• Title/Summary/Keyword: Chuja-do

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Conceptual Design and Examination of Required Functions of a Public Ship in Chuja-do (추자도 행정선의 필요기능 조사 및 선박 개념설계)

  • An, Kwang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.606-614
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    • 2020
  • The administrative ship, Chuja-ho, is the only mode of transportation between manned islands in the Chuja-do, Jeju. Chuja-ho is a 25-year-old age, which is identified to pass the persisting period (25 years) for public ships, and there is an urgent need for a replacement. The residents of the island are also requesting that the new administrative ship be outfitted with medical functions because there is no sea transportation system for medical emergencies in Chuja-do. The purpose of this study is to examine the required functions of a new administrative ship outfitted with medical functions and to suggest a conceptual design. In order to review the necessity of an emergency patient transport system, user requirements were surveyed and analyzed, and the ship's condition assessed by ship experts who carried out an on-site survey and analysis of ship survey data. Thereafter, a conceptual design for a new administrative ship with medical functions was presented. The results of this study can be used during a review of a new budget plan and for basic ship designs during the replacement project by the local government. It is also expected to improve the safety and medical environment of Chuja-do residents.

A Study on Structural Improvement and Comprehensive Development of Chuja-do Fishing Village (추자도 어촌종합개발의 기본방향과 구조개선에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Young-Wha;Rho, Hong-Kil;Kim, Mun-Kwan
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 1997
  • The Government is managing "The Comprehensive Development Plan of Fishing Villages" which is a national program to ensure the effective use of the coast and reasonable management of fisheries resources. The Chuja-do was selected as an area for "The Comprehensive Development of Fishing Villages" because it has the characteristics of local independence and an advanced fishery using boats. The study covered the environment of the local fishing grounds, all aspects of the coast fishing and residents' thinking. The results of the study led to the following proposals : development of the coastal fishing grounds farmining industry, establishing the fishing grounds industry by dropping arcificial fish reefs, developing the tourist industry, improving the quality of fishery using boats, and establishing high quality fishing specialties.

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Occurrence of Exotic Weeds in Several Islands in Korea (우리나라 주요 도서지역의 외래잡초 발생현황)

  • Kim, Chang-Suk;Lee, In-Yong;Oh, Yeong-Ju;Oh, Se-Mun;Kim, Suk-Chul;Park, Jae-Eup
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2010
  • The distribution of exotic weeds in 4 island area such as Baengnyeong-do, Heuksan-do, Chuja-do, and Geomun-do in Korea was investigated. Baengnyeong-do, Heuksan-do, Chuja-do, and Geomun-do have different weed flora, 41 species included 13 families, 32 species included 11 families, 23 species included 9 families and 30 species included 12 families were observed in the 4 islands, respectively. 18 families 70 species were occurred in 4 island. Most troublesome exotic weeds were Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior, Solanum carolinense, Cuscuta pentagona. Occurrence frequency of Conyza canadensis, Erigeron annuus, Dactylis glomerata, Bromus catharticus and Lolium multiflorum were the highest in each island, respectively. Also, result of divided life cycle, annual weeds were 28 species occupied 40% in total, biennial weeds were 21 species (30%) and perennial weeds were 21 species (30%).

Two Marine Sponges of the Family Ancorinidae (Demospongiae: Astrophorida) from Korea

  • Shim, Eun Jung;Sim, Chung Ja
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2013
  • Two sponges, Stelletta subtilis (Sollas, 1886) and Stryphnus sollasi n. sp., were collected from depth of 24-30 m at Jeju-do Island and Chuja-do Island by SCUBA diving from July 2003 to June 2010. The new species Stryphnus sollasi n. sp is similar with Stryphnus niger Sollas, 1886 in the composition of spicules, however they differ in colour and spicule size. This new species has smaller oxeas and larger oxyasters than those of S. niger. This new species has two size categories of oxyaster but S. niger has one size category of oxyaster. The colour of S. sollasi n. sp is white, but the latter puce black. Stelletta subtilis (Sollas, 1886) is first recorded in Korean fauna.

New Meroterpenoids from a Penicillium sp. Fungus

  • Hwang, Ji-Yeon;You, Min Jung;Oh, Dong-Chan;Oh, Ki-Bong;Shin, Jongheon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2018
  • Two meroterpenoids (1 and 2) along with twelve known compounds (3 - 14) were isolated from the culture broth of a Penicillium sp. fungus collected from Chuja-do, Korea. Based on the results of a combination of spectroscopic analyses, the new compounds, preaustinoids E (1) and F (2), were determined to be epimeric austintype penta-cyclic lactones.

A New Record of Hydrodendron stechowi (Hydrozoa: Leptothecata: Phylactothecidae) from Korea

  • Jeong, Seung-Chan;Lee, Seung-Joon;Cho, In-Young;Hwang, Sung-Jin
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2021
  • In 2020, during a survey of cnidarian fauna around Chuja-do locating in the northern part of Jeju-do, Korea, several hydroids were collected from the subtidal zone by SCUBA diving. Through taxonomic examination, one unrecorded species, Hydrodendron stechowi Hirohito, 1995, was found in Korea. It was newly added to the list of Korean hydrozoan fauna. This species was discovered for the first time since its first report as a new species in Japan. Their vivid orange-colored colonies were attached to the sponge on rocky substrate between depths of 15 and 20 m. Thus, a total of five species belonging to genus Hydrodendron, including the species reported in this study, have been reported in Korean waters so far.

A Pre-Feasibility Test of Introducing Renewable Energy Hybrid Systems -Case Studies for 3 Off-Grid Islands- (도서지역 신·재생복합 전력시스템 보급 타당성 분석 -3개 도서지역 분석결과-)

  • Jang, HaNa;Kim, Suduk
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.693-712
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    • 2006
  • A pre-feasibility test is done for renewable energy hybrid power systems at off~grid islands in which the current power supply is provided only by diesel generation. We apply Homer (Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables) which was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the analysis to identify the cost-minimizing combination of power generating facilities for the given load profiles. Chuja-Do, Geomun-Do and Youngsan-Do have been selected for our analysis considering the wind resources data of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER). Information on wind speed, solar radiation and temperature is also used for the analysis. System component cost information from overseas market has been used due to the lack of domestic information. Site specific Load profile for electricity demand for those islands are reconstructed based on the partial survey results obtained form other sources. The LCOE of the least cost hybrid power systems for Chuja-Do, Geomun-Do and Youngsan-Do are $0.278/kWh, $0.234/kWh and $0.353/kWh, respectively Considering the fact that diesel generation is being subsidized at the price of $0.300/kWh by the government, first 2 cases are economically feasible for the introduction of renewable energy hybrid systems to those islands. But the third case of Youngsan-Do does not meet the criteria. The basic differences of these pre-feasibility test results are from the differences of the site specific renewable energy conditions, especially wind resources. In summary, promoting hybrid systems in the off-grid remote island should be based on the economic feasibility test results. Not all the off-grid islands are feasible for introducing this renewable energy hybrid system.

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Studies on Anisakis spp. (I) On the infection rate of Anisakis-like larvae isolated from various marine fishes. (Anisakis 류에 관한 연구 (I) 각종 해산어에 있어서의 Anisakis류 유충의 분포)

  • CHUN Seh Kyu;CHUNG Bu Kwan;Ryu Bong Suk
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1968
  • Formerly T. Nishimura, T. Oshima and M. Otsuru studied on Anisakis-like larvae in the various marine fishes from the Japan Sea and the Pacific Ocean. In the present observation, many kinds of marine fishes from the Yellow Sea and the southern coast of Korea were. studied, with the samples from the islands: Eocheng-do, Sohuksan-do, Chuja-do and Keomun-do. The authors examined 313 samples from the adjacent waters of Korea and the distribution of the Anisakis-like larvae in the fish body was found to be 9,219 larvae of Anisakis-like larvae found in the mesentery and coelomic cavity of all samples. Of them, 8,112 Anisakis-like larvae were found from 187 samples from the southern coast of Korea, 1,107 Anisakis-like larvae were found in 126 samples from the Yellow sea (Tables 1 & 2). The fish from the southern coast of Korea are much more infected than the fish from. the Yellow Sea. The larger the fish length, the heavier infection of Anisakis-like larvae were observed.

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Prunus glandulosa Thunb.(Rosaceae) and its distribution on the Korean Peninsula

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Yu;Hyun, Chang Woo;Park, Jeong-Mi;Kim, Jin-Seok
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2020
  • Prunus glandulosa Thunb. [=Cerasus glandulosa (Thunb.) Sokolov] (Rosaceae) is native to the warmtemperate region of China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Zhejiang Provinces). It is naturalized in the United States (i.e. Alabama, Michigan and North Carolina) and Canada (Ontario). This species, previously only recorded as introduced or cultivated plants on the Korean Peninsula, was confirmed to be naturally distributed in the southwestern coast islands(i.e. Geomun-do, Chuja-do and an uninhabited island in Shinan-gun of Jeollanam-do). Prunus glandulosa Thunb. is distinguished from a related taxon P. japonica var. nakaii (H. Lév.) Rehder by pedicel 8-12 (-16) mm long, linear stipules, glabrous style, and pink petals. The morphological characters and illustration of P. glandulosa Thunb. are provided with line drawings and photographs from the natural habitat. In addition, it is likely that a new habitat will be found by plant biodiversity investigations through the southwestern coast islands. Further research is needed to determine its population size, distribution, and threats, as well as identify appropriate locations for conservation collection of germplasm.

New Species and New Records of Buellia (Lichenized Ascomycetes) from Jeju Province, South Korea

  • Wang, Xin Yu;Liu, Dong;Lokos, Laszlo;Kondratyuk, Sergey Y.;Oh, Soon-Ok;Park, Jung Shin;Hur, Jae-Seoun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2016
  • A new species and 2 new records of lichen genus Buellia were discovered from Chuja-do Island in Jeju Province during a recent floristic survey: B. chujana X. Y. Wang, S. Y. Kondr., L. $L\ddot{o}k\ddot{o}s$ & J.-S. Hur sp. nov., B. halonia (Ach.) Tuck., and B. mamillana (Tuck.) W. A. Weber. The new species is characterized by a brown, areolate thallus, the presence of perlatolic acid, and a saxicolous habitat. Together with previously recorded species, 10 Buellia species were confirmed from Jeju-do Island. Among these species, 3 growing in the exposed rocky area contained xanthone (yellowish lichen thallus, UV + orange), indicating that production of xanthone in this genus might be a defense strategy against the harm of UV light. Although the genus Buellia has been thoroughly studied in Korea before, novel species have been discovered continuously, and large species diversity has been found in this crustose genus, even from a small rocky island. This study indicates that the coastal area harbors a vast number of crustose lichen species, and there is great potential to discover unknown lichens in the coastal rocky area in Korea.