• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chinese cabbage

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Expression Characteristics of Chinese Cabbage

  • Kim, Y.J.;Oh, Y.T.;Lee, D.H.;Lee, Y.B.
    • 한국농업기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1318-1328
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    • 1993
  • Expression of chinese cabbage was conducted in order to investigate its dewatering behavior. Chipped cabbage was packed into cylinder and pressed by piston up to the predetermined pressure on Instron-1000. The rates of dewatering were affected domintantly by the applied pressure, but not significantly by the packed amount of cabbage in the cylinder. The pressure effect was increased very abruptly at first, but the increase rate was very low at high pressure greater than 20 MPa, showing great deviation from linear dependence of flow rate on pressure in Darcy's Law. Therefore, water expression from cabbage was not Newtonian flow of water through cell wall. In fact, the squeezed water contained a lot of solid particles, showing destruction of cell wall. The content of solid particles in expressed water was only slightly lower than the dry matter content of fresh chinese cabbage, determined by drying oven method.

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봄배추 재배방법 및 품종에 따른 생육 및 절임 특성 (Characteristics of Growth and Salting of Chinese Cabbage after Spring Culture Analyzed by Cultivar and Cultivation Method)

  • 이정수;박수형;이윤석;임병선;임상철;전창후
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2008
  • 김치는 절임 발효 식품으로서 염장이 품질에 영향을 미치는 중요한 요인이다. 이러한 영향에 대해 주재료인 배추의 품종 및 재배 방법의 차이를 구명하고자하였다. 배추의 재배방법(노지, 하우스재배) 및 품종(쌈노랭이, 매력, 춘황, 춘광, 고령지 여름, 옥황씨알)에 따른 수확전 요인(생육 특성)과 수확후에 나타나는 절임특성을 조사하고자 구중, 결구지수(크기), 엽수, 엽두께, 삼투몰 농도, 염함량, 탈염률, 경도를 측정하였다. 수확후 생육면에서는 시설내의 하우스에서 재배한 배추가 구중 및 결구크기, 엽두께, 함수량 등 면에서 높은 경향을 보였으며, 품종에 차이는 보이나 전반적으로 노지에서 재배한 배추의 경도, 삼투몰 농도가 높은 경향을 보였다. 배추를 절임시 염함량은 재배방법과 그에 따른 품종에 의해서도 차이가 나타났는데, 탐염률이 낮은 것들에서 염함량이 다소 높은 경향을 보였으며, 삼투몰 농도에서도 비슷한 경향을 보였다. 본 실험의 결과 동일한 품종이라도 재배 방법의 차이에 따라 배추를 절였을 경우 나타나는 특성이 달라질 수 있음을 확인하였다. 배추는 주년 생산작물이므로 봄철뿐만 아니라 앞으로 다른 생산시기도 확인이 필요 할 것으로 생각되며 이러한 재료의 차이에 따라 김치를 담갔을 때 대한 나타나는 고찰이 보다 필요 할 것이다.

고랭지배추 바이러스병의 발생 및 피해요인 분석 (Occurrence of Virus Disease of Chinese Cabbage and Its Influence on Cabbage Production in Alpine Area)

  • 최준근;이재홍;이세원;함영일;안재훈;최장경
    • 한국식물병리학회지
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.433-439
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    • 1998
  • The studies on the ecology of virus disease on Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris subsp. pekinensis) cultivated in alpine area of Kangwon province during summer season to analyse its influence on damage and develope a prediction model were performed from 1993 to 1997. Virus disease on Chinese cabbage occurring in the alpine area showed various symptom types and among there, necrotic spots and dwarf were mainly detected. The disease was increased from early August and continued mid September in every year. The occurrence of virus disease was the highest in 1994 with 20.5%, and the number of aphid vectors were also the highest during the same period. The number of aphids in the alpine areas showed twice peaks every year. For the analysis of damage by virus infection, the infection and injured ratio of all treatments were more than 90% and 80%, respectively. The most important factor for the occurrence of virus disease on Chinese cabbage was temperature. Factors influencing the development of the viral disease in the alpine area were maximum temperature and number of aphid vectors.

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Activation of Defense Responses in Chinese Cabbage by a Nonhost Pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato

  • Park, Yong-Soon;Jeon, Myeong-Hoon;Lee, Sung-Hee;Moon, Jee-Sook;Cha, Jae-Soon;Kim, Hak-Yong;Cho, Tae-Ju
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.748-754
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    • 2005
  • Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) causes a bacterial speck disease in tomato and Arabidopsis. In Chinese cabbage, in which host-pathogen interactions are not well understood, Pst does not cause disease but rather elicits a hypersensitive response. Pst induces localized cell death and $H_2O_2$ accumulation, a typical hypersensitive response, in infiltrated cabbage leaves. Pre-inoculation with Pst was found to induce resistance to Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, a pathogen that causes soft rot disease in Chinese cabbage. An examination of the expression profiles of 12 previously identified Pst-inducible genes revealed that the majority of these genes were activated by salicylic acid or BTH; however, expressions of the genes encoding PR4 and a class IV chitinase were induced by ethephon, an ethylene-releasing compound, but not by salicylic acid, BTH, or methyl jasmonate. This implies that Pst activates both salicylate-dependent and salicylate-independent defense responses in Chinese cabbage.

간.혼작을 이용한 유기농 배추 주요해충 발생경감 효과 (Effect of Inter-and mixed cropping with Attractant and Repellent Plants on Occurrence of Major Insect Pests in Organic Cultivation of Chinese Cabbage)

  • 김민정;심창기;김용기;지형진;윤종철;박종호;한은정;홍성준
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.685-699
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구는 유기농 배추재배를 위한 주요 해충 방제를 위한 push-pull 전략 수립을 하고자 유인 또는 기피식물의 효과를 평가하였다. 2012년 충남 서산의 유기농 배추재배농가에서 발생하는 배추좀나방, 배추잎벌레, 진딧물, 비단노린재 및 갈색노린재에 대한 메리골드, 호밀, 부추, 상추, 치커리, 농우-치커리, 쑥갓, 트레비소 및 겨자채 등, 9가지의 식물에 대한 유인 또는 기피효과를 평가하였다. 10종의 유인 및 기피식물 중에서, 호밀과 치커리는 갈색날개노린재와 비단노린재를 각각 강하게 유인하였다. 진딧물은 다른 식물보다 호밀에 선택적으로 유인되었다. 겨자채는 비단노린재, 갈색날개노린재 순으로 유인하였다. 비단노린재는 상추와 부추 혼작처리에 유인되었다. 유기농 배추포장에서 쑥갓, 트레비소, 청겨자의 단독 또는 혼합처리는 배추잎벌레, 배추좀나방, 비단노린재, 진딧물, 갈색날개노린재의 발생을 강하게 기피하였다. 상기 결과들은 선발한 해충 유인 및 기피식물은 배추의 종합적 해충방제를 위한 인자로 사용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

Changes in Free Amino Acid, Carotenoid, and Proline Content in Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. Pekinensis) in Response to Drought Stress

  • Shawon, Rayhan Ahmed;Kang, Baek Song;Kim, Ho Cheol;Lee, Sang Gyu;Kim, Sung Kyeom;Lee, Hee Ju;Bae, Jong Hyang;Ku, Yang Gyu
    • 한국자원식물학회지
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.622-633
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    • 2018
  • Chinese cabbage grown during autumn season is confronted with drought conditions for a certain period, especially during the early growth stage. In this study, we investigated the effects of drought stress on plant growth characteristics, as well as free amino acid, carotenoid, and proline in Chinese cabbage. Chinese cabbage seeds (Bulam Plus) were germinated, and all the seedlings were transplanted into plastic containers (28 cm diameter ${\times}$ 22 cm high) containing a commercial growth medium. The soil water content was measured and maintained at 10% for the drought-stressed plants and at 30% for the control plants, for three weeks. The results revealed that plant growth parameters were lower in the drought-stressed plants than in the control plants. The total free amino acid content tended to decrease in both drought-stressed and control plants with time. The total free amino acid content was found to be lower in the drought-stressed plants than in the control plants and the proline content was unaffected. Moreover, at three weeks after treatment, carotenoid content in drought stressed plants was significantly higher than that in the untreated plants. We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the literature because the effects of drought stress on plant growth parameters, free amino acid, carotenoids, and proline accumulation in autumn growing cultivar of Chinese cabbage have not been widely studied in Korea, and our study provides valuable information in this regard, as Chinese cabbage is consumed throughout the year in Korea.

天然物質 處理가 배추의 生長과 品質에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Natural Materials on Growth and Quality of Chinese Cabbage)

  • 김경제;이병무
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2002
  • $GB_{10}$, chitofarm 및 왕겨숯과 왕겨숯액을 天然物質을 가을 배추 栽培圃場에 種子處理, 土壤處理 및 葉面撤布를 實施하여 收量과 成分分析을 遂行한 實驗成績은 아래와 같다. 1. 배추 生育特性中 株重, 球重, 球長, 球莖, 葉長, 葉幅 및 糖度에 있어서 Chitofarm 等 天然物質處理區가 無處理區에 비하여 大部分 有意差가 있었으나 天然物質 相互間에는 有意差가 없었다. 2. 배추 收量에 있어서는 $GB_{10}$ 土壤處理區+$GB_{10}$ 1% 葉面撤布區가 3.27kg으로 check區 보다 53% 增收되었다. 3. 배추 植物體 成分分析 結果 T-N, $P_2O_5$, $K_2O$, CaO, MgO, $Na_2O$, 및 Mn 等의 含量에서 天然物質 無處理區보다 check區 보다 多量이었으므로 品質向上에 效果的이었다.

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Effect of biochar application on growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis)

  • Oh, Taek-Keun;Lee, Jae-Han;Kim, Su-Hun;Lee, Ho Cheol
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.359-365
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    • 2017
  • Biochar has the ability to mitigate climate change, improve crop productivity, and adsorb various contaminants. The aim of this work was to confirm the effect of biochar as a soil amendment on growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis) using a pot experiment. Biochar was produced from residual-wood burnt at a pyrolytic temperature of $400^{\circ}C$ and consisted of 51.6 % carbon (C) by mass. The biochar was added to the soil at 0, 1, 3, and 5% by weight, which represent about 0, 18, 54, and $90t\;ha^{-1}$, respectively. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The Chinese cabbage was grown for 49 days in a glasshouse in pots filled with sandy loam soil. Experimental results showed that the residual-wood biochar used for the experiment was slightly alkaline (pH 7.5). The fresh weights of Chinese cabbage were 86.22 g, 84.1 g, 63.23 g and 70.87 g, respectively, for biochar applications at 0, 18, 54, and $90t\;ha^{-1}$. Compared with the control (i.e., no biochar), biochar application increased soil pH and electrical conductivity (EC). Addition of biochar (54 and $90t\;ha^{-1}$) to sandy loam soil had no effect on growth of Chinese cabbage. This might be due to excessive increase of soil pH from the biochar application, leading to reduced availability of plant nutrients. Based on these results, the authors conclude that an excessive addition of biochar may have negative effects on the healthy growth of Chinese cabbage.

전해산화수로 세척한 절임 배추의 저장중 품질 특성 (Quality Characteristics of Salted Chinese Cabbage Treated with Electrolyzed-Acid Water during Storage)

  • 박우포
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.365-367
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    • 2004
  • 절임 배추의 저장 기간을 연장하기 위하여 배추를 절인 다음 전해산화수로 세척하고 저장하면서 품질 특성의 변화를 측정한 결과는 다음과 같았다. 즉 절임 배추를 전해산화수로 세척한 처리구가 대조구보다 낮은 pH를 보였으며, 저장 8일까지는 대조구에 비하여 낮은 pH를 나타내었다. 적정산도는 저장기간 동안 0.11-0.15%로 큰 변화를 나타내지 않았으며, 대도구와 처리구간에도 큰 차이가 없었다. 절임 배추를 전해산화수로 세척한 직후에는 대조구에 비하여 총균수가 $10^3\;CFU/mL$ 정도 낮았으나 처리구의 총균수는 저장 6일에 대조구와 비슷하였다. 유산균수도 세척 직후에는 처리구가 대조구보다 낮았으며, 저장 4일에는 대조구와 처리구의 차이가 가장 현저하였다. 저장 2일까지는 국물의 밝은 정도(L)에 있어서 대조구와 처리구간에 차이가 없었으나 그 이후에는 처리구가 대조구보다 높은 값을 나타내었다.

Leaf Rot and Leaf Ring Spot Caused by Rhizoctonia solani in Chinese Cabbage

  • Shim, Chang-Ki;Kim, Min-Jeong;Kim, Yong-Ki;Jee, Hyeong-Jin;Hong, Sung-Jun;Park, Jong-Ho;Han, Eun-Jung;Yun, Jong-Chul
    • 식물병연구
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.300-307
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of leaf rot and leaf ring spot, caused by Rhizoctonia solani in Chinese cabbage under seedling nursery and cultivation greenhouses. Symptoms of leaf rot and leaf ring spot were found in three Chinese cabbage cultivars, Brassica campestris subsp. pekinensis, 'Ryeokgwang', 'Daetong', and 'CR mat'. In Hwacheon, the disease incidence was 73.8% in the seedling stage of the Chinese cabbage. In Icheon, the symptoms were observed on the upper leaves of the Chinese cabbage cultivar, 'Norangmini' with 20.5% of disease incidence. The symptoms appeared as primary lesions consisting of small, circular necrotic ring spots with gray color, 1.4-3.0 mm in diameter, accompanied by secondary rot lesions with large irregular borders of leaves. The color of mycelial mat of 20 isolates was dark brown and light brown. The average hyphal diameter of all the isolates was within 5.01-11.12 ${\mu}m$. Among the 20 strains isolated from Chinese cabbage, 16 isolates and four isolates anastomosed with the AG-1 (IB) and AG-1 (IC), respectively. Twenty isolates tested were only virulent on foliage parts of Chinese cabbage leaves but were avirulent on stem parts of the plants. Based on the mycological characteristics and pathogenicity test on host plants, the fungus was identified as Rhizoctonia solani.