• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chinese cabbage

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The Effect of Food Waste Compost and Livestock Manure on Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa var. glabra) Growth

  • Lee, Young Don;Yoo, Jae Hong;Joo, Jin Ho
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.547-553
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    • 2017
  • Treatment of food waste is becoming a big issue due to their significant quantities. Composting could be an effective alternative for food waste management which could be used as soil conditioner or fertilizer with little concerns about heavy metals and pathogens. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of food waste on Chinese cabbage growth and soil properties. 9 different treatments (two livestock manures, two food wastes, two livestock manures + chemical fertilizer, two food wastes + chemical fertilizer, and control) were applied to Chinese cabbage. All treatments were carried out in 3 replicates. We measured leaf length, leaf width, fresh weight, dry weight, and leaf greenness of Chinese cabbage. Treatment of one of food waste composts significantly increased leaf length and leaf width of Chinese cabbage by 28.6, 26.6, 67.7, and 59.9%, respectively, in comparison to those of control, while no significant differences for leaf greenness were shown. Application of food waste compost resulted in significant increase of EC, available $P_2O_5$, CEC, organic matter, and exchangeable cations. However, further researches are needed to reduce NaCl content of food waste.

노지 가을배추 단수의 고온 및 다우 피해 계측 (The Impacts of High Temperature and Heavy Precipitation Amount on Winter Chinese Cabbage Yields)

  • 조재환;서정민;진경호;강점순;홍창오;임우택;이상규
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this article is analyzing the impacts of climate change on winter chinese cabbage yield in Korea, with employing a panel data regression model. Our results show that there is a negative impacts of high temperature and precipitation amount on winter chinese cabbage yields. Especially high temperature and rainfall in September cause serious damage to winter chinese cabbage yield. According to the reduction schedule on greenhouse gas emission(RCP 4.5 scenario.), winter chinese cabbage yield would be 7.7% lower than it is, for reasons of high temperature and rainfall damages by the end of 21st century.

저온-저염 절임기술이 절임배추의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of the Low Temperature and Low Salt Solution on the Quality Characteristics of Salted Chinese Cabbage)

  • 이석원;조선래;한성희;이철
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2009
  • The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of temperature and salt concentration on the physicochemical properties of salted Chinese cabbage. Salted Chinese cabbage samples were prepared with various concentrations of salt(4, 5, 6 and 7%), and were stored for 10 days at three temperatures(8, 14, and $25^{\circ}C$). The salting ratio of Chinese cabbage evidenced a decreasing trend regardless of the salting temperature and salt concentration, and their decrement appeared relatively high as the salting temperature increased. The period required to achieve a critical salting ratio(85%) decreased with increases in the salt concentration at $25^{\circ}C$, and a similar trend was observed at lower temperatures(8 and $14^{\circ}C$). The salinity of all samples evidenced an increasing trend during the salting period, and at $25^{\circ}C$, in particular, a continuous increment was observed. At salt concentrations of 4%, the critical salinity(2.2%) was not achieved regardless of the temperature and salting period. The pH of salted Chinese cabbage achieved critical pH in 3 days at a salting temperature of $25^{\circ}C$, but the critical pH 5.5 of samples at 8 and $14^{\circ}C$ appeared after a long period of approximately 4 to 10 days. The average hardness values of salted Chinese cabbage at a salting ratio of 85% were approximately 1.49 MPa, 1.87 MPa, and 1.97 MPa, respectively, at three temperatures($25^{\circ}C$, $14^{\circ}C$, and $8^{\circ}C$). The initial reducing sugar content of cabbage juice was 11.8 mg/$m{\ell}$, and this value decreased substantially to 3 to 5 mg/$m{\ell}$ on day 1.

기상 및 토양정보가 고랭지배추 단수예측에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Highland Weather and Soil Information on the Prediction of Chinese Cabbage Weight)

  • 권태용;김래용;윤상후
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.701-707
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    • 2019
  • Highland farming is agriculture that takes place 400 m above sea level and typically involves both low temperatures and long sunshine hours. Most highland Chinese cabbages are harvested in the Gangwon province. The Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) has been deployed to observe Chinese cabbages growth because of the lack of installed weather stations in the highlands. Five representative Chinese cabbage cultivation spots were selected for USN and meteorological data collection between 2015 and 2017. The purpose of this study is to develop a weight prediction model for Chinese cabbages using the meteorological and growth data that were collected one week prior. Both a regression and random forest model were considered for this study, with the regression assumptions being satisfied. The Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) was used to evaluate the predictive performance of the models. The variables influencing the weight of cabbage were the number of cabbage leaves, wind speed, precipitation and soil electrical conductivity in the regression model. In the random forest model, cabbage width, the number of cabbage leaves, soil temperature, precipitation, temperature, soil moisture at a depth of 30 cm, cabbage leaf width, soil electrical conductivity, humidity, and cabbage leaf length were screened. The RMSE of the random forest model was 265.478, a value that was relatively lower than that of the regression model (404.493); this is because the random forest model could explain nonlinearity.

윤작작물 재배에 의한 배추 뿌리혹병 방제 효과 (Effect of Crop Rotation on Control of Clubroot Disease of Chinese Cabbage Caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae)

  • 김점순;이정태;이계준
    • 식물병연구
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.242-247
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    • 2009
  • 고랭지의 배추 뿌리혹병 방제에 적합한 윤작작물을 선발하고자 2000년 감자, 옥수수, 콩, 양파, 곰취 등을 뿌리 혹병 이병포장에 재배하면서 뿌리혹병 발생에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 윤작작물들간의 경제성 비교에서는 감자와 양파 재배가 배추 연작에 비해 각각 약 16.9와 14.9배 더 높은 소득을 나타내었다. 윤작작물 재배 후의 토양 내 휴면포자 밀도는 모든 작물에서 $0.3{\sim}1.2{\times}10^3/g$ 토양이었고 배추 연작재배에서는 $89.3{\times}10^3/g$ 토양이었다. 2001년 동일 포장에 배추를 재배한 결과 뿌리혹병 발병도는 배추 연작재배의 77.8%에 비해 양파, 콩, 감자, 옥수수, 곰취 재배에서 각각 4.9, 20.2, 24.4, 25.1, 27.8%로 낮게 나타났다. 윤작작물의 재배기간에 따른 뿌리혹병 방제 효과를 양파, 감자, 콩 등의 작물로 2002년부터 2005년까지 시험하였다. 윤작작물 재배 후의 휴면포자 밀도는 모든 작물에서 2년째 재배까지 감소하였고 3년째 재배에서는 낮은 밀도가 유지되는 반면 배추 연작재배에서는 3년 동안 2.6에서 23.6배까지 증가하였다. 3년간의 윤작작물 재배를 통한 배추의 뿌리혹병 발병도는 감자 재배가 92%에서 4.4%, 콩 재배가 72%에서 10.4%, 양파 재배가72%에서 12.2%를 보이며 크게 감소한 반면 배추 연작재배에서는 100%를 유지하였다. 배추의 수량은 윤작기간이 길어질수록 증가되었으나 연작재배에서는 감소하였으며 3년째에는 연작재배의 배추 포기당 무게 95 g에 비해 감자, 콩, 양파 재배에서는 각각 2,205, 2,493, 2,476 g의 상품성 있는 배추가 생산되었다.

Soil Microbial Community Assessment for the Rhizosphere Soil of Herbicide Resistant Genetically Modified Chinese Cabbage

  • Sohn, Soo-In;Oh, Young-Ju;Ahn, Byung-Ohg;Ryu, Tae-Hoon;Cho, Hyun-Suk;Park, Jong-Sug;Lee, Ki-Jong;Oh, Sung-Dug;Lee, Jang-Yong
    • 한국환경농학회지
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2012
  • BACKGROUND: Cultivation of genetically modified(GM) crops rapidly has increased in the global agricultural area. Among those, herbicide resistant GM crops are reported to have occupied 89.3 million hectares in 2010. However, cultivation of GM crops in the field evoked the concern of the possibility of gene transfer from transgenic plant into soil microorganisms. In our present study, we have assessed the effects of herbicide-resistant GM Chinese cabbage on the surrounding soil microbial community. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of a herbicide-resistant genetically modified (GM) Chinese cabbage on the soil microbial community in its field of growth were assessed using a conventional culture technique and also culture-independent molecular methods. Three replicate field plots were planted with a single GM and four non-GM Chinese cabbages (these included a non-GM counterpart). The soils around these plants were compared using colony counting, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and a species diversity index assessment during the growing periods. The bacterial, fungal and actinomycetes population densities of the GM Chinese cabbage soils were found to be within the range of those of the non-GM Chinese cabbage soils. The DGGE banding patterns of the GM and non-GM soils were also similar, suggesting that the bacterial community structures were stable within a given month and were unaffected by the presence of a GM plant. The similarities of the bacterial species diversity indices were consistent with this finding. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that soil microbial communities are unaffected by the cultivation of herbicide-resistant GM Chinese cabbage within the experimental time frame.

수확기간별 배추의 가공처리에 따른 total glucosinolates함량변화 (Change of Total Glucosinolates Level according to Processing Treatments in Chinese Cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. Pekinensis) from Different Harvest Seasons)

  • 김미경;홍은영;김건희
    • 원예과학기술지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.593-599
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    • 2010
  • 6-7월, 8-9월, 10-11월, 12-4월(2007년) 및 5월(2008년)에 수확한 신선배추, 절임공정 및 김치 제조과정을 거친 배추를 겉잎과 속잎 부위로 나누어 anion-exchange column을 통과시키고 아세톤 침전법을 사용하여 제조한crude myrosinase로 반응시켜 total glucosinolates 함량을 분석하였다. 신선배추의 경우 6-7월 신선배추의 total glucosinolates 함량이 가장 높은 함량을 나타내었으며, 모든 수확기간에서 속잎보다 겉잎이 대체로 높은 것으로 나타났다. 가공처리 한 배추의 total glucosinolates 함량을 분석 한 결과, 절임배추의 경우 8-9월 절임배추에서 가장 높게 나타났으며, 5월 절임배추의 경우 다른 수확기간에 비해 낮은 함량인 것으로 분석되었다. 부위 별 절임배추의 total glucosinolates 함량은 6-7월 절임배추와 8-9월 절임배추의 경우 겉잎의 함량이 속잎의 함량 보다 높은 것으로 분석된 반면, 10-11월, 12-4월 및 5월 절임배추에서는 속잎의 함량이 높은 것으로 확인 되었다. 배추김치의 경우 6-7월, 8-9월 김치의 total glucosinolates 함량은 비교적 높은 함량을 나타내었으며, 5월 김치의 경우 다른 수확시기에 비해 낮은 함량인 것으로 측정되었다. 배추김치의 부위별 total glucosinolates함량은 5월 배추김치의 경우 속잎의 함량이 겉잎의 함량보다 높게 분석된 반면, 6-7월, 8-9월, 10-11월 배추김치의 경우 겉잎의 함량이 속잎의 함량보다 높은 것으로 분석되었다. 모든 수확기간에서 신선배추의 total glucosinolates 함량보다 가공 처리한 절임배추, 배추김치의 total glucosinolates 함량이 감소하는 경향을 볼 수 있었다. 이러한 분석 결과는 배추의 total glucosinolates 함량이 수확기간, 부위 및 가공처리에 따라 영향을 받는 것으로 사료되며, total glucosinolates 함량에 영향을 줄 수 있는 배추의 부위, 품종, 재배방법 및 재배환경(pH, 온도, 기후, 토양 등)은 고려 되어야 한다고 판단된다.

Carbon Footprint and Mitigation of Vegetables Produced at Open Fields and Film House using Life Cycle Assessment

  • Lee, Deog Bae;Jung, Sun Chul;So, Kyu Ho;Kim, Gun Yeob;Jeong, Hyun Cheol;Sonn, Yeon Gyu
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.457-463
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to find out major factors to mitigate carbon emission using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). System boundary of LCA was confined from sowing to packaging during vegetable production. Input amount of agri-materials was calculated on 2007 Income reference of white radish, chinese cabbage and chive produced at open field and film house published by Rural Development Administration. Domestic data and Ecoinvent data were used for emission factors of each agri-material based on the 1996 IPCC guideline. Carbon footprint of white radish was 0.19 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at open fields, 0.133 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at film house, that of chinese cabbage was 0.22 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at open fields, 0.19 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at film house, and that of chive was 0.66 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at open fields and 1.04 kg $CO_2kg^{-1}$ at film house. The high carbon footprint of chive was related to lower vegetable production and higher fuel usage as compared to white radish and Chinese cabbage. The mean proportion of carbon emission was 35.7% during the manufacturing byproduct fertilizer; white radish at open fields was 50.6%, white radish at film house 13.1%, Chinese cabbage at outdoor 38.4%, Chinese cabbage at film house 34.0%, chive at outdoor 50.6%, and chive at film house 36.0%. Carbon emission, on average, for the step of manufacturing and combustion accounted for 16.1% of the total emission; white radish at open fields was 4.3%, white radish at film house 15.6%, Chinese cabbage at open fields 6.9%, Chinese cabbage at film house 19.0%, chive at open fields 12.5%, and chive at film house 29.1%. On the while, mean proportion of carbon footprint for the step of $N_2O$ emission was 29.2%; white radish at open fields was 39.2%, white radish at film house 41.9%, Chinese cabbage at open fields 34.4%, Chinese cabbage at film house 23.1%, chive at open fields 28.8%, and chive at film house 17.1%. Fertilizer was the primary factor and fuel was the secondary factor for carbon emission among the vegetables of this study. It was suggested to use Heug-To-Ram web-service system, http://soil.rda.go.kr, for the scientific fertilization based on soil testing, and for increase of energy efficiency to produce low carbon vegetable.

Determination of the effective spray- interval of Bacillus thuringiensis against diamond-back moth (Plutella xylostella) on chinese cabbage

  • Han, E.J.;Park, J.H.;Hong, S.J.;Ahn, N.H.;Jee, H.J.;Kim, Y.K.
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.259-262
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    • 2011
  • In organic Chinese cabbage fields, Commercial Bacillus thuringiensis products are used widely against diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella. We conducted the study to determine the effective spray-interval of commercialized B. thuringiensis against diamond back moth on Chinese cabbages. Chinese cabbage leaves were collected 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 10days after treatment in first trial and 0, 2, 4, 7, 9, 11days after treatment. We compared the insecticidal property of sprayed B. thuringiensis and the density of it on surface of Chinese cabbages using collected leaves. The insecticidal property maintained high until nine days after commercial B. thuringiensis products sprayed.

부재료 첨가 배추김치의 항돌연변이 및 항암성 증진효과 (Increased Antimutagenic and Anticancer Activities of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi by Changing Kinds and Levels of Sub-Ingredient)

  • 박건영;조은주;이숙희
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.625-632
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    • 1998
  • To enhance the antimutagenic and anticancer activities of chinese cabbage kimchi, 13 kinds of kimchi, which were different kinds and levels of sub-ingredient added kimchi, were prepared and fermented at 15℃ for 1 day and then at 5℃ up to pH 4.3. The antimutagenic effects of the methanol extracts of the kimchi were studied by using Ames mutagenicity test in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 and SOS chromotest in E. coli PQ37. Among the kimchi samples, high ratio of red pepper powder(7%) and garlic(2.8% or 5.2%) added kimchi, 1% chinese pepper powder added kimchi and organic cultivated chinese cabbage kimchi significantly reduced(p<0.05) the mutagenicity induced by aflatoxin B1(AFB1) in Ames test and SOS response against N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG) in SOS chromotest, and also the kimchi inhibited more effectively(p<0.05) the survival and growth of AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells than the standarized kimchi on the SRB assay, MTT assay and growth inhibition test. These results suggest that the antimutagenic and anticancer activites of kimchi can be increased by the sub-ingredients such as organic cultivated chinese cabbage, red pepper powder, garlic and chinese pepper powder.

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