• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chinese cabbage

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파일럿 규모의 실증실험 사례를 통한 구연산의 우라늄 식물 전이 효과 규명 (The Investigation for the Effects of Citric Acid on the Uranium Transfer into the Plants by the Pilot Scale Feasibility Test)

  • 한이경;이민희
    • 한국지하수토양환경학회지:지하수토양환경
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.146-155
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    • 2016
  • The field feasibility tests for a phytoextraction process were performed to identify the effect of citric acid as a chelate on the uranium (U) transfer into the plant for the naturally U contaminated soil in Duckpyeongri, Korea. For the feasibility tests, lettuce and Chinese cabbage were cultivated for 49 days on four testing grounds ($1m{\times}1m{\times}0.5m$ in each) in 2016. The citric acid solution was added to two testing grounds (one for lettuce and the other for Chinese cabbage) increasing the U transfer in two crop plants and their results were compared to those without the citric acid solution. When without the citric acid solution, the U concentration of plant after the cultivation was low (< $45{\mu}g/kg$ for leaves and < $450{\mu}g/kg$ for roots). However, with the addition of 50 mM citric acid solution, the U concentration of lettuce leaves and roots increased by 24 times and 1.8 times, and the U concentration of Chinese cabbage leaves and roots increased by 86.7 times and 5.4 times. The absolute accumulated U amount (${\mu}g$) in lettuce and Chinese cabbage also increased by 8.7 times and 50 times, compared to those without citric acid solution. Less than 8% of the U amount of exchangeable/carbonate phases was removed by using the lettuce and Chinese cabbage when the citric acid solution was not applied. However 52% and 66% of the U amount in exchangeable/carbonate phases were removed by the lettuce and the Chinese cabbage when the citric acid solution was added. The effect of the citric acid on the U transfer capability into the plants was quantitatively investigated by the field feasibility test, suggesting that U existing as exchangeable/carbonate phase in soil can be successfully removed by the phytoextraction process using Chinese cabbage with citric acid.

빨간배추가 고지방식이를 급여한 렛트의 장기무게 및 혈청지질 수치에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Red Chinese Cabbage on the Organ Weight and Serum Lipid Levels of Rats Fed High Fat Diet)

  • 김다원;곽정현;이효정;유수인;김동희;이민호;임용표;백진경
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.711-716
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    • 2019
  • Red Chinese cabbage is rich in anthocyanins, with beneficial effects on anti-obesity and lipid profiles. The purpose of this study was to examine the anti-obesity effects of red Chinese cabbage. Four-weeks old Spague-Dawley male rats were divided into four groups for six weeks as follow: Normal Diet (ND), High Fat Diet (HFD), HFD + Red Chinese Cabbage Diet (RCD), HFD + Red Chinese Cabbage Juice (RCJD). After six weeks, the liver weight was significantly higher in the HFD group than in the other groups, and the RCD and RCJD groups showed similar values to the ND group. The epididymal fats were significantly higher in all high fat diets (HFD, RCD, RCJD) than in the ND group and there was statistical significance in the post-tests when comparing the RCD and RCJD groups with the HFD group. Triglycerides significantly decreased in the RCD group. In conclusion, red Chinese cabbage is rich in anthocyanins, with beneficial effects on organ weight and lipid profiles.

Characterization of a Salicylic Acid- and Pathogen-induced Lipase-like Gene in Chinese Cabbage

  • Lee, Kyung-Ah;Cho, Tae-Ju
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.433-441
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    • 2003
  • A cDNA clone for a salicylic acid-induced gene in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) was isolated and characterized. The cabbage gene, designated Br-sil1 (for $\underline{B}$rassica $\underline{r}$apa $\underline{s}$alicylate-$\underline{i}$nduced $\underline{l}$lipase-like 1 gene), encodes a putative lipase that has the family II lipase motif GDSxxDxG around the active site serine. A database search showed that plant genomes have a large number of genes that contain the family II lipase motif. The lipase-like proteins include a myrosinase-associated protein, an anther-specific proline-rich protein APG, a pollen coat protein EXL, and an early nodule-specific protein. The Br-sil1 gene is strongly induced by salicylic acid and a non-host pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, that elicits a hypersensitive response in Chinese cabbage. Treatment of the cabbage leaves with BTH, methyl jasmonate, or ethephon showed that the Br-sil1 gene expression is induced by BTH, but not by methyl jasmonate or ethylene. This indicates that the cabbage gene is activated via a salicylic acid-dependent signaling pathway. An examination of the tissue-specific expression revealed that the induction of the Br-sil1 gene expression by BTH occurs in leaves and stems, but not in roots and flowers. Without the BTH treatment, however, the Br-sil1 gene is not expressed in any of the tissues that were examined.

통배추의 염절임 방법에 따른 특성변화 (Characterization of Chinese Cabbage during Soaking in Sodium Chloride Solution)

  • 한기영;노봉수
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 1996
  • 김치제조의 산업화로 현장에서 도움이 될 수 있는 배추의 절임조건의 영향을 보고자 절임수의 온도 및 절임 시간, 절임시 적재높이, 세척조건, 탈수조건 등을 달리하여 실험하였다. 절임시간이 길수록 그리고 절임수의 온도가 높을수록 절인 배추의 소금농도가 높아짐을 관찰할 수 있었다. 적재 높이를 고려한 배추의 염도 측정에서는 하단의 염도가 상단보다 더 높게 나타났다. 세척과 탈수를 할수록 염도가 떨어지는 경향을 나타냈다. 높이에 따른 배추의 미세구조 변화에서 절인 배추의 세포조직은 높이에 따라 서로 차이를 나타냈다. 염절임을 한 배추는 세척을 할수록 원래의 상태로 회복되는 경향을 나타내었다.

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제주도 화산회토양의 배추와 양배추에 대한 질소의 시비추천식 설정 (Recommendation of Optimum Amount of Fertilizer Nitrogen Based on Soil Organic Matter for Chinese Cabbage and Cabbage in Volcanic Ash Soils of Cheju Island)

  • 송요성;곽한강;연병열;이춘수;윤정희;문두영;이신찬
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2002
  • 현재 채소류에 대한 질소시비량 추천식은 육지부토양에서 시험한결과를 이용하여 설정된 것으로 이를 화산회토양에서도 활용하는 문제가 있어 이를 검토하기위하여 제주도 토양을 중심으로 1999년에는 pot와 2000년에는 포장에서 몇개의 질소시비량수준을 두고 배추를 재배한 시험결과는 다음과 같다. 1. Pot와 포장시험에서 배추의 질소 최고시비량은 $294{\sim}331kg\;ha^{-1}$이었고 토양의 유기물함량과 최고시비량과의 관계를 이용하여 화산회토양에 알맞는 새로 질소시 비량 추천식을 설정하였다. 2. 배추의 질소시비량시험을 통한 화산회토의 실제 질소시비적량은 기존의 추천식을 이용한 시비량과는 큰차이를 보였고 개선된 질소시비 추천식으로부터 산출된 질소 시비량과는 근소한 차이를 보였다. 3. 수화기 T-N 함량 및 질소흡수량은 질소시비량이 증가할수록 많았으나 질소이용 율은 질소시비량이 증가할수록 낮아지는 경향이었다. 4. 화산회토양에서 재배하는 양배추 대한 토양유기물함량에 따른 질소 시비량은 배추대비 질소흡수량을 흡수량비교 계수로 하고 이를 이용하여 양배추의 새로운 질소시비 추천식을 도출하였다.

교배육종 및 소포자 배양에 의한 뿌리혹병 race4 저항성 배추 계통 육성 (Development of clubroot race4 resistant inbreds using conventional breeding and microspore culture method in Chinese cabbage)

  • 박수형;윤무경;임용표
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.613-618
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    • 2011
  • To develop clubroot resistant Chinese cabbage inbreds, IT 033820, a clubroot resistant turnip, was cross pollinated with a Chinese cabbage inbred of BP 079. From 2005, conventional breeding and microspore culture method performed using these F1 plants as parental materials. In 2007, conventional breeding method resulted in 21 F3 inbreds. After inoculation of clubroot race 4, one inbred showing 83% resistant was selected and registered as 'onkyo 20036ho' in 2008. From 2005, we scanned hybrid cultivars using micro spore culture and developed many doubled haploid (DH) lines in Chinese cabbage. Using Chinese cultivar of 'oong-baek 2ho' we developed 26 DH inbreds in 2007. After inoculation of clubroot race 4, one DH inbred showing 77% resistant and yellow inner leaf color was selected and registered as 'onkyo 20034'in 2008. We found conventional breeding method was effective using introduced germplasm showing low germination. However, when using hybrid cultivar as starting material, microspore culture method was powerful for developing various inbred in short time.

Nutritional value and in situ degradability of fruit-vegetable byproducts and their feeding effects on performance of growing Hanwoo steers

  • Song, Keun Hong;Woo, Jun Sik;Kim, Ju Ri;Ryu, Gyeong Lim;Baek, Youl Chang;Oh, Young Kyoon;Kwak, Wan Sup;Park, Keun Kyu
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.973-980
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    • 2020
  • Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate nutritional value and in situ degradability of fruit-vegetable byproducts and their feeding effects on performance of growing Hanwoo steers. Methods: Nutritional value and in situ degradability of cabbage, Chinese cabbage and fruit-vegetable byproducts were assessed. In vivo feeding trial was also performed for 12 weeks. Thirty-six growing steers were randomly allocated into three groups according to body weight (BW) and age in 12 pens (4 replications/treatment) and assigned to one of the three dietary treatments: control (byproduct 0%), FV-B (fruit-vegetable byproduct 20%), and CA-B (cabbage peel 15% plus Chinese cabbage peel 15%, total byproduct 30%). Results: The crude protein contents of cabbage, Chinese cabbage and fruit-vegetable byproducts were 18.69%, 20.20%, and 10.07%, respectively. Concentrations of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) were higher in cabbage (22.31%) and Chinese cabbage (28.83%) than fruit-vegetable (13.94%). Higher concentrations of non-fiber carbohydrate were observed for fruit-vegetable (66.72%) than cabbage (44.93%) and Chinese cabbage byproducts (24.69%). The effective degradability (ED) of both dry matter (DM) and NDF for fruit-vegetable byproduct (DM, 84.69%; NDF, 85.62%) was higher (p<0.05) than cabbage (DM, 68.47%; NDF, 55.97%) and Chinese cabbage byproducts (DM, 68.09%; NDF, 54.22%). The DM intake was not different among treatments because the amount of feed was kept constant according to the BW of growing steers to prevent overweight during the growing period. The average daily gain during the whole experimental period was not different among treatments (1.26, 1.25, and 1.34 kg/d for control, FV-B, and CA-B). The ED of both DM and NDF degradability of the total mixed ration (TMR) diets were very similar among treatments. Feed conversion ratio during the whole period showed no significant difference among treatments. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that fruit-vegetable and cabbage byproducts up to 20% and 30% (as fed basis), respectively can be included in TMR diets for growing beef cattle.

초산 전처리 배추김치의 발효중 엽신 및 중륵별 김치숙성도 평가 (Evaluation of the degree of maturity of Chinese cabbage blades and midribs pretreated with dilute acetic acid solutions during Kimchi fermentation)

  • 정대림;이혜준;우순자
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구의 김치시료는 절인 배추를 수세하여 초산 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%의 수용액에서 10분간 침지 후 건져서 김치를 제조하였다. 김치발효중 배추를 중륵과 엽신별로 그 숙성도변화를 관찰하고, 초산첨가 농도에 따른 영향을 알아 보았다. 또한 김치숙성도 판정을 위한 여러방법(pH, 총산도, 휘발성산도, ascorbic acid함량, resazurin test value, pH/acidity ratio)간의 상관성을 검토하였다. 중륵과 엽신의 숙성도는 pH와 산도를 기준으로 관찰할 때 중륵이 엽신보다 숙성이 빠른 경향으로 나타났으며, 적숙기이후에는 별 차이가 없었다. 1$0^{\circ}C$에서 배추김치의 발효중 대조구와 초산전처리구의 특징에 따른 차이는 별로 나타나지 않았다. 초산전처리한 김치는 pH와 총산도를 기준으로 볼 때 대조구에 비하여 김치의 숙성을 앞당기는 경향이었으며, 0.01% 초산전처리구만이 김치의 가식기간을 연장하는 듯 하였다. 이러한 결과는 Ascorbic acid 함량이 비교적 높게 유지된 것으로도 확인할 수 있었다. 휘발성산도는 초산전처리농도가 높을수록 높게 나타났으며, ascorbic acid 함량은 엽신보다 중륵에서 높은 값을 보였고, 초산전처리농도가 높을수록 낮아지는 경향을 나타냈다. 본 실험의 적숙기인 발효 제 3~6일의 pH는 4.6~4.4, 총산도는 0.4~0.5%, ascorbic acid함량은 7.5~11.5 mg%, RV는 4.5~5.0 그리고 pH/acidity ratio는 9~10을 나타냈다. 1$0^{\circ}C$에서 발효시킨 김치의 중륵과 엽신의 RV, 휘발 성산도, ascorbic-acid함량 그리고 pH/acidity ratio는 pH, 총산도와 상관성이 매우 높은 것으로 나타났다.

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작물(作物)의 단일(單一) 및 교호(交互) 재배시(栽培時) 알레로파지 특성(特性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (Competitive Effects of Allelochemics on the Monoculture and Corss-cropping Culture System of Plants)

  • 서장선;이상규
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 1993
  • 주요(主要) 작물(作物)이 분비(分泌)하는 알레로파지 물질(物質)의 종류(種類)와 양(量)을 동정(同定) 및 측정(測定)하여, 이들 물질(物質)이 작물(作物)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 알기위해 온실(溫室) 포트 시험으로 주요(主要) 작물(作物)을 단일(單一) 및 상호재배(相互栽培)하여 조사(調査)한 결과는 다음과 같다. 토마토, 고추, 상추, 배추, 참깨등(等) 모든 공시작물(供試作物)은 p-Coumaric acid를 분비(分泌)하였으며, 그 외 물질(物質)로는 토마토 pyrogallol, phenylacetic acid, 고추, 가지는 hydroquinone, 상추는 pyrogallol을 그리고 배추는 vanillic acid를 분비(分泌)하였다. 공시작물(供試作物)에 의해 분비(分泌)된 페놀성(性) 알레로파지 물질(物質)의 총(總) 농도(濃度)는 토마토가 $5,883{\mu}g$으로 가장 많았으며, 참깨는 $220{\mu}g/g$ 건물중(乾物重)으로 가장 적었다. 토마토-가지, 토마토-고추, 배추-가지, 배추-고추, 배추-참깨의 교호재배시(交互栽培時) 토마토와 배추의 초장(草長) 및 건물중(乾物重)은 단일재배시(單一栽培時)에 비(比)해 증가(增加)하였으나, 가지, 고추 및 참깨는 크게 감소(減少)하였다. 토마토-배추 교호재배시(交互栽培時)는 두 작물(作物) 모두 단일재배시(單一栽培時) 보다 초장(草長) 등(等)의 생장율(生長率)이 감소(減少)한 반면, 배추=상추 교호재배시(交互栽培時)는 단일재배(單一栽培)에 비(比)해 배추의 생장율(生長率)은 증가(增加)하고 상추는 감소(減少)하였다.

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