• Title, Summary, Keyword: Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma

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Differentiation of Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma by Using Helical CT (나선식 CT를 이용한 혐색소형 신세포암과 투명세포형 신세포암의 감별)

  • Kim, Hong-Chul;Cho, Jae-Ho
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2012
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to differentiate chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma on helical CT. Methods: The CT images of 9 patients histopathologically proven to have chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and 20 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma were reviewed. The tumor sizes, margins, enhancement degrees and patterns, presence or absence of calcification, and tumor spread patterns (including perinephric changes, venous invasion, lymphadenopathy, and distant metastasis) were compared. Results: All the chromophobe renal cell carcinomas showed well-demarcated margins. Thechromophobe renal cell carcinomas showed milder enhancements than the clear cell renal cell carcinomas. The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating the chromophobe renal cell carcinoma from the clear cell renal cell carcinoma were 100 and 88%, respectively, when 101 Hounsfield units was used as the cut-off value in the corticomedullary phase, and 95 and 100% when a less-than-three-time enhancement change was used as a cut-off value in the corticomedullary phase (p<0.05). The chromophobe renal cell carcinomas (67%) tended to show a homogeneous enhancement whereas the clear cell renal cell carcinomas (85%) usually showed a heterogeneous enhancement (p<0.05). Statistical analysis revealed that the frequencies of the tumor spread pattern and calcification in the two subtypes didnot differ significantly (p>0.05). Conclusion: The CT findings of the chromophobe renal cell carcinomascompared to those of the clear cell renal cell carcinomas showed that there were mild enhancements in the corticomedullary phase, homogeneous enhancements, and well-demarcated margins.

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A Case of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to Thyroid Gland (갑상선에 전이된 신세포암 1예)

  • Ko, Young-Bum;Park, Gi Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.62-64
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    • 2013
  • The distant metastasis is found out in about 25-57% of the patients with renal cell carcinoma at the time of diagnosis. But, the incidence of metastases to the head and neck region, especially to the thyroid gland, is rare. Most of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the thyroid gland are asymptomatic at presentation as patients with primary thyroid carcinoma. In the presence of clear cell tumor of the thyroid gland, the diagnostic considerations must include metastatic renal cell carcinoma. We report a case of thyroid metastasis from renal cell carcinoma at the time of diagnosis.

High Occurrence of Non-Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma in Oman

  • Venniyoor, Ajit;Essam, Abdul Monem;Ramadhan, Fatma;Keswani, Heeranand;Mehdi, Itrat;Bahrani, Bassim Al
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.2801-2804
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    • 2016
  • It is conventionally accepted that renal cell carcinoma (RCC) occurs in older patients and the clear cell type is the most common histology. However, ethnic variations exist and this study was carried out to determine the epidemiological pattern of RCC in Oman. Ninety RCC patients who presented to a tertiary care center in the Sultanate of Oman from 2010 to 2014 were studied. The main findings were that the median age of presentation was low, more patients presented with localized stage, and there was a higher incidence of non-clear (especially papillary) histology. Data from other Gulf countries and possible reasons for the different profile are discussed.

Standardized Uptake Values Highly Correlate with Tumor Size and Fuhrman Grade in Patients with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Polat, Emre Can;Otunctemur, Alper;Ozbek, Emin;Besiroglu, Huseyin;Dursun, Murat;Ozer, Kutan;Horsanali, Mustafa Ozan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7821-7824
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    • 2014
  • Background: We investigated the correlation between standardized uptake value (SUVmax), tumor size and Fuhrman grade in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 54 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma histopathologically diagnosed who underwent fluorine-18 fluoro-2 deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) between January 2005 and March 2014. Results: Avarage tumor sizes were $5.64{\pm}1.85$, $6.85{\pm}2.24$ and $7.98{\pm}2.45$ in low, medium and high SUVmax groups, respectively. The Spearman's correlation coefficient between the tumor size and SUVmax was 0.385 (p=0.004) and between the Fuhrman grade and SUVmax was 0.578 (p<0.001). Conclusions: SUVmax appears highly correlated with tumor size and Fuhrman grade in patients with histopathologically confirmed clear cell RC. Multicenter studies are needed to provide larger series for more accurate results.

Loss of Nuclear BAP1 Expression Is Associated with High WHO/ISUP Grade in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Wi, Young Chan;Moon, Ahrim;Jung, Min Jung;Kim, Yeseul;Bang, Seong Sik;Jang, Kiseok;Paik, Seung Sam;Shin, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.378-385
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    • 2018
  • Background: BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) mutations are frequently reported in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC); however, very few studies have evaluated the role of these mutations in other renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes. Therefore, we analyzed BAP1 protein expression using immunohistochemistry in several RCC subtypes and assessed its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients. Methods: BAP1 expression was immunohistochemically evaluated in tissue microarray blocks constructed from 371 samples of RCC collected from two medical institutions. BAP1 expression was evaluated based on the extent of nuclear staining in tumor cells, and no expression or expression in <10% of tumor cells was defined as negative. Results: Loss of BAP1 expression was observed in ccRCC (56/300, 18.7%), chromophobe RCC (6/26, 23.1%), and clear cell papillary RCC (1/4, 25%), while we failed to detect BAP1 expression loss in papillary RCC, acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, or collecting duct carcinoma. In ccRCC, loss of BAP1 expression was significantly associated with high World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade (p=.002); however, no significant correlation was observed between loss of BAP1 expression and survival in ccRCC. Loss of BAP1 expression showed no association with prognostic factors in chromophobe RCC. Conclusions: Loss of BAP1 nuclear expression was observed in both ccRCC and chromophobe RCC. In addition, BAP1 expression loss was associated with poor prognostic factors such as high WHO/ISUP grade in ccRCC.

Cytologic Features of Renal Cell Carcinoma: Clear Cell, Granular Cell and Oncocytoma (신세포암의 세침 흡인 세포학적 소견: 투명세포형, 과립세포형 및 호산성 과립세포종)

  • Choi, Yeong-Jin;Lee, Youn-Soo;Kwon, Mi-Seon;Lee, Kyo-Young;Kim, Byung-Kee;Shim, Sang-In
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 1996
  • It is well known that fine needle aspiration biopsy(FNAB) is very useful and has a high accuracy rate in the diagnosis of renal neoplasms. Although there is some indecision to perform the FNAB for a rare possibility of tumor seeding along the biopsy needle tract, it tends to be used increasingly. As in the cytologic diagnosis of metastatic lesion through-out the body, renal cell carcinoma should nearly always be considered in the differential diagnosis, the precise understanding of cytologic features of renal cell carcinoma with various cell types and architectural patterns is necessarily required. In this report, we present three cases of primary renal cell tumors, two of renal cell carcinomas and one of oncocytoma, preponderantly emphasizing the cytologic differential points in the FNAB specimen.

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Aorta Remodeling after Endovascular Treatment of a Chronic DeBakey IIIb Aneurysm and Simultaneous Palliation of a Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Kim, Do Jung;Lee, Kwang-Hun;Lim, Sun-Hee;Chung, Byung Ha;Song, Suk-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.142-145
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    • 2015
  • We report the case of a patient with a chronic DeBakey type IIIb aneurysm who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair to seal the primary entry tear and stent-graft insertion to cover the re-entry tear at the renal artery. The procedure was performed in order to achieve complete thrombosis in the entire thoracoabdominal false lumen, leading to favorable aortic remodeling. Simultaneously, ethanol ablation and renal artery embolization were performed to treat a renal tumor suspicious of renal cell carcinoma. Radical nephrectomy then confirmed clear cell carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, no other cases of this type have been reported in the Korean literature.

Long Non-coding RNA GAS5 Functions as a Tumor Suppressor in Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Qiao, Hui-Ping;Gao, Wei-Shi;Huo, Jian-Xin;Yang, Zhan-Shan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1077-1082
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    • 2013
  • Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignancy with a poor prognosis. We aimed to explore whether the expression of Long Non-Coding RNA (LncRNA) growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) is associated with RCC genesis. Methods: We selected twelve clinical samples diagnosed for renal clear cell carcinoma and found that the LncRNA GAS5 transcript levels were significantly reduced relative to those in adjacent unaffected normal renal tissues. Results: In addition, expression of GAS5 was lower in the RCC cell line A498 than that in normal renal cell line HK-2. Furthermore, using functional expression cloning, we found that overexpression of GAS5 in A498 cells inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell apoptosis and arrested cell cycling. At the same time, the migration and invasion potential of A498 cells were inhibited compared to control groups. Conclusion: Our study provided the first evidence that a decrease in GAS5 expression is associated with RCC genesis and progression and overexpression of GAS5 can act as a tumor suppressor for RCC, providing a potential attractive therapeutic approach for this malignancy.

TGF-β-activated Kinase-1: A Potential Prognostic Marker for Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Wei, Can;Lai, Yong-Qing;Li, Xian-Xin;Ye, Jiong-Xian
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 2013
  • Background: TGF-${\beta}$-activated kinase-1 (TAK1) has been found to be over-expressed in a variety of solid malignancies and related to tumor growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression level of TAK1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and assess its value as a novel prognostic marker. Methods: TAK1 mRNA was assessed in 51 paired ccRCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues (ADTs) by real-time PCR. Tissue TAK1 protein was also assessed in 91 ADTs and 177 samples of ccRCC immunohistochemically for evaluation of relationships with clinical characteristics. Results: RT-PCR showed that TAK1 RNA level was significantly higher in ccRCC tissues than in the paired ADTs and immunohistochemistry confirmed higher expression of TAK1 protein in ccRCC samples compared with ADTs. TAK1 protein expression in 177 ccRCC samples was significantly correlated with T stage, N classification, metastasis, recurrence and Fuhrman grade, but not age and gender. Patients with low TAK1 levels had a better survival outcome. TAK1 expression and N stage were independent prognosis factors for the overall survival of ccRCC patients. Conclusions: Overexpression of TAK1 predicts a poor prognosis in patients with ccRCC, so that TAK1 may serve as a novel prognostic marker.

Clinicopathologic Patterns of Adult Renal Tumors in Pakistan

  • Hashmi, Atif Ali;Ali, Rabia;Hussain, Zubaida Fida;Faridi, Naveen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.2303-2307
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    • 2014
  • Background: Renal cancer is a serious public health problem which may be under reported and registered in our setup, since the Karachi cancer registry documented only 43 cases out of 4,268 incident cancer cases over 3 year duration. Therefore we aimed to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of adult renal tumors in our setup. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in histopathology department, Liaquat National Hospital and included total of 68 cases of adult renal tumors over 4 years. Detailed histopathologic characteristics of tumors were analyzed. Results: Mean age of patients was 56.4 (18-84) years. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was the most common cell type (78%) cases; followed by transitional/urothelial carcinoma (12.5%), leiomyosarcoma (4.7%), oncocytoma (1.6%), squamous cell carcinoma (1.6%) and high grade pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma (1.6%). Among 50 RCC cases; 62% were conventional/clear cell RCC (CCRCC) type followed by papillary RCC(PRCC), 24%; chromophobe RCC(CRCC), 6% and sarcomatoid RCC(SRCC), 8%. Mean tumor size for RCC was 7.2 cm. Most RCCs were intermediate to high grade (60% and 40% respectively). Capsular invasion, renal sinus invasion, adrenal gland involvement and renal vein invasion was seen in 40%, 18%, 2% and 10% of cases respectively. Conclusions: We found that RCC presents at an earlier age in our setup compared to Western populations. Tumor size was significantly larger and most of the tumors were of intermediate to high grade. This reflects late presentation of patients after disease progression which necessitates effective measures to be taken in primary care setup to diagnose this disease at an early stage.