• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Chinese cabbage

검색결과 1,223건 처리시간 0.044초

통배추김치에 관한 연구 -대구지역을 중심으로 담그는 방법과 기호에 관한 실태조사- (Studies On Whole Chinese Cabbage Kimchi -An Investigation on the Method of Making Kimchi and a Taste in the Taegu Area-)

  • 김명선;한재숙
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the method of making whole Chinese cabbage Kimchi, the family's taste in Kimchi and the reason for disliking the taste of Kimchi in the Taegu area. The results were as follows; 1) Most housewives learned the method of making the Kimchi from their mothers. Method was as follows; First, scatter salt on the whole Chinese cabbage and soak that for 3∼6 hours. After, wash the whole Chinese cabbage 3 times. Then, add red pepper powder, garlic, ginger and salted fermented anchovy as basic seasoning. Be sure to, mix the red pepper powder and salted fermented anchovy until they taste hot and salty. Store the whole Chinese cabbage until they ferment. Afterwards store the whole Chinese cabbage in the refrigerator. 2) It was the whole Chinese cabbage Kimchi that most family members preferred. 3) Among the family members, the old age group preferred newly made Kimchi because of the cool and fresh taste. The adult group preferred fresh taste, also smell and peculiar taste of the seasoning were important. The adolescent group preferred fresh taste and sour taste. 4) It shows that most of the family likes Kimchi, and among the family members, about 25% of the sons and daughters dislike Kimchi. And it shows that all family members dislike salty taste. 5) The older housewives’ Kimchi was preferred over the younger housewives’ Kimchi.

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Sodium nitroprusside mediates seedling development and attenuation of oxidative stresses in Chinese cabbage

  • Sung, Chang-Hyun;Hong, Jeum-Kyu
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2010
  • Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be involved in diverse physiological processes in microbes, animals and plants. In this study, the involvement of NO in the development and possible roles in oxidative stress protection of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis cv. Samrack-ulgari) seedlings were investigated. Exogenous application of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) retarded root elongation, while increasing lateral root formation of Chinese cabbage. Plants showed no signs of external stress due to SNP application in true leaves. Cotyledons of 3-week-old Chinese cabbage plants were found to be highly sensitive to SNP application. Treated cotyledons displayed rapid tissue collapse and associated cell death. Although SNP application reduced root growth under normal growth conditions, it also enhanced methyl viologen (MV)-mediated oxidative stress tolerance. Analysis of SNP application to Chinese cabbage leaf disks, revealed SNP-induced tolerance against oxidative stresses by MV and $H_2O_2$, and evidence includes prevention of chlorophyll loss, superoxide anion (${O_2}^-$) accumulation and lipid peroxidation. This report supports a role for nitric oxide in modulating early seedling development, programmed cell death and stress tolerance in Chinese cabbage.

Molecular Characterization of a thiJ-like Gene in Chinese Cabbage

  • Oh, Kyung-Jin;Park, Yong-Soon;Lee, Kyung-Ah;Chung, Yong-Je;Cho, Tae-Ju
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2004
  • A cDNA clone for a salicylic acid-induced gene in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) was isolated and characterized. The cabbage gene encoding a protein of 392 amino acids contained a tandem array of two thiJ-like sequences. ThiJ is a thiamin biosynthesis enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of hydroxymethylpyrimidine (HMP) to HMP monophosphate. Although the cabbage gene shows a similarity to bacterial thiJ genes, it also shares a similarity with the human DJ-1, a multifunctional protein that is involved in transcription regulation, male fertility, and parkinsonism. The cabbage thiJ-like gene is strongly induced by salicylic acid and a nonhost pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, which elicits a hypersensitive response in Chinese cabbage. Treatment of the cabbage leaves with BTH, methyl jasmonate, or ethephon showed that the cabbage thiJ-like gene expression is also strongly induced by BTH, but not by methyl jasmonate or ethylene. This indicates that the cabbage gene is activated via a salicylic acid-dependent signaling pathway. Examination of the tissue-specific expression revealed that the induction of the cabbage gene expression by BTH occurs in the leaf, stem, and floral tissues but not in the root.

간척지에서 수도 및 기타작물의 내염성에 관한 연구 2. 여러 가지 염분조건에서 배추와 양배추의 내염성에 관하여 (Study on the Salt Tolerance of Rice and Other Crops in Reclaimed 2. On the Salt Tolerance of Chinese Cabbage and Cabbage in Various Salty Conditions)

  • 임형빈
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 1969
  • Salt tolerances of Chinese cabbage and cabbage were observed by means of the sand culture and field experiment. The point of 50% yield reduction of Chinese Cabbage was 1% of salt concentration in sand culture. The Na absorption in the salty upland conditions was increased but the absorption of Ca, Mg were interrupted as the salt concentration was raised and there were no differences in the absorption of N and P. The Si absorption was increased at low salty conditions, but the salt concentration was raised, the absorption was interrupted drastically. The cabbage was more stronger salt tolerance than Chinese cabbage, and it was possible to prevent the salt damage significantly by planting on sloping beds instead of planting on the double-row beds in field condition.

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최근 강원도 고랭지 무,배추 바이러스(TuMV)병 발생('92-94) (Recent Occurrence of TuMV disease on Radish and Chinese Cabbage in Alpine Region, Kang-won Province)

  • 함영일
    • 식물병과 농업
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.45-46
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    • 1995
  • In recent years, there were considerably severe occurrences of TuMV(turnip mosaic virus) disease on radish and Chinese cabbage cultivated at alpine or sub-alpine regions, especially more severe on young Chinese cabbage sowed after late June. Started from 1991, those were very severe in 1992 and 1994, for the number of migrated aphids was increased enormously according to the weather condition of high temperature and low humidity then. This disease started at late June to early July, and continued to late August. It seemed that TuMV was transmitted easily and completely to the young chinese cabbages, but hardly and rarely the old. The regions over 1,000m of altitude had less possibility of disease-occurring, but there was severe occurrence on the second cropping of Chinese cabbage in a year. It is considered that more researches on control method of TuMV disease will be needed very urgently.

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절임 배추 및 김치의 동결 저장에 따른 품질변화 (Quality Changes of Salted Chinese Cabbage and Kimchi during Freezing Storage)

  • 고하영;이현;양희천
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 1993
  • 절임 배추와 숙성된 김치의 동결저장 가능성을 조사하였다. 생배추의 조직은 급속침지동결이나 예비건조하면 완만공기동결이나 건조하지 않은 것에 비해 우수하였다. 절임 배추는 생배추에 비해 동결손상이 적었고 급속동결이나 예비건조에 의해 조직이 개선되지 않아 조직특성은 숙성된 김치와 비슷하였다. 김치는 동결시 동결하지 않은 것에 비해 약간 질겼으나 전체적인 품질에서는 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 동결저장시 절임배추는 3개월후 약간의 핑크색을 띄었으나 김치는 6개월 저장동안 이런 현상이 나타나지 않았고 품질도 거의 변화가 없었다.

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Changes in Isothiocyanate Levels in Korean Chinese Cabbage Leaves during Kimchi Storage

  • Hong, Eun-Young;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.688-693
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    • 2006
  • Glucosinolates are hydrolyzed by the enzyme myrosinase and are mainly found in cruciferous vegetables such as Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis). lsothiocyanates (ITCs) are glucosinolate degradation products with reported anticarcinogenic properties. Korean Chinese cabbage in the form of 'kimchi' is a staple part of the Korean diet. In this study, we examined the effects of storage temperature and duration on glucosinolate, ITC, soluble sugar, and organic acid levels in kimchi. Changes in pH and the impact of various parts of the Korean Chinese cabbage being used during the preparation of the dish were also assessed. Extracted ITC levels, analyzed via gas chromatography (GC) and GC/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), were higher in the midrib parts than in the cabbage leaves after storage at both 4 and $20^{\circ}C$. During storage, organic acid levels increased while soluble sugars were depleted. The pH initially increased (after 1 day at $20^{\circ}C$, and 1 week at $4^{\circ}C$), but subsequently decreased over time at both temperatures. Glucosinolate and ITC levels increased in the beginning of storage but then generally fell during further storage. Our data suggest that acidity-related reduction in myrosinase activity during storage may decrease glucosinolate and ITC levels. The changes in these levels depended on the storage conditions and the Korean Chinese cabbage parts used for the kimchi preparation.

배추 무사마귀병의 발생상황과 병원균(Plasmodiophora brassicae)의 병원성 및 배추품종의 병저항성 (Incidence, Pathogenicity of Clubroot Fungus(Plasmodiophora brassicae) and Varietal Resistance in Chinese Cabbage)

  • 김두욱;오정행
    • 한국식물병리학회지
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 1997
  • To obtain a basic information of breeding for resistance to clubroot in Chinese cabbage, disease incidence, pathogenicity, and varietal response to the pathogen were studied. Incidence of clubroot was observed at 3 districts in Gyeonggi-Do, 2 districts in Kangwon-Do, and 1 district each in Gyeongnam, Geongbuk and Jeonbuk, respectively. Disease infection rate and diseased ara were most severe in northern part of Gyeonggi-Do. The isolates of clubroot collected from 8 different districts were not different in their virulence one another in view of their infection rate and disease severity in Chinese cabbage. The clubroot fungus had a wide host range for the cruciferous vegetables. Disease severity was high in rape, turnip and mustard, moderate in Chinese cabbage and broccoli, and low in kale and cauliflower. All of Korean hybrids of Chinese cabbage tested were highly susceptible to clubroot, but Japanese varieties were resistant to the highly pathogenic isolate (EJ-93) which was isolated from the Chinese cabbage in Korea. The hybrid(F1) between clubroot resistant line(930WG) and the susceptible line(332MS) showed completely resistant reaction, which indicated that clubroot resistance was governed by a dominant gene.

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Determination of 3-Butenyl Isothiocyanate in Different Parts and Cultivars of Chinese Cabbages

  • Kim, Youn-Kyung;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.466-469
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    • 2005
  • Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. Pekinensis) is Brassica vegetable that contains high amounts of glucosinolates. Glucosinolates and their breakdown products are thought to contribute to health promotion by preventing some cancers. Chinese cabbage is the most commonly consumed vegetable in Asian countries including Korea. In this study, qualitative and quantitative analyses of 3-butenyl glucosinolate (Gluconapin) from different cultivars and different parts of the cabbage were performed. Gluconapin of Chinese cabbage was extracted by hot ethanol ($80^{\circ}C$), isolated by an anion exchange column and identified by GC/MS and LC/MS. The levels of glucosinolates in Chinese cabbage varied according to the different parts, cultivars, and blanching time. In general, the concentrations of 3-butenyl isothiocyanate (ITC) were higher in the leaf than in the midribs parts. The cultivar 'Bulam no. 3' had a much greater content of 3-butenyl ITC than the cultivar 'Garak no. 1,' and the levels of butenyl ITC were highest after two weeks of storage. Blanching treatment decreased the concentration of 3-butenyl ITC. The ITC concentration varied extensively among different crops of the same species, and according to the different parts on the cabbage, the storage duration and the boiling time.

고랭지배추 재배지 토양보전을 위한 동반작물 지면패랭이 (Phlox subulata, Cover Plant for Soil Conservation in Chinese Cabbage-Cultivated Highland)

  • 김기덕;안재훈;이정태;홍순춘;황선웅;김충국
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2007
  • 고랭지 경사밭에서 동반작물의 토양보전효과를 알아보기 위하여 고랭지 배추재배지에 지면패랭이, 긴병꽃풀 등 지피성 동반작물을 배추와 동반정식, 상시피복정식, 배추단독정식 시, 이들에 의한 피복률 변화, 토양 및 양분유실, 잡초억제 정도를 조사하였다. 지면패랭이의 상시피복구는 배추 정식기에서 종료기까지 100%의 피복률을 보였다. 긴병꽃풀은 정식초기 10%의 피복률이 수확기에는 100%에 이르렀으나, 배추와 동시에 정식한 피복구는 약 60%로 배추에 의한 피복률을 크게 상회하지 못하였다. 토양 및 질소유실이 무지피에서는 $20.8ton\;ha^{-1}$, $2.1kg\;NO_3{^-}-N\;ha^{-1}$, 배추단독으로 재배되거나 배추와 동시에 정식된 동반정식처리구에서는 $8.9{\sim}10.5ton\;ha^{-1}$, $1.5{\sim}2.2kg\;NO_3{^-}-N\;ha^{-1}$이었으나 긴병꽃풀이나 지면패랭이 상시피복구에서는 $0.1{\sim}0.2ton\;ha^{-1}$, $0.2{\sim}0.4kg\;NO_3{^-}-N\;ha^{-1}$로 낮아져, 지피작물에 의한 토양 및 비료 유실저감 효과가 매우 높았다. 이들의 피복은 잡초발생을 약 70% 억제하였다. 따라서 지면패랭이의 이용은 잡초발생억제는 물론 토양유실 및 비료유실을 줄일 수 있어 고랭지배추 재배지에서 환경보전에 크게 기여할 것으로 판단된다.