• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chlorothalonil

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Response of Several Fungicides of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Isolates Obtained from Persimmons in Sangju (상주 지역 감나무로부터 분리한 Colletotrichum gloeosporioides 균주들의 방제 약제에 대한 반응)

  • Lim Tae-Heon;Choi Yong-Hwa
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.99-102
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    • 2006
  • In 2005, 90 isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing persimmons tree anthracnose were obtained from infected twigs and fruits of persimmon trees. Their responses to nine fungicides, consisting of two benzimidazoles (thiophanate-methyl, carbendazim), three ergosterol-biosynthesis inhibitors (difenoconazole, myclobutanil, tebuconazole), and four protective fungicides (propineb, mancozeb, chlothalonil, and dithianon), were investigated with relative mycelial growth index to untreated control on PDA treated with field application rate of each fungicide. At response to carbendazim ($415{\mu}g/ml$) and thiophanate-methyl ($750{\mu}g/ml$), 82% and 78% of isolates showed relative mycelial growth index under 0.1 to untreated control, respectively. All of them did not grow on PDA incorporated with myclobutanil ($40{\mu}g/ml$) and tebuconazole ($75{\mu}g/ml$). Only one isolate (PER 36) grew on PDA amended with difenoconazole ($50{\mu}g/ml$), but its relative mycelial growth index to untreated control was very low with a values of 0.03. They were most sensitive to propineb ($1,500{\mu}g/ml$) among four protective fungicides.

Reduction of pesticide residues in/on mini-tomato by washing at the different harvest days after pesticide spray (약제 살포 후 경과일수별 세척에 의한 방울토마토의 잔류농약경감)

  • Kwon, Hye-Young;Kim, Jin-Bae;Lee, Hee-Dong;Ihm, Yang-Bin;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Choi, Dal-Soon;Choi, Ju-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.306-312
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study was to compare the reduction of residues in/on mini-tomato by washing methods and to evaluate the relation of reduction rates in different pesticides. Mini-tomato was sprayed with three commercial pesticides, oxadixyl, thiophanate-methyl and chlorothalonil, and harvested for washing test as 0, 5 and 7 days elapsed. The reduction rates of oxadixyl in/on mini-tomato were 61, 11 and 4%, those of thiophanate-methyl were 89, 89 and 79%, and in case of chlorothlaonil, reduction rates were 84, 84 and 88%, respectively When mini-tomato at 0 day and 5 days after spray was washed by 0.02% of $Sur-ten^{(R)}$ solution, its pesticide residues were reduced by 81 and 55% on oxadixyl, 95 and 91% on thiophanate-methyl, and 97 and 98% on chlorothlaonil. When three wettable powdered pesticides with the same recipe were sprayed, their reduction rates in/on mini-tomato by washing with water at 0, 5 and 7 days were 76, 66 and 43% on oxadixyl, 91, 83 and 82% on thiophanate-methyl, and 65, 68 and 82% on chlorothlaonil, suggesting that the washing effect may be dependent on the amounts of active ingredients and inert types of the pesticides used.

A Survey on Harmful Materials of Commercial Medical Herb in Gwangju Area (광주지역 유통 한약재의 유해물질 잔류실태조사)

  • Lee, Hyang-Hee;Seo, Jung-Mi;Oh, Mu-Sul;Gang, In-Sook;Park, Jong-Jin;Seo, Kye-Won;Ha, Dong-Ryong;Kim, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the residue amount of harmful materials on the 153 commercial medical herbs in Gwangju area. It was performed using the GC-ECD, GC-NPD, GC-MSD and the LC-UVD, LC-FLD, LC-MSD to analyze 200 pesticides. The heavy metals were determined using a Mercury analyzer and AAS. The sulfur dioxides were analyzed by modified Monnier-Williams method. The residual pesticides were detected in 7 samples, and were over MRLs (Maximum Risk Levels) in 2 samples (1.3%). The mean values of heavy metal contents (mg/kg) were Pb, 0.570; Cd, 0.081; As, 0.082; Hg, 0.0093. The measured values of Pb, As, Hg showed within MRLs. The excess samples of MRLs were 3 samples (changchul 2, cheongung 1) on Cd. The sulfur dioxides were over MRLs in 7 samples (4.6%), hwanggi and gugija. These results will be used to establish on the regulation of commercial medical herbs in Gwangju area.

A Study on the Removal Efficiency of Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables Treated by Additional Materials (첨가제 처리에 의한 과.채류 중 잔류농약 제거효과 연구)

  • Ku, Pyung-Tae;Jin, Seong-Hyun;Kang, Jung-Mi;Kwon, Hyuk-Dong;Park, Sun-Hee;Lee, Ji-Yoon
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.388-393
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to experiment the removal efficiency of 6 pesticides in fruits and vegetables using various washing solutions. As results, the average removal efficiencies of pesticides washed with tap-water were 68.3%, whereas those washed by ultrasonic cleaning for 2 and 5 minutes were 73.7% and 82.5%, respectively. Using different washing solutions with various additional materials such as 0.5% detergent, 5% vinegar, 5% salt and flour, the removal rates were 82.9%, 76.9%, 75.8% and 75.7%, respectively. With 0.5% detergent, pesticides were 20% more removed when washed by ultrasonic cleaning than tap-water washing; moreover, Chlorthalonil in cherry tomato showed the highest removal efficiency while EPN in grape washed with tap-water showed the lowest. The order of removal efficiencies of pesticides were Chlorthalonil (90.0%)>Procymidone (81.3%)>Chlorpyrifos (76.6 %)>Endosulfan (75.7%)>Fenitrothion (75.5%)>EPN (73.8%).

Alternative Fungicide Spraying for the Control of Powdery Mildew Caused by Sphaerotheca fusca on Greenhouse Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) (시설 수박 흰가루병 방제를 위한 살균제 교차방제 체계)

  • Kang, Hyo-Jung;Kim, Youngsang;Han, Bongtae;Kim, Taeil;Noh, Jaegwan;Kim, Yeegi;Shin, Hyeon-Dong
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2014
  • Alternative spraying was developed using fungicides and potassium phosphonate to control watermelon powdery mildew (WPM) caused by Sphaerotheca fusca under greenhouse condition. In 2010 trial, a total of 9 combinations of 6 fungicides which are legally registered in Korea and currently used on watermelon farms were tested for the control efficacy against WPM. Though the combination of chlorothalonil (Chl)-myclobutanil (My)-fenarimol (Fen)-hexaconazole (Hex) was the most effective (82.6%) in the first-year trial, it had the problem that My, Fen and Hex have the same mode of action. Therefore, in the second-year trial to improve the fungicide combination and to reduce fungicide application, fungicides and potassium phosphonate (P) combinations were tested for WPM control using 500 ppm aqueous potassium phosphonate solution which is both eco-friendly and showing different mode of action from the fungicides tested. The P-My-Fen-Hex applied at 10-day intervals provided relatively high control (75.6%), whereas Chl-My-Fen-P provided 31.8% control. To improve the control, fungicides and P were applied at 7-day intervals in the third-year trial. Though Chl-My-Fen-Hex provided the highest control (89.6%), P-My-Fen-Hex also provided relatively high control (83.5%) compared to 65.9 % control with Chl-My-Fen-P, which suggests that Chl-My-Fen-Hex could be replaced with P-My-Fen-Hex for WPM control.

Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Products for Raw Juice in Gyeonggi-Do, Korea (경기도내 유통 생즙 원료 농산물의 잔류농약 실태조사 및 위해성 평가)

  • Ryu, Kyong-Shin;Park, Po-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Yu;Lim, Bu-Geon;Kang, Min-Seong;Lee, You-Jin;Kang, Choong-Won;Kim, Youn-Ho;Lee, Sun-Young;Seo, Jeong-Hwa;Park, Yong-Bae;Yoon, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.339-346
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in a total of 297 agricultural products for raw juice from January 2017 to September 2017. Pesticide residues in samples were analyzed by multiresidue method for the determination of multiclass pesticide with an aim to detect 220 pesticides using GC/ECD, GC/NPD, TOF/MS, LC/PDA, LC/FLD, and LC/MS-MS. The analysis revealed the presence of nine pesticides in 14 samples. The detected pesticides were chlorpyrifos, cyflufenamid, chlorothalonil, pendimethalin, azoxystrobin, pyridalyl, imazalil, fludioxonil and procymidone. The kinds of detected crops were mandarin, carrot, apple, celery, chicory, orange and grape. Risk assessment evaluated human health exposure with the ratio of EDI (Estimated daily intake) to ADI (Acceptable daily intake) of pesticides detected and the range of %ADI (the ratio of EDI to ADI) values was 0.0011~6.7087% and safety level.

A Study on Safety of Ready-to-eat Compound Foods with a By-products of Meat as the Base (식육부산물을 주재료로한 복합즉석조리식품의 안전성 연구)

  • Song, Sung-Min;Lee, Gil-Bong;Kim, Myeong-Hee;Jeung, Ji-Yeol;Hwang, Won-Mu;Yun, Ga-Ri;Kim, Sun-Hoi;Go, Jong-Myeung;Kim, Yong-Hee
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.82-87
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    • 2007
  • This research was performed to investigate chemical and microbiological hazards of Ready-to-eat(RTE) compound foods which uses the by-product of meat. For this experiment, 51 samples of RTE compound foods in by-product of meat distributed in Incheon from January to December 2006 were tested. The contents of heavy metals in the main ingredient of RTE compound foods were in the range of $0.073{\sim}0.112ppm$ for lead (Pb), $0.006{\sim}0.013ppm$ for cadmium (Cd) and $0.746{\sim}0.978ppb$ for mercury (Hg). The concentrations of residual ABS(alkyl benzene sulfate) in the small intestine which is a main ingredient of Gopchang-casserole were $$0.8ppm{\sim}57.6ppm$ (Ave. 10.3ppm). Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 11 samples (21.6%) among 51 main ingredients of RTE compound foods. The isolation rates of Salmonella spp. and Clostridium perfringens were 2.0% (1/51) and 5.9% (2/51), respectively. By types of main ingredient, the small intestine was showed the highest isolation rate as 35.3% (12/34), ham and the sausage which are main ingredients of the Budae-pot stew were 25% (2/8) and other meat products were 20% (1/5). Food poisoning bacteria was not found in the blood of pig which is a main ingredient of the Sunji-pot stew. 28.4% (27/95) of sauce included in each RTE compound foods were coliform bacteria positive. Pesticide residues were found in four of 45 vegetables which are the additional ingredient of RTE compound foods. The concentrations of pesticide were chlorothalonil 2.8 ppm, EPN 10.3 ppm, chlorpyrifos 0.4ppm and indoxacarb 0.7ppm. In 33 bean sprout samples, captan and carbendazim were not detected.