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The Relationship Between Family Related Variables and Program in Healthy Family Support Business (가족관련 변인과 건강가족지원사업 프로그램의 관계)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2013
  • This study set out from the perception that one should develop and activate differentiated programs from those 5 programs of the Health Family Support Center (family counseling program, family education support project, family affinity culture support project, care support project, diversity family support project) on the subjects (n=299) of residents in G metropolitan city by reflecting the levels of family values, communication between family members and family relationship. To achieve the study purposes above, this study devised research questions as follows: Research question 1. What are the levels of local residents for their family values, communication between family members and family relationship? Research question 2. Is there any difference in demanding family support project programs according to the local residents' family values, communication between family members and family relationship? Following are the results of this study: First, the levels were analyzed to be more than the average (on a maximum scale of 5 points) with local residents' family values (M=3.55, S.D.=.664), communication between family members (M=3.65, S.D.=.669), family relationship (M=3.69 S.D=.584) Second, the necessity levels for family values, communication between family members and family relationship of the group below the average as compared with the group over the average was found to be significantly high in family education support project, family affinity culture support project, care support project and diversity family support project except family counseling program. Accordingly, strategic plans for increasing the participation rate for the programs by the Health Family Support Center and activating those programs could be by investigating in advance the levels of family values, communication between family members and family relationship by each program respectively and differentiating the target level for the program by the group, or by giving preference to the group below the average who have high needs of program necessity when making decisions for the participation preference of the programs.

The Inflow of the Creative-Class and Forming of Cultural Landscape on the Kyunglidan-Gil (경리단길 창조계급의 유입과정과 문화경관 형성요인)

  • Yang, Hee eun;Son, Yong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.158-170
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    • 2013
  • With the recent 'Creative economy' and 'Cultural prosperity' coming to the fore as a new code to build up a city or a region, it is necessary to focus on strengthening the regional creative capacity as well as developing spontaneous regional culture. In such trend this research aims to explore the Kyunglidan-gil, Seoul, Korea in which creative-class are appearing autogenously in clusters and forming new cultural landscape, to identify the factors of their accumulation and changing aspect of cultural landscape. This study has the following purposes: First, Investigating the historical context of the Kyunglidan-gil's landscape. Second, considering the process of the creative-class being flowed into the Kyunglidan-gil as the subject leading to the modification of the region. Third, their activity was analyzed to consider the unique aspect of forming the cultural landscape at the Kyunglidan-gil. Regarding why the creative-class should flow in, results of the study drew five factors including region in issue compared to inexpensive rents, coexistence with nature, quiet atmosphere seeming isolated from the urban confusion, location possible to test and share individual materials one likes, and a site with synergy effect of activity through the network with acquaintances. Also, five characteristics of cultural landscape forming by the people's activity were drawn - space of communication for increasing creativity, temporary and flexible spatial use, expression of one's identity and taste, distinguishing, and positive use of the existing facilities. Like this, by exposing the 'creative-class', a subject of the leader in changing process of the Kyunglidan-gil, this research identified the aspect of forming cultural landscape.

Resource Substitutability for Hiking Activity and Related Factors - Focusing on Mudeungsan Provincial Park and Eudeungsan - (하이킹 휴양활동을 위한 자원 대체성과 관련요인 - 무등산 도립공원과 어둥산을 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Sang-Mi;Kim, Sang-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.765-776
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to find out availability of a urban forest (Eudeungsan) as a substitute place of Mudeungsan Provincial Park (MPP) in overuse problem and to identify related factors to place substitutability. During June-August of 2012, 232 samples who have ever visited both of the two places (i.e., MPP and Euduengsan) in Gwang-ju city were selected by using convenient sampling and snowball sampling methods. Self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted, and the valid responses from 225 samples (97.0%) were used for data analysis. 24.2% of respondents had "considerably" or "very much" intention to use the substitute place, and 65.5% of respondents showed "a little" or "somewhat" 10.3% of respondents didn't have any intention to visit Eudeungsan as a substitute place of MPP. Generally, socio-demographic and visiting characteristics were not related with intention to visit Eudeungsan as a substitute place of MPP. It was only found that respondents who largely visit 'alone' to Eudeungsan tended to have higher intention to visit the substitute place than those who visit 'in group.' Three factors of reasons to visit Eudeungsan (i.e.,Challenge/self-development: ${\beta}=0.35$; Accessibility/familiarity: ${\beta}=0.27$; Adventure: ${\beta}=-0.19$) influenced intention to visit the substitute place. Relationship between reasons to visit and intention to visit the substitute place was found. No direct relationship was found between perceived similarity of the places and intention to visit substitute place, and similarity of recreation experiences showed perfect mediating effects between the two variables.

A Study on the Lifestyle and Coffee Consumption Motivation (라이프스타일과 커피소비동기에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Ja Young;Kim, Kwang Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.53-65
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    • 2013
  • In Korea recently the consumption of coffee has been drastically increased and majority of people who are more than $20^{th}$ are drinking more than a cup of coffee every day. Nowadays coffee a kind of essential items in modern urban society. As the popularity of the coffee is increasing, As the coffee consumption is growing, the studies on coffee also have been increased. Many of the studies on coffee were focused on the consumer attitudes, coffee shops and franchise coffee shops, and coffee components or ingredients. As the products of the coffee are becoming diverse, the consumers of coffee also becoming diverse. There was a study showing that coffee has variety of types, and that motivations and attitudes for coffee consumption are different depend on demographic statistics such as age and life styles. On this study main focus was life style and consumer's motivation on coffee consumption. For this study the survey was conducted on the people living in Seoul City and Kyengkido from March 1, 2013 to March 31, 2013. 600 questionnaires were distributed and 480 were collected and 470 were used for analysis of this study. The statistics program used in this study was SPSS. The method used in the analysis wee factors analysis test, reliability test, validity test, t-testy, One-Way ANOVA, and regression analysis. In this study according to the factor analysis, the life styles were classified the following six categories ; wellbeing pursuit, taste pursuit, atmosphere pursuit, dine-out pursuit, instant pursuit, and economic value pursuit. The factors of coffee consumption motivation were 6; wellbeing consumption motivation, changing mood consumption motivation, social consumption motivation, habitual consumption motivation, and emotional consumption motivation. The demographic factors used in this study were age, marital status, occupation, educational background, residence, income, and eating-out expenses. The hypothesis used in this study were two. The first hypo-thesis was whether the coffee consumption was affected by the life styles. The second hypo-thesis was whether there was any statistical differences on the motivation of coffee consumption according to the characteristics of life style. The outcome of this study demonstrated that life styles had partial impact on coffee consumption motivations. According to the characteristics of the life style, except for the habitual consumption motivation, all the other factors showed statistical differences on coffee consumption motivations according the characteristics of life styles.

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Scientifically Talented Students' Image of Science Museums and Their Preferred Topics for Exhibits - Focused on Students in Gwangju City - (과학 우수아의 과학관에 대한 이미지와 기대 전시 내용 - 광주지역 학생을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jinkuk;Park, Jongwon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1431-1449
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    • 2013
  • This study is based on the assertion that science museums should consider visitors' views and expectations as they are not satisfied in many cases. In this study, we investigated 31 scientifically gifted students and 177 science high school students about their image of science museums. Using the questionnaire, it was found that only 51% of students visited science museums; however, the average number of visits was 4.2. This means that students tended to re-visit after the first visit of the science museum. Students had a 'good' image of science museums when they incurred hands-on experiences and observed new, interesting, curious and funny exhibits. And students had a 'bad' image of science museums due to the following aspects: lack of new and interesting exhibits, information and guide, diverse contents, and hands-on experience; deficiencies in environment; and inadequacy of the management, operation and composition of exhibits. Therefore, they hoped that science museums will provide more hands-on experiences and experiments, new and interesting exhibits, systematic management and composition of exhibits, information and guides, and a good environment. So science museums need to pay special attention to aspects like management, information guides and environment for the first-time visitors. Based on the above results, we suggested "Directions for a good science museum based on students' views". While asking students what topics they wanted to know and learn in a science museum, each student was given the choice of four topics; eventually, 2.9 answers overlapped for each topic. When classifying students' topics into four main themes for the Gwangju National Science Museum, the order from the most popular theme to the least one was 'science in everyday life', 'ocean/space/future science', 'light and science', and 'culture, art and science'. Among the topics mentioned by students, only 37% are exhibited in Seoul, Gwacheon, Daejeon, or Gwangju science museums. We hope that the results and research methods will be used for evaluation, re-construction, and reinvigorated presentation of science museums.

A Study on the Intake and Satisfaction Levels of Busan Foods among Japanese Tourists (일본 관광객의 부산음식 섭취현황 및 만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Yaung-Iee;Jang, Seung-Mee;Kim, Young-Joo;Hong, Ye-Ji;Kim, Sin-Jeong;Park, Kun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.644-649
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to determine the intake and satisfaction levels of Busan local foods in Japanese tourists visiting Busan. The degree of satisfaction with Busan foods and services in restaurants was evaluated. What these tourists wanted to eat after touring Busan was also determined. The subjects consisted of 100 Japanese tourists visiting Busan. Women (including housewives), highly educated people, and people who visited more than four times were predominant in number among the Japanese tourists. Busan local foods eaten during touring were: Dongrae Pajeon (29%), Sengsunhoe (21%), Daejikukbap (10%) and Haemultang (10%). Tourists wanted to taste local foods and answered that eating local foods during the tour was important. A variety of menu items earned a high score of 3.8 (from a highest possible score of 5.0) and various dessert items received a low score of 2.7 for satisfaction with Busan foods. In general, the satisfaction level for Busan foods was low. Tourists responded that they wanted to eat Bulgogi, Pajeon, Bibimbap, Sengsunhoe, and Kimchi jjigae in that order if they revisit Busan, indicating their preference for general Korean foods rather than Busan local foods. From all of the activities included in touring Busan, foods received the highest points (51%) in terms of attraction. As fifty four percent of subjects answered that they wanted to revisit Busan. Busan city needs to prepare tourist restaurants for Bulgogi, Bibimbap, Pajeon, and seafoods (including Sengsunhoe). They must also improve Busan local foods and restaurant services in order to attract and satisfy the Japanese tourists industry.

Development of Water Footprint Inventory Using Input-Output Analysis (산업연관분석을 활용한 물발자국 인벤토리 개발)

  • Kim, Young Deuk;Lee, Sang Hyun;Ono, Yuya;Lee, Sung Hee
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.401-412
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    • 2013
  • Water footprint of a product and service is the volume of freshwater used to produce the product, measured in the life cycle or over the full supply chain. Since water footprint assessment helps us to understand how human activities and products relate to water scarcity and pollution, it can contribute to seek a sustainable way of water use in the consumption perspective. For the introduction of WFP scheme, it is indispensable to construct water inventory/accounting for the assessment, but there is no database in Korea to cover all industry sectors. Therefore, the aim of the study is to develop water footprint inventory within a nation at 403 industrial sectors using Input-Output Analysis. Water uses in the agricultural sector account for 79% of total water, and industrial sector have higher indirect water at most sectors, which is accounting for 82%. Most of the crop water is consumptive and direct water except rice. The greatest water use in the agricultural sectors is in rice paddy followed by aquaculture and fruit production, but the greatest water use intensity was not in the rice. The greatest water use intensity was 103,263 $m^3$/million KRW for other inedible crop production, which was attributed to the low economic value of the product with great water consumption in the cultivation. The next was timber tract followed by iron ores, raw timber, aquaculture, water supply and miscellaneous cereals like corn and other edible crops in terms of total water use intensity. In holistic view, water management considering indirect water in the industrial sector, i.e. supply chain management in the whole life cycle, is important to increase water use efficiency, since more than 56% of total water was indirect water by humanity. It is expected that the water use intensity data can be used for a water inventory to estimate water footprint of a product for the introduction of water footprint scheme in Korea.

A Study on Application of Environmental-friendly Program for Using Relict Forest in Golf Course - Focusing on the "S" Golf Course in Incheon - (골프장내 잔존림을 활용한 친환경적 프로그램 적용가능성 연구 - 인천시 S 골프장을 대상으로 -)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung;Back, Seung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to introduce ecological education program as for reporting the current vegetation state within the remaining trees as ecological golf course and to provide basic data. The survey site was S Golf course, which is located in Woonseodong, Incheon city. Its total area was about $3,298,428m^2$, but the relict forest was about $225,143m^2$. Existing landuse, topological structure, the flora, actual vegetation, and plants community structure survey were performed within the relict forest. As result of comparing and analyzing the existing land use, the relict forest was distributed in the forested areas (89.2%) and around the area (10.8%) which had been bare land and SAMMOK earthen ramparts. There were two courses (Ocean and Hanul) with the relict forests. The ocean course was compared of a natural forest, such as Quercus spp. mixed forest, Quercus acutissima forest, Pinus thunbergii forest within the rock fields, and an artificial forest (Ailanthus altissima-Robinia pseudoacacia forest, Robinia pseudoacacia forest) and Quercus acutissima - Elaeagnus umbellata forest. On the Hanul course, Pinus rigida forest and Robinia pseudoacacia forest were the main vegetation, which were artificial forest. It was the contrast aspect of vegetation species in a natural forest, a restoration forest and an artificial forest, which were Q. spp. mixed forest 26~28 species in a natural forest within the vegetation type per investigation area, 3 Pinus thunbergii forest species, and 5~7 artificial forest species on the Hanul course. Based on these vegetation status, the Ocean course was designed into ecological theme spaces named 'Quercus spp.' indigenous forest, 'Pinus thunbergii' restoration forest and ecological story of 'SAMMOK earthen ramparts'. The Hannul course was designed into an artificial forest observation area of 'Robinia pseudoacacia' and 'Pinus rigida' and a fragrance forest area of 'Robinia pseudoacacia'. At the time of the discussion about the introduction of eco-friendly approval system of golf course, it would be estimated that this survey would work as a major material not only raising awareness of the golf course on the ecological environment but also providing programs that can contribute to the community.

Analysis of difference in oral health management by snack recognition level (간식인지수준에 따른 구강건강관리의 차이분석)

  • Jee, Yun-Jeong;Choi, Yun-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.453-463
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The oral health education for interaction between snack and oral health is made more in detail, it seems to contribute to improvement of oral health by reducing occurrence of dental caries. Methods : This study performed the survey for 530 high school and college students living in Y City, Chungbuk for 10 days from June 14, 2011 to understand the difference by the level of snack recognition. 530 copies of questionnaire were collected, the final 502 copies were analyzed and the results are as followings. Results : 1. As for the snack intake frequency, 'sometimes' and '2~3 times a day' was found to be largest with 32.0% respectively in female and 'sometimes' was largest with 34.9% in male. As for the '2~3 times a day' was most in high school students with 31.5% and 'sometimes' was most in college students with 39.0%. 2. As for snack characteristics, 'crispy' was most preferred in female and male with 43.7% and 39.4% respectively and, by school year, high school students and college students preferred 'crispy' most with 39.1% and 46.0% respectively. 3. As for the item of meal, 'sometimes skip' was most in female with 46.1% and 'all three meals a day' was most im male with 51.4%. 'All three meals a day' was proved to be most with 48.3%in high school students and 'sometime skip' was most in college students with 48.0%. 4. As for the difference of oral health management by school year, college students ($3.37{\pm}0.70$) proved to be higher in the oral health management (p<.01) than high school students ($2.98{\pm}0.81$) and the Negative snack recognition group ($3.24{\pm}0.73$) was found to be higher in the oral health management (p<.01) than the Positive snack recognition group ($3.06{\pm}0.82$). Although the interaction between school year and snack recognition level was not different in case of college students, the Negative snack recognition($3.17{\pm}0.77$) proved to manage higher oral health (p<.05) than the high snack recognition gathering ($2.81{\pm}0.80$) in case of high school students. 5. As for the difference of the oral health most im male wex and). Although the innteractifemale ($3.39{\pm}0.72$) proved to most the oral health (2.(p<.01) than male ($2.81{\pm}0.75$) and the group with Negative snack recognition terac ($3.24{\pm}0.73$) most d the oral health (2.(p<.01) than the group with Positive snack recognition level ($3.06{\pm}0.82$). As for effects of interaction between sex and snack recognition level, while there was not much difference in the oral health management by the snack recognition level in case of female, the cluster of low snack recognition level ($3.03{\pm}0.69$) proved to manage the oral health more (p<.01) than the gathering of high snack recognition level ($2.59{\pm}0.75$). Conclusions : To see the results as above, it can be seen the oral health management is higher as the snack recognition level is higher by sex and school year.

Effect of Vision Training using Fresnel Prism Lens on Fusional Vergence and Accommodation (프레넬 프리즘렌즈를 이용한 시기능 훈련이 조절과 융합버전스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Gil;Kim, Min-Kyung;Jeong, Ju-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.159-164
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Of the various methods of vision training, the essay aims to explore the effective ways of using the Fresnel prism lens in order to expand the positive fusional vergence for the patient having specific condition of convergence insufficiency or basic exophoria. Methods: 15 students of city of Daejeon university without an eye disease (average age $22.73{\pm}1.68$) were selected and underwent the subjective refraction test and binocular vision test, and recording their test results before vision training and replacing an identical frame with a lens of same quality after the full calibration, the lens was then adhered with the Fresnel prism lens and continued to train for thirty minutes daily during two weeks. Afterwards, the binocular vision test was reattempted. The observation of the change in the results of the binocular vision test in use of the fresnel prism lens in the vision training test was researched. Results: After training, the positive fusional vergence had increased to a number of $22.27{\pm}2.26$ $\Delta$, to 7.80 $\Delta$, at near, the fused cross cylinder test increased to an average of $0.55{\pm}0.09$ D, 0.40 D after training, showing a normal result. The value of negative relative accommodation after training had an average of $2.22{\pm}0.08$D, showing that 0.42 D had increased. The value of near point of convergence after training had an average of $6.13{\pm}0.53$ cm, showing that 2.80 cm had decreased. To patients who had convergence insufficiency or basic exophoria, the value of the near vision test that used the Fresnel prism lens which was able to expand BO positive fusional vergence had increased without phoria. Conclusions: The changes were tested and the effectiveness of the Fresnel prism lens, due to the nature of the lens itself, helped with both cosmetic effects and cost. It also allows good optical correction effects, in addition to these clinical effects indicated before. Therefore, it may be determined that the Fresnel prism lens binocular vision therapy for patients is more popular and highly recommended.