• Title, Summary, Keyword: Citizen participation

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A Study on Deliberative type of citizen participation: The case of The case of A Food Waste Recycling Facility in Ulsan City, Korea (숙의적 시민참여 모델 연구: 울산시 북구 음식물자원화시설 건립 사례)

  • Cho, Hyun-Suk
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2006
  • This paper is to analyse the case of citizen participation employed in the local government, Buk-gu (Northern District) in the city of Ulsan, Korea. A kind of deliberative type of citizen participation named' citizen jury' was exercised to resolve an environmental conflict between Buk-gu government and its residents. The conflict was caused by the construction of a food waste recycling facility near by some residential areas in Buk-gu. Theoretically this paper makes a typology of citizen participation methods. Two criteria are employed. First of all, lay citizens are the primary participant or not? Secondly, interactive communication is feasible or not among participants in the process of citizen participation. Four generic types of citizen participation are sorted out: technocratic, pluralist, direct/participatory, and deliberative type. Especially deliberative type of citizen participation is based on an idea of deliberative democracy. This paper argues that the case of citizen participation employed in Buk-gu belongs to deliberative type of citizen participation. The argument is based on the following reasons. Firstly, primary participants in deliberation process can be considered as lay citizens though they are selected form local NGOs and religious groups. According to a survey, most of participants said that they would participate in the process of deliberation in the capacity of lay citizens though they were selected by their own groups. Secondly, the citizen participation process was deliberately designed and implemented to facilitate competence of primary participants and fairness in the deliberation. Viewed from this analysis, this Buk-gu case can be safely considered an innovative method of citizen participation which is also very successful in resolving intractable environmental conflict in the local government.

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A Study on the Citizen Participation Program of Korean Public Library Based on the Citizen Participation Programs of Local Government Administration (지방자치행정기관의 시민참여제도에 기초한 공공도서관의 주민참여프로그램에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Jong-Kee
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.333-354
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    • 2008
  • As the citizens have the high level of knowledge and information in this society, they tend to participate the local government adminstration in various methods. The purpose of this study is to review the citizen participation programs which have been applied in local government administration, to determine the appropriate citizen participation programs for public libraries, to survey the Korean public libraries' citizen participation programs through the questionaries which have been developed and analyze the data, and to propose the success strategy of citizen participation programs in the public libraries. Also, tips for the efficient and dynamic public library administration by the citizen participation programs were provided based on inadequacies and other findings revealed through this study.

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A Study on Public Service Design Based on Citizen Participation -Focused on Participatory Public Service Design Group- (국민 참여를 통한 공공서비스디자인에 관한 연구 -국민디자인단을 중심으로-)

  • Baek, Su-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Ah
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 2019
  • This study examines how to realize citizen participation for public service design development. Firstly, after understanding the background of public service development process improvement, the concept of public service design and citizen participation, the summary of how to realize citizen participation for public service design development centered on the Participatory Public Service Design Group. The study found that in order to realize citizen participation, the citizen directly participated in the public service design development process, and it was important to adopt a citizen participation-oriented process and methodology based on service design.

Effects of Place Attachment on the Sense of Citizen Participation in Urban Park Management - A Case Study of 'Shim-Teo' Children's Park - (공원관리에 있어서 장소 귀속감에 따른 주민참여의식 비교 - 쉼터 어린이공원을 사례로 -)

  • 양진희;김해경;김영희;조중현;김용근
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.66-77
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between the sense of place attachment and citizen participation in urban park management. This case study focuses on the 'Shim-Teo' Children's Park in DongDaeMun-Gu in Seoul. This study used questionnaires. The data was collected from June 24 to 26, 2002 from a random sampling of visitors to the park who were over twenty years old. Final analysis utilized a total of 83 samples from the 91 respondents. This suey included Questions on Place attachment and the sense of the citizen participation. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. For citizen participation in urban park management, it showed that the more respondents had a sense of the place attachment, the more they had a sense of responsibility for citizen participation in urban park management. The significant difference of the sense of the citizen participation between the two groups was their sense of place attachment. 2. For respondents reasons not to participate in park management, there was a tendency that the less respondents had a sense of place attachment, the more they answered that 'they have no idea how to participate in park management' and 'they have no time to participate in park management'. And the significant difference in the sense of citizen participation between the two groups was the place attachment. 3. It was shown that the respondents sense of citizen participation in urban park management was directly related to their sense of place attachment to the park. It was also shown that the reasons which dissuaded them from participating in urban park managements were other factors.

The Distribution of Responsibility and Authority upon Public Record Appraisal : Focused on 'Citizen Participation Appraisal' (공공기록 평가의 책임과 권한의 분배 '시민참여 평가'를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyong Rae
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.60
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    • pp.49-88
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    • 2019
  • Today, the civil society plays a key role not only in criticizing and monitoring the functions of the state and the market, but also as an active producer of public services by complementing the government and the public sector. Public records management is also becoming more and more popular. In the case of appraisal and selection, which is the core area of record management, discussions about citizen participation are becoming more serious than any other areas. The concept of 'proactive appraisal', which has emerged as a paradigm of citizens' participation in appraisal, reminds us that citizens themselves are the subjects of public records and are no longer alienated from the appraisal system. The problem is, while the growth of the Korean civil society about institutional participation is spreading rapidly, but citizen participation is hard to find in the field of public records. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of citizen participation in the process of appraisal of public records, and to debunk the role of citizen participation in the appraisal processes by exploring the examples in the UK, Canada, and Australia. This paper emphasizes that the appraisal system of the national public records in crisis today could be largely restored through the domestic application of this active citizen participation cases. First of all, this study presents a conceptual appraisal model that could reflect citizen participation in the field of record management along with the analyses of the advanced cases in some western countries. Specifically, this paper focuses on presenting the models of 'appraisal documentation' and 'governance-based appraisal', reflecting the active citizen participation. This study suggests that these citizens' participatory evaluation models should be settled in Korea in the future and we should urgently discuss 'citizen participation appraisal'.

The Activation and Participation Intention Factors for the Citizen Participation Budgeting System -Focused on the Citizen Participation Budget Committee Survey- (주민참여예산제도 활성화 및 참여의사에 미치는 영향요인 -주민참여예산제도 참여위원의 인식조사를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Kyung-Bum;Hyun, Sung-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.589-600
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the influence factors on understanding the financial structure and activating of citizen participation budgeting system, which is implemented local governments. And Identify the factors that will influence participation intention of citizen participation budgeting system The activating citizen participation factors previously classified as sub-factors in the Edbon & Flanklin's(2006) design of the budget process was constituted independent variables to accomplish research purpose. the results were as follows in summary. First, The significant affecting variables for activating the citizen participation budgeting system were found to the policy perception, the committee representation, the fairness of the selection process, the budget project adequacy for regional development, the methods of budget allocation. Second, The significant affecting variables for understanding financial structure were found to the policy perception, the committee representation, the fairness of the selection process, the guidelines given by the local government. Finally, The Activating citizen participation budgeting system and understanding financial structure also showed the significant variables to the participation intention. However, It was the Limitation of this study that it's results did't represent all regions because of operating citizen participation budgeting system in Jeju.

The Current State and Tasks of Citizen Science in Korea (한국 시민과학의 현황과 과제)

  • Park, Jin Hee
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.7-41
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    • 2018
  • The projects of citizen science which is originated from citizen data collecting action driven by governmental institutes and science associations have been implemented with different form of collaboration with scientists. The themes of citizen science has extended from the ecology to astronomy, distributed computing, and particle physics. Citizen science could contribute to the advancement of science through cost-effective science research based on citizen volunteer data collecting. In addition, citizen science enhance the public understanding of science by increasing knowledge of citizen participants. The community-led citizen science projects could raise public awareness of environmental problems and promote the participation in environmental problem-solving. Citizen science projects based on local tacit knowledge can be of benefit to the local environmental policy decision making and implementation of policy. These social values of citizen science make many countries develop promoting policies of citizen science. The korean government also has introduced some citizen science projects. However there are some obstacles, such as low participation of citizen and scientists in projects which the government has to overcome in order to promote citizen science. It is important that scientists could recognize values of citizen science through the successful government driven citizen science projects and the evaluation tool of scientific career could be modified in order to promote scientist's participation. The project management should be well planned to intensify citizen participation. The government should prepare open data policy which could support a data reliability of the community-led monitoring projects. It is also desirable that a citizen science network could be made with the purpose of sharing best practices of citizen science.

A Study on the Efficient Management Plan of the Local Agenda21 (지방의제21의 효율적 운영방안에 관한 연구)

  • 정응호
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.375-382
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    • 2003
  • The Local Agenda21 is an action program of local dimension to realize of sustainable development. The citizen participation is prime issues and very important f3r successful practice of the Local Agenda21. The purpose of this research is to analyze the citizen participation problem and to suggest the improvement plan at the advanced course of the Local Agenda21. The research results are as follows; 1. The recognize of citizen about the Local Agenda21 is very low. Namely, the citizen of about 50% answered not to know about the Local Agenda21, 2. However, citizens showed the participation opinion to be very active by simple explanation about the Local Agenda21. 3. Also, citizens showed the result to be very affirmative in the environment problem consciousness investigation. Namely, citizens were recognizing the environment problem as the problem of the society synergic.

Sustainable Park Management with Citizen Participation of the Awaji Island Regional Park

  • Mayumi Hayashi
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.216-220
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    • 2004
  • Many efforts have been made to improve the management of large-scale green spaces. How to manage large-scale green spaces and their active uses, as well as how to build relationships with local communities have been important issues. For this research, I reviewed the actual status of management, use and citizen participation at large-scale regional parks in Hyogo Prefecture. In addition, I studied the sustainable management through citizen participation of the Awaji Island Regional Park, where I have been involved for several years. I conducted various projects related to the use and management of the park, and examined the direction of citizen participation by conducting questionnaires and interviews. (1) Through interviews about the park, I collected opinions, including good points, problems, and potential solutions through physical and programming measures. (2) I examined what kinds of activities should be conducted in the park in order to revitalize park use and stimulate the surrounding communities. (3) I examined the current status of citizen participation while citizens carried out activities of their own planning. (4) I studied what is necessary to sustain park events and other activities. As a result, I came to the following conclusions. (1) Provision of information that is easy to access, including signs in the park, explanation of routes in large parks, and other techniques that help people become familiar with park facilities, is very important. (2) Local community events, and programs that draw out the willingness and capabilities of volunteers are effective. (3) Several different types of participation exist, including volunteers, guests, staff who work continuously for the project, coordinators, and professional specialists. (4) To sustain citizen involvement in the use and management of large-scale parks, a system that includes coordinators should be developed.

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A Study on the Members of Citizen Autonomy Organization - A case of Citizen Autonomy Committee in Cheongju Area - (주민자치조직의 구성원에 관한 연구 -청주지역의 주민자치위원회를 중심으로-)

  • Weon, Se Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2007
  • This study is the research of occupation distribution about citizen members of autonomy organization in Cheongju area. Investigation of autonomy organization members acting as local readers makes it possible to understand direction for community promotion. Result of this study sums up two type occupational categories. First, in urban area independently managers is above participation ratio in public affairs appeared. On the other hand, ratio of private organization, employee, and experts are low. In rural area, it shows the participation ratio of functional representatives and farmers highly. Second, with investigation of detailed occupation, most independent contractors and such as architecture, real-estate, whole and retail sales, restaurant, nursery, and private educational institute. And small number of insurance, news paper, car sales, gas station mangers participate in autonomy organization. Private organization consist of educational organization, social welfare corporate and district head council, as well as some teachers and farmers.

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