• Title, Summary, Keyword: Climacteric symptoms

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The Effects of an Integrated Management Program on Climacteric Symptoms and Depression in Middle-aged Women (통합 관리프로그램이 중년기 여성의 갱년기 증상과 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Chung, Duk-Eun;Sung, Kyung-Mi
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an integrated management program on climacteric symptoms and depression in middle-aged women. Methods: A nonequivalent control-group design was used. The subjects consisted of 65 middle-aged women with climacteric symptoms. The experimental group (n=33) participated in the program for six 60-min sessions. To measure the climacteric symptoms and depression level of the subjects, two self-reporting questionnaires were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 17.0 program. Results: The women in the experimental group reported the average score of 13.80 in climacteric symptoms, 14.38 in depression. The hypothesis that the climacteric symptoms of experimental group would be reduced more than that of the control group was supported (t=3.92, p<.001): physical symptoms (t=4.04, p<.001); psychological symptoms (t=1.80, p=.077); sexual symptoms (t=2.85, p=.006). The second hypothesis that the degree of depression of the experimental group who used the integrated climacteric symptoms management program would be reduced more than that of the control group was also supported (t=2.30, p=.02). Conclusion: The integrated management program for middle-aged women with climacteric symptoms was effective in reducing their climacteric symptoms and depression level.

The Relationship Between the Role Conflict and Self-reported Climacteric Symptoms of the Middle-aged Industrial Female Workers (일부 생산직 중년 여성근로자의 역할갈등과 갱년기증상과의 관계)

  • Choi, Ran;Park, Chai Soon
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.136-143
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze relationship between the role conflict and self-reported climacteric symptoms in the middle-aged industrial female workers. The data were collected by self-reported questionnaire from Nov. 1 to Nov. 30, 1996. The subjects were 201 women whose age, between 40 and 59 years. The analysis of data was t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\grave{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, Stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows : 1. 54.8% of the respondents had their climacteric symptom in middle life. 2. Age and religion affected significantly self-reported climacteric symptoms(F=4.2, P=.007 ; t=-2.1, P=0.42). 3. A comparison between two groups, with high and low rate of self-reported climacteric symptoms, indicated that for middle-aged industrial female workers when role conflict is high, climacteric symptoms is high(t=7.8, P=.000). 4. The relationship between self-reported climacteric symptoms and role conflict was positively significant(r=.5, P=.000). 5. The role conflict as a spouse affected significantly self-reported climacteric symptoms(F=52.6, P=.000). Role conflict the role as a spouse was explained 21% of self-reported climacteric symptoms. In conclusion, role conflict is the dominant factor in influencing self-reported climacteric symptoms.

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Relationship between Climacteric Symptoms and Sexual Satisfaction in Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 갱년기 증상과 성만족과의 관계 연구)

  • Cha Bo-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the relationship between climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction in middle-aged women. Method: Self-selection was used to recruit, for the study, 272 middle-aged women between 40 and 59 years of age from 2 metropolitan areas and 2 provinces in Korea. The questionnaire included information on demographic characteristics, climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction. Result: The results are as follows: 1. The mean/item climacteric symptom score was 1.91 and the mean sexual satisfaction score was 38.19.2. Climacteric symptoms were significantly influenced by age, education, economic status, frequency of abortions and menopausal status. Sexual satisfaction was influenced significantly by age, education, economic status and menopausal status. 3. There was a significant negative correlation between climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction (r=-.24, p =.0002). Conclusion: Sexuality should be considered when developing nursing strategies for middle-aged women, especially when dealing with climacteric symptoms.

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A Study of Correlation between Self Concept and Climacteric Symptoms in Middle-Aged Women (일 지역 중년기 여성의 자아개념과 갱년기 증상과의 관계 연구)

  • Kim Jung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self concept and the climacteric symptoms in middle-aged women. Method: From a convenience sample of 123 women between 40 and 59 years of age living in P-city data were collected using a structured questioanaire. It included a self concept scale and climacteric symptom scale. With spss/pc(+), data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Result: 1 The mean score for self concept was $108.73{\pm}16.24$. 2. The variables that influenced the self concept of middle-aged women most were 'health state' and 'marriage satisfaction'. They were statistically significant at the .01 level. 3. The mean score for climacteric symptoms was 3.13. Of psychophysical, physical and psychological symptoms the scores for psychophysical symptoms were the highest. 4. There were significant negative correlations between self concept and climacteric symptoms (r=-.333, p=.000). Conclusion: This study suggests that positive self concept can reduce climacteric symptoms in middle-aged women.

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5 Cases Report of Climacteric Symptoms with Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang (시호가용골모려탕(柴胡加龍骨牡蠣湯)으로 호전된 갱년기증후군 환자 치험 5례)

  • Lee, Yong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang on climacteric symptoms. Methods: We studied 5 climacteric symptoms patients who visited Oriental Hospital of OO University from March 2012 to September 2012. We treated them with Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang, acupuncture and moxibustion. The patients of climacteric symptoms had been estimated with Kupperman's index. Results: After treatment, climacteric symptoms were improved and mean score of Kupperman's index was reduced(the first case reduce from 82 to 13 during 3 months, the second case reduce from 81 to 19 during 2 months, the third case reduce from 80 to 21 during 2 months, the fouth case reduce from 50 to 9 during 2 months, the fifth case reduce from 66 to 17 during 1 month). Conclusions: This study suggests that Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang is significantly effective on climacteric symptoms patients.

An Analysis of the Relationship between Climacteric Symptoms and Depression of Middle-Aged Women (중년여성의 갱년기 증상호소와 우울과의 관계)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.465-476
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between climacteric symptoms and depression of middle-aged women. Data were collected from Jul. 1 to Jul. 31, 2000 by a structured questionnaire. The Subjects were 102 middle-aged women who non-hysterectomized and ranged in age from 40 to 59. The instruments were the climacteric symptoms scale developed by Neugarten and depression scale developed by Zung. The Data were analyzed by the SPSS/PC+ program using t-test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study were as follows ; 1. Mean score of climacteric symptoms was 0.72. 2. There were statistically significant differences in the score of middle-abed women's self reported climacteric symptoms according to the age(F=3.13, P<0.05), and times of pregnancy(F=3.24, P<0.05). 3. Mean score of depression scale was 49.2. About 39% of the women displayed a variety depression symptoms. 4. Women's degree of climacteric symptoms showed a positive correlation with the degree of depression(r= 0.5393, P<0.001). This study shows possible implication for nursing intervention of middle-aged women's health to prevent and relieve climacteric symptoms.

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A Comparison Study on Nutrients, Phytoestrogens and Food Intakes of Postmenopausal Women according to the Climacteric Symptom (폐경 여성의 갱년기 증상에 따른 영양소, 식물성 에스트로겐 및 식품 종류별 섭취 비교)

  • Kim, Mi-Hyun;Bae, Yun-Jung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.533-541
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between climacteric symptoms and intakes of various nutrients, phytoestrogens and foods in postmenopausal women. We conducted anthropometric measurements, questionnaire interview and 24hr dietary recall for 3 days in 128 postmenopausal women aged $49{\sim}64$. The subjects were divided into the two groups, NCMS(non climacteric symptoms group) and CMS(climacteric symptoms group), according to the severity of the climacteric symptoms. There were no significant difference in anthropometric measurements, maternal factors(menarche age, menopause age), subjective health status, frequency of exercise, smoking and drinking status between the two groups. The Mg and lignan precusor intakes of the NCMS group were significantly higher than those of the CMS group. Mg, lignan precusor, pulse and seed intakes had negative correlations with the severity of climacteric symptoms. From this study results, Mg, phytoestrogen(especially some lignan) and some food groups like as pulse and seeds may prevent and reduce climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women.

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A Study on the Relationship between Stress and Climacteric Symptoms of Midlife Men (중년기 남성의 스트레스와 갱년기 증상)

  • Chung, Yeon-Kang;Lee, Jae-On;Han, Kyung-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.513-522
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    • 2002
  • This study investigated stress and the extent of climacteric symptoms in mid-life men, and examined their relationship in order to better understand the stress and climacteric symptom experiences of mid-life men, and thereby attempted to offer basic materials for the development of a health improvement program that may help increase the quality of life of mid-life men. Three hundred mid-life men whose ages were between 40 and 59 and resided in the Seoul area were subjects of this study. The data were analyzed with the SAS PC program using descriptive statistics to analyze subjects' general characteristics and variables of stress and the extent of climacteric symptoms of the subjects. The relationship between stress and climacteric symptoms were examined by the Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and stress and the extent of climacteric symptoms in relation to the general characteristics were analyzed by T-test and ANOVA. The study conclusions are as follows: 1. Subjects general characteristics The average, age of the subjects was 46 and 47.0% of them reported ages between 40 and 45. Of the subjects, 98% were married. In marriage satisfaction, those who were generally satisfied with their married life comprised 62.0% of the subjects. In terms of level of education, 95.7% were educated above the high school level. In occupational background, 59.7% had occupations related to technologies. As for religion, 42.7% had no religion. In number of children, 67.3% had 2 children. In residential status, 79,3% were living in their own homes. In terms of living arrangements, 87.7% of the subjects were living in the form of nuclear families. 2. Stress and the extent of climacteric symptoms The level of stress was scored as $2.94{\pm}0.74$, and considering that the overall examination score is $27.16{\pm}1.32$, the subjects' stress level was not viewed as particularly high. The average score of the extent of climacteric symptoms was $35.37{\pm}0.27$. The extent of sub-domains of climacteric symptoms included skeleton symptoms ($39.37{\pm}2.81$), joint pain ($39.16{\pm}3.66$), vasomotor symptoms ($35.39{\pm}3.01$), other symptoms ($36.99{\pm}3.02$), psychological symptoms ($34.68{\pm}3.01$), urogenic symptoms ($35.03{\pm}3.27$), and cardiovascular symptoms ($33.70{\pm}2.78$). 3. General characteristics in relation to the stress level The subjects' general characteristics that were significantly related to the level of stress were marriage status (F=4.38, p=.001), marriage satisfaction (F=4.56, p=.001), educational background (F=2.68, p=.012), and age (F=2.48, p=.033). 4. General characteristics in relation to the level of climacteric symptoms The subjects' general characteristics that were significantly related to the level of climacteric symptoms were educational background (F=3.26, p=.007), age (F=2.58, p=.027), marriage status (F=2.62, p=.025), and marriage satisfaction (F=2.78. p=.032). 5. The correlation between stress and climacteric symptoms The subjects' level of stress and climacteric symptoms were significantly related to each other (r=0.578, p=0.000). The subjects' level of stress was correlated with sub-domains of the climacteric symptoms including psychological symptoms (r=0.579, p=0.000), joint pain (r=0.479, p=0.000), skeleton symptoms (r=0.477, p=0.000), other symptoms (r=0.467, p=0.000), vasomotor symptoms (r=0.4615, p=0.000), cardiovascular symptoms (r=0.458, p=0.000), urogenic symptoms (r=0.401. p=0.000). In summary, the climacteric symptoms suffered by mid-life men are positively correlated with their level of stress. In addition, the climacteric symptoms were affected by the level of stress.

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Self-reported Climacteric Symptoms, Self concept and Depression in Middle-Aged Women (중년여성의 갱년기 증상, 자아개념 및 우울간의 관계)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.102-113
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: This study was designed to identify the relationship between self reported climacteric symptoms, self concept and depression in middle aged women. Method: Data were collected through self-reported questionaires which were constructed to include a climacteric symptoms, self-concept and depression of middle-aged women scale. The subjects for this study were 102 women between 40-59 years of age living in P city. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results: The results obtained from this study were as follows : 1) The relationship between self reported climacteric symptoms and self concept was statistically significant with a negative correlation (r=-0.4862, P0.001). The relationship between self reported climacteric symptoms and depression had a statistically significant positive correlation (r=0.5393, P<0.001). The Relationship between self-concept and depression had a statistically significant negative correlation (r=-0.3769, P<0.001). 2) General characteristic variables significantly related to self reported climacteric symptoms were age (F=3.13, P<0.05) and frequency of pregnancy (F=3.24, P<0.05). General characteristic variables significantly related to frequency of self-concept were age (F=3.13, P<0.05), education level (F=2.97, P<0.05) and occupation (t=1.84, P<0.05). General characteristic variables significantly related to depression were age (F=3.12, P<0.05) and number of children (t=3.59, P<0.05). 3) The obstetrical characteristic variable significantly related to self-reported climacteric symptoms was the frequency of pregnancy (t=3.24, P<0.05). Conclusion: This study shows possible implications for nursing intervention for middle-aged women's health to prevent and relieve climacteric symptoms.

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The Climacteric Symptoms and Quality of Life in Climacteric Women according to Hormone Replacement Therapy (호르몬 대체요법에 따른 갱년기여성의 갱년증상과 삶의 질)

  • Kim, Og-Mi;Lee, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.642-656
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to find the difference of the climacteric symptoms and quality of life according to hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in climacteric women. The research design was a descriptive survey with questionaries. A convenience sample of 181 climacteric women aged 45-65 who had climacteric symptoms were selected in Kwangju city, Korea. Sixty-six climacteric women among those subjects were receiving HRT at K university hospital in Kwangju city. Data were collected by the interview with questionaries from Feb 3. 1999 to March 25, 1999. Climacteric symptoms were measured using scores developed by Neugarten(1965) and modified by Park(1989), and the quality of life scale related to climacteric symptoms developed by Hildtich(1996) and modified Kim(1998). Data were analyzed by $x^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation procedures, using SAS/win PC+. The results were as follows ; 1. No statistically significant differences were found between the receiving HRT group and not receiving HRT group in demographic, obstetrical and health related characteristics. 2. There were no significant difference on the climacteric symptoms between the group of women receiving HRT (score 2.4) and the group of women who were not (score 2.6) except psychological area (t= 2.407, p= 0.017). 3. The quality of life of the group of women receiving HRT was significantly higher than that the group of women who were not (t=2.151, p=.032). 4. The quality of life of the group of women receiving HRT were high scores There were significantly high of the quality of life in the vaso-motor change area (t=2.634, p= 0.009), psycho-social change area (t=3.239, p=0.001), and physical change area (t=2.031, p=0,043) in the group of receiving HRT compared to not receiving HRT group. 5. The variables showed significantly differences on the degree of climacteric symptoms of the group of women not receiving HRT were the subjective health state (t=15.81, p=0.000), age (t=7.50, p=0.007), feeling of menopause (t=30.88, p=0,000) and climacteric periods (t=8.66, p=0.003), and receiving HRT were number of para (t=3.95, p=0.050) and feeling of menopause (t=3.94, p=0.050). 6. The variables showed significantly difference on the quality of life of the group of women not receiving HRT were the subjective health state (t=4.14, p=0.044) and feeling of menopause (t=10.86, p=0.001). 7. There were significantly positive correlations between the climacteric symptoms and the quality of life in climacteric women (r=0.512, p=0.000).

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