• Title, Summary, Keyword: Collection

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A Comparative Study of Waste Collection Technologies (생활폐기물 수거 방법의 비교 연구)

  • Jung, Young Hoon;Suh, Sang-Ho;Kim, Hyoung-Ho
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2013
  • Due to the urbanization, lots of people are living in cities. It is very convenient to live in the cities for the people but at the same time, the highly populated city has several environmental problems. During delivery process of large amount of municipal waste generated from the cities, the automobile emission and traffic jam have been occurred. The waste collection in the cities has been mainly done by using labour force and delivery truck. This is the conventional waste collection up to now. Recently, new technologies like automated waste collection system and capsule transportation have been introduced. Conventional waste collection mainly relied on the labour force and truck delivery does not need to invest a lot of money for the start-up. However, it requires to pay the operational cost both for the labour force and the truck delivery. On the contrary to this conventional waste collection, the automated waste collection and capsule transportation require high initial investment cost. However, the automated waste collection and capsule transportation can reduce significantly the pollutants emission, traffic jam by the waste trucks and actual waste collection cost per ton. In dealing with the waste collection in the cities, new waste collection technologies could be properly combined with the conventional waste collection for the effective municipal waste treatment.

Simplified Tag Identification Algorithm by Modifying Tag Collection Command in Active RFID System

  • Lim, Intaek
    • Journal of Multimedia Information System
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.137-140
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we propose a simplified tag collection algorithm to improve the performance of ISO / IEC 18000-7, the standard of active RFID systems. In the proposed algorithm, the collection command is modified to include the result of the listening period response from the previous round. The tag, which has received the collection command, checks whether the slot to which it has responded is collided, transmits additional data to its data slot without a point-to-point read command and sleep command, and transitions to the sleep mode. The collection round in the standard consists of a series of collection commands, collection responses, read commands, read responses, and sleep commands. On the other hand, in the proposed tag collection algorithm, one collection round consists only of a collection command and a collection response. As a result of performance analysis, it can be seen that the proposed technique shows superior performance compared to the standard.

A Study on the Collection Policy of Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States (미국 대통령기록관의 수집정책에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Min-Jung;Lee, Seung-Hwi
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.46
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    • pp.233-286
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    • 2015
  • A Collection Policy provides a direction to an archive, but also provides a foundation for developing practical measures of planning and collecting process. In terms of a Collection Policy, it enables detail collection as regulations or codes cannot be as defined as the level of collection, thus, it allows systematic and strategic approaches in collecting former presidents' records. In the case of United States, where the same presidential system exists as South Korea, although the individual Presidential Libraries and Museums have different periods of collections, the Collection Policy was implement a half century ago that is used as a foundation data for record collection. However, the Presidential Archives in South Korea do not have a Collection Policy implemented that the collection is based on 'collection regulations' and 'collection plans.' In the comparison of the Collection Policy at the Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States and the "collection regulation" and "collection plan" at the Presidential Archives in South Korea, it shows that while the Presidential Libraries and Museums' Collection Policy applies the characteristics of individual presidents that the collection comprises the records from more than the appointed period that it includes various personal records of relating figures, events, regions, and even personal interest; the records are written in detail to the detailed scale and procedure. On the other hand, the Presidential Archives in South Korea, the records collected based on 'collection regulations' and 'collection plans' do not sufficiently apply the individual features of the former presidents that the collections remain as general and unclear. This is due to the absence of a Collection Policy that systemizes and sustains professionalism and consistency of collection plans and procedures. Hence, this study is conducted to propose collection policy implementation measures by analyzing the Collection Policy of the Presidential Libraries and Museums in the United States and identifying implications for applying individual president characteristics.

A Study on the Collection Policy of Universtiy Archives: A Case Study of Hanshin Universtiy (대학기록물 수집정책에 관한 연구: 한신대학교를 중심으로)

  • Jang, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.23-46
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    • 2005
  • This study examines the collection policy of University Archives. The establishment of collection policy enables university archives to concentrate in which memories of university to remain and provide as archives. Accordingly, this study, making a model of university archives in early sage of establishment, intends to investigate the collection policy for collecting archives in university. The first chapter defines the fields and categories of collection of archives. In order to define the collection categories, it outlines the history of the university and set up the fields and categories for documentation. In the second chapter, this study examines about the factors which forms the document of the collection policy, such as a missions statement, a guide to collection, and a guide to acceptance by items. Then, this study, applying items mentioned above, suggests a plan for a collection policy. The model presented in this study may not represent the model of collection policy in the university archives. However, it is meaningful as a study of collection policy and has purpose and significance in making a stepping stone for more developmental collection policy.

Developing a Basic Framework for the Korean National Collection Policy (국가장서개발정책 기본모형 연구)

  • Chang, Hye-Rhan;Hong, Hyun-Jin;Noh, Young-Hee;Oh, Eui-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.193-215
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    • 2009
  • A more sophisticated library collection policy is required due to the changing information environment. Both traditional resources and diversified networked information resources are increasing continuously. The National Library of Korea should construct a systematic collection development policy in order to fulfill its mission. The purpose of this study is to develop a basic framework that is intended to improve the coverage of national collection. Examining previous studies and the national collection development policies of major advanced countries, a model consisting of four sub-models has been proposed. It includes hybrid collection, cooperative linking collection, collection evaluation, and a collection policy statement. Details of the sub-models and strategies are described.

An Analytical Study on the Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Research Library Collection (연구도서관 장서의 양적 질적 평가에 관한 분석적 고찰)

  • Yoo Soyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.8
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    • pp.233-263
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    • 1981
  • The purpose of this study is to bring out the most reasonable and feasible evaluation methods of research library collection in Korea. At the very outset, writer tried to define the purpose and the necessity of collection evaluation. Writer described a collection evaluation is to gain the data for decision making on selection policy, weeding and storage project, and explained it is one of the procedures of a collection development system operation of being explained as repeated three procedures through a collection development plan, an implimentation of the set plan(selection process) and a collection evaluation. Writer also pointed out the fact many libraries in Korea are apt to by pass or overlook this important process. Writer then defined the criteria of a collection evaluation as the measurement of the proportion of library holding's capability to meet users' demands and that of the degree of total collection's utilization. Writer introduced and analysed seven existing collection evaluation methods and concluded the method by a survey of users' needs and opinion and the method by a circulation survey are the most feasible and reasonable methods that can be applied. Writer also added that using above two evaluation methods together can enhance the effectiveness of collection evaluation.

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Case Study on Collection Saturation of Public Library (공공도서관 장서의 포화에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Hong-Ryul
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to measure the saturation of the collection in public library and to propose a solution to this problem. In order to conduct this study, one local government was selected to measure the collection saturation status of each library and to clarify the cause of collection saturation. Based on the research results derived from this study, the public library in Korea measures the degree of collection saturation and recognizes the seriousness of collection saturation, and suggests the task of identifying the cause of collection saturation and solving it.

Heuristic Algorithms for Capacitated Collection Network Design in Reverse Logistics

  • Kim, Ji-Su;Lee, Dong-Ho
    • Management Science and Financial Engineering
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.45-66
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    • 2008
  • Refuse collection, one of important elements in reverse logistics, is an activity rendering recyclables or wastes and moving them to some points where further treatment is required. Among various decisions in the collection activity, we focus on network design, which is the problem of locating collection points as well as allocating refuses at demand points to collection points while satisfying the capacity restriction at each collection point. Here, the collection point is the place where recyclables or wastes near the point are gathered, and locating the collection points is done by selecting them from a given set of potential sites. The objective is to minimize the sum of fixed costs to open collection points and transportation costs to move refuses from demand points to collection points. An integer programming model is developed to represent the problem mathematically and due to the complexity of the problem, two types of heuristics, one with simultaneous and the others with separate location and allocation, are suggested. Computational experiments were done on test problems up to 500 potential sites, and the results are reported. In particular, some heuristics gave near optimal solutions for small-size test problems, i.e., 2% gaps in average from the optimal solution values.

An Exploratory Study for the Market of Seoul Collection -From the Collection Participant's Perspective- (서울컬렉션 시장부합 요소와 시장지향에 관한 탐색적 연구 -컬렉션 참가자들을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Cha-Young;Lee, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.562-572
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    • 2008
  • This study is to understand the current situation of the Seoul Collection and suggest market oriented strategies in order to establish a more effective fashion market. Three elements-time, form, and, place-were defined to analyse the dynamics of the collection and two factors-customer/competitor oriented information and information interaction among participants-were employed to evaluate the Seoul collection toward market orientation. The data were collected from the collection participants via an in-depth interview. The identified major market factors were: 1. Time-In order to create a desirable market, the opening time of the Seoul Collection needs to be rescheduled in accordance with the openings of other countries. Also the time must be suitable to the buyer's movement. 2. Product-Products which did not meet the needs of the market and their unrealistically high prices were two main factors that hindered sales. 3. Place-Although the place was a vital factor to the success of the collection, the facility was not fully a suitable location for buyers to place orders. Additionally, the analyzed data indicated the low market-oriented Seoul collection. Vital to elevating the Seoul Collection to meet the global standard, therefore, more practical research and merchandise planning should be arranged in advance.

The Effect of Prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}$ on Semen Collection Training in Boars

  • Ryu, Jae-Weon;Cho, Kyu-Ho;Lee, Joo-Hyung;Son, Jung-Ho;Chung, Ki-Hwa;Kim, In-Cheul
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.249-252
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of administration of Prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}$ ($PGF_2{\alpha}$) on semen collection training and semen characteristics in sexually inexperienced boars. Boars were moved individually to a semen collection pen and were trained to mount dummy sow. During the first and second semen collection secessions, 4 out of 17 boars and 4 out of remaining 13 boars allowed collection of semen. The 9 boars that failed semen collection from first 2 attempts received immediately 15 mg of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ i.m. (intramuscular injection) upon entering the collection pen for semen collection resulted in successful semen collection from all 9 boars. Total numbers of spermatozoa were higher in $PGF_2{\alpha}$ treated boars but there was no significant difference in % motility kinematics characteristics between control and $PGF_2{\alpha}$ treated groups during 72 hr period. Overall, administration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ in sexually inexperienced boars increased the sex drive and facilitated the mounting activity to the dummy sow for semen collection.