• Title, Summary, Keyword: Collaborative stage

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A Collaborative Channel Strategy of Physical and Virtual Stores for Look-and-feel Products (물리적 상점과 가상 상점의 협업적 경로전략: 감각상품을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Baek;Oh, Chang-Gyu
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.67-93
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    • 2006
  • Some consumers prefer online and others prefer offline. What makes them prefer online or offline? There has been a lack of theoretical development to adequately explain consumers' channel switching behavior between traditional physical stores and new virtual stores. Through consumers' purchase decision processes, this study examined the reasons why consumers changed channels depending on purchase process stages. Consumer's purchase decision process could be divided into three stages: pre-purchase stage, purchase stage, and post-purchase stage. We used the intention of channel selection as a surrogate dependent variable of channel selection. And some constructs, that is, channel function, channel benefits, customer relationship benefits, and perceived behavioral control, were selected as independent variables. In buying look-and-feel products, it was identified that consumers preferred virtual stores to physical stores at pre-purchase stage. To put it concretely, all constructs except channel benefits were more influenced to consumers at virtual stores. This result implied that information searching function, which is a main function at pre-purchase stage, was better supported by virtual stores than physical stores. In purchase stage, consumers preferred physical stores to virtual stores. Specially, all constructs influenced much more to consumers at physical stores. This result implied that although escrow service and trusted third parties were introduced, consumers felt that financial risk, performance risk, social risk, etc. still remained highly online. Finally, consumers did not prefer any channel at post-purchase stage. But three independent variables, i.e. channel function, channel benefits, and customer relationship benefits, were significantly preferred at physical stores rather than virtual stores at post-purchase stage. So we concluded that physical stores were a little more preferred to virtual stores at post-purchase stage. Through this study, it was identified that most consumers might switch channels according to purchase process stages. So, first of all, sales representatives should decide that what benefits should be given them through virtual stores at the pre-purchase stage and through physical stores at the purchase and post-purchase stages, and then devise collaborative channel strategies.

Developing and Applying TMS-Based Collaborative Learning Model for Facilitating Learning Transfer (학습전이 촉진을 위한 교류기억체계(TMS)기반 협력학습모형의 개발과 적용)

  • Lee, Jiwon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.993-1003
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    • 2017
  • Teachers expect team-based project learning to help students develop collaborative and real-world problem solving skills. In practice, however, students tend to solve problems with simple division of labor, and there is a tendency that learning transfer does not occur in solving problems. The purpose of this study is to develop a collaborative learning model based on the transactive memory system (TMS) and to verify its effectiveness. The collaborative learning model based on the TMS is composed of three stages. The first stage is developing TMS. In this stage, the students learn physics concepts and make knowledge about the expertise of group members through peer instruction. The second stage, activating TMS, is building trust through solving well-defined problems for developing near-transfer. And in the third stage, applying TMS, the students solve an ill-defined problem based on real-world context for practicing far-transfer. Based on this model, a 15-week program including two projects on geometric optics and sound waves was developed and applied to 60 college students. The data for five weeks of one project were collected and analyzed. As a result, the TMS of the experimental group with the TMS-based collaborative learning model improved stepwise. Whereas, the difference between the first week and the last week was statistically significant, while the TMS change of the comparison group using the general project learning model was not significant. Also, the experimental group showed that the learning transfer occurred better in the project than the comparison group. A collaborative learning model based on TMS can be used to learn how students gain synergy through collaboration and how students collaboratively transfer the learned concepts in problem solving.

Thoughts and Tools of Collaborative Architectural Design Process

  • Han, Seung Hoon
    • Architectural research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2005
  • The needs of collaboration among design participants spread in different locations is emphasized in the early design stage in order to not only save time and provide places to meet and talk, but also to save cost for those events as well: This is being realized by the Internet, which helps support a networked, integrated real-time multi-user environment. As the base for collaboration activities moves from physical places to cyberspace, the methods of connecting every participant by means of a computer technology have been desired and considered. This study aims at investigating today's collaboration technology in the architectural design process, especially focused on the early stages, in terms of temporal dimensions. In addition, major concepts for and previous efforts and tools of collaborative design have been examined, and a specific recommendation has been proposed for future development of collaborative architectural design systems: That is distributed collaboration, which is accessible and comprehensible to all the professionals in the building design team, which not only allows the sharing of information but also the sharing of understanding, and which facilitates the development of design tools for different aspects of the envisioned collaborative design environment.

Review of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment as a Supply Chain Collaboration Program

  • Ryu, Chung-Suk
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.85-98
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - This study primarily aims to represent the current trend of research on CPFR as a promising supply chain collaboration program and proposes a new framework for analyzing any collaboration programs in terms of three key collaborative features. Research design, data, and methodology - This study employs a literature review of selected studies that conduct research on CPFR. CPFR is analyzed based on the proposed framework that characterizes collaboration programs in terms of three key collaborative features. Results - The analysis based on the proposed framework reveals that the current form of CPFR continues to have some collaborative features that are not fully utilized to create an advanced collaboration program. The literature review indicates that most past studies ignore critical issues including the dynamic nature of the multiple-stage supply chain system and negotiation process for collaborative agreement in CPFR implementation. Conclusions - Results indicate that CPFR can become a better supply chain collaboration program by incorporating coordinative cost payment and joint decision making processes. Based on observations on the existing literature of CPFR, this study indicates several important issues to be addressed by future studies.

A Study on Real-Time Collaborative Design System for powerful interaction performance (상호작용 기능이 강화된 실시간 협업 설계 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • 하영명;김현수;안대건;김호찬;정해도;이석희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1266-1269
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    • 2003
  • Many studies have indicated that most of a product's cost is fixed early in its lift cycle, before the original design cycle is complete. This implies that we should consider various aspects of product lift cycle at the design stage. This means the need of collaboration in design stage. Because the Internet provides instant access to a wealth of design information, the Internet is used by the collaborative design team members as a medium to share data, information and knowledge, and in some cases for product data management and project management by integrating the Web with appropriate technologies. This paper presents a real-time collaborative design system for powerful interaction performance, based on the Internet and Web technologies. Using The system use the client/server architecture and the purpose of the system is to provide a method that enables real-time view, review and modification of the 3D model through the Internet.

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Development of a Reflective Collaborative Work System for e-Learning Contents Development (e-Learning 콘텐츠 개발을 위한 성찰적 협력작업시스템 개발)

  • Cho Eun-Soon;Kim In-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2006
  • e-Learning contents are composed of compounding multimedia data. It requires many professionals in contents development stage. The process of e-learning contents development can be seen as a collaborative work. In the perspective of a collaborative work process, the whole process of e-learning contents development would be regarded as collaborative work process for each participant as well as for whole group members. Most of collaborative works in contents development field are widely distributed. Members of work groups require workspaces for sharing information and communicating each other. In addition to workspaces, it also needs to support collaborative reflection such as planning for collaborative work and monitoring for work process. This paper is intended to develop the reflective collaborative work system for e-Learning contents development in order to support the systemic process of e-learning contents development. The reflective collaborative work system is composed of four supportive parts: work flow management, personal workspace, collaborative workspace, and collaborative reflection.

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A study of Utilization behavior in patients receiving Korean Medicine and Western Medicine collaboration (의·한의 협진 의료이용 행태 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Min;Kim, Nam-Kwen;Nam, Soon-Hoo;Lee, Hye-Yoon
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to investigate the frequent diseases among the people who had been treated by collaborative treatment of Korean medicine and Western medicine, and to compare their medical use behaviors before and after the collaborative first-stage pilot project between Korean medicine and Western medicine. Methods : 4,467 patients were identified as the patients who are participated in the collaborative first-stage pilot project between Korean medicine and Western medicine during the period between July 15, 2016 and March 31 2017. We used 28,480 records of Korean national health insurance claim data from January 1 2016 to March 31 2017 to analyzed present condition of cooperative medical usage. Also we conducted a paired t test to compare the percentage of collaborative treatment days before and after the pilot project period. Results : We found that the most frequent diseases treated in the pilot project were the diseases of musculoskeletal and nervous system and then 10 major diseases such as H, K, J, C (D), N, L, E, A, H and F disease codes in order. Also it was confirmed that 14 major and 53 medium diseases are included from more than 90% of total patients. As a result of high frequency of medical treatment in Western medicine or Korean medicine is "administration of Korean medicine", which is same as before and within the pilot project. The ratio of utilizing both Western and Korean medical care for the same disease on the same day by both general patients and patients in KCD-7 disease code group C, G, I, M and S had been increased significantly. Conclusions : The pilot project might change the behavior of utilizing the medical care service by increasing the ratio of collaborative treatment of Western medicine and Korean medicine for the same disease on the same day.

Collaborative Filtering with Improved Quantification Process for Real-time Context Information (실시간 컨텍스트 정보의 정량화 단계를 개선한 협력적 필터링)

  • Lee, Se-Il;Lee, Sang-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.488-493
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    • 2007
  • In general, recommendation systems quantify real-time context information obtained in the stage of collaborative filtering and use quantified context information in order to recommend services. But the recommendation systems can have problems of recommending inaccurate information because of lack of context information or classifying users into inaccurate groups because of simple classification works in the stage of quantification. In this paper, we solved the problems of lack of context information obtained in real-time by combining users' profile information used in the contents-based filtering and context information obtained in real-time. In addition, we tried collaborative filtering at the quantification stage by improving absolute classification methods to relative ones. As the result of experiments, this method improved prediction preference by 5.8% than real-time recommendation systems using context information in pure P2P environment.

A Design of Smart-based collaborative learning model for programming education of elementary school students (초등학생 프로그래밍 교육을 위한 스마트 기반 협력학습 모형 설계)

  • Sung, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.147-159
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    • 2015
  • This paper is to design smart based collaborative learning model for programming education of fifth graders of elementary school and applies it to a class and analyze its result. Designed learning model is composed of understanding of concept, realization, learning and sharing and it includes step by step learning materials and smart based collaborative learning activities. Scratch traffic light learning materials at leaning stage classify content to be checked in programming by colors and write to support programming internalization of learners. Provision of smart based collaborative learning activities that considered learning conditions of learners makes it possible for beginners to participate in and keep study actively. This study showed that there was statistically significant difference in learners' programming interest and those who achieved over 8 out of 10 points were 60.7% at three stage evaluations for achievement level that applied learning model which suggests that satisfactory achievement level is achieved.

Development of a Component-Based Distributed Supply Chain Planning System (컴포넌트에 기반한 분산 공급사슬계획 시스템 개발)

  • 정한일;박찬권;이기창
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.143-156
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    • 2002
  • The objective of supply chain planning is to satisfy the requirements for minimizing inventory costs, transportation costs, and lead times throughout the supply, production and distribution stage dispersed geographically. Therefore, the supply chain planning system should have functionalities to resolve complex optimization problems that have characteristics of multi-stage and multi-product. Ant the system should also support collaborative decision making among distributed business partners. In this study, we proposed a distributed architecture for the supply chain planning system. To do this, we analyzed functional requirements by using IDEF-0(ICAM Definition-0) methodology, defined required components, and designed each component by using object-oriented methodology. We implemented a prototype system based on CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) to show that the proposed distributed architecture based on component technology is feasible and can solve supply chain planning problem collaboratively.

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