• Title/Summary/Keyword: Chicken

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Evaluation of the Quality of Simmered Chicken in Soy Sauce Prepared with the Sous vide Cook-Chill System and Conventional Cook-Chill System (Sous vide Cook-Chill System과 Conventional Cook-Chill System으로 생산된 닭고기 장조림의 품질평가)

  • Oh, Kyung-Sook;Ko, Sung-Hee;Kim, Heh-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.617-625
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    • 2006
  • This study was done to provide basic data for the operation of a safer cook-chill system by comparing and evaluating the quality of foods which were prepared using the sous vide cook-chill system and the conventional cook-chill system, according to the preparation methods and storage temperature. Simmered chickens in soy sauce were prepared using the sous vide cook-chill system and the conventional cook-chill system and their quality was evaluated at the time of preparation and storage. Firstly, foods were prepared using the sous vide cook-chill (SVCC) system and the conventional cook-chill (CC) system and the redquired time and temperature during each preparation stage were measured and physicochemical (pH, Aw, and moisture content) and microbial qualities were evaluated. Secondly, in order to evaluate the quality and safety, the moisture content and microbial (standard plate count, coliform count, psychrotrophic bacteria count, and anaerobic bacteria count) qualities were evaluated according to the preparation methods and temperatures after the foods were stored at 3$^{\circ}C$ and 10$^{\circ}C$ for 10 days and reheated.

A Study on the Plate Waste of the Elementary School Food Service (초등학교 급식의 잔식량에 관한 연구)

  • 박금순;민영희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.30-39
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate food services and plate waste of the elementary school children in the urban, rural and suburban areas of Taegu and Kyoungpook province. Statistical data analysis was performed using the SPSS programs for Crosstabs analysis T-test, One-way Anova and Pearson's correlation. The results were as follows: The serving size of rice was greater in suburban area than in rural and urban area by the physical estimation. The amount of soup given was the greatest in rural area. The rate of waste in soup was higher than that of rice. Among side dishes, plate waste rate of braised potato was the highest in rural, then suburban and urban area. There were significant differences (p < .001) among the schools in the three areas. Especially, plate waste rate of cucumber and cabbage salad was the highest in all three areas. Then finally the serving size and plate waste rate of Kimchies were the greatest in rural, then suburban and urban schools. There were significant differences in 'spice pickled cabbage'(p < .001) and 'spice pickled radish'(p < .01) among the three areas. Plate waste amounts of egg soup and pine mushroom soup in urban area were greatest. In rural area, side dishes except egg soup, cabbage salad and Kimchies had a greater amount of plate waste. In suburban areas, there were smaller plate waste amount in rice, but plate waste amounts of pine mushroom soup and beef soup were great. Plate waste rate of rice and 'Kimchies' by children's rating estimation were significantly higher in rural than suburban and urban areas. There were no significant differences in plate waste rate of the given food except braised chicken (p < .001), soup (p < .001) and 'Kimchies' (p < .05) between the physical estimation and the children's rating estimation. Increased satisfaction on food service in most menus resulted decreased plate waste rate. There was a significant degree of satisfaction on the amounts of food served.

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A Preliminary Study on Nutrition Education for Preschool Children in Day-Care Center - Dietary Habit and Nutrition Knowledge - (어린이집 아동의 영양교육을 위한 사전조사 연구 - 식습관과 영양지식을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Jin-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.866-873
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current dietary habits, health related behaviors, nutrition knowledge and body indices, and to investigate the changes in nutrition knowledge for designing and monitoring nutrition education program among preschool children. The subjects were 1,200 preschool children, aged $4{\sim}6$ years. A measurement of the height and weight was conducted. The general home environment, the dietary habit of children and nutrition knowledge were collected using a questionnaire that included information about family income, parent's education and occupations. Using the PIBW, 14.6% of the preschool children were under weight, 54.4% were normal, and 31.0% were overweight or obese. We regarded to food habit score, the highest score was in the regularity of breakfast, while the lowest score was in consumption of yellow-green vegetables such as spinach and carrots. Result in food behavior showed that 69.1% of preschool children had a unbalanced diet, and their favorite snack was fast food like pizza and hamburger then followed soft drink and fried foods (chicken of potato). After nutrition education, there was somewhat improvement in the nutrition knowledge score of preschool children from $7.7{\pm}1.7$ point to $8.9{\pm}1.5$ point. These results suggest that nutrition education help preschool children change their nutrition knowledge. Therefore, it would be needed that new appropriate nutrition education to improve dietary habits and health status.

Dipteran Comparison on Carcasses by Decomposition at Different Abandoned Site (사체의 유기장소별 부패진행에 따른 발생 파리류 비교)

  • Lim, Chae-Seak;Jo, Tae-Ho;Lee, Dong-Woon;Choo, Young-Moo;Choo, Ho-Yul
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.191-205
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    • 2012
  • Because insect visitors was different depending on decomposition stage, dipterans occurred on chicken carcasses depending on postmortem intervals were compared by abandoned sites and decomposition from a serial study on arthropod occurrence from carcasses as forensic indicator. Species occurrence and decomposition of carcasses were different depending on abandoned sites (forest hill, open field, stream, greenhouse and roof), seasons (spring, summer, fall and winter), and situation (burying and non-burying). Development of carcass decomposition was faster at all sites in summer, carcass in greenhouse in winter, and unburied carcasses. Although visiting time of blow flies (Calliphoridae) (Phaenicia sericata, Lucilia illustris, Lucilia sp., Chrysomyia pinguis, and Chrysomyia megacephala) was different depending on abandoned season, their adults were generally collected from carcasses within 2 days. However, there were no visited flies at fresh stage of buried carcasses. The flesh flies (Sarcophagidae) were collected from all sites and seasons, and much faster from unburied carcasses than buried carcasses. Those were collected earlier from carcasses in greenhouse than other sites and occurrence was also shorter. In greenhouse, occurrence time of flesh flies were different depending on season; spring and summer - from fresh to active decay stage, fall - fresh to active decay stage, and winter - advanced decay to remains stage. Calliphora lata, Tricerotopyga calliphoroides, and Aldrichana grahami were dominant species and occurrences were different from other flies. These flies were active mainly from fresh to active stage. Larvae of sarcophagid flies were occurred earlier than those of calliphorid flies on buried carcasses.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Cu-methionine Chelate and Cu-soy Proteinate on the Performance, Small Intestinal Microflora and Immune Response in Laying Hens (사료내 Cu-methionine Chelate와 Cu-soy Proteinate가 산란계의 생산성, 소장내 미생물 균총 및 면역체계에 미치는 영향)

  • Paik, I.K.;Kim, C.H.;Park, K.W.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.303-311
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of Cu-methionine chelate(Cu-Met) and Cu-soy proteinate(Cu-SP) on the performance, small intestinal microflora and immune response in laying hens. A total of 960 Hy-line $Brown^{(R)}$ laying hens of 39 wks old were assigned to one of the following 6 dietary treatment: control(C), antibiotic(Avilamycine 6 ppm), Cu-Met 50 and Cu-Met 100(50 and 100 ppm Cu as Cu-methionine chelate), Cu-SP 50 and Cu-SP 100(50 and 100ppm Cu as Cu-soy proteinate). Each treatment was replicated 4 times with forty birds per replication, housed in 2 birds per cages. Forty birds units were arranged according to randomized block design. Feeding trial lasted 6 wks under 16 hours lighting regimen. Hen-day and hen-house egg production of groups treated with Antibiotic and Cu supplements tended to be higher than the control with significant difference (P<0.05) shown between Cu-Me 100 and control. Egg weight was significantly (P<0.05) heavier in antibiotic and Cu-SP treatments than Cu-Met treatments but they were not significantly different from the control. Eggshell strength, egg shell thickness, egg yolk color and Haugh unit were not significantly different among treatments. There were no significant differences in leukocytes and erythrocytes in the chicken blood. But mean corpuscular hemoglobin value(MCH) was significantly (P<0.05) higher in Cu-SP 100 than antibiotic treatment. The concentrations of serum IgG and IgA were not significantly different among treatments. Copper concentration in the liver tended to increase as the level of copper supplementation increased, that of Cu-SP 100 being significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of the control and antibiotic treatment. Concentrations of iron and zinc of the liver were not significantly influenced by treatments. Populations of Cl. perfringens and Lactobacilli in the small intestinal content were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by treatments. Population of Cl. perfringens decreased and that of Lactobacilli increased in the copper supplemented groups. The result of this experiment showed that Cu-Met and Cu-SP are comparable to antibiotic in improving egg production in laying hens. Birds fed diets supplemented with Cu-SP produced heavier eggs than those fed diets with Cu-Met. There were no significant differences in the performances between 50 ppm and 100 ppm copper supplementation as organic forms.

The Study on Productivity of Commercial Korea Chickens for Crossbred Korean Native Chickens (한국 재래닭 및 토착종을 활용한 토종 실용계의 생산성 연구)

  • Lee, Myeong-Ji;Kim, Sang-Ho;Heo, Kang-Nyeong;Kim, Hak-Kyu;Choi, Hee-Cheol;Hong, Eui-Chul;Choo, Hyo-Jun;Kim, Chong-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the productivity of Korean native chicken (KNC) 2 strains crossbred. The number of chicks analyzed in this study was 300. Crossbreds used in this studywere A) KNC R strains ${\times}$ KNC meat type S strains, B) KNC egg-meat D strains ${\times}$ KNC meat type H strains, C) KNC egg-meat D strains ${\times}$ KNC meat type S strains, D) KNC egg-meat C strains ${\times}$ KNC native Y strains, and E) KNC native Y strains ${\times}$ KNC meat type H strains. The crossbreds C had the highest performance on body weight gains at 7~10 weeks but crossbreds D showed the lowest (p<0.05). The feed conversion ratio of crossbreds D was the highest value at every weeks (p<0.05). But the carcass weight and carcass ratio of crossbreds D was the lowest value at every weeks (p<0.05). For the percentage of cutted meat, the ranges of mean were 30.60~33.75% in breast, 21.48~24.72% in leg, 11.95~14.33% in wing, 21.91~25.83% in back and of 7.38~8.72% in neck. The percentage of cutted meat for leg was the highest value at every weeks (p<0.05). These results suggested that the development of new crossbreds should be necessary for better performance.

Effects of Dietary Silicate Based Complex Mineral on Performance, Meat Quality and Immunological Competence in Broiler (규산염 복합광물질의 급여가 육계의 생산능력, 계육품질 및 면역능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Chun Ik;Park, Jin Ern;Kim, Sang Eun;Choe, Ho Sung;Ryu, Kyeong Seon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary silicate based complex mineral (SCM) on the performance of broiler chicks. Four hundred fifty one day old Cobb ${\times}$ Cobb broiler chicks were fed with commercial diets at 0%, 0.05%, 0.10%, 0.15% and 0.20% SCM with five replicates for five weeks. Weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion were measured weekly, and blood composition, immunity and meat quality were evaluated at the end of experiment. During overall period weight gain in chicks fed diet containing 0.1% SCM was significantly increased as compared with that of control (p<0.05). Feed intake showed no consistency among the treatments. Feed conversion appeared to increase in the chickens fed with SCM addition diets during prestarter period. Albumin, glucose and other blood parameters related to chicken health tended to improve at the level of 0.05% SCM addition treatments. Drip loss in breast meat was significantly decreased in more than 0.05% SCM addition (p<0.05). The expression of IL-2 (Interleukin-2) in blood increased significantly in the chickens fed with SCM of 0.05% or 0.10% level than other treatments (p<0.05). The optimum SCM concentration for commercial dietary supplementation for improving broiler performance and other health-related parameters was 0.10%.

Additivity of Ileal Crude Protein Digestibility and Comparison of Digestibility with Methodological Consideration in Broilers (육계에서의 회장 조단백질 소화율 가산성 평가 및 방법론적 소화율 비교)

  • Lee, Jinyoung;Kong, Changsu
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2017
  • This study was aimed at evaluating the additivity of crude protein digestibility in mixed diets of corn and soybean meal (SBM), and comparing direct and indirect methods for evaluating crude protein (CP) digestibility. Totally, five hundred and twenty-five 18-day-old broiler chickens were grouped into 7 blocks based on body weight, and randomly allocated to 6 treatment groups in a randomized complete block design. The basal diet, diet 3, was corn-SBM-based, containing 65% corn and 28% SBM. Diets 1 and 5 contained corn and SBM, respectively, as the sole CP source. To use the difference method, 2 diets, diets 2 and 4, were prepared by mixing corn and SBM at the expense of the basal diet, respectively. Diet 2 contained 79% corn and 14% SBM, and diet 4 contained 32.5% corn and 34% SBM. To evaluate the additivity of digestibility values, the difference between measured values for the mixed diets (diets 2, 3, and 4) and predicted values calculated using the measured values for diets 1 and 5 was examined. The apparent (AID) and standardized (SID) ileal digestibility of CP in SBM differed between the direct and indirect methods; however, corresponding digestibility did not differ for corn. Additionally, the predicted and measured digestibility of both AID and SID differed in diets 2 and 3, implying that the digestibility values obtained from diets 1 and 5 were not additive for mixed diets. In conclusion, this study showed that digestibility evaluated by direct and indirect methods depends on the ingredients having different CP concentrations, and this finding may be considered to improve the accuracy of feed formulation for broiler chickens.

The Effect of Early Chick Weight on Market-Weight in Korean Native Chickens (토종닭의 초기성장체중이 출하체중에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki Gon;Choi, Eun Sik;Kwon, Jae Hyun;Sohn, Sea Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2017
  • This study was to investigate the effect of chick weight in the early growth period on market-weight of Korean native chickens (KNCs). We measured the body weights of 1,087 chickens (male 479, female 608) of 13 KNC strains at 1-84 days of age at two week intervals. The growth performance of the 13 KNC strains was investigated. Correlation coefficients among the weights of chickens in each growth period and regression of market-weight on early chick weights were analyzed. The results showed that the average body weight of 70-day-old KNCs was 1,962g: 2,154g and 1,819.7g for males and females, respectively. The equation for regression of body weight on age was estimated as $\hat{Y}=0.1347X^2+18.738X-40.134$ ($R^2=0.9418$). Using this regression equation, the duration required to attain a KNC market-weight of 2 kg was estimated as 71.8 days. All the correlation coefficients between early chick weight and market-weight were significantly positive. Although the correlation coefficients among the chick weights in each growth period decreased with increase in age interval, early growth weight had a significant effect on late growth performance. The correlation coefficient between market-weight at 70-days and chick weight at 1-day was estimated to be a low as 0.10-0.13. In the estimations of market-weight correlation coefficients, correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination were high in the female and male chicks after 28-days and 42-days of age, respectively. The results of the analysis of correlation and regression between early chick weight and market-weight of KNCs showed that market-weight could be predicted based on the weights of 28-day-old females and 42-day-old males.

A Comparison of Gene Extraction Methods for the Identification of Raw Materials from Processed Meat Products (식육추출가공품의 사용원료 확인을 위한 유전자추출 방법의 비교 및 검토)

  • Park, Yong-Chjun;Kim, Mi-Ra;Lim, Ji-Young;Park, Young-Eun;Shin, Jun-Ho;Hwang, Cho-Rong;Lim, Jan-Di;Kim, Kyu-Heon;Lee, Jae-Hwang;Cho, Tae-Yong;Lee, Hwa-Jung;Han, Sang-Bae
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.146-151
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    • 2012
  • In this study, effective gene extraction methods were compared to identify raw materials of processed meat products through molecular biological methods. Species specific primers were used to identify ingredients of processed foods and, as a sample, 13 kinds of processed meat products including beef, pork and chicken. According to the type of sample, 13 kinds of samples were classified into liquid type, source type and powder type. The samples were pre-treated (centrifugation) and (or) performed Whole Gene Amplification (WGA) kit for amplification of the extracted DNA. As a result, it was possible to identify the raw material of products through the centrifugation of sample 1 ml for liquid type of processed meat products. For source type of products after gene extraction, it was required to perform WGA for the identification of ingredients. For powder type products did not required any further pre-treatment and WGA. In this study, it was an opportunity to confirm the possibility of identification of raw material from the gene extraction of processed meat products and this method could be used to examine the authenticity of raw material of products.