• Title, Summary, Keyword: Classification

Search Result 18,491, Processing Time 0.064 seconds

Type of Classification Criterion and Characteristic of Classification Strategy That Appear in Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Classification Activity (예비 초등 교사들의 분류 활동에서 나타난 분류 기준의 유형과 분류 전략의 특징)

  • Yang, Il-Ho;Choi, Hyun-Dong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.9-22
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the type of classification criterion and the characteristic of classification strategy that appear in pre-service elementary teachers' classification activity. The 4 tasks were developed for classification activity; button as a real things that attribute is prominent, shell as a real things that attribute is less prominent, snow flake as a picture cards that attribute is prominent, and galaxy as a picture cards that attribute is less prominent. The 5 college students who major in elementary education were selected. Data were collected by interview with participants, participants' classification recording paper, investigator's observation of participants' action observation, and videotaped that record participants' subject classification process. Result proved in this study is as following. First, pre-service elementary teachers used 4 qualitative classification criterion of feature, random field, image and secondary property, and used 2 dimension classification criterion of space and quantity. They used single quality classification criterion or combining dimension classification criterion in classification activity. Second, pre-service elementary teachers have classification strategy that apply each various classification criterion, and also classification strategy are different according to subject, but discussed that "anchor" and "priming effect" are important for effective classification. Result of this study is expected to contribute classification research and classification teaching program development.

  • PDF

Theoretical Classification of the Clothing Evaluative Criteria (의복평가기준의 이론적 분류기준)

  • 김미영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.857-865
    • /
    • 1995
  • The main purposes of this study were to find out the new classification system of the clothing evaluative criteria(CEC), 3nd to clear up the relationshiops of new classification system and the existing classification systems. For this purpose, the existing literatures related with the CEC(the classification system, and the variables) were investigated. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The existing classification systems were 'the intrinsic. non-intrinsic classification', 'the level classification', 'the purchase process classification' The new classification system of the CEC is based on 'the view-point of subjets'. The system was divided into the point of clothing itself, the wearer, the other, the wearing situation. The wearer's point of view is divided into the point of the value, and the physical characteristics of wearer 2. The image was included as the concept of the CEC, and the image classification could be suggested. 3. The relationships of the classification systems were as follows: $\circled1$ The intrinsic. non-intrinsic classification system included the level classification, the view-point classification, the image classification, and the buying process classificstion. $\circled2$ The level classification, the view.point classification, and the image classification were linked mutually, but the buying process classification is seperated from these classifications.

  • PDF

Principles of the Automatic Book-Classification (도서분류자동화 원리유도에 관한 연구)

  • 심의순;이경호
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.11
    • /
    • pp.175-209
    • /
    • 1984
  • The purpose of this study is to build a general principle for the automatic book-classification which can be put to use in library operation, and to present a methodology of the automatic classification for the library. Since the enumerative classification scheme which exist as manual systems cannot be a n.0, pplied to the automation of classification, the principles of Colon Classification by S.R. Ranganathan is brought in and studied. The result of the study can be summarized as follows: (1) Automatic book-classification can be performed by the principles of faceted classification. (2) This study presents a general and an a n.0, pplication principles for the automatic book-classification. (3) File design for the automatic book-classification of a general classification is different from that of special classification, (4) The methodology is to classify the literature by inputting the title into a terminal. In addition, the expected Value from the Automatic Book-classification is as follows: (1) The prompt and accurate process of classification is possible. (2) Though a book is classified in any library it can have the same classification number. (3) The user can retrieve the classification code of a book for which he or she wants to search through the dialogue with the computer. (4) Since the concept coordination method is employed, even the representing of a multi-subject concept is made simple. (5) By performing automatic book-classification, the automation of library operation can be completed.

  • PDF

Developing an Automatic Classification System Based on Colon Classification: with Special Reference to the Books housed in Medical and Agricultural Libraries (콜론분류법에 바탕한 자동분류시스템의 개발에 관한 연구 - 농학 및 의학 전문도서관을 사레로 -)

  • Lee Kyung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
    • /
    • v.23
    • /
    • pp.207-261
    • /
    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is (1) to design and test a database which can be automatically classified, and (2) to generate automatic classification number by processing the keywords in titles using the code combination method of Colon Classification(CC) as well as an automatic recognition of subjects in order to develop an automatic classification system (Auto BC System) based on CC which can be applied to any research library. To conduct this study, 1,510 words in the fields of agricultrue and medicine were selected, analized in terms of [P], [M], [E], [S], [T] employed in CC, and included in a database for classification. For the above-mentioned subject fields, the principle of an automatic classification was specified in order to generate automatic classification codes as well as to perform an automatic subject recognition of the titles included. Whenever necessary, editing, deleting, appending and reindexing of a database can be made in this automatic classification system. Appendix 1 shows the result of the automatic classification of books in the fields of agriculture and medicine. The results of the study are summarized below. 1. The classification number for the title of a book can be automatically generated by using the facet principles of Colon Classification. 2. The automatic subject recognition of a book is achieved by designing a database making use of a globe-principle, and by specifying the subject field for each word. 3. The automatic subject-recognition of input data is achieved by measuring the number of searched words by each subject field. 4. The combination of classification numbers is achieved by flowcharting of classification formular of each subject field. 5. The efficient control of classification numbers is achieved by designing control codes on the database for classification. 6. The automatic classification by means of Auto BC has been proved to be successful in the research library concentrating on a Single field. The general library may have some problem in employing this system. The automatic classification through Auto BC has the following advantages: 1. Speed of the classification process can be improve. 2. The revision or updating of classification schemes can be facilitated. 3. Multiple concepts can be expressed in a single classification code. 4. The consistency of classification can be achieved with the classification formular rather than the classifier's subjective judgement. 5. A user's retrieving process can be made after combining the classification numbers through keywords relating to the material to be searched. 6. The materials can be classified by a librarian without subject backgrounds. 7. The large body of materials can be quickly classified by means of a machine processing. 8. This automatic classification is expected to make a good contribution to design of the total system for library operations. 9. The information flow among libraries can be promoted owing to the use of the same program for the automatic classification.

  • PDF

A Study on the Theory and Historical Development of Official Document Classification Scheme in Korea - Since Chosun Dynasty to Current Korea Government - (문서분류의 이론과 변천에 관한 연구 - 조선조이후 현행 '정부공문서분류'까지 -)

  • Choe, Jung-Tai;Lee, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-33
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study is to aim on the theory of document classification system and historical development of official document classification scheme since Chosun dynasty to Republic of Korea. We have been new version of classification scheme 'Document Classification Standard' is scheduled in 2004, though there are many fundamental problems in governmental agencies and record centers. Thus new 'Document Classification Standard' should be make discussion and inquire.

Mapping of the Universe of Knowledge in Different Classification Schemes

  • Satija, M.P.;Martinez-Avila, Daniel
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-105
    • /
    • 2017
  • Given the variety of approaches to mapping the universe of knowledge that have been presented and discussed in the literature, the purpose of this paper is to systematize their main principles and their applications in the major general modern library classification schemes. We conducted an analysis of the literature on classification and the main classification systems, namely Dewey/Universal Decimal Classification, Cutter's Expansive Classification, Subject Classification of J.D. Brown, Colon Classification, Library of Congress Classification, Bibliographic Classification, Rider's International Classification, Bibliothecal Bibliographic Klassification (BBK), and Broad System of Ordering (BSO). We conclude that the arrangement of the main classes can be done following four principles that are not mutually exclusive: ideological principle, social purpose principle, scientific order, and division by discipline. The paper provides examples and analysis of each system. We also conclude that as knowledge is ever-changing, classifications also change and present a different structure of knowledge depending upon the society and time of their design.

Classification Strategies for High Resolution Images of Korean Forests: A Case Study of Namhansansung Provincial Park, Korea

  • Park, Chong-Hwa;Choi, Sang-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.708-708
    • /
    • 2002
  • Recent developments in sensor technologies have provided remotely sensed data with very high spatial resolution. In order to fully utilize the potential of high resolution images, new image classification strategies are necessary. Unfortunately, the high resolution images increase the spectral within-field variability, and the classification accuracy of traditional methods based on pixel-based classification algorithms such as Maximum-Likelihood method may be decreased (Schiewe 2001). Recent development in Object Oriented Classification based on image segmentation algorithms can be used for the classification of forest patches on rugged terrain of Korea. The objectives of this paper are as follows. First, to compare the pros and cons of image classification methods based on pixel-based and object oriented classification algorithm for the forest patch classification. Landsat ETM+ data and IKONOS data will be used for the classification. Second, to investigate ways to increase classification accuracy of forest patches. Supplemental data such as DTM and Forest Type Map of 1:25,000 scale are used for topographic correction and image segmentation. Third, to propose the best classification strategy for forest patch classification in terms of accuracy and data requirement. The research site for this paper is Namhansansung Provincial Park located at the eastern suburb of Seoul Metropolitan City for its diverse forest patch types and data availability. Both Landsat ETM+ and IKONOS data are used for the classification. Preliminary results can be summarized as follows. First, topographic correction of reflectance is essential for the classification of forest patches on rugged terrain. Second, object oriented classification of IKONOS data enables higher classification accuracy compared to Landsat ETM+ and pixel-based classification. Third, multi-stage segmentation is very useful to investigate landscape ecological aspect of forest communities of Korea.

  • PDF

An Essay for Reconstruction on the Classification System of Government-General of Chosun (조선총독부 공문서 분류체계의 복원)

  • Bae, Sung-joon
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
    • /
    • no.9
    • /
    • pp.41-73
    • /
    • 2004
  • This article provides the base in relation to the classification system of public records of Japan and Tiwan which the original order of the classification system of public records of Government-General of Chosun is reconstructed and the efficient classification system is prepared. The classification system of public records at the period of Meiji(明治) in Japan was classified two forms, one is function-based classification, the other is organization-based classification. Each ministry(省) was fundamentally based In function-based classification and organization-based classification, adopted them in changed forms as its condition and situation had been changed. Government-General of Tiwan adopted Japan's archival management system and put its classification system and life schedule In operation. The classification system of Government-General of Tiwan adopted function-based classification of the ministry of foreign affairs in Japan, changed its forms as the organization and business activity were transformed. As a result of arrangement and analysis of examples for the classification of public records of Government-General of Chosun from 1910' to the middle area of 1930', the classification of public records of Government-General of Chosun was constructed on level order; 'organization of ministry(部) or department(局)--business activity of ministry or department--low function of business activity of ministry or department'. But this classification system had two sides, flexible and unstable in that the classification system had exeptional parts and the breadth of items was changed greatly. The classification system of Government-General of Chosun, which had adopted organization-based classification of the ministry of home affairs in Japan, result in expanding the breadth of items and causing great change of items for the organization and business activity were vast and its change was very great.

A Microgenetic Analysis on the Classification Strategy Used in Tasks Related to Science by College Students (대학생이 과학 관련 과제에서 사용한 분류 전략의 미시발생적 분석)

  • Choi, Hyun-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.151-165
    • /
    • 2011
  • Following a microgenetic design, this study was analysed the characteristic and the change of classification strategy that appear in college students' classification activity. The 4 tasks were developed for classification activity; a shell as a familiar real things, an animal fossil as a unfamiliar real things, a snow flake as a familiar picture cards and galaxy as a unfamiliar picture card. Achieved study to 6 college students who major in elementary education. Data were collected by interview with subjects, subject's classification schema, investigator's observation of subject's activity, and videotaped that record subject's subject classification process over an extended period of 6 times. Result proved in this study is as following. In the 6 times of the data collection procedures, a strategy F identifying concrete attribution of classification objects and a more detailed strategy X3 combining qualitative, spatial and dimensional attribution were found and more frequently used in both groups of college students which reported a classification process and did not report the process. While discovery and absorption of both a concrete classification strategy and a detailed classification strategy were rapidly developed in the reporting group, they were gradually developed in the non-reporting group. In addition to this, as the data collection procedures were progressing, the college students were familiar with change factors of classification tasks and in the case of pictures the classification strategy showed more desirable changes.

The Meanings of Genre Classification in Library Classification: The Case of American Public Libraries (장르 분류의 사례를 통해 본 도서관 분류의 의미 - 북미 공공도서관을 중심으로 -)

  • Rho, Jee-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.151-170
    • /
    • 2010
  • There is a growing interest in user-centered classification or reader-interest classification, as questions have arisen from the meanings and the effects of traditional library classification. American public libraries have used fiction genre classification called bookstore model as an alternative to the traditional classification schemes. As a result, accessibility to the collection was promoted and library service for their users was improved. This study intends to make a comprehensive inquiry about the philosophical background and functional features of genre classification. To the end, literature survey and interviews or e-mails with librarians in American public libraries were conducted.

  • PDF