• Title, Summary, Keyword: Citizen Participation Education

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The Relative Influence of Related Variables on the Civic Consciousness of University Students (대학생의 민주시민 의식에 대한 관련 변인의 상대적 영향력)

  • Son, Kyung-Ae
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.115-142
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed to analyze the relative influence of related variables on the university students' civic consciousness. The study sorted out the data for 1,200 university students from a larger data set collected by Son et al.(2009), and analyzed the data by a hierarchical regression analysis method. The study showed the major results in four aspects. First, personal characteristics and home environment variables had mostly no influence on the students' civic consciousness. Second, on the sub categories of the students' civic consciousness, almost no influence was found in case of the home environment variables on democratic constitution and participation-practice, and in case of the school environment variables on value and attitude. Third, among the home and school variables, parents' attitude(${\beta}$=.228) and professors(${\beta}$=.162) had positive influences on the students' civic consciousness. The results suggest that parents and professors should be the two principal axises in the cultivating process of the students' civic consciousness. Third, on the democratic participation and practice no positive influences were found in any of the social environment variables. Among the social environment variables, politicians(${\beta}$=-.238) and corporations(${\beta}$=-.097) had rather negative influences on the democratic participation and practice. These results raised the question on how school education and social political systems are operated in the democratic manners. Fourth, the study recommends that local government would establish the civic education centers, develop various civic education programs, and provide each school with the programs. The study also recommends that each university would democratize in all the school affairs, and actively implement the civic education for university students as a specialized project.

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The Influence of Social Capital and Health Behaviors on Self-rated Health in South Korea (사회자본 정도 및 건강행동이 한국인의 주관적 건강에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Song, Yea-Li-A;Nam, Eun-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study intended to examine the influence of social capital and health behaviors on self-rated health in Korea. Methods: The data of the social statistics survey that the Korea National Statistical Office conducted in 2006 were chosen and 36,266 people from them, who were 30~59 years old were sampled. This paper made logistic regression analysis to examine the effect of social capital and health behaviors on self-rated health. Results: Odds ratios of social capital are family structure(1.321), marriage(1.214), satisfaction with family relationship(2.207), reliability of institutions(1.307), economic support(1.199), citizen's participation(1.531), and religious activity(1.138). Odds ratios of health behaviors are meal(1.431), exercise(1.356), and no drinking(0.648). Conclusion: Based on the results, this paper can suggest that the plan of keeping and building up social capital should be considered in the whole aspects of the society and the project of moderation in drink is required to consider social culture more.

Dimensions of Community Capacity: A Case of a Resident Committee in a Public Residence Lease Apartment Complex in Seoul (지역사회 역량의 구성 영역 - 서울시 임대아파트 임차인 대표회 사례 -)

  • Kwak, Min-Son;Yoon, Nanhe;Jang, Sarang;Cho, Byong Hee;Yoo, Seunghyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This paper aims to identify the dimensions of community capacity in a public residence lease apartment complex in Seoul as a case study, and discusses their application to community health promotion. Methods: The research team performed a focus group interview and a brief survey with resident committee representatives to explore community context and to identify the dimensions of community capacity and their order of priority. Results: We identified many groups with different senses of community and various dynamics in the community. Seven dimensions of community capacity were identified. However, there are different developmental stages among them. Also there are some influences with the different directions in a dimension, e.g. leadership and citizen participation. Conclusions: This study illustrated the identification of the dimensions of community capacity focused on the perspective and recognition of the community and community member, as an effort to understand community capacity in domestic community health promotion context.

Community Making in Urban Areas and the Implications : A Case of Samduck-Dong, Daegu City (도시지역 마을만들기의 사례와 시사점 : 대구 삼덕동을 사례로)

  • Yoon, Ok-Kyong
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.466-479
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    • 2008
  • This study focuses on the characteristic of community making in urban areas and the implications in the case of Samduck-Dong, Daegu City. This study observed the geographic feature of Samduck-Dong, the background and process of community making and the citizen's interests and respondence. Samduck-Dong is located near CBD of Daegu and surrounded by useful places and facilities. This area is perceived as an attractive housing environment. As the commercial function is increased and the studio type house for rent, so called one room, is constructed, it is anticipated to get some trouble of building up community. The program of community making in Samduck-Dong, started from wall removal, is attempted diversly now. The places in relation to community making became a representative character of Samduck-Dong. However, there is problems of citizen's participation and the appreciation sharing about the contents and scale of community making.

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Strategy for Introducing American Police Education through Information Analysis (정보 분석을 통한 미국 경찰교육 도입방안)

  • Park, Jong-Ryeol;Noe, Sang-Ouk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 2012
  • Police education has shown a pronounced improvement during three eras in American police history. as the Reform Era arrived, the police academy was invented. With it, citizen expectations for the police expanded, and the level of competence exhibited by police grew. After the 1960s came the invention of the FTO and the creation of ongoing, in-service training requirements. in recent years, academics in many places-but by no means everywhere-are taking a more collegial approach to training, aimed especially at COP- style policing and the achievement of genuine professionalism. The Korean police training system is less efficient in education methodology, more inappropriate in the switch system of school education and practice, and poorer in educational environment, among others. Based on my findings, this paper recommends several improvement tips. First, legal stipulations on police training should be integrated and detailed. Second, active participation by preliminary police officers should be emphasized in the class of police training. Third, contents and hours for practice should be emphasized to maximize effects of the "switch system." Fourth, the educational environment of the Academy should be improved.

A Study on Comparison and Analysis of Civic Education in Place for Children -A Case Study on the United States, Britain, Finland, Japan, and South Korea- (어린이 공간교육의 국내외 사례 비교연구 -미국, 영국, 핀란드, 일본, 한국의 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Hue, Youn-Sun;Im, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.40-51
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the public's interest in quality of life and good design has increased, and the opportunities for their participation in space planning and the design process are expanding. However, the public still lacks understanding of the role(and importance) of space and environment and is not experienced in expressing their opinion on improving the urban environment. At this point, 'Built Environment Education for Kids' will be the key to understanding space and environment as future citizens and to developing the ability of problem-solving and expressing their opinions. This study aims to change the awareness of the public as well as experts, and to make a better urban space through comparison and analysis of domestic and foreign 'Built Environment Education.' In 27 countries around the world(more than 110 institutions), 'Built Environment Education' from childhood is being implemented. Such movements aim to make people participate in the space design and decision-making process by understanding a fundamental element of the built environment and space perception. In this study, the United States, Britain, Finland, Japan and South Korea's 'Built Environment Education' are discussed Above all, the definition, range and target of 'Built Environment Education' are discussed For each case, the purpose and effect, laws and educational processes, systems and roles, and examples of programs are analyzed. Through reviewing each attribute and their implications, a conclusion is drawn on the aspects we have to consider in laying the foundation for implementing the 'Built Environment Education' in Korea, such as consideration of the locality, organizing systematic networks and composing a pool of experts, building proper institutions, and establishing the role of the government. This case study of 'Built Environment Education' can help increase the awareness of the public and build their strength in establishing a better future space. Through the analysis of the purpose, laws, systems, and contents, this case study is expected to provide and build the foundation for an educational system and develop an appropriate program that best suits our society.

Social Learning Values in the Justification Discourses for One Million-pyeong Park, Busan, South Korea (담론분석을 통한 100만평공원운동의 사회학습적 가치)

  • Lee, Sungkyung;Kim, Seung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2013
  • This paper claims that the One Million-peyong Park(hereafter abbreviated as OMP) project is different from a typical citizen participatory park project by recognizing the exceptional leadership of the Civic Committee for the One Million-pyeong Park Construction(CCOMPC) in promoting and developing the OMP project. Since 2001 the CCOMPC has published a variety of written promotional materials to inform and educate the public about the project. In terms of approaching the promotional materials, this research focuses on the use of language on how the CCOMPC justifies the OMP project, namely the OMP justification discourse, and considers the discourse as a unique form of social document that represents the perspective of the CCOMPC in explaining the local environmental issues and values of urban parks to the public. Using a discourse analysis method, this research analyzes the justification discourses and investigates how they changed over the three main development phases of the OMP: the initiation and preliminary development phase(1999-2001.2), the development phase (2001.2-2008), and the time period after the greenbelt policy release on Dunchi Island(2008-present). In each discourse, the OMP project is rationalized as a citizen participation park project that (1) aims to enhance the quality of public green space in Busan, (2) is accompanied by various community engagement programs that emphasize the value of urban nature and environmental education to expand citizen participation, and (3) has contributed to the National Urban Park Bill. This research emphasizes the role of the discourses in helping the public gain a critical understanding about the local environment and values of urban parks. By analyzing the contents of the discourses, it explains the social learning values of the OMP expressed in the discourses.

A Study on the Continuity of Volunteering in Urban Park (도시공원 자원봉사행동의 지속성 연구 -서울시 자원봉사단체를 사례로-)

  • 이준미;이규목
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2004
  • Urban parks provide good services to the community, and they are enhanced by citizen participation. For that especially, organizational and continued volunteering can be a key strategy. The purpose of this study is to establish factors on promoting the continuity of volunteering in voulatary associations of urban parks. Variables of continuity are continual will, continual time, and psychological continuance motive. To add to this, this study is intended to inquiry about recognition and compensation that volunteers want to receive. The major findings are as follows: First, The main participantes were housewives with high education. Second, Continual will was influenced by gender, profession, the satisfactory degree for individual pursuit an ideal, and the degree of confidence with members. Third, Continual time was influenced by profession and individual network in community. Forth, Continual motive was influenced by individual network in community, the result-analysis behavior of related government organ, the degree of confidence and the degree of ties with members. Finally, Volunteers wanted to receive the volunteering expenses, the compensation about accident, and emotional recognitions. In sum : to ensure the continuity of volunteering, first, recruiting of volunteers is demanded to select a major target group in the community. Second, a voulatary association helps to make confidence and ties with members. Third, the related government organ strives for volunteers to have a positive recognition of the organ's attitudes, for the volunteer association to have a clearly distinguished area of action from the organ's one, and a co-operative system. Finally, an institution needs to be established to give emotional recognitions as well as volunteering expenses and acompensation for accidents.

The Construction and Characters of the Welfare Rights (복지권의 구성과 성격)

  • Ahn, Chi-Min
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.55
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    • pp.5-25
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    • 2003
  • This study analysed the components and characters of welfare rights through discussions of the concepts and types of universal rights, and discussions of human rights and citizenship rights. Welfare rights is claims rights which requires somewhat, and it is positive rights. And it is generally passive rights, but it contains collective participation rights which is active rights. The result of total discussions of rights, human rights, and citizenship rights led us to know the components and characters of welfare rights. Welfare rights contains social rights, economic rights, and cultural environmental rights. Social rights are composed of the right of social security, social welfare service, health, education, and residency. Economic rights are composed of the right of labor, intervension of labor market, job security, and capital control. cultural environmental rights are composed of the right of culture and environment. And welfare rights has several characters. First, it is natural rights which is bestowed on the citizens or people in modern civil societies. it is samely characterised as liberties and political rights. second, it has the same values like other rights such as lberties and political rights. Or it is more important, because it is necessary for other rights. Third, it is not the objective being which is constant, but it is changed, formed and constructed as total rights with human rights and citizenship rights. Fourth, it is truely rights, but is simultaniously accompanied by obligations. But the obligations is unconditional like as other rights. Endly, levels of welfare on the welfare rights must be modicum rather than minimum. The meaning of modicum level is uncertain, but it aims to the entire participation of peoples as citizen and social integration. And it has to aim to the prevention of heridity and continuity of inequality.

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Selection and Application of Evaluation Factors for Urban Regeneration Project (도시재생사업의 평가요인 선정 및 적용)

  • Jang, Cheol-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.53-66
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest indicator-based selection and improvement plans for evaluating urban regeneration projects. First, we selected the indicators by conducting expert surveys and analysis of the responses received. Additionally, using the selected indicators, we analyzed the residents' opinions in Wongogae Village, where urban regeneration projects were in progress. Based on these, we suggested a plan to improve Wongogae Village. According to the study, we classified the urban regeneration evaluation indicators into 'Physical environment', 'Social environment' and 'Economic environment' according to their characteristics. We selected urban regeneration evaluation factors through the first expert survey and MCB analysis. As a result, we selected six factors for the 'Physical environment' category: 'Traffic and pedestrian environment', 'Residential (housing) environment', 'Safety and security environment', 'Greenspace', 'Landscape improvement' and 'Public space', In the 'Social environment' category, four factors were chosen: 'Resident participation', 'Community activation', 'Role of the local government and support centers' and 'Resident education' while for the 'Economic environment' category three factors were selected: 'Local economic revitalization', 'Creating an economy-based environment', 'Job creation'. Next, we conducted a second expert survey and carried out an AHP analysis using the selected evaluation factors to derive the overall weight for each. Among the evaluation factors for urban regeneration, the 'Residential (housing) environment' has the highest weighted value of 0.108, followed by 'Local economic revitalization' and 'Resident participation'. Lastly, the analysis of the residents' opinions of Wongogae Village using the urban regeneration evaluation factors, Parking environment', 'Maintenance of old houses and living environment', 'Environment for founding town and social enterprises', 'Improve commercial and business environment', 'Maintain and activate existing business' and 'Vitalizing small regional economies such as domestic handicrafts and side-job' had high overall importance, but low satisfaction, which means that it is necessary to improve the focus. Therefore, in order to improve the urban regeneration project in villages, it is necessary to improve the parking environment by expanding public parking lots, eliminate close houses, and idle lands, or open a school playground in the village for the residents. In addition, it is essential to encourage economic activities, such as fostering village enterprises and social enterprises in connection with cooperatives and allow for the selling of the products through resident activities, such as neighboring markets.