, including maintaining well-balanced diets by choosing various floods wisely.

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대학생의 월경전증후군, 완벽성, 불안과의 관계: 간호대학생과 일반대학생을 중심으로 (Relationships among Premenstrual Syndrome, Perfection and Anxiety among the College Student)

  • 최혜선;이은동;안혜영
    • 여성건강간호학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the relationships among PMS, perfection, and anxiety in nursing college students and general college students. Methods: The questionnaire survey was carried out with a convenience sample of 215 college students. The MDQ (Menstrual Distress Questionnaire), APS-R (Almost Perfect Scale-Revised), STAI (State and Trait Anxiety Inventory) were used. The data were collected from June to October, 2011. Data analysis included frequency, $x^2$-test, t-test, and Pearson correlation. Results: There were significant differences in PMS and perfection but there not in anxiety between nursing college students and general college students. There were significant correlations among PMS, perfection and anxiety in nursing college students, and there were significant correlations among PMS and anxiety in general college students but not significant correlations among PMS and perfection. Conclusion: The findings suggest that to provide effective interventions for PMS in college students, it is necessary to design nursing interventions that consider perfection and anxiety.

우리나라 대학생의 음주행태 심층조사 (College Alcohol Study for Alcohol-Related Behaviors and Problems)

  • 주영준;오소연;박상익;이혜자;유민규;박은철
    • 보건행정학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.58-67
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    • 2019
  • Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the drinking behaviors and drinking-related problems of college students in South Korea to produce national alcohol statistics. Methods: We carefully examined the questionnaires and previous research developed in the previous research project and selected questions that reflect the special environment and culture of college students. In order to stratify a nationally representative sample of college students, the distribution of students around the country were found through the educational statistics database of the Korea Educational Development Institute. Based on this information, we conducted a survey in collaboration with Gallup (Korea) to survey and analyze the drinking behaviors of 5,024 Korean students. Results: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017, for Korean college students. A total of 5,024 students were recruited and analyzed. The monthly drinking rate was 78.0% for male students and 72.9% for female students. The high-risk drinking rate was 23.3% for male students and 17.2% for female students. The most popular category for number of drinks per drinking session was 'more than 10 glasses' per drinking session for both male (44.1%) and female (32.8%). On the alcohol use disorders identification test, the greatest proportion of male students were in the high-risk drinking category (score 8 to 15) 43.8%, followed by the 'low-risk drinking' (score 0 to 7) in 43.6%, 'alcohol abuse' (score 16 to 19) 7.2%, and 'alcohol dependence' (greater than 20) 5.4% categories, respectively. For female students, the greatest proportion of female students were in the 'low-risk drinking' in 49.6%, followed by 'high-risk drinking' 37.1%, 'alcohol abuse' 8.4%, and 'alcohol dependence' 4.9% categories, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the drinking behavior of Korean college students was excessive. Overall, it was found that the college population has a greater high-risk drinking behaviors than general adult population. Furthermore, these problem drinking behaviors were prominent among female college students. Results from the present study suggest that it is necessary to monitor the drinking behavior of college students with constant interest and to prepare policies and strategies suitable for these circumstances.

대학생의 자기계발프로그램이 대학생활 적응 및 스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 효과 (The effects of university students' self-development program on students adaptation to college and stress coping methods)

  • 조혜정
    • 한국생활과학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.407-421
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to plan out a university students' self-development program and to verify the effect of the students in adapting themselves to college life and coping with stress from it. The program was developed as the liberal arts course for a semester and comprised 12 sessions. Each secession of a 150 minutes workshop program. The pre-test, post test regarding students adaptation to college and stress coping methods conducts upon each experimental group and each control group. Each group consisted of 50 subjects. As a result of this research, this study could come to the following conclusions. Firstly, it was found that the university students' self-development program has effect on improving students adaptation to college. Secondly, it was found that the university students' self-development program has effect on improving stress coping methods.

대학생이 지각한 부모 및 부모 이외 애착대상의 수용-거부, 행동통제와 심리적 적응 간의 관계 (Parental and Partner Acceptance-Rejection, Behavioral Control, and Psychological Adjustment Among Korean College Students)

  • 정윤주;이주리
    • 한국생활과학회지
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.947-959
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    • 2005
  • This study examined (1) whether romantic partners' or close friends' acceptance-rejection perceived by college students is related to their psychological adjustment indicated by hostility/aggression, dependency, negative self-esteem, negative self-competence, emotional unresponsiveness, emotional instability, and negative world view; (2) whether parents' behavioral control in childhood and romantic partners' or close friends' behavioral control perceived by college students are related to their psychological adjustment; (3) how parents' behavioral control and acceptance-rejection in childhood perceived by college students are related with each other; and (4) how romantic partners' or close friends' behavioral control and acceptance-rejection perceived by college students are related with each other. The subjects were 163 college students enrolled in universities located in Seoul or Kyungki-do in Korea. The results indicated that college students' perceptions of their romantic partners' or close friends' acceptance-rejection are related to their psychological adjustment, that college students' perceptions of their parents' behavioral control and romantic partners' or close friends' behavioral control are related to their psychological adjustment, and that college students' perceptions of parents' behavioral control are related to their perceptions of parents' hostility/aggression, indifference, and rejection and the results were the same for the romantic partners' or close friends' behavioral control and acceptance-rejection.

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대학생의 우울, 자아탄력성, 적극적 스트레스 대처가 인터넷중독경향에 미치는 영향 (Impact of Depression, Ego-resilience, and Active Stress Coping on Internet Addiction Tendency among College Students)

  • 오원옥;신현정
    • 한국보건간호학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.56-69
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The prevalence of problematic internet usage among college students is a cause for concern. There is a lack of study examining influences of cognitive protecting or buffering factors on internet addiction among college students. The purpose of this study was to examine influences of depression, ego-resilience, and active stress coping on internet addiction tendency (IAT) among college students. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used. Data were collected between October and December 2013. A convenience sample of 244 students completed self-report questionnaires consisting of Ego-resiliency Scale, Ways of Coping Checklist, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression, and Self-report Scale for Internet Use. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed for data analysis. Results: We found that higher levels of depression were associated with higher levels of IAT. However, an inverse association was found between active stress coping and IAT. Students who mainly used the internet for chatting showed lower levels of IAT than those who used the internet for games or blogs. These factors explained 15.1% of the variance in IAT of college students. Conclusion: The study results suggest that stress coping strategies and depression are important factors for evaluation when developing intervention programs targeting college students with problematic internet use.