• Title, Summary, Keyword: Citizen Participation Education

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A Study on the status and the necessity of Space Configuration and Exhibit Method for Safety Experience Hall - Focused on Citizen Safety Experience Hall for the adult education center - (안전체험관 공간구성과 전시매체의 현황조사 및 필요성에 관한 연구 - 시민안전체험관의 성인 교육을 중심으로 -)

  • Li, Ying-Hua;Han, Hae-Ryon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.144-153
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzed and investigated problems of local safety experience halls' spatial structure and media status. Improvements would be suggested after comprehending the need to execute safety education based on citizen's satisfaction and requests. Contents of safety experience space concept, display characteristics and types applied to local institution were analyzed. Safety experience centers with systemized protocols that opened after 2003 and were bigger than $5,000m^2$ were selected. We had three candidates and they were Seoul Gwangnaru Safety Experience Center, Boramea Safety Experience Center and Daegu Safety Theme Park. Going through checklists and interviewing official institutions that were in charge of safety hall educations helped comprehension of sample space status and detailed experimental presentation media. A survey was created based on this study and was distributed to users and non-users of safety experience halls. The survey consisted of general questions covering situations, awareness, level of interests, frequency and satisfaction level. The results were extracted with SPSS 18.0 through frequency analysis and cross tabulations. This research improvements through synthesized contemplation. For the resuits First, various experimental programs need to be supplemented in order to prevent accidents. Second, vivid experimental spaces need to be planned for active participation and users should be fully aware of safety hazard through education. Third, there weren't enough institutions compared to the education needs. Promoting and building more safety experience halls are dire. Finally, these suggestions of the results will be distributed in the planning of the exhibit hall.

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A Direction in the Making a Better City of a Medium Scale City, Jinju (중소도시의 지역만들기 방향 -진주시를 사례로-)

  • Kim, Duk-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2007
  • It was announced that 'making a better wellbeing city program' is a new core quality of life policy of Roh Mu-Hyun government. The policy is comprehended as a sign of regional policy changeover, that give empathize to human ware oriented governance from hard ware oriented physical elements input policies. To be effective, It is important to introduce a institutionalization of dynamic social relations in regional community such as participations of civil society. In the case study of Jinju city, a medium scale city located in southern part of Korean peninsular, Invitation of the innovation city, initiated by the alliance of city government and growth coalition, was making progress. Through alliance of labor unions and citizen associations, the public management of public bus companies were succeeded. But the restoration of historical places were suffered a setback by conflicts of interests with development profits. In these contexts, it is insisted that the core of 'making a better welling being city program is introducing of human ware oriented regional policies, such as institutionalization of citizen associations participation.

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A Study on Participatory Ecological Restoration Procedures - Degraded Ecosystems in BaigDooDaeGahn - (주민주도-시민참여형 생태복원 공정 - 백두대간 훼손지(강릉시 고랭지 채소밭) 시범적용과 제안 -)

  • Lee, Jae Young;Ahn, Tong Mahn;Kim, In Ho;Kim, Chankook;Kim, Sung Jin;Chae, Hye Sung;Lee, Young;Lee, Jae Won;Kim, Min Woo;Shin, Min Jong;Park, Hyo In;Cho, Kyung Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2011
  • This study was intended to develop and suggest 'residents-driven and citizen-participatory restoration procedures' for degraded ecosystems in BaigDooDaeGahn. With some concerns of current engineering-focused restoration approach for damaged ecosystem, the proposed procedures were designed based on the analysis of several case studies on citizen participatory projects such as the Habitat Movement, the Taean tidal wetland restoration effort in Korea, and some historical and innovative cases in Japan and the United States. The suggested procedures were considered to be a dialectical spiral model which was consisted of two goal axis, six system elements, four developmental stages, and five restoration steps. The new system and procedures were applied to damaged farmland areas (about 0.3 ha) on the top of BaigDooDaeGahn, Kangneung city with participation of more than 100 local residents and a dozen of citizen from Seoul. Both high level of possibilities and some barriers for future extended application were identified and adopted for the final version of the proposed procedures for ecological restoration.

Elderly Users' Satisfaction with Services and Residential Environment of the Senior Citizen Centers in Mid-sized and Small Cities (중소도시 경로당의 복지서비스와 주거환경에 대한 만족도 연구)

  • Lee, In-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.117-130
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to examine elderly users' satisfaction with welfare services and the environments of the senior citizen centers in mid-sized and small cities in Korea. Three hundred and two elderly users were surveyed for this study. Age and gender differences in the level of satisfaction were found. The male elderly users and older users were more satisfied with the education programs than the female and younger users. The elderly people who reside in single-family residences were more satisfied with the educational programs and part-time job opportunities offered at the center than the elderly users who were living in apartment buildings. This could be explained by the fact that dwellers of single housing had more freedom and more room for self-regulation in scheduling their program participation, whereas the apartment building residents had rarely experienced social exchanges with their neighbors. There were significant differences in satisfaction with the environments of the centers by gender, marital status, age, level of education, religion, and housing type. The group differences were explained by the abundance of community activities that are centered around younger and female participants. Based on these findings, it is suggested that more specialized educational and social programs should be developed for the younger users in their early 60s, that co-ed religious activities and hobby programs should be expanded, and that the home-visiting welfare staff should regularly provide the elderly users the information on programs and activities.

A Study on Searching for Cultural Contents of Citizen Participation - Focusing on the Project of Book Publishing of Namyangju City (시민 참여 문화콘텐츠 발굴사업 사례 연구 - 남양주시의 책자 발간 사업을 중심으로)

  • Eum, Yeong-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2014
  • The idea of global cities were widespread in the 20th century, but now in the 21st century the paradigm has changed into creative cities. They are trying to develop the creative contents in which economy and culture are connected to promote their global competitiveness. This thesis focuses on the three main points represented in the projects of publishing journals of Namyangju city. Firstly, the project held 'community-based lectures of humanities,' and 'literary contest' to induce participation of the citizens. The results of the events, however, were not successful because of the narrow extent of creative groups of the city and not enough campaign of the city. Secondly, there was the education of citizens to promote their participation, as they are so much the main parts of publishing journals that theory and practice of reporting on their own is essential. Thirdly, the project committee established citizen publishing committee and encouraged them to do their parts at each department. As a result, citizens succeeded in building cultural infrastructure for shaping the creative city and had the initiative to publish journals about masters, masterpieces, and attractions in Namyangju city. The city and the citizens should practice the culture contents projects in both sides' cooperation.

Awareness of Urban Environment and LID for Expanding LID Application (LID 적용확대를 위한 시민의 도시환경 및 LID 인식)

  • Kim, Youngman;Kim, Lee-hyung
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2019
  • The future water management needs decentralization of facilities, diversity of technology and integration of management to overcome the waste of financial resources and increase in scale of facilities that occurred from centralized water management. In addition, citizen's environmental awareness and participation is important because all infrastructure installed in the watershed where citizens live should have the function of water management. Therefore, the research was performed by investigating the citizen's recognition about urban environment와 LID application to analyze citizen's perceptions and analyze the feasibility and possibility of LID application. The LID awareness of citizens was about 59%, but only about 46% of citizens agreed on the extension of application. However, after contacting LID photographs and information, 90% of respondents agreed on the application of LID, and 94% of respondents were able to distinguish between grey infrastructure and LID infrastructure. Citizens appeared to have a tendency to recognize green spaces as multi-functional LID infrastructure or green infrastructure. If citizens recognize multi-functional LIDs only as landscapjng area, it will be very difficult to extend the LID on the city areas. Therefore, for the extended application of the LID facilities, it is necessary to use public relations strategy to utilize the results and visual data on the actual effect verification. In addition, as every social infrastructure is formed in watershed where citizens live, it is necessary to plan and manage the infrastructure through governance with citizen participation.

Are Giving and Volunteering Multiplicative Behaviors or Compensatory Behaviors? (기부행동과 자원봉사활동은 중복적 보완관계인가? 보충적 대체관계인가?)

  • Kim, Ji-Hae;Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.133-158
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    • 2012
  • In the modern society, a growth in the non-profit sector and a decrease in the government budget on social welfare result in a greater need of individual giving and volunteering. Therefore, in order to manage non-profit organizations effectively, it is necessary to encourage citizen participation in giving and volunteering through identifying various factors affecting giving and volunteering. In order to identify what factors are affecting participation in giving and volunteering and whether the relationship between giving and volunteering is multiplicative or compensatory, this study uses multinomial logistic regression analysis by categorizing four groups based on the participation types of giving and volunteering. The research findings confirmed that common factors such as religion and satisfaction with leisure time were still significant, and specific factors were also found among factors affecting participation in giving and volunteering. Especially, this study identified that factors affecting giving and volunteering differ according to household income, education level, employment status, gender and social relationship satisfaction. The findings confirmed that giving and volunteering are compensatory behaviors. Finally, the implications of this study were discussed. A differential strategy for giving and volunteering is needed to encourage citizen participation in non-profit organizations.

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An Analysis of the Effect of Mental Health and Leisure Competence on Participation in Archery and Satisfaction with Life (궁도 참여 노인의 정신건강, 여가 유능감이 궁도 참여도와 생활만족도에 미치는 구조모형 분석)

  • Kim, Hong Nam
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1013-1023
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to identify the effect of the mental health and leisure competence of senior citizen through participation in archery activity on satisfaction in their life. To achieve the purpose, the study interviewed members of the Archery and Sports Association living in Gwangju, Jeonnam and Jeonbuk using a questionnaire and collected 328 valid responses. The questions as measuring instruments such as leisure competence, depression, self-esteem, and satisfaction level which were developed by previous studies were revised for this study. For a statistics, a frequency analysis, a descriptive analysis, a correlation analysis, and a structural model analysis were conducted. As a result, first, the higher self-esteem of the subjects, the more they participated in archery and were satisfied with their life. Second, the lower depression they had, the more they participated in archery and were satisfied with their life. Third, as leisure competence of the subjects was not a main factor of archery participation, the related assumption was rejected. The mental health of the senior citizen such as self-esteem and depression was a factor of participation in archery and their satisfaction with their life grew higher through participation in archery.

A Design Education Program for Children's Participation Design - Focused on Eogong 6ho Children's Park in Suwon - (어린이 참여디자인을 위한 디자인 교육 프로그램 연구 - 수원시 어공6호 어린이공원을 사례로 -)

  • Choi, Ju-won;Chung, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 2017
  • Recently, citizen participation and user - oriented design are becoming increasingly important in the urban space design process. The Children's Park has also begun to discuss the need to reflect children's opinions and needs as well as existing ways and means of participation to reflect these opinions and ideas. In this study, a design education program for children was constructed and user opinions accessed via this design education were reflected in design and applied to the Children's Park. The training program consists of five weeks of educational programs, textbooks and teaching methods related to existing research, design education for children and participatory design programs. This program was used as a pilot of Eogong-6ho Children 's Park(No. 6 Children's Park), located in Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, and reinterpreted the results of the workshop for 5th grade students at Sunil Elementary School. This design education program is distinguished from other workshop programs on how to organize and operate participating professors and textbooks, and has a program base that can reproduce the entire process. In addition, it is necessary to verify the effects of user participation through research, such as monitoring the use of children's parks after completion, as well as the application of more diverse design methodologies to children's parks and the way they reflect children's opinions.

Participation of Community and Citizen for CSA Movement and Development of Organic Agriculture(I) (유기농업 발전방향과 CSA운동의 지역주민 참여방안에 대한 조사 연구(I))

  • 정진영;손상목;김영호
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2001
  • It was supposed that CSA could be one of the best way to promote the movement of organic agriculture since there is little reliability on the organically grown food by consumer. In the replies submitted to a questionnaire to farmer and consumer, both group responded that the need of development of cultivation technique for organic farming and the permitted substances for organic farming and production. Both of them also replied that it is necessary to establish the lectures or division/department for organic agriculture in the agricultural education program of University. Their response to CSA was so much positive that they are willing to participate the CSA farm as a active CSA farmers or consumers. Based on the evaluation of questionnaire survey, it was suggested to do the utmost efforts that farmer preferentially practice an organic farming , md consumer consciously buy an organic food to protect an ecosystem and environment pollution.

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