• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chimney effect

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Structural behaviour under wind loading of a 90 m steel chimney

  • Tranvik, Par;Alpsten, Goran
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents results from an investigation of the structural behaviour of a very slender 90 m high steel chimney erected at V$\ddot{a}$xj$\ddot{o}$ in southern Sweden in 1995. The chimney is equipped with a mechanical friction-type damper at the top. Due to a mistake during erection and installation of the chimney the transport fixings of the damper were not released properly and the chimney developed extensive oscillations in the very first period of service. This caused a great number of fatigue cracks to occur within a few months of service. After the functioning of the damper had been restored and the fatigue cracks were repaired an extensive program was initiated in 1996 to monitor the structural behaviour of the chimney under wind loading. In the investigation data were collected for more than six years of continuous measurements and regular observations of the chimney. The data obtained have some general relevance with respect to wind data, behaviour of a slender structure under wind loading, and the effect of a mechanical damper. Also some theoretical studies were performed as part of the investigation of the chimney.

A Study on the Performance of Natural Ventilation of Solar Chimney Using Stack Effect (연돌 효과를 이용한 태양열 굴뚝의 자연환기 성능에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, S.W.;Lee, J.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2001
  • The results of numerical simulation on the performance of a solar chimney system in building are described. The inside surface temperature of four walls within the solar chimney arc calculated with solar radiation and outdoor temperature in summer. The air within the solar chimney is heated by conduction, convection and radiation. Air temperature distribution from the bottom to the top and outlet air temperature can be obtained by solving energy balance equation. Since the buoyance or stack effect is affected by temperature difference between the bottom and the top within the solar chimney. It is evaluated using inlet and outlet temperatures. It is expected that natural ventilation by the solar chimney of witch the height is 7.8m and the cross sectional area is $4.93m^2$ can provide about $6400m^3/h$ on sunny day.

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Application of Solar Chimney System for Natural Ventilation in Underground Space (지하공간의 자연환기를 위한 태양 굴뚝 시스템의 응용)

  • Jang, Hyang-In;Suh, Seung-Jik
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2010
  • This study analyzed the performance of solar chimney system for natural ventilation in underground space. A mathematical model of the solar chimney was proposed in order to predict its performance under varying parameters and Korea climatic condition. Steady state heat transfer equations were set up using a energy balanced equations and solved using a inverse matrix method. Numerical simulation program to analyze system was developed by using MATLAB. As the results, the ventilation performance of the solar chimney was determined by the temperature difference of air channel and inlet, and the temperature difference was influenced by insolation, stack height and distance of air gab. Also the solar chimney system can provide $262.9m^3/h$ of annual average ventilation rate. Because seasonal differences of ventilation rate was calculated within 25%, the solar chimney system can be used for every season in Korea climatic condition. Through this study, performance of solar chimney system for natural ventilation was verified by numerical method. Consequently, the solar chimney system is proved to be effective device for natural ventilation utilizing at all times, and the additional studies should be made through the experimental method for imagineering and commercialization.

Parametric Study on the Heat Loss of the Reactor Vessel in the Nuclear Power Plant (원자력 발전 원자로 용기의 열손실 설계인자에 관한 연구)

  • Jong-Ho Park;Seoug-Beom Kim
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.827-836
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    • 2004
  • The design parameter of the heat loss for the pressurized water reactor has been studied. The heat loss from the reactor vessel through the air gap. insulation are analysed by using the computational fluid dynamics code, FLUENT. Parametric study has been performed on the air gap width between the reactor vessel wall and the inner surface of the insulation, and on the insulation thickness. Also evaluated is the performance degradation due to the chimney effect due to gaps left between the panels during the installation of the insulation system. From the analysis results, the optimal with of air gap and insulation thickness and the value of heat loss are obtained The results show how the heat loss varies with the air gap width and insulation thickness. The temperature and the velocity distributions are also presented. From the results of the evaluation. the optimal air gap width and the optimal insulation thickness are obtained. As the difference between the predicted heat loss and measured heat loss from the reactor vessel is construed Primarily as losses due to chimney effect. the contribution of the chimney effect to the total heat loss is quantitatively indicated.

Wind fragility analysis of RC chimney with temperature effects by dual response surface method

  • Datta, Gaurav;Sahoo, Avinandan;Bhattacharjya, Soumya
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.59-73
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    • 2020
  • Wind fragility analysis (WFA) of concrete chimney is often executed disregarding temperature effects. But combined wind and temperature effect is the most critical limit state to define the safety of a chimney. Hence, in this study, WFA of a 70 m tall RC chimney for combined wind and temperature effects is explored. The wind force time-history is generated by spectral representation method. The safety of chimney is assessed considering limit states of stress failure in concrete and steel. A moving-least-squares method based dual response surface method (DRSM) procedure is proposed in WFA to alleviate huge computational time requirement by the conventional direct Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) approach. The DRSM captures the record-to-record variation of wind force time-histories and uncertainty in system parameters. The proposed DRSM approach yields fragility curves which are in close conformity with the most accurate direct MCS approach within substantially less computational time. In this regard, the error by the single-level RSM and least-squares method based DRSM can be easily noted. The WFA results indicate that over temperature difference of 150℃, the temperature stress is so pronounced that the probability of failure is very high even at 30 m/s wind speed. However, below 100℃, wind governs the design.

Dynamic soil-structure interaction studies on 275m tall industrial chimney with openings

  • Jayalekshmi, B.R.;Thomas, Ansu;Shivashankar, R.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.233-250
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, a three dimensional soil-structure interaction (SSI) is numerically simulated using finite element method in order to analyse the foundation moments in annular raft of tall slender chimney structures incorporating the effect of openings in the structure and the effect of soil flexibility, when the structure-soil system is subjected to El Centro (1940) ground motion in time domain. The transient dynamic analysis is carried out using LS-DYNA software. The linear ground response analysis program ProShake has been adopted for obtaining the ground level excitation for different soil conditions, given the rock level excitation. The radial and tangential bending moments of annular raft foundation obtained from this SSI analysis have been compared with those obtained from conventional method according to the Indian standard code of practice, IS 11089:1984. It is observed that tangential and radial moments increase with the increase in flexibility of soil. The analysis results show that the natural frequency of chimney decreases with increase in supporting soil flexibility. Structural responses increase when the openings in the structure are also considered. The purpose of this paper is to propose the need for an accurate evaluation of the soilstructure interaction forces which govern the structural response.

Effects of blast-induced random ground motions on the stochastic behaviour of industrial masonry chimneys

  • Haciefendioglu, Kemal;Soyluk, Kurtulus
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.835-845
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    • 2012
  • This paper focuses on the stochastic response analysis of industrial masonry chimneys to surface blast-induced random ground motions by using a three dimensional finite element model. Underground blasts induce ground shocks on nearby structures. Depending on the distance between the explosion centre and the structure, masonry structures will be subjected to ground motions due to the surface explosions. Blast-induced random ground motions can be defined in terms of the power spectral density function and applied to each support point of the 3D finite element model of the industrial masonry system. In this paper, mainly a parametric study is conducted to estimate the effect of the blast-induced ground motions on the stochastic response of a chimney type masonry structure. With this purpose, different values of charge weight and distance from the charge centre are considered for the analyses of the chimney. The results of the study underline the remarkable effect of the surface blast-induced ground motions on the stochastic behaviour of industrial masonry type chimneys.

Performance of a Chimney Drain in Reinforced Earth Wall for Reduction of Pore Water Pressure During Rainfall - a Numerical Investigation (보강토 옹벽에 적용되는 연직 배수시스템의 강우시 수압 저감 효과 - 수치해석 연구)

  • Yoo, Chung-Sik;Kim, Sun-Bin;Jung, Hyuk-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2008
  • This study is concernsed with the effect of a chimney drainage system installed at the back of reinforced soil block on preventing the pore water pressure development. A series of finite-element analyses based on transient seepage analysis were performed for a number of cases with different patterns of the chimney drainage system. The results were thoroughly analyzed to get insight into the mechanism of pore water pressure reduction effect of the chimney drainage system. It is shown that a vertical drainage system installed at the back of reinforced zone can be an effective means of maintaining the wall stability during rainfall by preventing pore pressure increase in the reinforced as well as the backfill zones. Also shown is that the optimum height of the chimney drain is 50% of the wall height. Practical implications of the findings were discussed.

Port-Site Metastases and Chimney Effect of B-Ultrasound-Guided and Laparoscopically-Assisted Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Perfusion Chemotherapy

  • Ba, Ming-Chen;Long, Hui;Zhang, Xiang-Liang;Gong, Yuan-Feng;Yan, Zhao-Fei;Wang, Shuai;Tang, Yun-Qiang;Cui, Shu-Zhong
    • Yonsei Medical Journal
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.497-504
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: $CO_2$ leakage along the trocar (chimney effect) has been proposed to be an important factor underlying port-site metastasis after laparoscopic surgery. This study aimed to test this hypothesis by comparing the incidence of port-site metastasis between B-ultrasound-guided and laparoscopically-assisted hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy (HIPPC). Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients with malignant ascites induced by gastrointestinal or ovarian cancer were divided into two groups to receive either B-ultrasound-guided or laparoscopically-assisted HIPPC. Clinical efficacy was assessed from the objective remission rate (ORR), the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score, and overall survival. The incidence of port-site metastasis was compared between the two groups. Results: Patients in the B-ultrasound (n=32) and laparoscopy (n=30) groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, primary disease type, volume of ascites, and free cancer cell (FCC)-positive ascites. After HIPPC, there were no significant differences between the B-ultrasound and laparoscopy groups in the KPS score change, ORR, and median survival time. The incidence of port-site metastasis after HIPPC was not significantly different between the B-ultrasound (3 of 32, 9.36%) and laparoscopy (3 of 30, 10%) groups, but significantly different among pancreatic, gastric, ovarian, and colorectal cancer (33.33, 15.79, 10.00, and 0.00%, p<0.001). Conclusion: The chimney effect may not be the key reason for port-site metastasis after laparoscopy. Other factors may play a role, including the local microenvironment at the trocar site and the delivery of viable FCCs (from the tumor or malignant ascites) to the trauma site during laparoscopic surgery.

Study on the Natural Convection Heat-Transfer Enhancement in Radial Heat Sink Using the Perforation and Flow Guide (천공과 유동 가이드를 활용한 방사형 히트싱크의 자연대류 열전달 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Sora;Li, Bin;Byon, Chan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.339-345
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we numerically investigate the thermal performance of an enhanced radial heat sink with a perforation and chimney structure. We estimate the thermal performance of the enhanced radial heat sink, and compared it with that of a conventional radial heat sink. The results show that the radial heat sink with perforation has a higher thermal performance when either of the diameter and the number of perforations is high. With regards to the radial heat sink with a chimney structure, we investigate primarily the effect of the fin number, and the spacing between the chimney and the base plate on the thermal performance. The results show that there are optimal values for the fin number and the spacing between chimney and base plate. In addition, the enhanced radial heat sinks have maximum thermal performance when facing upward ($0^{\circ}$), while it has worst performance when facing sideward ($90^{\circ}$). The perforation and chimney are shown to cause thermal performance enhancements of 17% and 20%, respectively, compared with a conventional radial heat sink. The proposed method is useful for starting business, and is useful in terms of venture and entrepreneurship.