• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chewing Activity

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A Study on the Activity of Masticatory and Cervical Muscles during Gum Chewing (Gum저작시 저작근 및 경부근 활성도에 관한 연구)

  • Min Shin
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.265-277
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    • 1996
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the electromyographic(EMG) activity of masticatory and cervical muscles according to chewing pattern in coronal plane during gum chewing. 70 patients with temporomandibular disorders and 30 dental students without any signs and symptoms of the disorders participated in this study. We measured the activity of masseter (MM), anterior temporalis(TA), sternocleidomastoideus(SCM) and trapezius muscle and recorded the chewing patterns using Biopak system synchronously. Chewing pattern was classified into S- or L-pattern by the midline opening path and short or long type by the lateral distance from midline. Obtained data were analyzed with SAS/STAT Program. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Generally, there was tended to be higher activity in the control group than in the patients group. 2. When comparing EMG activity according to preferred side, the muscle activity was tended to higher on the preferred chewing side than on the contralateral side. However, this difference is insignificant statistically 3. In unilateral affected patients, there was no difference in muscle activity between affected chewing side and unaffected chewing side except for the EMG of the temporalis anterior muscle. 4. Despite the varietal in each of the following variables, there mere no differences in EMG activity during gum chewing: chewing pattern in coronal plane and lateral distance of chewing. 5. The activity of SCM in chewing side was higher than that in contralateral side (p<0.001), but there was no difference in trapezius muscle. 6. In all of the control group, there was appeared L-chewing pattern than not involved the midline during preferred side chewing.

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Influence of Interference of the Non-chewing Side on Electromyographic Activity of Masticatory Muscles (비저작측 교합간섭이 저작근 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Hun-Bong Kwan;Hong-So Yang
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 1988
  • The purpose of this study was to standardized and classify the coordination pattern among the chewing side and non-chewing side masseter and anterior muscles, in terms of EMG values on lateral excursion, clenching, and mastication in presence of the non-chewing side. In this study, 25 subjects were selected for experiment of lateral excursion, clenching and mastication and EMG value of the masseter and anterior temporal muscle on both sides were recored 2 times respectively. The bioelectric processor model EM2(Myo-tonic research, INC. U.S.A.) with the surface electrodes were used to record the EMG activity during all experimental procedures. The results were as follows : 1. During lateral excursion on intereference of non-chewing side, the EMG values of the temporal muscle were significantly more prominent than those of the temporal muscle on the non-chewing side. The EMG values of non-chewing side were significantly more prominent than those of chewing side on the both side masseter muscle and those of chewing side were significantly more prominent than those of non-chewing side on the both side temporal muscle. 2. During clenching on the occlusal interferance, the EMG values of non-chewing side masseter muscle were most prominent. 3. During mastication on the occlusal interferance, the EMG values of the chewing side temporal muscle were most prominent and those of non-chewing side temporal muscle were the lowest. 4. The EMG values of temporal muscle of non-chewing side on interferance were significantly more prominent than those of canine guidance during lateral excursion. 5. During clenching on the occlusal interferance, the EMG values of the masseter and the temporal muscles of the non-chewing side were significantly more prominent than canine guidance, but those of chewing side temporal muscle on canine guidance were significantly more prominent than those of interferance. 6. During mastication on canine guidance, the EMG Values of the temporal muscle on the chewing side, the masseter muscle on the chewing side and the temporal muscle on the non-chewing side were more prominent than those of interferance, but temporal muscle of non-chewing side was not different between canine guidance and occlusal interferance on non-chewing side.

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Electromyographic Activity, Firing Time and Sequence of the Anterior Temporalis and the Masseter on Chewing Stroke (저작운동시 전측두근과 교근의 근활성 및 활성시기에 관한 연구)

  • Her, Moon-Il;Han, Kyung-Soo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.421-437
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to investigate the electromyographic(EMG) activity, firing time and sequence of the mandibular elevator muscle on gum chewing. For this study, 28 patients with temporomandibular disorders(TMD), especially internal derangement of TM joint, and 16 dental students without any signs and symptoms in the masticatory system were selected as the patients group and as the normal group, respectively. The patients group was composed of 14 right and 14 left side affected patients. For recording of EMG activity(${\mu}V$) of the anterior temporalis(TA) and the masseter muscle(MM), and measuring of firing time(millisecond) from the start of mandibular opening movement to the firing of the muscles, BioEMG, BioEGN, and Combo program integrated in the Biopak system(Bioresearch Inc., Milwaukee, USA) were used. Gum chewing stroke was performed in both right and left side for several times, and the first and the second chewing strokes were analysed and compared with regard to EMG activity, firing time, firing sequence, correlation between EMG activity and firing time. The data obtained were analysed by SPSS windows program and the results of this study were as follows : 1. In the patients group, chewing on the affected side showed higher EMG activities in the masseter of the side than those of the contralateral side, but chewing on the unaffected side showed higher EMG activity in the masseter and in the anterior temporalis of the side than those of the contralateral side. 2. There were no difference of firing time between both sides on chewing on the affected side, but firing time in the chewing side were earlier than that of contralateral side on chewing on the unaffected side in patients group. 3. In the normal group, EMG activities in the masseter and in the anterior temporalis in the chewing side were always higher than those of the contralateral side, and there were no difference of firing time between the two sides. 4. In general, firing sequence of four muscles of both sides were ipsilateral TA, ipsilateral MM, contralateral TA, and contralateral MM in earlier order of time in both groups. Correlation coefficients between EMG activity and firing time were negative value, and more significant correlation were appeared in the normal group than in the patients group.

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A COMPARATIVE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC STUDY OF THE MASSETER AND ANTERIOR TEMPORAL MUSCLES DURING MASTICATORY FUNCTION OF SUBJECTS WITH NATURAL TEETH AND COMPLETE DENTURE WEARERS (유치악자와 총의치 장착자의 저작운동시 교근과 측두근의 근할성도에 관한 비교연구)

  • Choi, Seung-Hyun;Choi, Boo-Byung;Choi, Dae-Gyun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.53-71
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    • 1991
  • This study was performed to investigate the muscular activity of the complete denture wearers compare with subjects with natural teeth. For the study, 10 subjects with natural dentition and 18 upper and lower complete denture wearers selected and the Bio-electric Processor EM2(Myo-tronics Reaserch, Inc., U.S.A.) with the surface electrodes was used to record electromyographic activity from the right and left middle of masseter and anterior temporal muscles of each subject during mandibular postural rest position, tapping of teeth from postural rest position, maximal clench, and right and left gum and raw carrow chewing. This results of this study were as follows : 1. In mandibular postural rest position, the denture wearers produces high muscular activity in contrast to natural objects(P<0.05) but, there was no difference between the state of denture removal and insertion, and the muscle activity of the anterior temporal muscle was high than the middle of masseter muscle in natural objects and denture wearers. 2. In tapping of teeth, there was no difference in muscle activity between natural objects and the state of denture removal of denture wearers. 3. In maximal clench, there was markedly lower denture wearers than natural objects in muscle activity, and the ratio of mean voltages was about 36 percentages. 4. In gum and raw carrow chewing, the activity was lower than natural object, the ratio was about 59 percentages. 5. In chewing, the mean voltages of the middle of masster muscle on the chewing side was highest, followed by the anterior temporal on the chewing side, the anterior temporal and masster muscles on the non-chewing side.

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COMPARATIVE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF MASTICATORY MUSCLES BETWEEN BILATERAL AND UNILATERAL MASTICATORS

  • Na Sun-Hye;Kang Dong-Wan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.577-589
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    • 2002
  • There are several variations in normal mastication. In them, unilateral mastication is chewing, predominantly on a preferred side of the dentition and hardly on e non-preferred side. Continual unilateral mastication may alter the coordination of masticatory muscles. Although they studied about these EMG of masticatory muscles, there were no information about characteristics of masticatory muscle activity in unilateral mastication. Therefore, In this study, we investigated the activity of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles during rest, clenching in maximum intercuspation and gum chewing in habitually unilateral mastication group compared with normal group and tried to know effects of continual unilateral mastication on activity of masticatory muscles. The results of this study were as follows 1. In electromyographic activity during rest, in bilateral mastication group pattern of muscle activity of right and left side was symmetrical. But, in unilateral mastication group, records of anterior part of temporal muscle was higher than that of bilateral mastication group (p<.01) and patterns of muscle activity of right and left side in both muscle were asymmetrical.(p<.05) 2. In electromyographic activity during clenching in maximum intercuspation, records of superficial part of masseter muscle were higher than anterior part of temporal muscle in both group. Muscle activity of temporal muscle in unilateral mastication group was a little higher han bilateral mastication group and asymmetry of activity pattern in temporal and masseter muscle was shown but these differences were not statistically significant. (p<.05) 3. In electromyographic activity during gum chewing, temporal muscle was activated earlier than masseter muscle and maximum bite force is derived from masseter muscle in both group. In unilateral mastication group, electromyographic activity of masseter and temporal muscle of preferred chewing side, regardless of right or left side chewing, was higher than that of bilateral mastication group and especially, difference in masseter muscle was statistically significant. (p<.01) Based on the above results, our study suggested that recording of masticatory muscle activity will be helpful in the effective diagnosis and treatment of some types of the parafunctional habits.

Influence of Preferred Chewing Habit on Electromyographic Activity of Masticatory Muscles and Bite Force (편측저작이 저작근의 근활성도와 교합력에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Ho-Yeon;Shin, Jun-Han;Choi, Jong-Hoon;Ahn, Hyoung-Joon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2005
  • As people prefer to use right or left hand, some have preferred chewing side while others do not. Totally, 82 volunteers composed of students and staffs from Dental Hospital College of Dentistry Yonsei University participated in this study for the investigation of influence of preferred chewing habit, that has lasted for more than a year, on electromyographic(EMG) activity of masticatory muscles and bite force. Among the 82 volunteers, 46 had preferred chewing habit while the other 36 did not. Prior to the investigation, those with factors that could affect the study, such as, general disease, irregular dentition and malocclusion, were screened and excluded by questionnaire and clinical examination. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in EMG activities between chewing side and non-chewing side of preferred chewing subjects at rest as well as maximal voluntary contraction(MCV)(p>0.05). 2. Asymmetrical coefficient of temporal and masseter muscle EMG activities between preferred chewing subjects and non-preferred chewing subjects at rest was not significantly different(p>0.05). 3. Asymmetrical coefficient of masseter EMG activity was significantly higher(p<0.05) than that of non-preferred chewing subjects at MCV, whereas that of anterior temporal muscle showed no difference(p<0.05). 4. In preferred chewing subjects, there was no significant difference in average bite force and occlusal contact area between chewing side and non-chewing side(p>0.05). 5. There was no significant difference in Asymmetrical coefficients of average bite force and occlusal contact area between preferred chewing subjects and non-preferred chewing subjects (p>0.05). Consequently, preferred chewing habit can be considered as physiological asymmetry with normal function rather than to have influence on EMG muscle activity of masticatory muscles, average bite force and occlusal contact area. Objective standardization to differentiate preferred chewing subjects and non-preferred chewing subjects should be established in the further study.

EFECTS OF LATERAL GUIDANCE AND CHEWING PATTERN ON MASTICATORY MUSCLE ACTIVITY AND OCCLUSAL CONTACT (측방유도형태 및 저작습관이 저작근 활성도 및 교합접촉에 미치는 영향)

  • Koh, Joon-Won;Jung, Young-Wan;Cho, Hye-Won;Jin, Tae-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.598-614
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the influence of lateral guidance pattern and chewing pattern on masticatory muscle activity and occlusal contact pattern. Twenty-five patients with temporomandibular disorders and thirty students without temporomandibular disorders were selected for this study. Electromyographic examination and occlusal contact examination were performed simultaneously with Bio-Pak System (Bioresearch Inc.,U.S.A.) and T-Scan System(Tekscan Co., USA). The obtained results were as follows : 1. The EMG activity of masseter and anterior temporal muscle in patient group with canine guidance was higher than with non-canine guidance. but there was no significant difference (p>0.05). 2. The EMG activity of anterior temporal muscle in normal group with non-canine guidance was higher at preferred chewing side than at opposite side (p<0.05). 3. The EMG activity of masseter muscle was higher in normal group than in patient group (p<0.05). 4. The number of occlusal contact in patient group with canine guidance was higher than with non-canine guidance, but there was no significant difference (p>0.05). 5. The occlusal contact force at preferred chewing side was higher in patient group than in normal group(p<0.05).

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Effects of Mandibular Midline Shift and Difference of Mandibular Height on the Masticatory Muscle Activity (하악 정중선의 편위와 하악골의 높이차가 저작근 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Dae-Yeon;Han, Kyung-Soo;Hyun, Tae-Yeon;Kwag, Dong-Kon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of mandibular midline shift and difference of mandibular height between both sides on the electromyo- graphic(EMG) activity of the masticatory muscles on clenching or gum chewing movement. For this study, 105 patients with temporomandibular disorders(TMD) were selected and panoramic radiograph were taken. Amount and side of the midline shift and height of the mandible from antegonial notch to the top of the condylar head were measured on panoramic view. $BioEMG^{(R)}$ (Bioresearch Inc., Milwaukee, USA) was used for recording of EMG activity(${\mu}V$) of the anterior temporalis and the superficial masseter on clenching or gum chewing movement. EMG activity on clenching during 533msec period were measured for activity of the starting point and the one second-after activity as the early EMG and the maximum EMG, respectively. EMG activity on gum chewing movement were measured for activity of the first and the second chewing stroke. The data collected were analysed by SPSS windows program, and the results of this study were as follows : 1. Height of the mandible was 8.06cm on right side and 8.03cm on left side, and showed no difference by age, but significantly differed by sex with higher in male subjects. 2. Mean value of the midline shift was 0.1mm with range of 0~5mm on both sides. The amount and side of the midline shift did not related with height difference of the mandible and/or the EMG activity of the masticatory muscles on clenching. 3. Prevalence of higher right side and higher left side of the mandible were almost same, and the EMG activity of higher side was not higher than that of the other side. 4. In the subjects with height difference of more than 5mm between both sides of the mandible, the early EMG activity on clenching were differed for the anterior temporalis, but the maximum activity were differed for the superficial masseter. 5. In the subjects with height difference of more than 5mm between both sides of the mandible, EMG activity of the anterior temporalis of the gum chewing side was not higher than that of the other side when chewing on the side of lower height, but in the subjects with height difference of less than 5mm, the EMG activity was higher than that of the other side.

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Predictors of Chewing Discomfort among Community-dwelling Elderly (지역사회 노인에서의 저작불편감 예측요인)

  • Moon, Seol Hwa;Hong, Gwi-Ryung Son
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.302-312
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of chewing discomfort among community-dwelling elderly. Methods: The study was cross-sectional design and secondary data analysis using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the total of 7,550 participants, data was analyzed with 1,126 adults aged 65 years and over. Chewing discomfort was assessed by the perceived chewing discomfort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to find the associated factors of chewing discomfort. Results: Along with 61.7% of the participants reported having chewing discomfort, 85.2% reported to perceive poor oral health and 35.0% had oral pain. In multivariate logistic regression, perceived oral health (OR 3.22, 95% CI 2.24~4.63), oral pain (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.76~3.43), activity limitation (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.05~2.80), teeth requiring treatment (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.14~2.26), number of remaining teeth (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.22~2.10) and educational level (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.15~2.12) were the significant predictors of chewing discomfort. Conclusion: The prevalence in chewing discomfort was high in elderly Koreans and various factors were associated with chewing discomfort. To improve chewing ability, it is suggested that the national level of policies offer strategical oral health programs in this population.