• Title, Summary, Keyword: Child

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The Structural Relationships of Personal and Environmental Factors on Child Aggression: Focusing on Child Negative Emotionality and Emotion Regulation, Mother Rejective Parenting, and Teacher-Child Conflict (유아의 공격성에 대한 개인적 요인과 환경적 요인간의 구조적 관계: 유아의 부정적 정서성과 정서조절, 어머니의 거부적 양육행동, 교사-유아 간 갈등을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hea Jin;Kim, Sun Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the structural relationships of child negative emotionality, mother rejective parenting, teacher-child conflict, and child emotion regulation on child aggression. Methods: The participants in this study were 3- to 5-year-old kindergarten children, their mothers, and their teachers (all of whom lived in Busan). The data were analyzed using PASW Statistics 18.0 and AMOS 21.0. For data analysis, frequency, Cronbach's alphas, Pearson's correlation coefficients, SEM were used. Results: First, mother rejective parenting had an indirect effect on child aggression through child emotion regulation. Second, teacher-child conflict had a direct effect on child aggression and had an indirect effect on child aggression through child emotion regulation. Third, child negative emotionality had an indirect effect on child aggression through mother rejective parenting and teacher-child conflict and child emotion regulation. Conclusion: These finding suggest the importance of mediating effect of mother rejective parenting, teacher-child conflict and child emotion regulation between child negative emotionality and aggression.

Quality of Child Care Environment and Toddler's Adjustment in Child Care Centers - Based on Child Care Centers in Inchon- (보육환경의 질과 영유아의 적응 - 인천시 보육시설을 중심으로 -)

  • Hyun, On-Kang;Tae, Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.25-42
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    • 2000
  • To examine toddlers’adjustment in child care centers according to the quality of child care environment, the followings were asked; 1. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different by toddlers’individual characterisitcs, caregiyer’s individual characteristics, and/or care center variabless\ulcorner 2. Are the quality of child care center different by caregiver’s individual characteristics and child care center variables\ulcorner 3. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different according to the quality of child care center\ulcorner Forty caregivers and 108 toddlers in 40 child care centers in Inchon were randomly selected. After 2 hours of observation in each child care center, the quality of child care environment were rated using Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scate(ITERS) by 2 observers and toddlers’adjustment in child care centers were rated by caregivers using the Preschool Adjustment Questionnaire(PAQ). Toddlers’adjustment in centers were different by toddlers’gender, caregiver’s age, caregiver’s educational level, group size, and the adult/child ratio. The quality of child care environment of child care centers was different by caregiver’s age, caregiver’s career level, the length of working time, group size, and the adult/child ratio. Finally, toddler’s adjustment in child care centers were significantly different by the quality of child care environment of child care centers.

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Prospect of Family Day-care with regard to the National Policy of Child-rearing Support (육아지원정책에 따른 가정보육시설의 운영방향)

  • Han You-Me
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-37
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    • 2006
  • As the fertility rate of Korea has recently decreased to the lowest level in the world, the recognition of the needs for social support for the child-care has been increased. This resulted in the announcement of National Policy of Child-Rearing Support in 2004. This study attempted to propose the activation of the family child-care for the preparation of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. Using literature review and interview, the following research questions were addressed. Firstly, the actual situation of the family child-care was compared with that of the other types of child-care. Secondly, the policies of child-rearing support and the family child-care systems in other countries such as United Kingdom, Sweden and Japan were introduced. Finally, activations of the family child-care were discussed in terms of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. The results of this study implies that the family child-care in Korea is different from that of other countries as well as other types of child-care in Korea. Also, it suggests that key factors of the activation of the family child-care in Korea are to identify as the small, informal and family-like child-care, to differentiate as the infant-care and non-standard time child-care from other types of child-care, and to increase the level of professionalization. In conclusion, family child-care should become an alternative for the low fertility problem.

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Effects of Child's Temperament, Mother's Parenting Behavior, and Child's Emotion Regulation on Child Aggression and Social Withdrawal (아동의 성, 기질, 어머니 양육행동과 아동의 정서조절능력이 사회적 위축 및 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jee-Sook;Lim, Seung-Hyun;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.85-98
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the path model of child's sex, temperament, maternal parenting behavior, and child's emotion regulation on child social behaviors. The subjects were 286 elementary school children. Data were gathered through questionnaires reported by mothers and teachers. Path analysis revealed that (1) mother's overprotective or coercive parenting behaviors effected neither child's emotion regulation nor social behaviors (2) child's sex and activity level effected child's aggression both directly and indirectly through child's emotion regulation (3) child's 'activity level' and 'avoidance' temperament effected child's social withdrawal both directly and indirectly through child' emotion regulation. Findings underscore the role of emotion regulation as a mediator in predicting child aggression and social withdrawal.

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A Study of Accreditation of Child Care Centers and Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition based on the Perspective of Economics (한국의 보육료 자율화와 보육시설 평가인증제에 대한 경제학적 분석)

  • Song, Seung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.915-924
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    • 2005
  • In this study, two controversial Child Care Policies will be discussed based on the perspective of Economics: Accreditation of Child Care Centers and Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition. Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition is to provide parents and children with exact quality which they want at a differentiated price. Accreditation of Child Care Center is to enhance the quality of child care service by evaluating the quality of centers and grading centers into three classes. This study concludes that success or failure of the policies mostly depend on the investment capability of the government to increase the supply of child care centers. Employing these two policies requires the child care rate more than certain level and more financial investment from the government since the responsibility of providing child care services relies mostly on the government in Korea.

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The Effects of Mother-Child Interaction and Child's Social Behaviors on Child's Peer Acceptance (어머니-유아 상호작용과 유아의 사회적 행동이 유아의 또래수용도에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Jee-Nha
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.409-420
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of mother-child interaction and child's social behaviors on child's peer acceptance. Participants were 108 4- to 5-year-old preschoolers(58 boys, 50 girls) and their mothers. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) mother-child interaction are generally correlated with child's peer acceptance. And child's prosocial behavior was positively correlated with child's peer acceptance, whereas child's aggressive behavior, asocial behavior and hyperactive-distractible behavior were negatively correlated with child's peer acceptance. (2) The most influential factor on child's peer acceptance was child's experience in session, the next influential factor was child's hyperactive-distractible behavior and the last influential factor was asocial behavior.

A Study on Teacher Intention to Report Child Abuse at Child Care Centers (보육교사의 아동학대 신고의도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So Yeon;Cho, In Ju
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study aims to examine the factors associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in child care centers. Methods: Data were collected from teachers at child care centers in the Jeonbuk region, using a self-administered questionnaire. In this study, 186 completed questionnaires were used to analyze the data. Results: The respondents reported their intention to report child abuse as follows: physical abuse(49.5%), emotional abuse(16.1%), sexual abuse(12.9%), and neglect(15.6%). The multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed that participation at child abuse prevention training programs and awareness of reporting procedures were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse at child care centers in Model 2. Also, attitudes towards reporting child abuse were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in Model 3. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests evaluating chid abuse prevention training programs more accurately because the respondents who did not participate in the programs showed statistically significant higher mean scores of intention to report child abuse than who participated(1.83 vs .85). In addition, educational programs about child abuse for teachers in child care centers need to focus on changes in attitudes towards reporting child abuse, which in turn can change behavior.

Child Care Teachers' Difficulties Communicating with Parents and How It Affects Teacher-Child Interactions: The Mediating Effects of Teachers' Self-Esteem (보육교사가 지각하는 학부모와 의사소통의 어려움이 영유아와 상호작용에 미치는 영향: 보육교사의 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Park, Bokyung;Park, Mi Ja
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study examined the mediating effects of child care teachers' self-esteem in the relationship between teachers' difficulties communicating with parents and teacher-child interactions. Methods: A total of 450 child care teachers answered questionnaires based on three research variables. Data were analyzed using SEM. Results: First, child care teachers' difficulties communicating with parents had a direct effect on teacher-child interactions. That is, child care teachers who experienced more difficulties communicating with parents showed more negative teacher-child interactions. Second, child care teachers' difficulties communicating with parents had an indirect effect on teacher-child interactions through teachers' self-esteem. In other words, when child care teachers experienced more difficulties communicating with parents, their self-esteem was lower, which led to increased negative teacher-child interactions. Conclusion/Implications: This study highlights the importance of effective communication between child care teachers and parents. In addition, these findings contribute to a better understanding of the mechanism by which child care teachers' difficulties communicating with parents influence teacher-child interactions.

A Study on the child care system in Sweden (스웨덴의 아동보육제도 연구)

  • Lee, Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 1996
  • This study is to describl the child care system in Sweden and to understand how the progressive child care system has been developed. The sex categories of the child care issues were studied based on a review of the literature related to the Swedish child care, family welfare system and the socio-economic information on Sweden. Six categories were : (1) historical and socio-economic background of child care system, (2) supply of and demand for the child care service and the types of public and private child care, (3) child care program activities, (4) child care staff training system, (5) administration and financial support system for the child care, and (6) the family policy and the family support programs in Sweden. For the Korean child care system, this study on the Swedish child care implied that : (1) To provide a progressive system of the child care system in Korea will require serious discussion about concentration of the child care administration system which is currently distributed to Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2) The extensive family support programs such as the parental leave and flexible work conditions for women are needed for the infant care by parents at home. (3) to expand the child care services in Korea, public support should be primarily focused on the supply of the public day care centers even though the demands for the various child care services are to be met by public financial support. (4) Most of all, societal recognition that all children are the resposiblity of our society is needed to develop a progressive child care system in Korea.

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The Influence of Home Child Care Allowance on the Choice of Child Care Types : Focusing on the Concordance between an Ideal and Actual Child Care Type (양육수당이 자녀 돌봄유형 선택에 미치는 영향 : 이상적인 돌봄유형과 현재 돌봄유형의 일치여부를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Seulmin;Chin, Meejung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to examine how home child care allowance influences a mother's choice of child care type. To accomplish this goal, we surveyed 432 mothers who had at least one child under 5 years old. The data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means and binomial logistic regressions. The results showed that unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children had a high tendency to choose home child care allowance instead of child care subsidy. Second, mother's employment status, age of first child and an interactive term of mother's employment status and home child care receipt influenced a concordance between an ideal and actual child care type. Unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children were more likely to experience a concordance between their ideal and actual types of child care. By investigating how home child care allowance affects the right of choice in child care type, this study provides empirical information to policy makers and researchers and contributes to develop cash-benefit policies for families with young children.