• Title, Summary, Keyword: Circulating tumor cells

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Immuno-modulatory and Antitumor Effect of Crude Polysaccharides Extracted from Sclerotium of Grifola umbellata (저령(Grifola umbellata)의 균핵에서 추출한 조다당류의 면역활성 및 항암 효과)

  • Oh, Yun-Hee;Lee, U-Youn;Lee, Min-Woong;Shim, Mi-Ja;Lee, Tae-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2004
  • Neutral salt-soluble, hot water-soluble and methanol-soluble materials (hereinafter referred to Fr. NaCl, Fr. HW and Fr. MeOH, respectively) were extracted from sclerotium of Grifola umbellata. The Fr. NaCl and Fr. HW did not show any direct cytotoxicity against NIH3T3, Sarcoma 180 and MCF-7, but Fr. MeOH showed cytotoxicity against these cell lines at the concentration of $1,000\;{\mu}g/ml$. Intraperitoneal injection with Fr. NaCl showed antitumor effect with life prolongation of 66.7% and decrease the number of Sarcoma 180 cells of 54.2% in mice inoculated with Sarcoma 180. Fr. NaCl improved the immunopotentiation activity through alternative complement pathway and the alkaline phosphatase activity by $85.05{\sim}88.73%$ and 6 folds, respectively. The number of peritoneal exudate cells and the circulating leucocytes were increased by 1.7 and 3.6 folds in the Fr. NaCl treating group compared with the control group, respectively. The weight of immunoorgans such as liver, spleen and thymus were also gradually increased. The hematological analysis of the Fr. NaCl group was similar with that of the control group. The total polysaccharide and protein contents of Fr. NaCl were 98.25% and 1.44%, respectively. These results indicate that the antitumor activity of Fr. NaCl was exerted through immunopotentiation, but not through cytotoxicity against the tumor cells.

Antitumor and Immunomodulating Effects of Seaweeds toward Sarcoma-180cell (파래와 곤피에서 추출한 당단백질의 Sarcoma-180 cell에 대한 항암효과 및 면역활성)

  • Lee, Young-Suk;Kim, Dong-Seuk;Ryu, Beung-Ho;Lee, Sung-Hoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.544-550
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    • 1992
  • This study was investigated on the antitumor effects of protein-polysaccharide fraction(PPF) extracted from seaweeds such as sea-lettuce and gonpi toward sarcoma-180 cells. In the PPF extracted from these seaweeds, the polysaccharide contents of sea-lettrce and gonpi were 52.20% and 48.16%, respectively. The highest levels of constituents monosaccharides found in seaweeds was fructose. The major amino acids were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine and cystein. The solid tumor growth inhibition showed the highest level of 64.55% when 50mg/kg sea-lettuce was administerated. The life prolongation effect was 18.31% at 50mg/kg of gonpi. In the effects of immunologic activity, when 50mg/kg sea-lettuce was administrated, the number of circulating leucocyte showed the highest level (65.11%). The number of total peritoneal exudate cells of the sea-lettuce administerated group was increased significantly in comparison with the control group. The hematological analysis of the experimental group was similar with that of the control group.

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Antitumor Effect and Immunology Activity of Seaweeds toward Sarcoma-180 (청각과 김에서 추출한 당단백질의 Sarcoma-180에 대한 항암효과 및 면역활성)

  • CHO Kyung-Ja;LEE Young-Suk;RYU Beung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 1990
  • This study was investigated on the antitumor of protein-polysaccharide fraction(PPF) extracted from seaweeds such as sea-staghorn and laver toward sarcoma-180 cells. In the PPF extracted from these sewaweeds, the polysaccharide contents of sea-staghorn and laver were $62.26\%$ and $65.78\%$, respectively. The highest levels of polysaccharides found in seaweeds was fructose. The major amino acids were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine and cystein. The solid tumor growth inhibition showed the highest level of $53.30\%$ when 50mg/kg sea-staghorn was administrated. The life prolongation effect was $17.35\%$ at 50 mg/kg of laver. In the effects of immunologic activity, when 100mg/kg sea-staghorn was administrated, the number of circulating leucocyte showed the highest level of $82.23\%$ but decreased leucocyte for prolonged times. The number of total peritoneal exudate cells of the sea-staghorn administerated group was increased significantly in comparison with the control group. The hematobiolgoical analysis of the experimental group was similar with that of the control group. This experiments indicated that hemeastasis still maintained nor-mal state and not showed any harmful effects in normal mice.

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Diallyl Sulfides (DAS) and Diallyl Disulfides (DADS) Exhibit a Suppressive Effect on the Proliferation and Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle

  • Kim, Min-Ju;Kwak, Jung-Hyun;Baek, Seung-Han;Yeo, Hyun-Yang;Song, Ju-Hyun;Cho, Bong-Jun;Kim, Oh-Yoen
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2010
  • Previous studies report that organo-sulfur compounds derived from garlic inhibited smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and induced apoptosis of cancer cells. Recently, lipid-soluble compounds such as diallyl sulfides (DAS) and diallyl disulfides (DADS) have been reported to more effectively suppress tumor cell proliferation. However, there were few studies on the suppressive effects of lipid-soluble garlic sulfur compounds on the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Therefore, this study investigated the effect of DAS and DADS on VSMC proliferation/migration induced by oleic acid (OA), a principal fatty acid in circulating triglyceride of blood stream. Assays performed include a tetrazole (MTT) assay, a wound healing assay and a Western blots. VSMC proliferations were enhanced by OA in a dose-dependent manner at concentrations of $10{\sim}50\;{\mu}M$ and inhibited by DAS and DADS compared to non-treated control. OA-induced proliferations were also attenuated by DAS and DADS. OA-induced cell migrations were 2.5 times higher than non-treated control, and they were significantly attenuated by DAS (32% at $150\;{\mu}M$ and 50% at $200\;{\mu}M$) and DADS (40% at $150\;{\mu}M$ and 46% at $200\;{\mu}M$). OA-induced cell migration was also attenuated by PD98059 (ERK inhibitor), SB203580 (P38 inhibitor) and particularly by LY204002 (PI3K inhibitor) and SP600125 (JNK2 inhibitor). Additionally, Western blot assays showed that OA-induced JNK1/2-phosphorylation was down-regulated after treatment with DAS and DADS. In conclusion, the findings of our study support the idea that DAS and DADS may have a suppressive effect on the proliferation and migration of OA-induced VSMC and that this effect may be partly associated with PI3K and JNK2 pathways.

Analysis of Bone Marrow Micrometastasis Using RT-PCR in Patients with Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (소세포 폐암에서 역전사 중합효소 연쇄반응(RT-PCR)을 이용한 골수 미세전이(naicronaetastasis)의 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-You;Park, Jong-Kook;Ryoo, Baek-Ryeol;Im, Yung-Hyuck;Kang, Yoon-Koo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.797-806
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    • 1999
  • Background: About 20% of small cell lung cancer(SCLC) patients have bone marrow(EM) metastasis at the time of diagnosis and the remaining patients are also considered with micrometastasis. In an attempt to detect EM micrometastasis, we used cytokeratin(CK)-20 as a molecular marker, which is specific for epithelial cells. Method: A sensitive RT-PCR assay was used to compare CK-20 expression both in SCLC cell line H209 and normal leukocyte and to evaluate EM aspirates of 28 SCLC patients. Result: H209 cell line showed CK-20 expression but normal leukocyte did not, suggesting CK-20 expression is lung tissue-specific. Of 28 patients(11 limited disease, 17 extensive disease), only 2(1/11, 1/17) samples tested revealed positive signal for CK-20. Two patients with CK-20 expression had EM metastasis or multiple bone involvement during follow-up. Conclusion: Although circulating tumor cells were detected in EM of small portion of patients with bone metastasis, CK-20 doesn't seem to be a reliable marker for the detection of micrometastasis in SCLC. This study emphasizes that identification of more specific marker for micrometastsis is mandatory prior to clinical application.

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