• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chrysene

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Effects of Chrysene on the Immune Functions in Female BALB/c Mice (Chrysene이 BALB/c계 마우스의 면역기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Tae-Won;Kim, Chun-Hua;Lee, Sang-Kyu;Kim, Ghee-Hwan;Jun, In-Hye;Lee, Dong-Ju;Jeong, He-Min;Jeong, Tae-Cheon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.244-253
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    • 2006
  • Effects of chrysene on immune functions were studied in female BALB/c mice. When mice were treated po with chrysene for 7 consecutive days, the antibody response was suppressed dose-dependently. Chrysene induced the enzyme activities of CYP LA and 2B time- and dose-dependently. In ex vivo lymphocyte proliferation, chrysene inhibited splenocyte proliferation by LPS and Con A. Moreover, the numbers of $CD4^+IL-2^+$ cells were reduced by chrysene. In conclusion, chrysene-induced immunotoxicity might be mediated, at least in part, via IL-2 production, and caused by mechanisms associated with metabolic activation.

Photodegradation of Pyrene, Chrysene and Benzo[a]pyrene in Water (I) (수중의 Pyrene, Chrysene 및 Benzo[a]pyrene의 광분해(I))

  • 김지용;허철구;이민규;감상규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2003
  • The photodegradation of pyrene, chrysene and benzo[a]pyrene, that were similar in structure among poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAMs), were investigated in water irradiated with a low-pressure mercury lamp (wavelength of 253.7 nm and UV output of 1.35 ${\times}$ 10$\^$-3/J/s). The effects of several factors (t-BuOH, HCO$_3$$\^$-/ and pH) on photodegradation of above three PAHs were also examined. The photodegradation rates of PAHs decreased with increasing the concentration of t-BuOH, but decreased little with increasing the concentration of HCO$_3$$\^$-/ under the concentrations used in this study. The photodegradation rates of PAHs decreased with increasing pH, but their change were greater in case of pH increase from acid to neutral and were little in case of pH increase from neutral to base. The photodegradation rates of PAMs fitted a first-order kinetic model and their photodegradation rates decreased in the following sequences: pyrene>chrysene>benzo[a]pyrene among the PAHs used.

Photodegradation of Pyrene, Chrysene and Benzo[a]pyrene in Water (II) (수중의 Pyrene, Chrysene 및 Benzo[a]pyrene의 광분해(II))

  • 감상규;김지용;주창식;이민규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.775-782
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    • 2003
  • The photodegradations of pyrene, chrysene and benzo[a]pyrene that were similar in structure among polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated with a low-pressure mercury lamp(the wavelength of 253.7 nm and UV output of 1.35${\times}$10$\^$-3/J/s). The optimum concentrations of TiO$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ on the photodegradation of pyrene, chrysene and benzo[a]pyrene were 1 g/L and 1.5${\times}$10$\^$-3/ M, respectively. By these optimum concentrations, their rates increased with increasing the concentration of TiO$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ because the amounts of OH radical formed increased, but for the higher concentrations than the optimum, their rates decreased with increasing those concentrations because the white turbidity phenomena occurs in case of TiO$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ acts as an OH radical inhibitor. The photodegradation rates among the photodegradation processes such as UV, UV/TiO$_2$, UV/H$_2$O$_2$, and UV/H$_2$O$_2$/TiO$_2$ decreased in the following sequences.: UV/H$_2$O$_2$/TiO$_2$> UV/H$_2$O$_2$> UV/TiO$_2$> UV.

Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in cooked fish and shellfish (조리어패류 중 다환방향족탄화수소 분석)

  • Hu, Soojung;Park, Sungkuk;Jin, Sunhee;Choi, Dongmi
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2009
  • The following concentrations of some PAHs were investigated; [benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo (b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g, h, i)perylene, indeno (1,2,3-c,d)pyrene] in fish(n=168) and shellfish(n=40). The methodology involved saponification and extraction with n-hexane, clean-up on Sep-Pak Florisil Cartridges and determination by HPLC/FLD (High Performance Liquid Chromatograph/Fluorescence Detector). Overall method recoveries for 8 PAHs spiked into these products ranged from 88 to 112%. The mean level of benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k) fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene in cooked fish was ND, ND, 0.0009, ND, 0.01, ND, ND, ND and in cooked shellfish was 1.84, 3.51, 0.81, 0.38, 0.39, 0.04, 0.20, ND, respectively.

The Influence of Yellow Sand Phenomena on the Concentration Variation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ambient Air of Seoul (황사가 서울시 대기 중 PAHs 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 박찬구;어수미;기원주;김기현;모세영
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.179-192
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    • 2001
  • In order to characterize the distribution patterns of PAHs between Yellow Sand (YS) and non-Yellow Sand(NYS) periods, we collected and analyzed aerosol samples for PAHs for the periods covering 28 March through 24 April 2000. The concentrations of TSP measured during the YS periods were approximately two times higher than the NYS periods. By contrast, the concentrations of PAHs during YS were higher than those of NYS by 140%. In ad-dition, their concentrations in PM 10 were larger than those TSP by 120% . Detailed inspections of our data indi-catd that three species including chrysene. benzo(b)fluoranthene, and benzo(k)fluoranthene were effeciently ad-sorbed by particles less than 10${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ diameter and that there were dominating the distribution characterstics of PAHs during the YS periods. Results of correlation analysis also indicated that PAHs exhibited strong correlations with those pollutants originating from combustion sources. It is thus concluded that pollutants such as toxic PAHs that originate from diverse anthropogenic sources of China should be contributing to the degradation of the ambient air quality in Seoul.

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Trends in Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons of PM-10 in Suwon Area (수원지역 PM-10 중 다환방향족 탄화수소의 농도 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 김성천;이태정;김동술
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.341-350
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    • 1996
  • We determined 6 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) fluranthene, pyrene, benz(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene). A total of 129 samples has been collected from September 1990 to September 1994 on 2 different types of filters (quartz fiber filter, glass fiber filter) by a PM-10 high volume air sampler at the Kyung Hee University-Suwon campus. The organic components in the PM-10 were extracted by an ultrasonication process with benzene:ethanol(4:1, v/v) prior to the analysis by using a GC/FID. We had also investigated the decaying quantity of 6PAHs at the room temperature. For example, chrysene was decayed by 56.7% after 4 days and benzo(a)anthracene by 84.2% after 30 days. All of PAHs were almost completely decayed after a year. We extensively estimated the decay rates by regression analyses for existing 18 raw data sets. Based on the decay rate constants $(\beta)$, pyrene was rapidly decayed by 19.0 $\times 10^{-2}$/day; on the other hand, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene slowly by 0.7 $\times 10^{-2}$/day. Applying the decay rates of PAHs on stored and dated samples, we could reasonably determine annual and seasonal concentration average of PAHs in particulate matters smaller than 10 $\mu$m.

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Determining of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in domestic vegetables and fruits (국내유통 채소류 및 과일류 중 다환방향족탄화수소 분석)

  • Hu, Soojung;Oh, Nam Su;Kim, Soo Yeon;Lee, Hyomin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.415-421
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    • 2006
  • The following concentrations of some PAHs were investigated; [benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, indeno (1,2,3-c,d)pyrene] in vegetables(n=160) and fruits(n=50). The food samples were purchased at the local markets in Seoul, Chuncheon, Daejeon, Kwangju and Pusan. The samples were radish, onion, bean sprouts, welsh onion, chinese cabbage, spinach, young pumpkin, garlic, cucumber, carrot, lettuce, sesame leaf, tangerine, persimmon, apple, pear and banana. The methodology involved ultrasonic extraction with dichloromethane, clean-up on Sep-Pak florisil cartridges and determination by HPLC/FLD (High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Fluorescence Detector). Overall method recoveries for 8 PAHs spiked into these products ranged from 95 to 102%. The mean level of the following PAHs were determined; benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene in vegetables and fruits was N.D., 0.014 ng/g, 0.031 ng/g, 0.016 ng/g, 0.019 ng/g, 0.091 ng/g, 0.016 ng/g and N.D., respectively.

Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fish, Shellfish and their Processed Products (국내 유통 어패류 및 가공품 중 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons 함량)

  • Hu, Soo-Jung;Kim, Mee-Hye;Oh, Nam-Su;Ha, Jin;Choi, Kwang-Sik;Kwon, Ki-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.866-872
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    • 2005
  • Cocentrations of PAHs [benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h.i)perylene, indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene] in fish (n=120), shellfish(n=50) and their products (n=35) were estimated by saponification and extraction with n-hexane, clean-up on Sep-Pak Florisil Cartridges and HPLC/FLD. Overall recoveries for eight PAHs spiked into samples ranged from 90 to 106%. Mean level of benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene were not detected, 0.01, 0.04, 0.07, 0.05, 0.004, 0.0008 and 0.06ng/g, respectively, similar to those reported by other countries.

Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Vegetable Oils and Fats (식용유지 중 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 화합물 함량)

  • Chung, So-Young;Sho, You-Sub;Park, Sung-Kug;Lee, Eun-Ju;Suh, Jung-Hyuck;Choi, Woo-Jeong;Kim, Jung-Soo;Kim, Mee-Hye;Kwon, Ki-Sung;Lee, Jong-Ok;Kim, Hee-Yun;Lee, Chul-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.688-691
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    • 2004
  • Concentrations of PAHs [benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene] in vegetable oils and fats available in Korean market were estimated. Involved methodology were liquid-liquid partition, purification on Sep-Pak Florisil Cartridges, and high performance liquid chromatography using fluorescence detector. Overall recoveries for eight PAHs spiked into vegetable oils and fats ranged from 68.2 to 101.5%, averaging 85.4%. Mean levels of benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene in vegetable oils and fats were 0.53, 0.82, 0.50, 0.18, 0.35, 0.16, 0.31, and $0.44{\mu}g/kg$, respectively.

Bioassays of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using cyp1a1-Luciferase Reporter Gene Expression System in Mouse Liver Hepa 1 Cells

  • Min, Kyung-N.;Kim, Ja-Y.;Sheen, Yhun-Y.
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.30-34
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    • 2003
  • Recent industrial society has human widely exposed to PAHs (polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons) that are comming from the incomplete combustion of organic material as wider spread environmental contaminants. Biological activities of PAHs are not known although PAHs are considered as carcinogens. Our laboratory have been studied the effect of PAHs in the mouse liver hepa 1 cells. In this study, we examined the mouse liver hepa-l cells as a new bioassay system to evaluate bioactivity of PAHs. We have selected 13 PAHs to examine bioassay using cyp1a1-luciferase reporter gene expression system where cyp1a1 1.6 Kb 5flanking region DNA was cloned in front of luciferase reporter gene and this plasmid was transfected into hepa 1 cells transiently. This cells then used for the study to observe the effect of PAHs. We demonstrated that PAHs induced the CYP1A1 promoter and 7-ethoxyresolufin O-deethylase (EROD) activities in a concentration-dependant manner. Some of PAHs showed stronger stimulatory effect on CYP1 gene expression than TCDD. Acenaphthene, anthracene, fluorine, naphthalene, pyrene, phenanthrene, carbazole were weak responders to cyp1a1 promoter activity stimulation and EROD induction in hepa 1 cells and these chemicals seemed to respond less to EROD than cyp1a1 promoter activity. Benz(a)anthracene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, and dibenzo(a,h)anthracene showed strong response to cyp1a1 promoter activity stimulation and also EROD induction in hepa 1cells. Results of dose response study suggested that four strong responding PAHs, such as benzo(a)anthracene benzo(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, and dibenzo(a, h)anthracene might be mediated through arylhydrocarbon receptor system in hepa1 cells.

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