• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chrysanthemi Flos flowers

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Effects of Drying Conditions on the Antioxidant Activities and Volatile Compounds of Chrysanthemi Flos Flowers

  • Bae, Sung-Mun;Na, Ae-Sil;Seo, Hye-Kyeong;Lee, Seung-Cheol
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2009
  • The effects of drying conditions on the antioxidant activities, luteolin, and volatile compounds of Chrysanthemi Flos flowers were evaluated. The flowers were dried with hot-air or far-infrared radiation at 40${^{\circ}C}$, 50${^{\circ}C}$ and 60${^{\circ}C}$, respectively, to reach 22$\pm$1% of moisture content. Each 10 g of the dried flowers were extracted with 100 mL of 95% ethanol. Increasing temperature in hot-air dried (HAD) conditions increased the antioxidant activities of the flower extracts. However, increasing temperature in far-infrared dried (FID) conditions decreased the antioxidant activities of the extracts. Luteolin, one of main flavonoids of Chrysanthemi Flos flowers, was present in the highest content at 60${^{\circ}C}$ FID flowers with a value of 139 $\mu$g/mL. Thirteen volatile compounds including camphor and β-caryophyllene were identified in chromatograms. Higher amount of the volatiles were found at 50${^{\circ}C}$ HAD and 40${^{\circ}C}$ FID. The results indicated that the antioxidant activities and volatile compounds of Chrysanthemi Flos flowers were significantly affected by drying conditions.

Effects of an Ethylacetate Fraction of Chrysanthemi Flos on the Antioxidative System and Lipid Profile in Rats with Ethanol-Induced Liver Damage

  • Choo, Myung-Hee;Jeong, Yoon-Hwa;Lee, Myung-Yul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.352-360
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the antioxidative effects of an etbylacetate fraction extracted from the flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum L. (Chrysanthemi Flos) on the antioxidative system and lipid profiles of rats with ethanol induced hepatotoxicity. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing $100\~150$ g were divided into 5 groups: normal group (NOR), Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction (200 mg/kg) treated group (S1), $35\%$ etbanol (10 mL/kg) treated group (S2), Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction (200 mg/kg) and ethanol concomitantly treated group (S3) and Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction (400 mg/kg) and ethanol concomitantly treated group (S4), respectively. The antioxidative activity of each fraction was decreased in order of EtOAC, n-hexane, n-BuOH, water and chloroform. The growth rates and feed efficiency ratios were decreased by ethanol treatment, but were gradually restored to similar levels as in the NOR group by administering Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction. The whole blood concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, and the activities of ALT and AST that were elevated by ethanol were significantly decreased in the Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction treated groups. It was also observed that the activities of SOD, catalase, xanthine oxidase and GSH-Px elevated by ethanol in rat liver were markedly decreased in the Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction treated group as compared to S2. These results suggest that Chrysanthemi Flos EtOAC fraction has possible protective effects against ethanol induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

The Quality Evaluation of Chrysanthemi Flos (감국의 품질 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Ho;Min, Byung-Sun;Jung, Hyun-Ju;;Lee, Jun-Sung;Chi, Hyung-Joon;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 1999
  • The flower of Chrysanthemum morifolium L. has been used as 'Kamguk' in the Korean markets instead of it from C. indicum L. In order to evaluate the quality of Chrysanthemi Flos, the method for isolation and quantitative determination of luteolin as standard compound has been developed. It is analyzed with HPLC using the solvent system of MeOH-water-acetic acid (30:70:5). The amounts of luteolin from Chrysanthemi Flos in Korean markets are in the range of $0.03{\sim}0.04%.$ The amounts of luteolin from the flowers of C. indicum and C. boreale are approximately 0.14% and 0.04%, respectively.

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