• Title, Summary, Keyword: Collective Identity

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The Effects of Compassion experienced by Social Workers on Collective Self-Esteem: Mediating Effect of Positive Work-Related Identity and Moderating Effect of Organizational Identification (사회복지사들이 경험하는 컴페션이 집단적 자긍심에 미치는 영향: 긍정적 업무관련 정체성의 매개효과와 조직 동일시의 조절효과)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of compassion on collective self esteem through positive work-related identity, and to demonstrate the mediating effect of positive work-related identity and the moderating effect of organizational identification. In this study, The data collection was targeted at 369 social workers working in 13 social welfare facilities and institutions in Gyeonggi Province and 12 in Seoul from April 1 to April 25, 2018. It was demonstrated that compassion had a positive effect on positive work-related identity. Also, it was proved that positive work-related identity had a positive effect on collective self esteem, and mediating effect of positive work-related identity and moderating effect of organizational identification were also significant. Therefore, this study suggests social workers experienced compassion will have positive work-related identity, collective self esteem, and organizational identification.

Neighborhood Networks, Identity as a Neighborhood Member, and Volunteering (지역연결망 및 지역성원으로서의 정체성이 자원봉사 참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Shin-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.38
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    • pp.234-254
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    • 1999
  • Volunteering has been defined as a form of altruistic helping behavior directed at improving other's welfare. Volunteering is, however, also identified as a type of collective action for community welfare. In this regard, this study tests whether neighborhood member's network and collective identity are more important determinants to explain participation in volunteer work than altruistic or normative motivation. This study estimates a model in which volunteering is determined by empathy, normative beliefs, neighborhood networks(friendship, contacts, and integration), and identity as a neighborhood member. This study shows that empathy, normative beliefs, and collective identity as a neighborhood member have significant impacts on participation in volunteer work. In addition, this study reveals that neighborhood member's network has an indirect impact on volunteering through identity as a neighborhood member. These results suggest that neighbor-hood community member's ties and collective identity are important sources for community welfare and collective volunteer work.

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The Relation between Social Networking Sites and Depression by Gender: Mediating effects of Collective Identity, Perceived Social Support, and Negative Comparison (성별에 따른 SNS사용유형이 우울감에 미치는 영향연구: 집단소속감, 지각된 사회지지, 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Seunguk;Choi, Younyoung;Lee, Hyunwoo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.205-215
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study aimed to investigate the gender differences in the mediating effects of perceived social support and negative comparison in the relation between social networking sites and depression. For this analysis, 483 samples were collected and conducted by multi-group structural equation model. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) Collective identity was observed both in Facebook and in Internet Cafe activities. (2) Collective identity was positively related to perceived social support, but perceived social support was negatively related to depression. Also, negative comparison was positively related to depression. (3) In terms of gender differences, the Facebook activities were negatively related to depression for male while the internet cafe activities were positively related to depression for female. Lastly, (4) The collective identity was positively related to negative comparison for female.

Neighborhood Networks and Volunteering - Linking the neighborhood- and individual-level Dimensions - (지역성원 연결망과 자원봉사 참여 - 지역과 개인수준의 연계를 통한 경험 연구 -)

  • Jun, Shin-Hyun
    • 한국사회복지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.294-313
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    • 1999
  • Volunteering has been defined as a form of altruistic helping behavior directed at improving other's welfare. Volunteering is, however, also identified as a type of collective action for community welfare. In this regard, this study tests whether neighborhood member's network and collective identity are more important determinants to explain participation in volunteer work than altruistic or normative motivation. This study estimates a model in which volunteering is determined by empathy, normative beliefs, neighborhood networks(friendship, contacts, and integration), and identity as a neighborhood member. This study shows that empathy, normative beliefs, and collective identity as a neighborhood member have significant impacts on participation in volunteer work. In addition, this study reveals that neighborhood member's network has an indirect impact on volunteering through identity as a neighborhood member. These results suggest that neighborhood community member's ties and collective identity are important sources for community welfare and collective volunteer work.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Women's Make-up and Hair Style according to the Animus Archetype of Jungian Theory -Focusing on Cosmetic Advertisements- (융(Jung)의 아니무스(Animus) 원형에 따른 여성 메이크업.헤어스타일 연구 - 화장품 광고를 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Hye-Kyung;Kwak, Tai-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.61 no.6
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    • pp.86-100
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    • 2011
  • The traditional feminity has gradually been diversified in the 21th century due to a change in the society. This diversification of women's images and styles is derived from the addition of masculinity to feminity. C. G. Jung insist that human being is bisexual in nature. Animus is the male aspect in the women's collective unconscious and it is the archetype through which we generally communicate with the collective unconscious. It is also important to get into touch with the collective unconscious for self-realization. This study analyzes subconscious desires based on the Animus archetype in the collective unconscious of women through the diversity of the gender identity shown in cosmetic advertisements. Therefore this study aims to suggest a marketing strategy for the women's beauty industry in the future. For this purpose, this study conducts an empirical analysis of women's make-up and hair style in cosmetic advertisements through the Jungian Animus theory. The conclusion of this study is as follows: First, gender identity represented in cosmetic advertisements was classified into Mother/Wife, Hetaira, Mediale and Amazon. Second, the Animus archetype stimulates masculinity in women's make-up and hair style. Third, range of utilization of cosmetic products is articulated with the diverse gender identity. This masculinization of women's beauty style is the external expression of collective unconscious and affords human being to reach self-realization.

Factors Affecting the Social Distance between Minority Groups and Nursing Cadets (국군간호사관생도의 소수집단에 대한 사회적 거리감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kang, Kyeong Hwa;Woo, Chung Hee;Chae, Duckhee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.505-513
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the social distance between minority groups and nursing cadets. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used. A questionnaire was distributed to the entire Armed Forces Nursing Academy cadets. Data from 273 nursing cadets were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression. Results: Social distance had positive correlations with collective identity (r=.28) and multiculturalism (r=.37). A negative correlation was found between social distance and perceived threat (r=-.38). Perceived threat, multiculturalism, collective identity, and frequency of contact with minorities were identified as factors affecting the social distance. The model explained 24% of the variables. Conclusion: To effectively respond to the minority groups' nursing needs in the army, educational programs which help to reduce the perceived threat, to strengthen multiculturalism, and to establish a healthy collective identity of nursing cadets need to be developed.

Artists or Educators? : A Phenomenological Study on the Collective Identity of Future Arts & Culture Education Instructors (ACEIs) (예술가인가 교육가인가?: 문화예술교육사 국가자격증 취득희망자의 정체성에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Kim, InSul;Park, ChilSoon;Cho, Hyojung
    • Review of Culture and Economy
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.185-216
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    • 2014
  • It has been two years since the national certificate of Arts & Culture Education Instructor(ACEI) was implemented the 2012 amendment to the Arts & Culture Education Act. Separate from the initial policy goals, students who attend the program to achieve ACEI certificate share various expectations, motivations and intents. The purpose of the research is to understand the collective identity of future ACEIs to evaluate the initial policy implementation during the period when the collective professional identity has not been fully formed yet. This research studies the data that were collected from 172 students who were attending one of the official ACEI institutes in Seoul area. As one of qualitative research methods, Questionnaire Method was employed to conduct this phenomenological study. James E Marcia's theory provides the theoretical framework for the data analysis of this study. The research results indicate that many students'identity status are between Identity Diffusion and Moratorium, which raises concerns for both arts and cultural fields as well as the policy success. Therefore, this research will relate these findings to the larger arts and culture infrastructure in order to better prepare them as arts and cultural professionals and also to stress the importance of the job market development and social environment that can accept them.

A Study on the Characteristics of Male Beauty Style according to the Anima Archetype of Jungian Theory - Focusing on Men's Cosmetic Advertisements - (융(Jung)의 아니마(Anima) 원형에 따른 남성 뷰티스타일 연구 - 남성 화장품 광고를 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Hye-Kyung;Kwak, Tai-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.36-50
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    • 2011
  • The traditional masculinity has been gradually diversified towards the 21th century due to a new social environment. Men embrace his feminine side with heightened aesthetic sense using cosmetic products for better skin, hair, and nails. This diversification of male image and his beauty style proves the addition of feminity to masculinity. C. G. Jung felt that we are all really bisexual in nature. The anima is the female aspect present in the collective unconscious of men and it is the archetype through which we communicate with the collective unconscious generally, and it is important to get into touch with it for self-realization. This study analyzes subconscious desire based on the anima archetype in the collective unconscious of men through the diversity of the gender identity shown in men's cosmetic advertisements, and therefore it aim to help developing a marketing strategy of male beauty industry in the future. For this purpose, it conducted an empirical analysis of male beauty style in cosmetic advertisements through the Jungian anima theory. The conclusion of this study is as follows: First, gender identity represented in cosmetic advertisements was typified as Retrosexual, Ubersexual, Metrosexual, Cross sexual. Second, the anima archetype stimulates feminity in male beauty style. Cross sexual type has the highest feminine tendency. Third, range of utilization of cosmetic products is articulated with the diverse gender identity. Cross sexual type is most similar to the female beauty style. This feminization of male beauty style is the external expression of collective unconscious and affords human being to reach self-realization.

Effect of Collective Efficacy on Self-Disclosure in Social Network Services (소셜네트워크서비스에서 집합적 효능감이 이용자들의 자기노출에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Seong Wook
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.19-39
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    • 2018
  • With the development of information technology, social network services (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter became popular and many users disclose their personal and sensitive information like private story, photographs and location information through posting and sharing. Despite the privacy concerns in SNSs, individuals continue to disclose their identity online. This phenomenon is called 'privacy paradox'. The purpose of this study is to examine the role of collective efficacy on self-disclosure in SNS context and to explain privacy paradox phenomenon. Drawing upon the communication privacy management theory, research model was developed and empirically tested with cross-sectional data from 306 individuals. Results revealed that collective efficacy has a direct positive effect on self-disclosure while privacy risk is negatively related to self-disclosure. However, privacy concern is not directly related to self-disclosure. The relationship between privacy concern and self-disclosure was moderated by collective efficacy.

The Influence of Collective Self-esteem on Teachers' Job Stress (교사의 집단적 자아존중감이 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • CHOI, Tae-jin
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.732-745
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of collective self-esteem on teachers' job stress. For the study, 223 teachers in elementary school, junior high school, and high school were selected and data on teachers' background variables, collective self-esteem, and job stress were collected. The relationship between variables was analysed by using multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: The job stress of teacher was significantly different according to teacher's gender, school level, and career experience. When the influence of background variables was controlled and multiple regression analysis was performed, the group self-esteem of teachers had a great influence on mitigating the perception of job stress. Particularly, it was shown that private collective self-esteem and importance to identity are the most important factors in mitigating job stress perception among the sub-variables of collective self-esteem. These results showed that it is an important task for our society to find an effective way to elevate the teacher's collective self-esteem. Teachers' collective self-esteem is expected to play a positive role not only in mitigating job stress but also in enhancing self-fulfillment and personal self-esteem of teacher.