• Title, Summary, Keyword: Coagulant

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Development of intelligent coagulant feeding system (지능형 응집제 투입 시스템의 개발)

  • Chung, Woo-Seop;Oh, Sueg-Young
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.3 no.6
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    • pp.652-658
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    • 1997
  • Coagulant feeding control is very important in the water treatment process. Coagulant feeding is related to the raw water quality such as turbidity, alkalinity, water temperature, pH and so on. However, since the process of chemical reaction has not been clarified so far, coagulant dosing rate has been decided by jar-test. In order to overcome the difficulty mentioned above, Fuzzy Neural Network to fuse fuzzy logic and neural network was proposed, and the scheme was applied to the automatic determination of coagulant dosing rate. This algorithm can automatically identify the if-then rules, tune the membership functions by utilizing expert's experimental data. The proposed scheme is evaluated by computer simulation and interfaced with coagulant feeder operated by magnetic flowmeter, control valve and PLC. It is shown that coagulant feeding according to real time sensing of water quality is very effective.

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Effects of Dual-Coagulant Performance (이중응집이 응집공정에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee-Geun;Moon, Byung-Hyun;Kim, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.92-97
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    • 2005
  • This research is to investigate the effect of the dual coagulant using inorganic coagulants($AICl3{\cdot}6H2O$) and polymer on the coagulant process. Jar-test was conducted by using Kaolin injected raw water. PDA(Photometric Dispersion Analyzer) equipment in order to analyze the size of the particles and the characteristics of the shapes. The change in the rate of sample ores' residual deposited after coagulants were also compared. According to the result derived from this experiment, the concentration of inorganic coagulant reduced 50% and the residual was lower by using dual coagulants compared to using single coagulant. However the dual coagulant required sufficient mixing time, and affected particle characteristics, with the effect of the injection order of coagulants, the simultaneous injection of inorganic coagulant and polymer showed the most effective in the particle removal.

Contrasting Correlation in the Inhibition Response of ADP-induced Platelet Aggregation and the Anti-coagulant Activities of Algal fucoidans Derived from Eisenia bicyclis and Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls (Mekabu)

  • Jeong, Eui-Sook;Yoon, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Jong-Ki
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.194-202
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    • 2009
  • Sulfated fucans are known to have both anti-thrombotic and anti-coagulant activities. In this study, the variation in platelet aggregation and anti-coagulant activities was investigated in vitro with regard to administered dose, molecular weight distribution, sulfate content, and sugar composition in two algal fucoidans from Eisenia bicyclis and Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls (Mekabu). The anti-coagulant activity largely correlated with sulfate content and with molecular weight distribution in a dose-dependent manner. However, both fucoidans demonstrated inhibitory responses to ADP-induced platelet aggregation in dose- and structure-dependent manners that contrasted with the anti-coagulant activity. Neither molecular weight distribution nor sulfate content greatly affected platelet-aggregation inhibition (PA-inhibition) by the fucoidan fractions, whereas anti-coagulant activity was sensitive to these structural factors. Interestingly, an E. bicyclis fucoidan fraction exhibited almost complete PA-inhibition at a treatment dose of 500 mg/mL while retaining weak anti-coagulant activity. In conclusion, these observations suggest that fucoidan may be a useful anti-thrombotic or anti-platelet agent in various arterial thrombotic disorders, including post-vascular intervention with controlled bleeding complications, due to its anti-coagulant modulating activity.

Characteristics of Mixing and Coagulation in an Inline Coagulant Mixing System (인라인 응집제 혼화시스템의 혼화 및 응집특성)

  • Yang, Hei-Cheon;Park, Sang-Kyoo;Wang, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.3139-3143
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this paper was to investigate the mixing characteristics of an three-stage inline coagulant mixing system experimentally. Wastewater samples of pH 8.5 and initial turbidity 1,000NTU were taken from a site of tunneling work. At the constant dosage, 0.36mL/L, of polymer as coagulant aids, the coagulation efficiency with the dosage of PAC as coagulant was about 4${\sim}$6% at 10 minutes after sampling. In the case of 2 different velocity gradient conditions, the efficiency of turbidity removal was increased about 6.5${\sim}$8% with increasing the dosage of coagulant while, the efficiency was increased about 20${\sim}$21.5% with increasing the dosage of coagulant aids. The efficiency of turbidity removal with the settling time after sampling was about 90% after 1 minute, and the efficiency was about 95% after 5 minutes.

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Production of Eco-friendly Aminotosan® Fertilizer from Waste Livestock Blood using Chitosan Coagulation

  • Kim, Hyeon-Jeong;Shin, Myung-Seop;Jeon, Yong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.724-730
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to produce Aminotosan$^{(R)}$ fertilizer using optimized chitosan coagulant from waste livestock blood. Amino-acid fertilizer was produced by pretreated livestock blood. Chitosan coagulant was aggregated with amino-acid fertilizer to produce Aminotosan$^{(R)}$. Optimized coagulation conditions were set using chitosan coagulant such as 10% citric acid and 500 ppm chitosan coagulant by analysis of CST and TTF. The efficiency of coagulation by chitosan coagulant under the optimal conditions was better than chemical coagulants. After solid/liquid separation for coagulated amino-acid fertilizer, Aminotosan$^{(R)}$ fertilizer which added eco-friendly and aesthetic functions was produced.

Effect of Various Coagulants on the Texture and the Sensory Properties of Milk Curd (응고제가 우유두부의 물성 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo Na-Ri Yah;Lee Min-Sun;Park Soo-Jin;Kang Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.449-456
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    • 2004
  • Different types of coagulant and characteristics of its concentration added in the process of making milk curd were compared in this study. The pH of whey decreased when the amount of coagulant increased. The turbidity of whey was decreased when 5% of acetic acid and lemon juice were put into as coagulants. The texture of milk curd made with cow's milk and skim milk was measured the highest when acetic acid and lemon juice were added at 3, 5% of their concentration. The fracturability of milk curd made only with cow's milk decreased as the concentration of each coagulant increased. The cohesiveness was decreased as concentration of coagulant increased. The springiness was slightly changed depending on its coagulant but didn't show much of difference. The gummminess of milk curd made with cow's milk was increased when 3, 5% of coagulant was added. The result of sensory evaluation of milk curd showed that preference of milk curd wasn't depending on types of milk nor its coagulant. Also, flavor preference showed better when lemon juice was added. Preference in texture of milk curd was the highest made with cow's milk and skim milk. Preference in taste was high when 10% of lemon juice was added to skim milk and preference in its appearance showed higher when the alum was added as a coagulant to both cow's milk and skim milk than other coagulants.

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Fuzzy modeling and control for coagulant dosing process in water purification system (상수처리시스템 응집제 주입공정 퍼지 모델링과 제어)

  • 이수범;남의석;이봉국
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.282-285
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    • 1996
  • In the water purification plant, the raw water is promptly purified by injecting chemicals. The amount of chemicals is directly related to water quality such as turbidity, temperature, pH and alkalinity. At present, however, the process of chemical reaction to the turbidity has not been clarified as yet. Since the process of coagulant dosage has no feedback signal, the amount of chemical can not be calculated from water quality data which were sensed from the plant. Accordingly, it has to be judged and determined by Jar-Test data which were made by skilled operators. In this paper, it is concerned to model and control the coagulant dosing process using jar-test results in order to predict optimum dosage of coagulant, PAC(Polymerized Aluminium Chloride). The considering relations to the reaction of coagulation and flocculation, the five independent variables(turbidity, temperature, pH, Alkalinity of the raw water, PAC feed rate) are selected out and they are put into calculation to develope a neural network model and a fuzzy model for coagulant dosing process in water purification system. These model are utilized to predict optimum coagulant dosage which can minimize the water turbidity in flocculator. The efficacy of the proposed control schemes was examined by the field test.

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A study on coagulant dosing process in water purification system (상수처리시스템의 응집제 주입공정 모델링에 관한 연구)

  • 남의석;우광방
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.317-320
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    • 1997
  • In the water purification plant, chemicals are injected for quick purification of raw water. It is clear that the amount of chemicals intrinsically depends on the water quality such as turbidity, temperature, pH and alkalinity etc. However, the process of chemical reaction to improve water quality by the chemicals is not yet fully clarified nor quantified. The feedback signal in the process of coagulant dosage, which should be measured (through the sensor of the plant) to compute the appropriate amount of chemicals, is also not available. Most traditional methods focus on judging the conditions of purifying reaction and determine the amounts of chemicals through manual operation of field experts or jar-test results. This paper presents the method of deriving the optimum dosing rate of coagulant, PAC(Polymerized Aluminium Chloride) for coagulant dosing process in water purification system. A neural network model is developed for coagulant dosing and purifying process. The optimum coagulant dosing rate can be derived the neural network model. Conventionally, four input variables (turbidity, temperature, pH, alkalinity of raw water) are known to be related to the process, while considering the relationships to the reaction of coagulation and flocculation. Also, the turbidity in flocculator is regarded as a new input variable. And the genetic algorithm is utilized to identify the neural network structure. The ability of the proposed scheme validated through the field test is proved to be of considerable practical value.

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Automatic T-P Coagulation Control System using an EC in the MSBR Process - Full Scale Study - (MSBR 공정에서 전기전도도를 이용한 인 제거 자동제어시스템 - 현장 적용 중심 -)

  • Jang, Hee-seon;Lee, Ho-sik
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2017
  • Many sewage treatment plants have applied the advanced technology of chemical coagulant system to remove phosporus in Korea. However there are some problems for the injection of optimum coagulant dosage. In order to solve these problems, the research related to the more cost-effective automatic total phosphorus coagulation control system using an EC(Electrical Conductivity) have been in progress. This study was conducted by the same process and operation method as the Lab-scale for public small town sewage treatment plant. First, it confirmed the correlation among the EC, PO4-P and coagulant dosage in the Lab-scale MSBR(Membrane Sequencing Batch Reactor) process. Next, it analyzed that correlation coefficient of EC and the coagulant dosage was 0.92 in the Full-scale MSBR process. As a result, not only T-P removal efficiency was doubled but also it satisfied the effluent water quality standard in a stable manner. In addition, by applying the automatic control system using the EC, compared to the fixed coagulant injection system the coagulant dosage could be reduced by 28%.

Quality of Tofu Prepared with Deep Seawater as Coagulant (해양심층수로 제조된 두부의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Gwang-Woo;Kim, Ga-Hyeon;Kim, Jeong-Sik;An, Hyo-Yeong;Hu, Gil-Won;Son, Jin-Ki;Kim, Ok-Seon;Cho, Soon-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated the quality of tofu prepared by treating soybean milk with deep seawater as a coagulant. The quality and shelf-life of the tofu prepared using the deep seawater coagulant were determined and compared to those using $CaSO_4$, surface seawater, and intermediate seawater coagulant. The tofu made with the deep seawater coagulant was firmest. In addition, the deep seawater tofu product had more, smaller particles in the microscopic view, compared to the tofu made from surface and intermediate seawater coagulants. The deep seawater tofu product had the lowest viable cell counts and turbidity. In addition, the deep seawater tofu product had a longer extended shelf-life. From these results, deep seawater appears to improve the texture, taste, and shelf-life of tofu when used as a coagulant.