• Title, Summary, Keyword: Child-rearing

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Effects of Newborn Care Education Program on Child-rearing Knowledge, Child-rearing Stress, and Child-rearing Self-efficacy of Immigrant Pregnant Women (신생아돌보기프로그램이 결혼이주여성 임산부의 양육지식, 양육스트레스 및 양육효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Gi Min;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.561-571
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a newborn care education promotion program on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of immigrant pregnant women. Methods: The subjects were 23 immigrant pregnant women who voluntarily participated in the study in D city. The program was provided, once a week for 90 minutes for a period of 3 weeks. The outcome variables were child-rearing knowledge, child-rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy. Data was collected from April 4 to June 24, 2011, through self-administered questionnaires. Results: The program significantly improved child rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and newborn care self-efficacy for married immigrant pregnant women who participated in the program compared to women who did not participate. Conclusion: The results suggest that the reproductive health promotion program has an affirmative effect on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of married immigrant pregnant women. It is suggested, therefore, that the educational program be presented to married immigrant woman at public health centers to enhance their confidence in child-rearing.

The relationship between preschooler's temperament, father's child-rearing involvement, and mother's child-rearing stress (유아의 기질 및 아버지 양육 참여와 어머니의 양육 스트레스)

  • Lee, Su-Mi;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to clarify how preschooler's adaptive temperament and father's child-rearing involvement may be related to mother's chid-rearing stress. The subjects were 320 mothers whose children were 3, 4 or 5 age preschoolers attending day care centers in Keoungbok. Statistical techniques were Pearson's correlation, hierarchical multiple regression(using SPSS 12.0). The results of this were as follows. 1. Mother's child-rearing stress was negatively related to preschooler's adaptive temperament. 2. Mother's child-rearing stress was negatively related to father's child-rearing involvement. 3. The Multiple Regression analysis showed that preschooler's adaptive temperament and father's child-rearing involvement were significantly predictive to mother's child-rearing stress. And preschooler's adaptive temperament was the stronger predictor of mother's child-rearing stress than father's child-rearing involvement. There was no significant interaction effect of father's child-rearing involvement and preschooler's adaptive temperament on mother's child-rearing stress.

A Qualitative Study of Experience of Pumasi Child Rearing of Housewives with Infants (영유아기 자녀를 둔 전업주부의 품앗이육아공동체 참여경험에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Chung, Hae-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.429-441
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    • 2010
  • This study explores experiences of housewives with infants' Pumasi child rearing community(i.e, communal child rearing community). A concrete context of pumasi child rearing of housewives with Infants was found. Results were as follows: The backgrounds of participation in pumasi child rearing community are isolated condition of child rearing and housewives' needs to find way of communication with others. Pumasi child rearing communities give meaningful experiences. They meet the developmental needs of both mothers and children and also provide various parenting models and skills, give a high value to individual child rearing, develop an everyday life community and strengthen the health of communities.

The Relationship Between Father's Participation in Child Rearing and Mother's Child Rearing Stress (어머니가 지각한 아버지의 양육 참여도와 어머니의 양육 스트레스와의 관계)

  • Kim, Jung;Lee, Jeehyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.245-261
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    • 2005
  • This study examined the relationship between father's participation in child rearing and mother's schild rearing stress. Mothers of 450 4-, 5- and 6-year-old children in six different kindergartens and daycare centers in Seoul and Kyungki-do area completed the Father's Participation in Child Rearing(Kyung Soon Choi, 1993) scale and the Parenting Daily Hassles(Cmic & Greenberg, 1990) scale. Data were analyzed statistically by SPSS. Results show that higher father's participation in child rearing results in lower child rearing stress for mothers. Especially, father's participation in areas of parenting and housework is important factor influence mother's decrease child rearing stress.

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Mothers′ Child-Rearing Attitude (어머니의 아동 양육태도)

  • Kim Shin-Jeong;Kim Young-Hee;Kim Kye-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.392-398
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to provide the theoretical understanding of mothers' child-rearing attitude and the eventual purpose was to contribute to the development of nursing interventions to help mothers have love-automous childrearing attitudes which will foster child development and enhance harmonious child-mother relationship. Method: The data were collected from April to september, 2002 by questionnaires with 130 married child-rearing mothers. Mothers' child-rearing attitudes were rated on the 5-point sclae of Schaefer's Maternal Behavior Research Instrument(MBRI). Result: 1) In love vs hostility and autonomy vs control, the score of love(3.79) is higher than hostility(2.64) and the score of autonomy(3.54) is higher than control(2.58). 2) In love- autonomous child-rearing attitude(3.69) is highest than hostility-control(2.75), love-control(2.70), hostility-autonomous (2.54) child-rearing attitude and the direction is autonomy→love. Conclusion: Nurses assess mothers' child-rearing attitude and provide teaching and counselling to help mothers to form love-autonomous child-rearing attitude.

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Father Involvement in Child-rearing and Maternal Depression During Early Childhood (유아기 자녀를 둔 아버지의 양육참여도와 어머니 우울)

  • Huh, Bo-Yun;Han, Kyung-Ja
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purposes of this descriptive survey study were to describe levels of father involvement in child-rearing and maternal depression. Method: Data were collected from 277 mothers who had one to three years old infant at 8 day care centers and 2 public health centers in S and B city. The instrument used for this study was a self-report questionnaire that included the father involvement in child-rearing scale and maternal depression(BDI). Results: The mean score for father involvement in child-rearing was $44.60{\pm}12.06$. For father involvement in child-rearing, there were significant differences according to chid birth order, father's education, mother's job, income, marriage satisfaction, support for child-rearing. The mean for maternal depression was $10.24{\pm}7.70$. For maternal depression, there were significant differences according to mother's religion, parent's education, father's job, income, marriage satisfaction, support for child-rearing. There is significant difference in the maternal depression according to the father involvement in child-rearing. Conclusion: Father involvement in child-rearing and maternal depression influence child development. It is essential to assess father's participation in child-rearing and maternal depression, to develop knowledge about role of father for child health.

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Review about Child Rearing Attitude of Parents (부모의 양육태도에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Shin-Jeong;Kim, Young-Hee
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.172-181
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to review the concept, type and factors that affect child rearing attitude of parents and suggest desirable child rearing attitude of parents. Child rearing attitude of parents not only decide the quality of parent-child relationship but also affect child intellectual, emotional, social development and character. Many theorists suggest the type of child rearing attitude of parents, Schaefer's theory is commonly accepted. This model divided into 4 types, affectional-automatic attitude, affectional-controling attitude, rejecting-automatic attitude, rejecting-controling attitude. Through this study, confirmed factors that affect child rearing attitude of parents were family social position, parent's age and educational level, child gender. And other factors were mother has a job or not, marriage satisfaction, number of child and etc. Desirable parent's child rearing attitude were parent's consistency, understanding and acceptance of parents, parent's ideal behavior, democratic attitude of parents, parent's love for their children.

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The Relationship between Social Competency of the Child and the Child Rearing Involvement of the Father (아버지의 양육 참여도와 아동의 사회적 능력과의 관계)

  • Choi, Kyung Soon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.115-135
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to develop instruments for measuring paternal child rearing involvement. A second purpose was to investigate the relationship between social competency of child and the father's involvement in child rearing. Fathers' child rearing involvement inventories were administered to 513 5th and 6th grade school students to evaluate children's perceived father's rearing involvement. Assessment of the child's social competency by the mother was by the modified Iowa Social Competency Scale. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and canonical correlation. The main results were as follows: (1) There were differences in mean scores between variables on father's child rearing involvement. The mean score of 'day-to-day guidance' was higher than such father's involvement variables as 'family activities', 'household affairs', 'home education'. (2) There was a significant correlation between the social competency of children and father's child rearing involvement. In other words, fathers' child rearing involvement showed significant correlations with 'the capability' and 'leadership' of children. (3) The canonical analysis in two variables-the fathers' child rearing involvement (independent variables) and the children's social competency (dependent variables)-showed that the child variables most highly correlated to the independent variables were 'capability' and 'affection toward parents'. This also indicated that the father variables accounted for about 9.4% of the variation in social competency. In conclusion, the father's child rearing involvement can he recognized as significant variable in predicting the social competency of children.

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A Concept Analysis of the Rearing (양육의 개념 분석)

  • Lee Soo Yeon
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 1998
  • Rearing is important to the growth and development of the child. Traditionally, nurturing is a maternal role which is expressive role. Maternal role was composed of mothering and maternicity. Rearing is a key concept of psychology, education and sociology discipline. Knowledge of the rearing is an essential component for the development of nursing as a science and a profession. The first thing to study a concept is thought to be a concept analysis. So, in this study, concept analysis of the rearing was performed to clarify a concept of the rearing as a basis for the study of rearing afterward. The approach used for the concept analysis was the approach presented by Walker and Avant (1993). The defining attributes of rearing, identified in this study were (1) a series of caring activities in parent-child relation, (2) an essential of the growth and development of a child, (3) changeable according to time, place and object, (4) effort is necessary to the rearing, (5) positive or negative aspects (6) attitude, behavior, environment is sub-concepts of the rearing concept. The identified antecedents of the rearing was child-birth. The identified consequences of rearing were desirable or undesirable outcomes. Desirable outcome was the emotional satisfaction and growth in parent-child relation. Undesirable outcome was the emotional disorder and social maladaptation of the child. The empirical referents of the rearing could be the caring phenomena in parent-child relation.

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The Effect of Child Rearing Behavior and Child Rearing Involvement on Children's Stress (아동의 스트레스에 대한 어머니, 아버지의 양육행동 및 양육참여도 영향분석)

  • Jang, Young-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of child rearing behavior and child rearing involvement on elementary school children's stress. The subjects were 201 children selected from 2 elementary schools and their parents. Data was collected using the children's stress index, the child rearing behavior questionnaire, and the child rearing involvement questionnaire, and was statistically analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA (Duncan test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were some significant differences in children's stress according to the child's gender, grade, and scholastic achievement. Correlation analysis indicated that the child's stress and the mother's child rearing behavior had significant correlation, especially the warmth acceptance behavior of the mother indicated negative high correlation. Also, the child's stress and father's child rearing behavior had significant correlation, especially the rejection restriction behavior of the father indicated positive high correlation. Correlation analysis indicated that the child's stress and the mother's child rearing involvement had significant correlation, especially the family activities involvement of the mother indicated negative high correlation. As well, the child's stress and the father's child rearing involvement had significant correlation, especially the day to day guidance involvement of the father indicated negative high correlation. It was also found that rejection restriction behavior of the father, permissiveness non-intervention behavior of the father, day to day guidance involvement of the father, family activities involvement of the father, and warmth acceptance behavior of the mother were all significant predictors of the elementary school child's stress.

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