• Title, Summary, Keyword: Collaboration modes

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A typology of Collaboration Modes for Scientific and Technological Knowledge Production and Sharing (과학기술지식 생산과 공유를 위한 협력 유형분류체계)

  • Hwang, Kumju
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.133-152
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    • 2010
  • This paper suggests a typology of the modes of collaboration for scientific and technological knowledge production and sharing (STKPS) based on knowledge communication types, including organizational factors, communication channel, intensity, and decision-making, that affect STKPS processes. It is mainly designed to rearrange ideas about collaboration drawn from the literature in order to develop a conceptual framework for categorizing modes of collaboration based on how communication patterns shape four modes of collaboration. In the conclusion and discussion part, practical implications, limitations of this study, and further studies are discussed. In particular, the practical implications propose communication patterns suitable for five stages of collaboration processes. As the collaboration initiation or set-up stage is critical, extensive face-to-face communication is recommended in the auditing stage. In the execution stage, media-based communication can be actively utilized, because collaborators will mostly exchange explicit codified knowledge supported by IT. The evaluation and reinforcement stages concentrate on tacit knowledge exchange and explicit knowledge evaluation, which requires intensive face-to-face communication including negotiations for evaluating collaboration outcomes and partnership.

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Firm Characteristics and Modes of University-Industry Collaboration: Cases of Japan and Thailand

  • Pittayasophon, Siriporn;Intarakumnerd, Patarapong;Sumikura, Koichi;Saito, Hiromi;Suzuki, Jun
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.17-39
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    • 2016
  • Despite the importance of university-industry collaboration, issues pertaining to the characteristics of collaborating firms, their modes of interaction, and the relationship between these modes and outcomes are not well-researched. The impact of country's development on these issues is also unclear. This case study examines Japan and Thailand-respectively representing developed and developing countries-and features the following key findings: 1) the characteristics of firms affect modes, with large Japanese firms being more collaborative with universities, whereas Thai SMEs significantly collaborate more with universities; 2) the relationship between modes in Thai firms is stronger than those of Japanese firms because in Thailand, perhaps due to weak technological capacity, R&D collaboration is conducted alongside university consultancy services; and 3) in Japan, R&D and human resource development collaboration lead to product innovation, whereas different outcomes are expected from different modes in Thailand. Apparently, trivial informal collaborations do have significant impact on innovation.

An Internet-based Hybrid Design Methodology for Collaborative Virtual Design Studio (인터넷 기반 가상 디자인 스튜디오에서 하이브리드 건축 협업 설계 방법론에 관한 연구)

  • 박재완;최진원
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.40
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2003
  • The rapid development of information technology has much influence on architectural design. Collaboration beyond time and space has been possible by networking the work environment and digital products. Thus, the virtual design studio on architectural design is getting more important than ever before. This research investigates a virtual design studio methodology for effective collaboration. The building design process and the communication model are studied and possible modes of design collaboration are defined. This paper proposes an internet-based Virtual Reality(VR) communication tool as well as new design methodology that we call the 'Hybrid Design Methodology'. We expect that this design methodology will dramatically increase design feedbacks, and thus results in better design alternatives. There are two issues involved in developing the collaborative virtual design studio: 1) an intuitive interface that presents collaborative relations, and 2) three-dimensional computer-mediated communication tool using sketch as a modeling method. Further research issues identified at the end of the research include developing algorithms that translate mapping images to polygons for the drafting phase in the design process.

Global Collaboration of R&D: A Case of Samsung Electro-Mechanics and UT Dallas (글로벌 R&D협력: Samsung Electro-Mechanics와 UT Dallas대학 사례연구)

  • Suh, Sang-Hyuk;Lee, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.174-194
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    • 2014
  • Collaborative technology development is now one of the most significant modes of activity in the global scientific community. However, the international cooperation of science and technology simultaneously provides opportunities and challenges, and the results of global R&D collaboration can be positive or negative as the cooperation conditions of the parties may be different according to the types or characteristics of the participants and the pattern, purpose, and motivation of cooperation. In order to minimize the risk and improve the performance of cooperation, more comprehensive as well as micro-level research is needed. This study investigates a case of successful collaborative R&D conducted by several firms, universities, and public research organizations in both Korea and the U.S.A. The aim of this study is to identify the factors of successful R&D collaboration.

A Collaborative Design System in Architecture: defining the process and testing its system environment (建築 協業設計 시스템 구축을 위한 프로세스와 環境 試險에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, U.;Kang, M.H.;Choi, J.W.;Kim, S.A.
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this research is to develop a collaborative architectural design system. Design collaboration requires an extensive use of communication methods as well as the participation of various experts from different domains. Such facts address several issues when the Internet and digital media are able to create a completely new work environment. The building design process was studied, and possible modes of design collaboration were defined. A prototype system is being developed in accordance with the defined collaboration model. The system integrates a set of communication tools and web-based design media. Such media include a synchronous multi-user web CAD tool, a schematic 3D design tool, and a electronic whiteboard. A project database was designed in order to coordinate the project-wide communication which elaborates technologies such as web-based data access. In order to find out the effectiveness of the system, a usability test was performed both in quantitative and qualitative manner. The research will contribute to the development of world-wide design and construction collaboration through the Internet, which is becoming a mainstream building process model.

Study of Synergy Effects of Collaboration in News Program between TV Reporter & Producer - Focusing on KBS 2TV - (방송뉴스제작에 있어서 기자.PD 협업의 시너지효과 탐구 - KBS 2TV <뉴스투데이>를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Kyung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.164-176
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    • 2011
  • To get an implication for desirable direction for Collaboration between Reporter & Producer, I found that had 4 modes of collaboration such as, Producer System, Reporter System, Double Reporting System, Co-Work System, and each was distinguished by field cover, on-mic, editing, writing. Producer system and Reporter system got no chemical synergy because of simple array of single reports due to physical assemble. The achievements of collaboration was birth of new news which had different duration, visual, sound & perspective. It also offered fertile soil for new program and genre literacy of 8 o'clock news. The success factor of collaboration was surprisingly turned out to be personnel rather than system. The balance of reporter & producer was also good factor. But the wall between 2 groups was so high that, after disappearance of extraordinary leader, system began to crumble and at last program was repealed.

Exploratory Research on the Collaboration Patterns between Construction Firms using Social Network Analysis (사회연결망분석을 활용한 국내기업의 해외건설시장 공동진출 양상의 특성 분석에 관한 탐색연구)

  • Park, Hee-Dae;Jeong, Woo-Yong;Han, Seung-Heon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.382-387
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    • 2008
  • Current global construction market has grown at a dramatic expansion rate every year in connection with more market accessibility by foreign contractors. The market openness is largely due to globalization of world construction markets, rapid development of world-wide telecommunication technologies, the formation of collaborative acquisitions and joint ventures among contractors, development of regional Free Trade Blocks, and just name a few. This paper focuses on the formation of collaborative networks when expanding into new foreign markets. The social network analysis (SNA) is introduced to investigate a variety of the collaboration patterns and also their impacts on the performance. To this end, the collaboration cases of 600 international construction projects performed by Korean contractors since 1990 were collected and classified into firm's size, project types, collaboration modes, and performance levels using social network analysis. The results showed a direction in establishing business strategy associated with experienced or inexperienced contractors in international construction projects.

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DESIGN CONCEPT FOR THE RETROFIT KAO 1M ROBOTIC TELESCOPE

  • Han, Won-Yong;Mack, Peter;Park, Jang-Hyun;Jin, Ho;Lee, Woo-Baik;Lee, Chung-Uk
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2000
  • Korea Astronomy Observatory(KAO) is working to retrofit its 1m robotic telescope in collaboration with a company (ACE, Astronomical Consultants & Equipment). The telescope system is being totally refurbished to make a fully automatic telescope which can operate in both interactive and fully autonomous robotic modes. Progress has been made in design and manufacturing of the telescope mount, mechanics, and optical performance system tests are being made for re-configured primary and secondary mirrors. The optical system is designed to collect 80% incident light within 0.5 arcsec with f/7.5 Ritchey-Chretien design. The telescope mount is an equatorial fork with a friction drive system. The design allows fully programmable tracking speeds with typical range of 15 arcsec/sec with accuracy of $\pm5$ arcsec/hour. The mount system has integral pointing model software to correct for refraction, and all mechanical errors and misalignments. The pointing model will permit positioning to better than 30 arcsec RMS within $75^{\circ}$ from zenith and 45 arcsec RMS elsewhere on the sky. The software is designed for interactive, remote and robotic modes of operation. In interactive and remote mode the user can manually enter coordinates or retrieve them from a computer file. In robotic mode the telescope controller downloads the coordinates in the order determined by the scheduler. The telescope will be equipped with a CCD camera and will be accessible via the internet.

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Concurrent Engineering Based Collaborative Design Under Network Environment

  • Jiang Gongliang;Huang Hong-Zhong;Fan Xianfeng;Miao Qiang;Ling Dan
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.1534-1540
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    • 2006
  • Concurrent Engineering (CE) is a popular method employed in product development. It treats the whole product design process by the consideration of product quality, cost, rate of progress, and demands of customers. The development of computer and network technologies provides a strong support to the realization of CE in practice. Aiming at the characteristics of CE and network collaborative design, this paper built network collaborative design system frame. Through the analysis of the network collaborative design modes based on CE, this paper provided a novel network collaborative design integration model. This model can integrate the product design information, design process, and knowledge. Intelligent collaboration was considered in the proposed model. The study showed that the proposed model considered main factors such as information, knowledge, and design process in collaborative design. It has potential application in CE fields.

The Infrastructure of Public Opinion Research in Japan

  • Kubota, Yuichi
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.42-60
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    • 2013
  • This article introduces the infrastructure of public opinion research in Japan by reviewing the development of polling organizations and the current situation of social surveys. In Japan, the polling infrastructure developed through the direction and encouragement of the U.S. occupation authorities. In the early 1969s, however, survey researchers began to conduct their own original polls in not only domestic but also cross-national contexts. An exploration of recent survey trends reveals that polling organizations tended to conduct more surveys during summer, in the mid-range of sample size (1,000-2,999), based on random sampling (response rates of 40-50%), and through the mail between April 2011 and March 2012. The media was the most active polling sector.